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|Nominee||Theodore Roosevelt Jr||John Nance Garner|
|Running Mate||Wendell Willkie||Cordell Hull|
|Theodore Roosevelt Jr||102||95||92||85||94||94||92||96||98||120||145||261|
|Arthur H. Vandenberg||35||35||31||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
In 1940 the Democratic party divided into two main camps. The anti-FDR, anti-New Deal conservatives, led by John Nance Garner, and the liberals lead by Roosevelt and Wallace. The battle looked to be a showdown between President and Vice President. But in February 1940 FDR announced he wouldn't seek a third term and backed Wallace. The Democratic party was bitterly divided, Roosevelt's New Deal had been unpopular in the south. Garner pledged a more conservative government that would accept states rights and that wouldn't interfere with business. Wallace pledged to continue Roosevelt's legacy. The Democratic convention convened in New York (Roosevelt hoped that this would attract more northern delegates, and help Wallace's chances) on August 1. Garner held a majority and won outright on the fourth ballot.
|John Nance Garner||529||547||604||712|
|Henry A. Wallace||413||390||346||201|
Garner chose moderate secretary of state Cordell Hull of Tennessee to be his running mate, although Hull privately though Garner a "mean, twisted, whiskey drinking evil old man".
Following the nomination of Garner, Wallace and around 70 New Deal democrats left the party to form the new, liberal party. Wallace was nominated unanimously and selected socialist leader Norman Thomas as his running mate.
Roosevelt and Willkie both launched strong campaigns in their own right, despite being on the same ticket. Advocating a strong foreign policy that would secure American interests abroad, yet no warmongering. Willkie appealed to small business owners, and many west coast liberals who thought Wallace far to radical. The republicans held 5 mass rallies over the last 2 weeks in October that attracted up to 30,000 people.
The democratic campaign was less relaxed, and mainly focused on Garner's conservatism and his opposition to the policies of FDR. However outside of the south, the democrats had little support. Their party divided and their nominee a elderly (71) year old pessimist. It was no surprise the democrats faced a bitter defeat.
The Liberal party lacked the funds to launch a campaign on the style of Roosevelt and Willkie.
Newspaper giant, William R. Hearst, funded no campaign for either party. This being the first time he had failed to endorse any candidate.