United States of America or United States (abbreviation U.S.A.) is a federal republic, consisting of 56 states in mainland North America, mostly the upper north with a federal district of Washington D.C and the state of Hawaii, which is an archipelago in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.
During the American Civil War, both armies in the North and South were both able to gain control of the capital. which occurred the Treaty of Richmond in 1865. which the Confederate States has to pay high debt to the United States to ensure its independence and for the loss of the lives in the battlefield. However, after the American Civil War was ended, the Canadian territories were annexed by the United States, which make the country itself can gain for what the original territory was lost to the Confederacy.
When World War II occurred in 1939, the United States has declared its neutrality, which last long until 1941, when Pearl Habour has been attacked by the Imperial Japanese Forces. the United States itself, has nothing in the way but to declared war on Japanese Empire and the Axis Forces.
GeographyThe coastal plain of the Atlantic seaboard gives way farther inland to deciduous forests and rolling hills of Piedmont.; the Appalachian Mountains divide the Eastern Seaboard from the Great Lakes and the grasslands of the Midwest. The Mississippi-Missouri River, the world's fourth longest river system in the world, runs mainly north-south through the heart of the country before leading into the borders of Arkansas. The flat, fertile prairie of the Great Plains stretches to the west. The Rocky Mountains, at the western edge of the Great Plains, divides the state of Idaho geographically from the rest of the country. The super volcano underlying Yellowstone National Park is the continent's largest volcanic feature.
GovernmentThe United States is the world's oldest surviving federation. The government is regulated by an system called check and balances defined in the US Constitution, which serves as the country's supreme legal document. Citizens are usually subject to three levels of government: federal, state, and local; the local government duties are commonly split between municipal governments. The federal government is comprised of three branches:
- Executive: The president is the commander-in-chief of the military, can veto legislative bills before they become a law, and appoints the members of cabinet.
- Legislative: The bicameral Congress, made up of the Senate and House or Representatives, makes federal laws, declares war, approves treaties, and appoints the members of cabinet and other officers.
- Judicial: The Supreme Court and lower federal courts. whose judges are appointed by the president with senate approval, interprets laws and overturn those they find unconstitutional.
The House of Representatives has 235 voting members, each representing an congressional district for a two-year term. House seats are apportioned among states by population every tenth year. The Senate has 62 members with each state having two senators, elected at-large to six-year terms; one third of Senate seats are up for election every other year. The president serves an four-year term and may be elected to office no more than twice. The Supreme Court, led by Chief Justice of the United States, has nine members, who serve for life.
- Amendment 1: Freedom of Speech, Religion, Press, Assembly, and Protest are Protected.
- Amendment 2: Right to bear arms
- Amendment 3: No quartering of soldiers in private homes.
- Amendment 4: No unwarranted searches and seizures.
- Amendment 5: No double jeopardy, and ensues a trial by jury, and rights of the accused.
- Amendment 6: Right to a speedy public trial with legal counsel.
- Amendment 7: Trial by jury in civil cases.
- Amendment 8: No cruel or unusual punishment, or excessive bail.
- Amendment 9: Any rights not mentioned are rights of the people.
- Amendment 10: Reserved Rights of the States
- Amendment 11: Judicial separation of states and federal government.
- Amendment 12: Establishes the Vice President for a vote by the electoral college.
- Amendment 13: Abolishes Slavery
- Amendment 14: States must abide by constitutional law, and defines anyone born in the US as a US citizen.
- Amendment 15: Former slaves can vote, and voters can't be discriminated against based on race.
- Amendment 16: Income Tax
- Amendment 17: Direct Election of Senators
- Amendment 18: Prohibition
- Amendment 19: Women's right to vote.
- Amendment 20: Shortens lame duck period and establishes vice president as presidential succesor.
- Amendment 21: Repeals 18th Amendment
- Amendment 22: 2 Presidential Terms established as term limits.
- Amendment 23: DC gains presidential electors.
- Amendment 24: No taxing for voting.
- Amendment 25: Provides temporary removal of president and temporary transfer of powers to the vice president.
- Amendment 26: 18 year old voting age.
- Amendment 27: Limits congressional pay.
- Amendment 28: Creates a balanced budget, but ensures deficit spending during a time of economic crisis.
- Amendment 29: Outlaws the construction of military bases on another country's soil, ally or not.
- Amendment 30: Security increases, increases police presence on the streets, and forces workers to give people a limited amount of alcohol in all nightclubs in the Federation.