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The United Arab Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية العربية المتحدة al-Jumhūriyyah al-‘Arabīyah al-Muttaḥidah) It is made up of the former nations of Syria and Iraq, which form its two highest level divisions, and is based on the previous UAR of Egypt and Syria.
The State is officially secular and is divited info a federal system. Several times terrorist and Mujaheddins have rise up again the United Arab Republic and each time been crushed (Mainly supported by Saudi Arabia and Iran), the UAR is a powerfull allied of the Union Soviet and is a predominant state in the region.
Prior to the Great Nuclear War, Syria and Iraq had vastly different paths. Between 1958 and 1961, Syria had been part of a Federation with Egypt, known as the United Arab Republic. However, instead of a federation of two Arab people, as many Syrians had seen it, the UAR had instead turned into a state completely dominated by Egyptians, and 1961 the Syrian military overthrew the government, which caused the collapse of the UAR, and the re-establishment of the Syrian Arab Republic.
Meanwhile, Iraq had been under a military Junta since 1958. The state, however, experienced greater and greater support for Ba'athism, and also wide-spread want to join the UAR.
Great Nuclear War
On the 28th October, 1962, the world was engulfed in nuclear war. Alongside many other Middle Eastern nations, the Syrian and Iraqi Oil Markets collapsed with the loss of supply. With the collapse of his northern neighbor Syria decide to occupy and annex the Hataly province, who was a part of Syria until 1938, after the annexation they would install there a division of the Army for provide revolts, and they will consolidate their annexation with a referendum that prove the apptoval of the annexation. The Syrian Military again organised a coup, bringing the Ba'athist Amin al-Hafiz into power. Military rule was brutal, and complete control over the nation was established within weeks. However, in Iraq, the situation was not as stable. Whilst the central government, lead by Abdul Rahman Arif, managed to hold control of the South of the nation, the Ba'athist party seized control of much of the North-East, whilst the Kurds rose up in the North-West. However, by 1968, the Ba'athist faction began to become the most influential, highly supplied by Syria. In 1967 they had annexed the Kurdish region, and a large offensive into Southern Iraq. During this time Syrian-Iraqi cooperation began to massively increase, and by 1970 the entirety of Iraq was under Ba'athist control. Despite this victory, however, a few weeks later, a rising member of the Ba'ath Party, Saddam Hussein, was assassinated, believed to be by Kurdish nationalists.
Whilst many suggestions had been made for years, serious proposals for Syrian-Iraqi unification did not come until 1971, when Bashar al-Assad became President of Syria. Negotiations began in 1972. Early on Syria made insistence for any capital to be based in Syria, after its previous experience with Egypt, and negotiations settled on naming Aleppo, the largest Syrian city, as the federal capital, whilst Damascus and Baghdad remaining the provincial capitals of Syria and Iraq respectively. Negotiations continued until 1975, when the state was declared.
The United Arab Republic
With the 70s it started for the newly United Arab Republic several decades of peace and prosperity, under the leadership of Bashar al-Assad, leader of the Ba'ath Party, and also internal trade and relations with the world was restored at the started of the 70s, as the UAR would become to modernize himself, boost their economy and in particular the oil sector and in the industrial sector, for the presence of Baghdad and Damascus, it was also introduce in the country a new educational system, where all can have access at there and is free and compulsory from ages of 6 to 17, without difference between man or woman, this allow the UAR to become a illiterate nation and of increase the rate from the 50,4% of the 1975 to the 99,5% of today, the emancipation and secularization of the Syrian and Iraqi society, in particular the rural society, where was still present arcade and old traditions and cultural feelings in the confront of the women. It also in that years there the United Arab Republic would restore his international relations and trades, the UAR would create relations with his ex-allied like Egypt, Libya, Algeria, Afghanistan and others, but also with new nations like Sicilian Republic, Rif Republic, Kurdistan, Armenia and many others.
They were also recognize as the successor state of Syria and Iraq, but despite this many nations wouldn't be have relations with there or accused the UAR to be a nation that dosn't fallow Islam, like the Turkish president say ; "It disgraces the Koran and its precepts, a nation that destroys Islam", at this words, it also have increase the relations with Kurdistan with the training of the Kurdish Defense Forces or more commonly called Peshmerga, economical treaties and the formation of the Kurdistan Workers Party or PKK in Kurdish for help there again the attacks of Turkey and for have more support from the Kurdish population President Al-Assad and the Parliament allow the creation of the Kurdish Autonomy Region, with capital in Erbil, previously with Iraq at the ended of the Iraq-Kurdish war a agreement was reached between the national government and the Kurds, this accord would will be utilize by the UAR for concede autonomy and self-government at the Kurds and the creation of the 1st Battalion "Erbil" of the United Arab Army, composed only by Kurds officials and soldiers, and also the use of the Kurds in the regional affairs, alongside with Arabic, the first president of the regions was Jalal Talabani, from the 1977 to the 1989.
The Islamic Revolution
In the 1979 with the Iranian Revolutions millions of refugees, in particularity Christians, Muslim Shia and Atheists would flee from Iran for seek asylum in the UAR, Kurdistan, Afghanistan, USSR and in others locations, over 1 million refugees would go in the United Arab Republic for seek refuge, also the United Arab Republic have financially support the communist and the nationalist anti-Islamic party and also the Kurdish party for revolts again the Ayatollah rulers, as Khoemini have attack and accused all secular state of be "Weak and without rulers" and of wanna crack down this secular system.
But the despite the revolution the relations between UAR and Iran would remain neutral until the 80's, when with the Lebanese Civil War and the improvement of relations will lead at better relations.
In a Civil War
With the Lebanese Civil War the United Arab Republic alongside with other nations will intervent in the civil war for end there and for bring stability at the region, in the 1980 a group of Syrians was killed by a group of Phalangist, this was used by the UAR as a casus belli for enter in the country and send their army in Lebanon in the same year, at the units and division send in Lebanon was give the order of "Don't support neither the Lebanese Front or the Falange, allied with Israel and neither the Lebanese National Moviment or Hezbollah, allied with Iran, but of give support at the remain part of the Lebanese Armed Forced still loyal to the government, for support and train there."
As most of the officials of the Lebanese Armed Forced retain from their position for join at the Christians Militia the UAR will replace their with Muslim or Atheist, mostly with panarabic and socialist idea, but also with any other political idea, the main duty of the Lebanese was that of protect the civilian from both the Christian and Muslim militia and also the Palestine refugees, fled in Lebanon after the occupation of the West Bank by Israel in 1973 after the peace treaty with Palestine in 1973.
In the first mounth of war the new Lebanese Republic and their Army was able of mantain control on the north part of Lebanon and secure that, while the Free Lebanon was established in the south of the country, with the help of the Israelian, but in both part fights still occurd between Hezbollah and the Phalange, or other groups who was again the United Arab Army.
From here to the next 2 years the United Arab Army and the Israeli Army, alongside with the OLP, the Lebanese Army, the Free Lebanese Army, the Phalange and Hezbollah would fight a bloody war in the city of Beirut for their control, most of this battle don't have bring at any advantage for the two factions, most of this war was also combat with terrorist methods, with the planting of bombs in office of the Phalange or the kill of the Palestinean refugees in the refugee camps, the most famous massacre of the war was that of Sabra and Shatila. Both camp was attacked and salvage by the force of Elie Hobeika with the death of at least 5000 civilians. This massacre took place after 5 days from the sign of the treaty of peace between the UAR and Israel with the surrender of the Free Lebanon, the sending of all the refugees and OLP member in Palestine and the prohibition of the recreation of the Phalange and any other militia exept from Hezbollah, Hezbollah was the only militia at don't be banned after the end of the civil war.
After the massacre of Sabra and Shatila Hobeika was processed by a Lebanese tribunal for have massacre unarmed civilian with the intention of find member of the OLP when in reality in the camp it was only present child, elder and woman, no one OLP member was there and so for this he was condemned at Life jail until his death, but this action was criticize by many Lebanese for be too soft, other member of the Phalange should be processed, according to many.
For prevent other actions like this the United Arab Army according with the Lebanese government of remain in the country until the 2000 for give assistance and rebuild the Lebanese Armed Forces.
Peace and terror
With the end of the civil war in Lebanon the United Arab Republic would invest heavily in public infrastructure and in the third and second sector, for modernize himself and also in the 80s they would join as observer state to the COMECON and increase the relations with the Soviet Union with the creation of a Soviet naval facility in Tartus, and with this the navy and air force would be increased and modernize with soviet equipment.
Also with the soviet founds the Dam of Mosul and a full modernization of the main cities and of the main ports of the republic was build or modernize,