United Arab Republic
الجمهورية العربية المتحدة
al-Jumhūriyyah al-‘Arabīyah

Timeline: This is the Dream
Flag of Iraq (1963-1991); Flag of Syria (1963-1972) Coat of arms of United Arab Republic (This is the Dream)
Flag Emblem
Location of the United Arab Republic (This is the Dream)
Location of the United Arab Republic
Anthem "Walla Zaman Ya Selahy"
Capital Gaza City
Largest city Cairo
  others KurdishNubianAzeri
Islam (SunniShia)
  others ChristianityJudaismAlawiteDruzeYazidi
Ethnic Groups
91.35% Arabs
  others 6.30% Kurds
1.22% Turkmen
1.13% Others
Demonym United Arabic
Urabic (colloquial)
Government Federal semi-presidential
constitutional republic
  legislature National Assembly
Assembly of the State (upper house)
People's Assembly (lower house)
President Morsi Abu-Hassan (ASU)
Vice President Mohammad Al-Nouri (ASU)
Prime Minister Ghassan Al-Obaidy (PGA)
1,634,022 km²
  water (%) 1.2%
Population 151,254,506 (2012 census) 
Established Revolution Day
(July 23, 1952)
Republic Declared
(June 18, 1953)
First Union Protocols
(February 22, 1958)
Second Union Protocols
(June 10, 1972)
Current Consitution
(November 2, 1995)
Currency United Arab Dinar (د.ا) (UAD)
Time Zone (UTC+2 to +3)
  summer (UTC+3 to +4)
Calling Code +20
Internet TLD .ur
Organizations UASUN (UNSC)
The United Arab Republic (UAR; Arabic: الجمهورية العربية المتحدة‎, al-Jumhūrīyah al-‘Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah) is a sovereign state comprising territory in North Africa and the Middle East. The UAR spans at least 1,634,022 square kilometres (630,899 sq mi) and has a total population of 151.3 million, making it the 11th most populous state in the world. The Consitution of the UAR establishes the state as secular with a federal semi-presidential republican system of government. The capital is Gaza, whilst Cairo is the most populous city and the main cultural and commercial centre.

Encompassing much of the Fertile Crescent, the UAR has one of the longest histories of of any modern country with progenitor states arising up along the Nile, Tigris, and Euphrates Rivers in the tenth millennium BC. Iconic monuments such as the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx, as well the ruins of Uruk, Palmyra, and Babylon reflect this legacy and they remain a significant focus of archaeological study and popular interest worldwide.

At different periods in its history, the UAR has been the center of several civilizations and has been an integral part of numerous empires that are reflected in diverse national and regional identities that are located throughout the country. The populace within the country has endured, and at times assimilated, various foreign influences, including Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab, Ottoman, and European. Christianised in the first century of the Common Era, it was subsequently Islamised due to the Islamic conquests of the seventh century.

With over 151 million inhabitants, the UAR is the most populous country in North Africa and the Arab World and the second-most populous in Africa (after Nigeria). The great majority of its people live near the banks of the three major river systems, and over half the popultion live within urban areas with most spread across the densely populated centres of Cairo, Alexandria, Baghdad, and Aleppo.

The modern UAR is considered a great power with significant cultural, political, and military influence in the African, Arab, and the Muslim worlds. Its economy is one of the largest and most diversified in the Middle East and as such is a member of the Group of 20 and the World Trade Organization. Through its predecessor state of Egypt, the UAR is also a founding member of the United Nations and has served as one of the five permanent members of the UN Security Council since 1996. President Morsi Abu-Hassan also serves as the chairman of the Union of Arab States where the UAR wields significant influence over the confederation.

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