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The United Kingdom was a nation existing on the British Isles in north-western Europe. It owned at one point the largest empire in history. After defeat in World War I, the British Union of Fascists took power in Britain and started World War II after invading Ireland. The country was eventually invaded and occupied by France, Germany and Ireland. Although officially withdrawn from in 1993, the country experienced long civil war and has not re-united.
The United Kingdom officially came into being with the Act of Union between Scotland and England in 1707. This later encompassed Ireland.
The nation would grow to become a leading world power, owning colonies on all continents. The empire experience a significant blow when the United States split via violent revolution in 1776, however Britain recovered. After a significant victory against France in the Napoleonic wars, the era of "Pax Britannia" began from 1815. In 1837 Queen Victoria, often seen as one of the greatest Queens who ever lived, ascended to the throne and ruled over this era.
During the "scramble for Africa" Britain managed to annex a large amount of Africa, although experiencing great tensions with other powers, especially France. These nations attempted to reconcile with the proposed "Entente Cordiale," but negotiations failed and the pair were forced to fight together after Germany declared war on Belgium and France.
The Great War was considered by many to be a war that would be "over by Christmas," meaning that many young Britons quickly joined up to serve at the front in France. However, after rumours of conditions began to filter back the stream of recruits began to thin meaning that in 1916 conscription had to be introduced.
Britain was largely unlucky during the war; the Royal Navy experienced a series of morale-lowering defeats against a strong German fleet. The Battle of Jutland is seen by many as the point at which the leading naval power in the world became Germany.
By 1917, Britain was experiencing severe rationing due to German blockades. As French soldiers mutinied and Paris fell, France surrendered and Britain was forced to too.
The Treaty of Paris ended the war and was more harsh to France than Britain. However, public opinion was strongly against the treaty and many felt hard done by. As economic troubles, brought on by German reparations, began to shake the empire many felt worried.
The British Union of Fascists began to become more and more significant in Britain, especially during the Great Depression. In 1930 Oswald Mosley was elected as Prime Minister and soon set about ensuring himself as dictator. Many considered these years some of the best and happiest Britain ever had experienced, however there was an unspoken layer of fear brought about by the secret police who frequently arrested those who spoke against the regime. Persecution of the Irish and other immigrants also increased significantly during these years, culminating in the 1939 invasion of Ireland.
World War II
The invasion was a walkover for Britain, however it brought in both France and Germany. Britain had wanted revenge on these countries.
Landing on Normandy, British troops surged into France, Wallonia and the Netherlands. Britain claimed that it was liberating these countries from socialism and Germany, most believe it was for completion of General Plan West.
British troops encountered significant victories against the French armies. However in 1940 the Battle of Paris was lost and thus began a long push back to the coast. The attempt to invade north-west Germany, Operation Kingfisher, also failed even more. By middle 1941 British troops had been pushed off the continent and a landing on the mainland was expected.
The landings occurred in March 1942 at various points on the south coast. London was quickly captured, and with Irish troops taking care of Belfast a short campaign ensued until finally Glasgow was captured in July, and Britain surrendered.
The Osborne conference decided occupation zones. Northern Ireland was annexed fully to Ireland. Scotland was made a puppet state under Germany, who also occupied the north of England. France occupied the south including London. The Channel Islands were annexed to France.
After experiencing first-hand the atrocities committed by Mosley's troops, France was determined to not allow Britain to unite again - nor allow a state that would grow strong enough to do so - so continued occupation of the south until the 1980's, when puppet states of Wales and south England were created as part of the Union of French Socialist States (UFSS). After the decline of the Union, and increasing pressure from other countries, France and Germany withdrew from Britain in 1993 and allowed the island to unite.
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