The Turks and Caicos Islands (TCI) are a British Overseas Territory consisting of the larger Caicos Islands and smaller Turks Islands, two groups of tropical islands in the Lucayan Archipelago, north of the larger Antilles island grouping. They are known primarily for tourism and as an offshore financial centre.
World War IIIThe island chain was occupied by Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces following Cuba's entry to the war. This in turn led the United Kingdom to declare war on Cuba. Several Turks and Caicos Islanders escaped to the nearby unoccupied islands, the British oversaeas territory of Bermuda, and the U.S. mainland itself. They were joined by refugees from the Bahamas, the Dominican Republic, and Haiti - all occupied by Cuba.Later in the war, the United Kingdom would liberate the islands by sending in the Bermuda Regiment, the Royal Navy, and the Royal Marines. Allied forces from the United States, Mexico, Columbia, Jamaica and the Bahamas would assist the United Kingdom in liberating the TCI. It would take only less than a month before the island chain was liberated with minimal casualties on the allies side.
Reconstruction of the island followed after the war. Refugees that escaped to other islands returned to the TCI over the years that followed.
The TCI is a self-governing dependency of the United Kingdom.
The TCI derives its economy from tourism and fishing. It is also a famous cruise ship and beach destination in the Caribbean, just like the Bahamas, the British Virgin Islands and the Cayman Islands.