The United States of America, abbreviated U.S.A. and commonly referred to as simply "America" both in and out of the nation, is a country located in central North America, bordered by Canada to the north, Mexico to the south, and Cuba and the Bahamas to the south-east. It is a federal semi-presidential republic made up of 48 states within 13 commonwealths.
The United States emerged from the 13 colonies of Britain located around the Atlantic Seaboard. Disputes between the British Empire and the colonies led to the first American Revolution. On July 4, 1776, delegates from the 13 colonies unanimously declared independence from Great Britain. The war ended in 1783 when Britain recognized America's independence. At first a confederation of the 13 states, constant infighting between the states prompted the need for a king to rule the american states under a federal government. Virginia and the southern states fought against the Northern coalition to determine who will be King of America. The northern states finally capitulated and George Washington was declared King George I of America in 1785. The current constitution was adopted in 1787.
Driven by the ideology of Manifest Destiny, the American Empire's vigorous imperial expansion took place in North America by displacing native tribes, acquiring new territories, and gradually admitting new states. However, the world's empires experienced major unrest in 1848, and in America, this led to civil war between Imperialists, Southerners who wanted greater state autonomy, and Republican militias of the western territories. This significantly wounded the Empire and it never fully recovered before the Second American Revolution.
After the Socialist Revolution, the American Empire was replaced by the American Socialist Republic, but 2 months later, the Communists counter-revolted and established the American People's Republic. By 1914, it was a recognized superpower and played a vital role in the victory for the Allies in the Second World War, but ideological differences between the victorious powers led to the Cold War. The Communist Era saw some of the biggest technological advancements in human history, including the first man-made satellite, the first man, woman and animal into space and the first successful manned mission to the moon. After the dissolution of the U.S.S.A. in 1991, the American People's Republic reconstituted itself the United States of America and is recognized as the continuing legal personality of the Union State.
United States of America
In June of 1991, Bill Clinton became the first directly elected president in American history when he became the President of the American People's Republic, which became the independent United States of America later that December.
On September 2, 1993, President Clinton passed an act that reorganized the 48 states into 13 commonwealths. The main goal of this act was to cut spending by reducing the number of representatives from states, now having only 26 U.S. Senators in the senate, giving the government much needed money for other projects. The State governments were dissolved and replaced with a central Commonwealth capital, State laws became Commonwealth laws, etc.
Another controversial act passed by Clinton during his presidency was the Bill of Responsibilities, which made it mandatory for men and women between the ages of 18 and 27 to dedicate at least 2 years of service to their country. Available options were military, police, paramedic, firefighter or an option of your choice as long as the government approves your decision.
On December 31, 1999, President Clinton unexpectedly resigned, handing the presidency over to his prime minister: Al Gore, who won the 2000 Presidential Election thereafter. Gore sought to bring the United States back up to superpower status, and is rapidly making progress.
According to the Constitution of the United States, the country is a federal semi-presidential republic, wherein the president if head of state and the prime minister is head of government. In 1995, the constitution was modified, extending the presidential term to 6 years as opposed to 4, and is eligible for two consecutive terms, and if one so chooses, is allowed to run for a third and fourth non-consecutive term.
Main article: Armed Forces of the United States of America
The American military is divided up into the Ground Forces, Navy and Air Force. In 2006, the United States had 1.43 personnel on active duty. The Armed Forces is one of the branches of duty eligible for the completion of one's mandatory service after the Bill of Responsibilities (which is an act that made it mandatory for an American to serve their country for a minimum of two years in either the Military, Police, Local services and other qualifying options).
America has the largest stockpile of nuclear ballistic missiles on Earth. It has the largest fleet of ballistic missiles and is one of the only countries with a modern strategic bomber force. America's tank force, surface navy and air force are among the largest in the world.
The President holds the title of commander-in-chief of the nation's armed forces and appoints its leaders.