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Following the defeat of a local colonial uprising 1777, the British Government took steps to ensure that the colonies would not revolt again. The United Provinces of America were formed on April 16th, 1780, from the 13 colonies and the Districts (later Provinces) of Maine and Vermont. The new nation was founded as an autonomous dependency to the British crown.
Upon the signing of the Treaty of Philadelphia much of the colonial territory was still undeveloped, even unsettled in the case of the Appalachian Mountains. Much of this "open territory" was in reality settled by Amerindian or West Indian tribes. The frontiers were lawless. To maintain peace the first army of National Colonial regulars worked with Indians to preserve their ancestral homelands from the flow of pioneers. Such moves created the backdrop for the Second Colonial Rebellion led by the famous frontiersman Andrew Jackson. Through 1850 the frontiers of the U.P.A also continued to have designated penal which migrated north, and west steadily with expansion.
Close to the coast the societies and governments of all the colonies were distinct from each other. The challenge of the New Union was to unify the land under on set of standards while cutting Imperial expenses and allowing for a degree of autonomy.Like Great Britain the new American parliament created a two party system modeled after their London forebears. American Conservatives and Liberals diverged on issues of religious tolerance and trade. At the time these parties meant little to the majority of men still unable to vote due to land ownership quotas.
From the turn of the 19th century the fledgling American economy began to boom as the first manufacturing plants founded by British investors generated sales of finished goods abroad. Freer trade allowed colonists to profit from trade with the French and the Spanish. With security provided and deficits reduced, wealthy colonists began to theorize of new public projects to bring different but growing economies together.
A country of many worlds 1820-1860
Different regions spread out over a breath of continent developed into subcultures. National and Imperial administration were frustrated by these developments in implementing common law, however the London Parliament encouraged this to prevent the possibility of another widespread rebellion.
Land of innovation 1860-1900
The Formation of Identity 1900-1960
The Wild Years
Steps toward the future
Government and Politics
The executive is theoretically the monarch but the Governor-General holds most of the power. The President-General is always the leader of the majority party in the House of Commons. The Governor-General has been reduced to the eyes and ears of the monarch.
The judicial is the Judge's Council, which is composed by the Chief Justice from the supreme court of each province.
The legislative is the Parliament of America. It is bicameral. The lower, larger house is the House of Commons. The upper, smaller house is the House of Senators.
- American Labour Party - left-wing - majority socialist party
- Progressive Party of America - left-wing - formed from parts of the Liberal and Conservative Parties in 1809
- American Liberal Party - centre
- American Conservative Party - right-wing - Was formed as America's first political party.
- American People's Party - left wing - Radical Socialist, evolved out of extreme of American Labour Party
- American Green Party - left-wing green
- United Rationalist Party - centre-left - formed in 1836; has been a major party since the late 1840s; based on French Social-Rationalism principles
- Parti Laurentien (Laurentien Party) - Catholic centre - want Lower Canada to have more autonomy
- Christian Democratic Party - Protestant centre-right
- Freedom Party - centre-right - libertarian in spirit
Original Members (1780)
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- New York
- North Carolina
- Rhode Island
- South Carolina
Expansion Act (1804)
- Transylvania (1804)
- Vandalia (1804)
Incorporation Act (1808)
- Creek Confederation
- Iroquois Confederation
Florida Act (1819)
- East Florida
- West Florida
Nova Scotia Act (1823)
- Nova Scotia, along with St. John's Island (Prince Edward Island)
West Indies Act (1830)
- Antilles (Lesser Antilles) - Anguilla, Antigua, Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Montserrat, Nevis, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, St Vincent
- Trinidad and Tobago
Northwestern Act (1838)
- Illinois Confederation
- Wisconsin Confederation
Canada's Act (1845)
- Upper Canada
- Lower Canada
British-North-America Act (1857)
- District of Bermuda
- Vancouver Island
Territories Act (1857)
- Arctic Islands
- Northwest Territory
- Oregon Territory
- Rupert's Land
Antilles | Bahamas | Belize | Connecticut | Delaware | East Florida | Georgia | Guiana | Jamaica | Lower Canada | Maine | Maryland | Massachusetts | New Hampshire | New Jersey | New York | Newfoundland | North Carolina | Nova Scotia | Pennsylvania | Rhode Island | South Carolina | Transylvania | Trinidad & Tobago | Upper Canada | Vandalia | Vermont | Virginia | Vancouver | West Florida
|Districts and Territories|
Arctic Islands | Bermuda | Northwest Territory | Oregon Territory | Rupert's Land
British Antarctic Territory | British Atlantic Territory | British Somaliland | Falkland Islands | Gambia