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Alternate History

US Presidential Election 1940 (Vive l'Emperor)

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<1936 1944>
Turnout: 72,772,108
Picture
Theodore-Roosevelt Jr
Garner2
Nominee Theodore Roosevelt Jr John Nance Garner
Party Republican Democratic
Running Mate Wendell Willkie Cordell Hull
States Carried 45 15
Popular Vote
Percentage

Republican Nomination

Nominee 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Theodore Roosevelt Jr 102 95 92 85 94 94 92 96 98 120 145 261
Robert Taft 97 97 101 103 103 105 107 110 118 134 147 154
Wendell Willkie 93 95 96 96 97 95 95 91 94 142 121 -
Joe Martin 35 32 14 - - - - - - - - -
Arthur H. Vandenberg 35 35 31 - - - - - - - - -
Thomas Dewey 34 46 60 96 89 94 94 91 86 - - -
Herbert Hoover 16 5 - - - - - - - - - -


Democratic Nomination

In 1940 the Democratic party divided into two main camps. The anti-FDR, anti-New Deal conservatives, led by John Nance Garner, and the liberals lead by Roosevelt and Wallace. The battle looked to be a showdown between President and Vice President. But in February 1940 FDR announced he wouldn't seek a third term and backed Wallace. The Democratic party was bitterly divided, Roosevelt's New Deal had been unpopular in the south. Garner pledged a more conservative government that would accept states rights and that wouldn't interfere with business. Wallace pledged to continue Roosevelt's legacy. The Democratic convention convened in New York (Roosevelt hoped that this would attract more northern delegates, and help Wallace's chances) on August 1. Garner held a majority and won outright on the fourth ballot.


Nominee 1 2 3 4
John Nance Garner 529 547 604 712
Henry A. Wallace 413 390 346 201

Garner chose moderate secretary of state Cordell Hull of Tennessee to be his running mate, although Hull privately though Garner a "mean, twisted, whiskey drinking evil old man".

Liberal Nomination

Following the nomination of Garner, Wallace and around 70 New Deal democrats left the party to form the new, liberal party. Wallace was nominated unanimously and selected socialist leader Norman Thomas as his running mate.

Election

Roosevelt and Willkie both launched strong campaigns in their own right, despite being on the same ticket. Advocating a strong foreign policy that would secure American interests abroad, yet no warmongering. Willkie appealed to small business owners, and many west coast liberals who thought Wallace far to radical. The republicans held 5 mass rallies over the last 2 weeks in October that attracted up to 30,000 people.

The democratic campaign was less relaxed, and mainly focused on Garner's conservatism and his opposition to the policies of FDR. However outside of the south, the democrats had little support. Their party divided and their nominee a elderly (71) year old pessimist. It was no surprise the democrats faced a bitter defeat.

The Liberal party lacked the funds to launch a campaign on the style of Roosevelt and Willkie.

Newspaper giant, William R. Hearst, funded no campaign for either party. This being the first time he had failed to endorse any candidate.

Results

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