Turkish Republic
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
Timeline: America Takes All Lands From Mexico And Ottoman Empire

OTL equivalent: Turkey
Flag of Turkey TurkishEmblem
Flag of Turkey Emblem Of Turkey
Turkiye US v5.8
Turkey In The European Union

Egemenlik kayıtsız şartsız milletindir (Turkish)
("Sovereignty unconditionally belongs to the Nation")

Anthem "İstiklal Marşı
Istiklal Marsi-TSK
Capital Ankara
Largest city Istanbul
Other cities Bursa, Hatay, Erzum, Elazig, Anatiola,
  others Kurdish, Greeks, Armenians, Arabic
Religion Islam, Christiannity, Judaism
Ethnic Group Turkish, Whites Turks, Europeans Turkish Descent, Kurdish, Arabs
Demonym Turkish
Government Representative Democracy Republic
  legislature Junta Board of Turks
President Abdullah Gül
  Prime Minister: Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Chairman Senate Cemil Cicek
783,562 km² km²
  water (%) 1.3
Population 74 million (2012) 
Established 1877
Independence from Ottoman Empire
  declared 1879
  recognized 1880
Currency Euro
Time Zone Eastern European Time Zone (UTC+02:00)
  summer Eastern European Summer Time Zone (UTC+03:00)
Calling Code +90
Internet TLD .tr
Organizations UN, EU, NATO, US Army Command
Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti) is a Eurasian country, located mostly on the Anatolia in Western Asia and on Thrace in Southeastern Europe.

Turkey is bordered by seven countries: Bulgaria to the west; the Soviet Union to the northeast and east; Armenia and Iran to the east; and Iraq, Assyria and Syria to the southeast. The Mediterranean Sea is to the south; the Aegean Sea is to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles (which together form the Turkish Straits) demarcate the boundary between Thrace and Anatolia; they also separate Europe and Asia.

Seljuk Turks began migrating into the area now called Turkey (derived from the Medieval Latin Turchia, i.e. "Land of the Turks") in the 11th century. The process was greatly accelerated by the Seljuk victory over the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071. The Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm ruled Anatolia until the Mongol invasion in 1243, upon which it disintegrated into several small Turkish beyliks. Starting from the late 13th century, the Ottoman beylik united Anatolia and created the Ottoman Empire encompassing much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia and North Africa.

After the Ottoman Empire collapsed following its defeat in World War I, parts of it were occupied by the victorious Allies. A cadre of young military officers, led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his colleagues, organized a successful resistance to the Allies; in 1923, the modern Republic of Turkey was established, with Atatürk as its first president.

Turkey Became Alliance With United States And 14th Half Lunar Landing Nation Also Arsenal And Space Race Manager Also Rich

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