United Nations
الأمم المتحدة
Организация Объединённых Наций
Organización de las Naciones Unidas

Timeline: Great Empires
Flag of the United Nations Un emblem
Flag Emblem
Anthem "Baba Yetu"
(and largest city)
New York City
Language English
Secretary-General Sophie Sangreal
Established 21 October 1945
Membership 52 member states
The United Nations (abbreviated UN in English, and ONU in Spanish), is an international organization whose stated aims are facilitating cooperation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress, human rights, and achievement of world peace. The UN was founded in 1945 after The Great War to stop wars between countries, and to provide a platform for dialogue. It contains multiple subsidiary organizations to carry out its missions.

There are 46 member states, including every internationally recognized sovereign state in the world. From its offices around the world, the UN and its specialized agencies decide on substantive and administrative issues in regular meetings held throughout the year. The organization has six principal organs: the General Assembly (the main deliberative assembly); the Security Council (for deciding certain resolutions for peace and security); the Economic and Social Council (for assisting in promoting international economic and social cooperation and development); the Secretariat (for providing studies, information, and facilities needed by the UN); the International Court of Justice (the primary judicial organ); and the United Nations Trusteeship Council (which is currently inactive). Other prominent UN System agencies include the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF). The UN's most prominent position is Secretary-General which has been held by Joash III since 2001.

The United Nations Headquarters resides in international territory in New York City, with further main offices at Geneva, Cairo, Dubai and Shanghai. The organization is financed from assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states, and has seven official languages: Arabic, Chinese, Khmer, English, Hindi, Russian and Spanish.


This is the list of member states

The * indicates that the country is a founding member


  • Egypt (not recognized by any nation)

Security Council

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the principal organs of the United Nations and is charged with the maintenance of international peace and security. Its powers, outlined in the United Nations Charter, include the establishment of peacekeeping operations, the establishment of international sanctions, and the authorization of military action. Its powers are exercised through United Nations Security Council resolutions.The Security Council held its first session on 17 January 1946 at Church House, Westminster, London. Since its first meeting, the Council, which exists in continuous session, has travelled widely, holding meetings in many cities, such as Paris and Addis Ababa, as well as at its current permanent home at the United Nations Headquarters in New York City. There are 15 members of the Security Council, consisting of eleven veto-wielding permanent members—China, Rome, Arabia, Kampuchea, Songhai, Nusantara, India , Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States—based on the great powers that were the victors of The Great War, and 4 elected non-permanent members with two-year terms. This basic structure is set out in Chapter V of the UN Charter. Security Council members must always be present at UN headquarters in New York so that the Security Council can meet at any time.

Permanent members

Country Current representative Current head of state
China Li Baodong Wu Shenglong
United States Susan Rice Barack Obama
United Kingdom Mark Lyall Grant Elizabeth II
Russia Vitaly Churkin Peter IV
India Hardeep Singh Puri Sikandar Maurya and Satyana Kothari
Arabia Ibrahim Zakarya Hassan al-Wia
Rome Irena Sarinaya Sophia-Theodora and Nicholas IV
Kampuchea Ponhea Sagnam Chakravarman I
Brazil Maria Luiza Ribeiro Luís I
Songhai Empire Muhammad Ture Sunni Askia
Nusantara Suparman Setiawati Sugatuwardhana