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Alternate History

US Occupation of Hispaniola (Down a Different Path)

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American occupation of Hispaniola
Haiti and Santo Domingo inset map (1921)
Date:

1915–1922

Location:

Hispaniola

Result:

Annexation of Haiti and Dominican Republic; formation of Commonwealth of Santo Domingo as a US territory

Belligerents

US flag with 55 stars by Hellerick United States

Flag of Haiti Haitian government

Flag of the Dominican Republic Former Dominican Republic

Flag of Haiti Haitian Rebels

Commanders

William B. Caperton, Harry Knapp

Desiderio Arias

Strength

13 marines of the 4th Marine Regiment, 2nd Battalion (in the two battles)

300+ soldiers of the Dominican Army, 1 fort (in Battle of San Francisco de Macoris)

Casualties and Losses

2 killed, 15 wounded

unknown

  
 The American occupation of Hispaniola was a series of two separate occupations of two nations: Haiti and the Dominican Republic.

History

Haitian Occupation

Haiti has been unstable politically and sercurity-wise. Leading up to World War I, the American government knew that Hispaniola was the key to stopping the Germans from setting up espionage and military in the Carribean. Both of these reasons led to the occupation: the Haitian government supported this occupation, in hopes of bringing stability and reforms to the nation. The occupation began on July 28, 1915, when 330 Marines landed at Port-au-Prince.

Dominican Occupation

The Dominican occupation began on May 5, 1916, when Marines landed at the city of Santo Domingo. Reforms and improvements were brought to the country, although the people still resented the loss of their soveirgnity.

PoD (Less Harsh Laws)

The strict censorship laws and seeming no care for the wellbeing of the people of Dominican Republic (or as the Americans called it, Santo Domingo) in OTL are changed in this ATL. They granted the Santo Domingoans the freedoms of speech; the press; etc., and Americans worked to help improve the lives of peasants. Woodrow Wilson came to speak in Santiago in 1918, also helping to win over the people. All of this led to significantly less resistance than in OTL. While US influence was decreasing, and Juan Bautista Vicini Burgos became provisional president of the Dominican Republic, Warren G. Harding (who had developed a love for the Dominicans, unlike in OTL) made one last bid to keep Santo Domingo: annexation, where Burgos would become the first terriorial governor of the Commonwealth Santo Domingo. Burgos agreed to the annexation, seeing that his power would be secured but not reduced if Santo Domingo became a self-governing territory. Thanks to the less harsh laws and care for the wellbeing of the people, the populace of the Santo Domingo accepted the annexation. In hopes of a better future, the Haitian government agreed for Haiti to join the commonwealth. The occupations were over.

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