Timeline:Invasion IranThe US Invasion of Iran (Opration Iran Freedom, June 4, 2004 - January 23, 2007) and the Israel War (March 20, 2005 - April 17, 2007) was a big war
|Date: June 4,2004 to April 17, 2007|
|Opposing Forces: Arabian Coalition vs. US, NATO, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait|
|Place: Middle East|
|Cause: Operation Enduring Freedom - Iran|
|Results: US, NATO, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait victory.|
|Most of Middle East in Western Power control|
|Man Power: Arabian Coalition: 1,800,000 men and personal|
|Western Powers: 3,200,000 men and personal|
|Casualties: Arabian Coalition: 990,000 wounded or dead|
|Western Powers: 1,200,000 dead or wounded|
in the Middle East. It was caused by the US Invasion of Iran. The Arabian Coalition was formed and attacked Israel by invading the Gaza Strip.
These two conflicts merged into one, single war with the Arab Coalition and Iran on one side and the US and NATO on the other side.
The war ended with a NATO victory but the war lead to future consequences.
With the terrorist attack on 9/11, the US targeted countries for the War on Terrorism. In the Middle East they chose the same countries as in OTL but included Iran. Generals began preparing for Operation Iran Freedom. The US and NATO devised Operation Lightning. Meanwhile, tension was high between Israel and Arab countries about the Gaza Strip. In 2003 the US invaded Iraq. These veteran's were pulled out of Iraq and began training for Operation Lightning. The plan would like this: the US would first get a beachhead on Iran's southern coast. NATO re-inforcements spearheaded by Britain's SAS would continue toward oil fields while the US headed for Iran capital Tehran. They would use blitzkriegs to get to the capital before Iran's army could mobilize. Throughout the Operation bombers would bomb key cities. So on June 4, 2004, generals held their breath when Operation Lightning and Operation Enduring Freedom - Iran began.
The first troops to land in southern Iran met little resistance. They took over surrounding villages in the area. Finally word got to the president of Iran that the US invaded. Iran began mobilizing its military. The night of June 4 the US troops saw its first combat in Iran. Iran soldiers were heading toward the beachhead. Machine guns opened up and fired on the Iran soldiers. Most of them were killed while the rest retreated. This became known as the Battle of the Beachhead.
Re-inforcements arrived the next day. They rushed towards Tehran. They were 97 miles from the city when they became bogged down from resistance. They were at Qom, Iran. Religious people there were fanatical about protecting the Holy City. They built bunkers and underground passageways. When US forces were in sight of the city, artillery pounded their position. They scrambled to cover. US bombers destroyed some the artillery, just enough for US troops to make it inside. Rifles and machine guns fired at them from windows. NATO forces were shocked from how much resistance there was. US troops in deserted homes managed to find cover. They used windows to shoot their machine guns. The night of June 8 was not a happy one. It was known as the Battle of Qom, and it had 12,384 casualties. It was the single most expensive battle in the Iranian War.
Middle Eastern Countries Response
Countries in the Middle East were surprised by the attack. They did not think the US would invade Iran. They also began to think that the US would use this to become the main power of influence in the Middle East. With tensions high about the Gaza Strip, Arab countries believed the US was strengthening Israel's dominance in the Middle East. Talks happened between Egypt, Syria, and Jordan. On December 27, 2004, the three countries signed the Treaty of Cairo, uniting the three nations into the Arabian Coalition. The Arab Coalition began thinking about an invasion of Israel.
July to December
The Battle of Qom lasted longer than expected. Meanwhile NATO troops were nearing their goal of the oil fields. Meanwhile Iran troops had built bunkers around the largest oil field in Iran, the Azadegan oil field. Trenches were placed around the field. On June 15, 2004 the Battle of Azadegan Field began. There was little cover to hide. Most NATO troops used tanks for cover. Because the ground forces could not breach the defenses NATO soldiers parachuted into the field. Some planes were shot down from artillery. Firefights happened inside the fields between the Iran soldiers and NATO soldiers. By July the NATO soldiers had sustained many casualties. However on July 7 NATO tanks breached the perimeter. NATO soldiers destroyed the artillery and machine gun nests, allowing more troopers to get inside. The retreating Iran soldiers burned the oil fields. They then regrouped at Defense Line 1 where they would hold the invaders as long as they could. The Battle of Qom ended on August 12 with the destruction of the Fatima al-Masumeh Shrine. The Iran forces from there regrouped at Defense Line 1 as well. on August 20 the US and NATO forces reached Defense Line 1. They retreated because the enemy was positioned well and had clear shots at their targets. US and NATO forces regrouped and on September 2 attacked again. Again they were repelled. The US and NATO forces spent from September 3 to October 8 regrouping. On October 9 they attacked the Defense Line 1 and successfully breached it. Iran forces however suffered little casualties and went to Defense Line 2. NATO and US soldiers could not capitalize however because of the many casualties. On November 15 they pushed forward bet met resistance at Defense Line 2. They retreated because of many casualties. On December 7 they tried again but failed. Generals decided to wait until after the New Year to attack.
Due to the war, gas prices in NATO countries soared to a stunning $75.23 per gallon.
January to March
The war continued. While US and NATO soldiers were regrouping, Iran soldiers went on the offensive. They attacked US and NATO forces and pushed them back to Defense Line 1. US and NATO forces stood their ground there. By January 7, 2005, the January offensive was over. The war became a stalemate.
The Israel War
On March 20, 2005 the Arabian Coalition invaded the Gaza Strip and Israel. They quickly took it over and proceeded toward Jerusalem. The Israel Military was on alert though and quickly fought the invaders. They were defeated and with Lebanon declaring war on Israel the situation became bad for Israel. They retreated and protected Jerusalem. US and NATO armies could only send little support as they were fighting in Iran. Jerusalem became a battle ground as the Arabian Coalition (now including Lebanon) and Israel fought for control. On April 6, 2005 Jerusalem fell. Israel surrendered. However, insurgencies happened all across Israel. The Arabian Coalition had trouble occupying the capital. In response to the insurgencies, Arab soldiers were ordered to shoot all Israel insurgents.
US Soldiers Come
On April 17, 2005 the US declared war on the Arabian Coalition. US soldiers from Iraq assaulted "The Fortress" the Arabian Coalition headquarters in Israel. US forces took it on April 25, 2005 after three days of fierce fighting.
The Wars Merge
The US military was at a stretch and the war in Iraq was going bad. Insurgencies were more often with less US soldiers. On May 4 New Iraq was formed in Western Iraq. It was led by supporters of Saddam and the insurgents. New Iraq joined the Arab Coalition and attacked US bases on the west side of Israel. In Iran, there was still a stalemate.
The whole Middle East was at war when Saudi Arabia joined the US and NATO against the Arabian Coalition. Kuwait joined the US and NATO because of Iraq invading it in 1991. On May 24 Iran joined the Arabian Coalition. The Arabian Coalition now had the countries of Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, New Iraq, and Iran. Against them was the US, NATO, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. .
The War Continues
Both had larger armies now. Before Saudi Arabia could mobilize the Arabian Coalition landed on its western shores. They also landed soldiers on oil rigs on the Red Sea. Fighting continued on the Saudi Arabian front. The Arab Coalition could not make gains from the landings because of fierce resistance. The Arabian Coalition evacuated the western shore on June 3. New Iraq being overrun by US soldiers. They were forced back to their capital, a camp called Camp Saddam. In Israel, US and NATO forces were entering Jerusalem. The Arab Coalition made gains in Iran with US and NATO pushed back from Defense Line 1. The Liberation of Jerusalem was much like the Battle of Qom with street fights. Saudi Arabia and Kuwait led an assault on Lebanon on June 12. They overtook it in three days but could not take the capital of Beirut. One June 17 NATO forces in Jerusalem left and went back to Iran. On June 19 they took back Defense Line 1. On June 21 they managed to breach Defence Line 2 but met resistance from the last defense line, Defense Line 3. The remainder of the Iran military was here. Some of it was also at Tehran.
July to December
On July 3 the Siege of Camp Saddam began with US Marines attacking the camp. The remaining US forces in Jerusalem left to help fight in other places. On July 7 Arabian Coalition forces liberated Lebanon from Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. On July 10 Arabian Coalition forces sent re-inforcements to Camp Saddam to help the soldiers there. The Arab Coalition had a lot of success now with the liberation of "The Fortress" and the retreat of most US forces from Israel. On July 18 they attacked occupied Iraq. They only had minor success though they liberated much of New Iraq. On August 1 US and NATO forces again invaded New Iraq and the Arabian Coalition retreated back to Israel. In Iran Defense Line 3 proved challenging and NATO soldiers could not breach. On August 5, construction of the "Ring of Fire" around the River Jordan began. It was designed by the Arabian Coalition to keep enemy soldiers at the banks. This blocked soldiers from going into Israel from Jordan. The only way was to go from another bordering country or the Red Sea. On September 14, US intelligence discovered the construction site. NATO sent an army to breach it. On September 15, the army reached the construction site. The fighting was fierce and long. The Arabian Coalition though managed to keep NATO from breaching. NATO had some success though because the construction was set back. But in order to stop its construction, the US bombed it. On September 18 the Bombing of the River Jordan began. The construction site was destroyed. NATO soldiers began crossing the river on September 21.
The First Surrender
On October 3 Jordan surrendered. It surrendered because it was occupied by the US since they entered the war against the Arabian Coalition. They had not surrendered before because they were fighting an insurgency campaign. They surrendered now because their leader Abdullah II was killed by a mortar. With Jordan surrendering more US and NATO troops crossed the River Jordan into Israel. By November they liberated most of it. Jerusalem however was still in Arabian Coalition hands. On November 8 Saudi Arabia led an assault on Jerusalem. They met heavy resistance and retreated on November 10. Back in Iran, another stalemate had happened. NATO could not take Defense Line 3 and Iran could not take Defense Line 2.
The Gaza Strip
The only place in Israel not liberated other than Jerusalem was the Gaza Strip. The Arabian Coalition was determined not to lose it. On November 20 the First Battle of the Gaza Strip began. On November 23 the first US forces breached the defense perimeter. They could not gain a foothold inside because of the fighting. The US retreated out of the strip on November 27. The attack was followed by the Second Battle of the Gaza Strip, in which NATO and Kuwait forces attack the strip. They had no success and were forced out on December 2. The Western Powers stopped attacking the strip.
The first naval battle in the war was in 2006. NATO prepared for an invasion of Egypt from Cyprus. But first they had to take control of the Mediterranean Sea. On January 6 they bombed the docked Egyptian fleet. Most of the ships were sunk. Some of the fleet however was not at that shipyard but at another. NATO refueled its bombers and flew to bomb the other ships. However those ships at the other shipyard escaped. They followed the bombers undetected back to Cyprus. Learning that Cyprus was the site of the invasion of Egypt Egypt prepared for an attack on Cyprus. The fleet was met on route to Cyprus and a naval battle happened. The Egypt fleet was defeated and the transport ships were sunk. This was known as the Battle of Mediterranean Sea.
Egyptian paratroopers made it to Cyprus even though the fleet was destroyed. They began landing on January 9. They attacked NATO bases. NATO was surprised they got onto the island and retreated to Nicosia, the capital of Cyprus. The Egyptians destroyed the shipyards and airfields so NATO forces could not land at Cyprus. (This also meant that the Egyptians could not get out of the island but they planned it to be this way). The Egyptians then went to Nicosia. There they were defeated. The Egyptians surrendered and the Battle of Cyprus was over. The Invasion of Egypt was delayed for now.
The New Battle of the Bulge
The Arabian Coalition was running out of men and supplies. They decided for one last attack before retreating to Cairo, headquarters of the Arabian Coalition. On February 3 Coalition forces charged from Egypt into Israel. Their air force began pounding US positions. The US and NATO troops retreated back out of Israel. The charge kept coming and on February 5 crossed the River Jordan and into Jordan. Western forces were pushed back to Iraq. But at Iraq the defending soldiers stood their ground in trenches. As Arabian Coalition forces could not get into Iraq, they went south Saudi Arabia. They slaughtered Saudi forces and charged to the capital. The Battle of Riyadh began on February 10. Saudi forces defended the city and kept the defenders out. On February 18 Coalition forces retreated from Riyadh. After being ambushed and lots of soldiers dying the Arabian Coalition ordered a retreat from Saudi Arabia on February 21. US and NATO pushed the Coalition forces backed into Jordan. On March 6 they were at the banks of the River Jordan. Coalition forces defended it until March 12 when they retreated across the river. NATO forces crossed first on March 17. By May the remaining Coalition forces retreated out of Israel. However they left soldiers in the Gaza Strip and Jerusalem. The fighting remained there. On June 6 the Gaza Strip was out of Coalition hands. Jerusalem finally fell on June 28.
Nearing the End of the War
With Israel secured Saudi Arabian and Kuwait forces invaded Syria. The Arabian Coalition had little men to protect it so Damascus fell on July 9. Syria surrendered on July 18. Lebanon surrendered the next day. New Iraq surrendered as well. All that was left of the Coalition was Egypt and Iran. The US decided to finish Iran first. On August 1 they finally broke Defense Line 3. The capital was open to attack. Western forces got there on August 4. The Battle of Tehran ended on August 11. Iran did not surrender yet as they occupied the northwestern part. Western forces went to attack but guerrilla warfare slowed them down. The advance stalled on August 15. On September 7 the advance started again. On September 13 they reached the northwestern part of Iran. They overtook the last enemy stronghold on October 2. Iran did not surrender yet as they were beginning an insurgency campaign. The attacks continued on to December.
The End of the War
With the New Year Western forces decided to try harder to kill these insurgents. On January 3 they ambushed a group of insurgents. This "ambush them eliminate" kept happening for the next 20 days. Then on January 23 the insurgency campaign stopped as most members were killed. Iran officially surrendered that day.
Egypt would not surrender even though it was the last member of the Coalition. It was invaded on February 1, 2007. They had to retreat but they managed to inflict casualties. On February 14 a new front on the northern coast of Egypt opened. Egyptian forces had to retreat to Cairo. On March 1 Cairo was surrounded. Egypt would still not surrender. The Battle of Cairo began on March 2. It lasted until March 20 when it was taken by US soldiers. Egypt surrendered and the war was over.
After the war Western forces decided to continue to occupy the Middle East in order to keep the peace from insurgents. The conquered Arabian Coalition nations were merged into the Middle East Republic, which would be US and NATO backed.
Many oil fields were burned in order to prevent Western forces from getting them. With less oil, oil prices went higher. This led to scientists to try to invent cars that didn't rely on oil.
With the war much of the plant life was destroyed. This led to the Middle East Republic to begin planting many types of plants.