Its government was relatively stable and somewhat centralized for the first stretch of its existence up until 1973 when it suffered a major turnover in its politics due to a economic crisis which saw extremely right wing movements take control eventually declaring the Husseini Caliphate a modern Islamic caliphate which became one of the direct causes to World War 3 in 1981. In the post WW3 political world, USIS was reconstituted and its original constitution restored now mended up to prevent another nationalist/radical takeover of the government with similar amendments put into the constitutions of countries worldwide.
With a population of roughly 252 million post World War III USIS is on of the most populous states on the planet due to against public beleif a relatively large agriculture base supporting the majority of the Middle East. The Good majority of the countries populace is centered along 4 regions. The Levantine coasts, Nile River, Tigris-Euphrates crescent, and spread out across Anatolia. Most of the desert areas are sparsely inhabited with the majority of the remaining cities being along the various coasts.
The Modern USIS remains a Great Power but is relatively low on the power chain due to its loss in the Third World War. Being stronger technologically and economically than the Republic of Greater Nigeria, and the East African Federation, both of which are rapidly gaining on many great powers due to their rising status. USIS, however, maintains a relatively large military even in its postwar status, but up until 1998 were mobilized to maintain order in a rebuilding country.
Final Years of the Ottoman Empire
In 1878, as the result of the Cyprus Convention, the United Kingdom took over the government of Cyprus as a protectorate from the Ottoman Empire. While the Cypriots at first welcomed British rule, hoping that they would gradually achieve prosperity, democracy and national liberation, they soon became disillusioned. The British imposed heavy taxes to cover the compensation they paid to the Sultan for conceding Cyprus to them. Moreover, the people were not given the right to participate in the administration of the island, since all powers were reserved to the High Commissioner and to London. In 1819, the Government of Lord Liverpool created the Six Acts, which established press censorship, the banning of political parties (mainly the Communist Party), the dissolution of municipal elections, as well as the out-ruling of trade unions, meetings of more than five individuals, and the tolling of church bells outside services.
Meanwhile, the fall of the Ottomans to the Ottoman Revolution led to the Sultan abdicating to an interim government, under the Turkish Reform Movement led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the Turkish victory against the Sultan during the Turkish War of Independence, and the founding of the modern Republic of Turkey in 1923 a main constituent state of USIS. As the first Governor of Turkey, Atatürk embarked on a program of modernisation and secularisation. He abolished the caliphate, emancipated women, enforced western dress and the use of both a new Turkish alphabet and an Arabic one as well to maintain ties to the rest of the Arab world. He also abolished the jurisdiction of the Islamic courts. In a short time afterwards many of these reforms spread to much of the rest of the country creating a real attempt at modernizing the Islamic World, and also an attempt to embrace the a more western approach. The Interim government lasted until 1922 when the final deals solidifying the future of the former Ottoman state approaching disintegration. It formed a nation consisting of ten original states with special status given to certain major cities along Arabia which had historically maintained or gained independent prominence.
A major turning point in the history of the Middle East and consequently USIS, came when oil was discovered, first in Persia in 1908 and later in Saudi Arabia (in 1938) and the other Persian Gulf states, and also in Libya and Algeria. The Middle East, it turned out, possessed the world's largest easily accessible reserves of crude oil, the most important commodity in the 20th-century industrial world. Although western oil companies pumped and exported nearly all of the oil to fuel the rapidly expanding automobile industry and other western industrial developments, the kings and emirs of the oil states became immensely rich, enabling them to consolidate their hold on power and giving them a stake in preserving western investment over the region.
In 1914, Enver Pasha's alliance with Germany led the Ottoman Empire into the fatal step of joining Germany and Austria-Hungary in World War I, against Britain and France. The British saw the Ottomans as the weak link in the enemy alliance, and concentrated on knocking them out of the war. When a direct assault failed at Gallipoli in 1915, they turned to fomenting revolution in the Ottoman domains only for American influence to positively affect the two largest groups groping for independence only to drive them into each and give them total control of all the former Ottoman domains as well as the interest of all the Arabian states, with the Kingdom of Arabia arising as well as Yemen and Oman also showing interest. Finally with the smaller cities and protectorates joining in as the British were forced to watch in Horror as a new terror to their Empire arose.
Building a New State
The main concern of the new state was which movement was going to ultimately win out amongst the ideologies present. However, the revolution took a drastic turn when American support was offered. While initially only working alongside for certain war goals relevant to maintaining operation integrity within the Ottoman Empire. This, however, eventually evolved into open support following a visit to the United States by both Faisal and Ataturk to discuss the future of the Ottoman Empires territories which officially entwined the US in the creation of a new state in the middle east. This essentially saw the United States become almost a template for the development of the country. However, with the massive upswing in the oil industry post WW1 as the driving mechanic of the industrial age, the assertion of the oil industry provided a much needed economic boon right from the countries inception. The increased need of oil every year turned a gradually expanding industry to the most massive oil industry on the planet by 1949. This new influx of wealth is considered one of the major reasons to the nations survival as the British explicitly attempted to undermine the new state and regain is colonies and protectorates in the area. However, it did fight an undeclared low intensity war with the Union well into the 1920's until unrest in Egypt made the border war untenable.
The structure of the government was initially crude before the Interim government was dissolved with essentially the strongest factions running their respective areas. This was fixed with the Constitution of Ankara which became the base document which gave guidelines to the functions of federal government and its delineated powers. The inclusion of Secularism was widely lauded by the western powers including their former enemies as an evolution of the Middle east "into a more civilized and stable era" and borrowing heavily from the United States in its constitution it also heavily developed an isolationist policy only maintaining former buisiness relations outside of the country. This led to the independent development of many of bases for modern agriculture, weapons technology, industrial development, which in later years gave it a large boon with its quick joining of the Second World War and subsequent position in the following cold war.
The new nation ended up playing a pivotal role during World War II in which it lay on a rather important border which would make or break Britain's empire during the Second World War. With Italian troops threatening Egypt the British eventually secured military access through the country before its outright declaration later into the war. ITs post WW2 development was driven heavily by its extremely positive opinion in the eyes of much of Europe which led to a host of Western investment by both the United States, and Europe. However, with USIS joining the war, the Soviet Union was robbed of much of its attempted sphere of influence in southeastern Europe for a short time at least.
The Cold War
The Union underwent a major political change in the post war years of World War II with an extremely isolationist government taking power and focusing on expanding its local sphere of influence, looking to become a first rate global power by bulding its own network of allies rather than joining another established alliance. The First attempt of this ironically led to the British undergoing a major change in their system which prompted the loss of Egypt to a referendum (even though promised by the British as a condition of USIS joining in WW2. (and Gamal Abdel Nasser taking control of Egypt and immediately lobbying to join the nation. Britain while economically struggling was able to successfully lobby USIS for control of the Suez Canal which is maintained to the present day. Ironically with the joining of Egypt and its leader Nasser, USIS gained a relatively strong leader and eventually a strong President of USIS who served three separate terms. 2 in the 60's and a final term leading up to the rise of the Husseini Caliphate and his own assassination.
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