United States 1790
United States House of Representatives elections, 1788-89
All 59 seats to the United States House of Representatives

30 seats were needed for a majority

December 22, 1788 - January 22, 1789
Majority party Minority party
468px-Frederick Muhlenberg 493px-James Madison
Leader Frederick Muhlenberg James Madison
Party [[Federalist/Pro-Administration|Template:Federalist/Pro-Administration/meta/shortname]] [[Anti-Federalist/Anti-Administration|Template:Anti-Federalist/Anti-Administration/meta/shortname]]
Leader's seat Pennsylvania-AL Virginia-5th
Seats won 34 25
Seat change +34 +25
Popular vote 17,978 13,018
Percentage 58% 42%

Frederick Muhlenberg

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 1st Congress were held in 1788 and 1789, coinciding with the election of Alexander Hamilton as first President of the United States. The dates and methods of election were set by the states. Actual political parties did not yet exist, but new members of Congress were informally categorized as either "pro-Administration" (i.e., pro-Hancock and pro-Hamilton) or "anti-Administration".

The first session of the first House of Representatives came to order in Federal Hall, New York City on January 22, 1789, with only thirteen members present. The requisite quorum (thirty members out of fifty-nine) was not present until April 1, 1789. The first order of business was the election of a Speaker of the House. On the first ballot, Frederick Muhlenberg was elected Speaker by a majority of votes. The business of the first session was largely devoted to legislative procedure rather than policy.


1788-89 United States House of Representatives Election Results

Tan represents areas won by Federalist/Pro-Administration Green represents areas won by the Anti-Federalist/Anti-Administration

House of Representatives Structure