1916US flag 48 stars 1924 › ›
United States presidential election, 1916
November 2, 1920
Churchill-photo 225px-James M. Cox 1920
Nominee Winston Churchill James M. Cox
Party Republican Democrat
Home state New York Ohio
Running mate Warren G. Harding Alfred E. Smith
Electoral vote 438 93
Popular vote 15,765,300 9,790,549
Percentage 57.8 34.2

The 1920 U.S. Presidential Election pitted incumbent President Winston Churchill against Ohio Governor James M. Cox.

Republican Nomination

President Churchill won renomination almost unanimously (10 convention votes were cast for Wisconsin Senator Robert LaFollette). Vice President Harding was renominated unanimously.

Democrat Nomination

The two leading contenders for the Democrat nomination were; former Treasury Secretary William McAdoo and former President Woodrow Wilson.

In the primaries, Wilson won primaries in New Hampshire, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania while McAdoo carried Oregon and Vermont. Ohio Governor James Cox won primaries in Illinois, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

By convention time, Wilson was fading and McAdoo and Cox were gaining momentum. After eigty ballots McAdoo withdrew in favor of Cox leading to Cox's nomination on the 81st. ballot. New York Governor Al Smith was nominated for vice president.

General Election

With American success in the first world war and the economy making a comeback Churchill led over Cox throughout the whole campaign. The presence of a Roman Catholic (Smith) on a major party ticket was not only unheard of but highly controveral especially in the South. Smith's presence on the ticket was the main reason for Churchill's victories in the south.

Candidate Party Popular vote Electoral vote Running mate
Winston Churchill Republican 15,765,300 (57.8%) 438 Warren G. Harding
James M. Cox Democrat 9,790,549 (34.2%) 93 Alfred E. Smith
Others - 2,299,921 (8.0%) 0 -

Congressional Election

Republicans won over 60 seats in the U.S. Senate and over 310 in the U.S. House. With his party in overwhelming control of Congress, President Churchill was in a strong position to push through legislation that make America stronger and more economically sound.

See also