The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security. Its powers, outlined in the United Nations Charter, include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action. Its powers are exercised through United Nations Security Council resolutions.
There are 15 members of the Security Council. This includes five veto-wielding permanent members—China, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States—based on the great powers that were the victors of World War II. There are also 10 non-permanent members, with five elected each year to serve two year terms. This basic structure is set out in Chapter V of the UN Charter. The current non-permanent members are Colombia, India, France, Belize, South Africa, Australia, Guatemala, New Zealand, Japan, and Liberia.
The Security Council's five permanent members have the power to veto any substantive resolution:
|Country||Current representative||Current state representation||Former state representation|
|Template:Country data German Republic Germany||Peter Knappstein||Template:Country data German Republic (since 1946)||—|
|Template:Country data Russian Federation Russia||Vitaly Churkin||Template:Country data Russian Federation (since 1992)||Soviet Union (1946–1991)|
|United Kingdom||Sir Mark Lyall Grant||United Kingdom (since 1946)||—|
|United States||Christine Blumenthal||Template:Country data United States of America (since 1946)|