The United Free American Colonies was a short lived attempt at an independent American state. On the 29 May, following, several lost battles, the Second Continental Congress, under new President John Hancock, brought forwards plans for independence. They published a document, still in draft form, giving the option for independence for any 'settlement or area of population that wishes to leave the Imperialistic Tyranny'. When the Declaration of Independence was published, around one quarter of the delegates resigned their seats as they were opposed to independence, most notably Thomas Jefferson (later Governor of Rhode Island). Only some towns in Massachusetts and Warwick, RI, declared themselves independent. Some towns were around Boston were also annexed. The state was short-lived, however, on the 9 September Boston was taken. Hancock was captured, as were the majority of the Continental Congress. Charles Thomson escaped to Charlestown, MA, and the 6 other remaining members of the Congress set themselves up as the Provisional Government. Charles Thomson was declared President, and New Jersey deglegate Richard Smith was appointed Vice President. When Charlestown was retaken on the 13th September, the UFAC was dissolved.