Christopher Columbus' discovery of the modern day Bahamian island of San Salvador in October 1492 was followed by dozens of expeditions over the next hundred and twenty-five years to the New World, or America, as named after the Italian mapmaker Amerigo Vespucci in 1507. John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) is credited with the discovery of continental North America in June 1497, approximately five-hundred years ago. Columbus himself would make another three voyages to the modern-day Caribbean before his death in 1506. In April 1513, Juan Ponce de León (sailing for Ferdinand II of Aragon) landed in modern day Florida, most likely at St. Augustine, while in 1624, Giovanni da Verazzano (sailing for Francis I of France) explored the Atlantic coast of the Carolinas.
In 1756, the French and Indian War erupted as the result of clashing British and French colonial interests in North America, and as the overseas extension of Europe's Seven Year's War. In 1763, Quebec fell to British troops and the French garrisons of North America surrendered, ending the war and giving Britain control of all France's North American territory, in addition to French cession of the Louisiana Territory to the Spanish for the next forty years.
War of 1812 (1812-1815)
Main Article: War of 1812 (1812-1815)
Growth of the Union (1812-1889)
First Mexican-American War (1846-1848)
Main Article: First Mexican-American War (1846-1848)
Slavery Issues (1849-1860)
Civil War (1861-1865)
Main Article: American Civil War (1861-1865)
Second Mexican-American War (1877-1879)
Main Article: Second Mexican-American War (1877-1879)
Rise to World Power (1879-1918)
World War I (1914-1918)
Main Article: World War I (1914-1918)
Inter-war period (1918-1941)
World War II (1941-1946)
Main Article: World War II (1938-1946)
Cold War (1948-1991)
Main Article: Cold War (1948-1991)
Korean War (1950-1952)
Main Article: Korean War (1950-1952)
Domestic Changes (1952-1980)
Second Indochina War (1955-1970)
Main Article: Second Indochina War (1955-1970)
Indonesian War (1972-1979)
Main Article: Indonesian War (1972-1979)
End of the Cold War (1991)
Cascadia was formed by the Canadian province of British Columbia and the two US states of Oregon and Washington. Together these entities attempted to break away from their parent bodies unsuccessfully, but created the first multi-country jurisdiction in which the two former states and former province combined but are neither a state nor a province. However, the annexes are governed by the country of which side of the 49th parallel they are located.
Long Island/Erie/New York
Due to large opposition from upstate New York residents, the boroughs of New York City were under heavy scrutiny to secede from the state, but because of the process being drawn out, Western New York had put a bid to secede as well. That in turn caused New York City and Long Island to part and the rest of upstate (predominately conservative) allowed Niagara to split so the Republican Party could gain an advantage in the US Senate. The move to statehood for Niagara also gave a huge economic boost to an area that previously had housed the third poorest city per capita in recent memory, primarily due to high tax rates causing the 2006 scare and listed in early 2014 as its Erie County is still the 11th highest taxed US county amidst finalizing state budgeting. Niagara carries the 716 area code.
New England was much the same as Niagara prior to its dismissal from its parent state. The 413 area code that formerly was a conservative Western Massachusetts got little to no representation like their western neighbors in upstate New York. Their departure would give an additional two senate seats in favor of the Republicans.
The Upper Peninsula and Lower Peninsula of Michigan were much a similar situation compared to those of Niagara and New England, however is more strained due to the large influence that workers unions have and is predominately Democratic despite being referred as a "socially conservative" region.
Term limits: two indivdual four year terms or two consecutive four year terms or impeachment
Term limits: three six year terms (18 years) or impeachment
House of Representative
Term Limits: five two year terms (ten years) or impeachment
Term Limits: Retirement of impeachment
|.01 cent penny||coin||Abraham Lincoln||Lincoln Memorial (praimarily)|
|.05 cent nickel||coin||Thomas Jefferson||Monticello|
|.10 cent dime||coin||Ronald Reagan||Torch, Oak Branch, Olive Branch|
|.25 cent quarter||coin||George Washington||Bald Eagle|
|.50 cent half dollar||coin||Dwight Eisenhower||Presedential Seal|
|1.00 cent dollar||coin||Sacagawea||American Bald Eagle|
|1.00 dollar note||banknote||George Washington||Great Seal of the United States|
|2.00 dollar note||banknote||Thomas Jefferson||Mount Rushmore|
|5.00 dollar note||banknote||Abraham Lincoln||Lincoln Memorial|
|10.00 dollar note||banknote||Alexander Hamilton||Treasury Department Building|
|20.00 dollar note||banknote||Theodore Roosevelt||White House|
|50.00 dollar note||banknote||Ulysses S. Grant||US Capitol Building|
|100.00 dollar note||banknote||Benjamin Franklin||Independence Hall|
Exchange Rates to the US Dollar:
Euro - € 4.45
Macedonian Denar - MKD 2.34
Polish Złoty - 1.76 zł.
Australian Dollar - AUD 1.09
Canadian Dollar - CAD 1.08
Pound Sterling - £0.84