After initial success in unifying the former Russian Empire, the Bolsheviki faced heavy resistance from the West and the East: Denikin, Wrangel and others were leading a German offensive to restore the Tsarist monarchy, while Kolchak, proclaimed King of Eguo by the Qing, used voluntary Chinese auxiliaries to fight the Red Army. The situation became increasingly dire, but the highly motivated Red Army was in a dar better condition than the Tsarist forces. In the end, only a truce could be achieved, and the German Army, already exhausted from the Great War, mutineed. It was clear that the Romanovs would live in exile from now on, and Kolchak, more of a scientist than a strategist, moved to Manchuria, as the Red Army was advancing toward the Urals. While the Ukraine and the Baltic States became German client states, Transcaucasia was conquered (the Turkish government became increasingly upset), but Trotsky did not plan to expand further. In 1919, zhe Union of Socialist Soviet Republics was declared, and under Lenin's dictatorial rule, the new state began to develop. This encouraged various Chinese communists to follow the Bolsheviki's example, but they all seemed to fail ultimately. Avoiding persecution, they became underground organizations again. The split of the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish revolution of 1924, along with an ongoing war with Greece however, allowed the Soviets to export socialism, leading to the People's Republic of Turkey.