The United Commonwealth is a modern adaptation of the of several major parts of the Anglo populated parts of British Empire as well as the very few non Anglo colonies which were transferred into overseas territories. The initial creation of the United Commonwealth was spread throughout early ideas of an Imperial Federation comprising Britain and most of her colonies. This was done as an attempt to maintain British supremacy into the modern era in the face of new rising powers. The United States, the Russian Empire, and the German Empire were all considered new enemies for the dominance of Britain well into the next era. Due to this the British parliament recognized its need to at least re-organize its colonial holdings into something that would better weather the storm. Following the souring of relations between the United States and the United Kingdom, a new adversary was around which forced Canada not only the first British Dominion, but the most threatened British territory, to consider fully joining the United Kingdom as a constituent and equal kingdom. With some resistance from both sides it was eventually accepted following the developing arms race between not only the German Empire, but the rapidly militarizing United States.
The process towards bringing the United Commonwealth about comes mostly due to the First and Second World Wars in which not only was unity between the UK and Canada improved, but a truly united force consisting of most territories and dominions of the British Empire was assembled to combat the various enemies of Both wars. While technically on the losing to side of the First World War, the United Commonwealth was able to militarily and diplomatically outmaneuver the Axis forces in World War II leading to the formal creation of the United Commonwealth following the relative devastation the British isles suffered and the dispersion of much industrial strength and political power to multiple Dominions and Canada proper but also brought about the loss of most of Britains Asian and a good amount of its African colonies as well.
The United Commonwealth as it is known, was formed unofficially in 1904 following various colonial conferences and the new rising threat of the United States, which had not even two years previous proven its ability to challenge the British at sea off the coast of Venezuela, but had also won. The shock to the psyche of the British was immense and forced a total rethinking of the structure of the Empire. With the initial plans for many of Britains more civilized or well settled colonies to eventually be given home-rule, the plan had been scrapped folowing the Christmas Ambush. The British following the loss of the majority of their battlegroup during their intervention in Venezuela due to their failure to pay their debt, were forced to recognize the changing dynamic of the world. The German Empire had begun to become the dominant land power in Europe and had also begun to expand its Navy in a close competition with the British. The United States while its land forces were small and not entirely powerful, had an industrial base larger than the British and a naval force that was top of the line and had proven its mettle against the British, simultaneously removing multiple other threats to itself as a naval power at the expense of British prestige. This loss of Prestige as well as the new threats presented not only gained traction for many elements in the British aristocracy that preferred such a federal movement but also presented the perfect argument for Canadians who were for the movement to gain enough political support to bring the movement into mainstream politics. With a newly threatening America on its doorstep, how could Canada hope to remain independent of its unruly and aggressive neighbor. Hence following the 1904 conference Canada was admited fully into the United Kingdom and South Africa was designated a Dominion following a deal with the Boer residents to allow further white immigration of any kind to the colony predicated on future entrance into UK as a fully fledged state. During World War I the success of the Anglo Union showed that not only was the concept working, but flourishing as the Canadians and British fought under the same commonad with little to no interference or issues held over the distances which were involved (which was the expected outcome.) The Canadians in some cases became on a whole the better fighters of the Union and were colloquially known as Shock troops, forming the core of multiple Shock Armies during WW1 and WW2.
By 1947 following the end of World War II the United Commonwealth officially came into being with the Constitution of Westminster the document outlining how this new multiple continent Federal state would operate. While many of the worlds nations questioned the ability of the Commonwealth to expand in such a way to include multiple Dominions as constituent states and its colonial territories as well as overseas territories, the truth remained that the Second World War had absolutely devasted the British Isles and had forced the nation to either build or relocate significant amounts of industry throughout the Empire. Canada had become the main Arsenal of British industry during the war with thousands of workers being shipped in on top of the existing work force to expand the industrial capability of Canada with as many of 500,000 people moving to Canada to work on the war effort. South Africa and Australia also saw a significant increase in their own domestic industrial capability due to the overall shift during the war. India also in an ironic sense became a massive industrial producer (a fact which led to their exit from the British Empire in 1949) and provided hundreds of thousands of troops to the British and its war effort in Europe. By the end of the war, the Canadians, corraling many of the British dominions representatives, convened the congress of Westminster which while a relief for the debt ridden Britain forced its hand in the creation of the United Commonwealth, with Britain now only being part of the vast United Commonwealth state which stretched across the planet rather than its Leader.
Immediate Post World War II politics
Post Second World War, the United Commonwealth was not only relativelt recent in its founding, barring the previous British-Canadian Acts of Union, the central government which was at that time provisional in London was having a hard time deciding on its post war politics. Europe had not only been shattered by the Axis onslaught but now the British forces in europe were embroiled in a potentially long term, and costly occupation of nearly a third of europe (Italy and most of Germany) and while the burden was shared with the victorious allies, the majority of that burden was put upon the French and British forces. While Britain had suffered extensive bombing campaigns against the home isles, the newly unified commonwealth as well as the large swath of Britains colonies began to either have resources brought out or donated in the case of the newly entered United Commonwealth states. Australia, South Africa, Canada, New Zealand, and a some of britains more profitable colonies were all more or less given a large amount of funding for not only the rebuilding of Britain, but the rebuilding of Europe as well. However this came at the expense of much of Britains leading power in the United Commonwealth and equalized the power structure of the Commonwealth exponentially. by 1949 with the death of Stalin and the atrophy of major Soviet support for abroad communism in Europe, the UC had managed to not only gain the good will of much of a destroyed Western Europe, but had also undergone an extensive political agenda of maintaining the continental and colonial integrity of Europe. The European' Coalition' was formed shortly thereafter in 1950 with 3 prime objectives
- To halt the Spread of Communism in Europe and Abroad
- To maintain the territorial and colonial integrity of Europes Colonial Empires
- To closely integrate the Free European community for better economic prosperity.
Rebuilding from the Second Great War
The British home islands directly following the war were a hollow shell of their pre-war power and dynamic. Cities last bombed out and shattered, industry and capital had been expended at the expense of the Empire, and finally, a whole new generation of men had taken to the battlefields of the world and were summarily wiped out, either physically or mentally by the deed done on the Field. The immediate post-war government was unsurprisingly headed by a sobered and pragmatic Winston Churchill. The Capital and manpower expended by the home islands during the war was noted to be extreme and the migration of workers and industry to the empire abroad with the reliance on Britains navies to prevent the destruction of supply and munitions during the war put a dangerous balance on the empire. From 1932-19446 a grand total of 3 million British citizens immigrated out of the home islands to the dominions.
Canada already being part of the Federal Commonwealth "experiment" saw the brunt of it with nearly half of the immigrants migrating to Canada. The major cities saw a notable uptick in population, and overall the western Regions along the temperate regions saw significant population growth as well. When the war came about this was followed closely by industry due to the Battle of Britain and the long standing strategic bombing campaigns carried out by Germany. Canada in its proximity became the most notable arsenal for the British producing fighters, bombers, supply ships, landing craft, guns, tanks, pretty much all equipment imaginable. It was also home to tens of thousands of volunteer workers from the United States who while in the grips of the Depression in the early 40's turned to Canada boasting large war industry to fill in the gaps the Canadian workforce showed. This left Canada with a significant American population post war, but one of the post war concerns was the matter that many did not want to leave.
The relocation of industry, British workers, and capital was not limited to Canada as during this period the same thing happened to South Africa on a smaller scale. Half a million British civilians flooded South Africa almost against the will of the political parties of the Dominion. However with intense British Pressure and the apparent success of the Canadian experiment South Africa was forced to Relent under pressure of large amounts of British capital being wholesale removed which would have left the Boers, while the most influential group, totally defenseless and unable to fight in the result of a massive race war which was predicted if their policies were carried out. This massive push of immigrants fundamentally changed South Africa. With half a million immigrants, new investment of British capital, movement of industry, the politics of the dominion shifted drastically in favor of joining the commonwealth like the Canadians did. However accusations of fraud and vote rigging remain, the British secured a valuable territory and future state and with the outbreak of WW2 the South Africans marched into London triumphantly ready to ship off to the distant Battlefields of Europe and North Africa.
The Effect on Australia was even more profound, with just over 6.7 million people in 1935 between 1935 and 1945 1 million British citizens migrated to Australia prompted by the governments incentives and work programs used to strengthen and make viable the Dominions industrial capabilities. With the civil turmoil in Japan and their relative tying down in China, Australia became an absolute haven to industry and production during the war. Factories opened up, and jobs were created in such succession that Australia was practically begging for more workers prompting tertiary migrations. The offers were so attractive that for the duration of WW2 some American angered by inaction and spurred by the Great Depression sold everything they had to make new lives in Australia further augmenting Australias capabilities. By 1950 when the United Commonwealth was created Australia was undergoing a population boom and was already nearing 10 million people, well ahead of projected growth
The United Commonwealth is split into multiple administrative divisions some reflecting the status as Core states of the Commonwealth while other reflect their status a specially administrated zones (specifically former colonial holdings that do not have significant anglo populations).
The Core territories are the main compoenent nations which form the United Commonwealth. They consist of The United Kingdom, Canada, South Africa, Australia, and New Zealand. These are the core constituent territories of the United Commonwealth. These territories are the most well developed, industrialized, and powerful and generally also serve as a form of power projection for the nation in general. While ostensibly seen as an evolution of the British Empire into a modern form, the power sharing mechanic in the nation is something that is unique to the United Commonwealth. With full parliamentary represenation, the issue of ethnic minorities is hardly addressed as the majority population of the Commonwealth is of Anglo descent barring South Africa with a large Boer/Dutch population as a result of the post-war policies of the Second World War.
Australia, Canada, and New Zealand as a result of the second world war were much more developed as a reason for survival during WW2 and hence gained significant bargaining power in the formation of the Commonwealth. Ironically while many predicted the end of the British empire following WW2 the need for Europe to survive and thrive on its own led to high level movements to retain colonies including many long winded colonial conflicts against those wishing to exit these empires. The most notable being the Franco-Algerian war, the South Africa Uprising of 65, the Portuguese colonial wars, and most importantly, the North African police actions which led to the seizure and recolonization of much of
The United Commonwealth covers a massive amount of differing environments across the planet.