Alternate History

Tsardom of Russia (Principia Moderni)

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This is an article about the nation, its predecessor and successor states in the map game Principia Moderni and controlled by LxCaucassus. It will be updated every ten years.

Introduction… a Bit of History

Pre-game (pre-Lx’s entry)

This ancient Nation and monumental empire’s beginning was in 862 when the Varagian Prince Rurik came to Rule in Novgorod, starting the Great Rurukovich (Rurikid) dynasty. In 882 the principality of Novgorod conquered its southern neighbour Kiev, annexed its land, executed its princes Oscolt and Dir, then moved the capital to the city, creating Kievan Rus. It was christened by Vladimir I in 982, and after his death entered a series of civil wars, with brothers fighting for the title of Grand Prince of Kiev(maintained lose control over all the other Russian Duchies and principalities), and after war somebody prevailed. Because of this constant weakness, it was(other than Novgorod) easy prey for the Mongols that invaded and incorporated it into their monumental empire but only used it as a tributary state. Kiev was lost to the poles and Lithuanians and Vladimir-suzdal became the center of Rus.

Moscow was first mentioned in 1147, and was small and basically like a regional town or village. This city rose to power through many smart princes’s deeds and gained the popularity of the tatars because after being the “capital” of Rus got the tribute by themselves and not by tatar debt collectors (starting with Ivan I the money bag) and by the end of the 14th century the Metropolitan of all Rus moved from Vladimir to Moscow signifying that Moscow had become a great, powerful and prosperous city and principality. The tatars, before their destruction were naming Muscovite princes Grand Prince (as before had lose influence on neighboring Russian principalities). The Muscovite Grand Principality slowly annexed and engulfed the neighboring Russian lands gaining more affirmative control over them, and with less Tatars to look after them because of their destruction by the Chinese, Moscow could do this quicker. Ivan III did not go after Novgorod

In-Game (post-Lx’s entry)

In 1493 the principality of Moscow and the Republic of Novgorod joined together in an act of union by the Veche appointing Ivan III of Moscow Prince of Novgorod. Ivan later removed the Veche’s power to appoint Monarchs. This act formed the Union of Greater Russia, or Just the Grand Principality of Rus (no longer Muscovy but still called that by foreigners). In the 1490s Ivan III sent men to Japan to learn about the advances made there in science and philosophy and mostly in the domain of navigating a ship and captaining one. Ivan also constructed Russia’s first naval fleet and founded the Institute for weapons development(or IWD), the country has since been a center for advances in military and rifling technologies around the world.

In 1501 Russia saw its first colony near OTL NYC named novorossiya. Another one was soon founded in OTL Cape Town, South Africa. By the council of his wife Vassili was co-crowned with him in 1503 and inherited the throne in 1505 when Ivan III “the Great” died in his sleep. During Vassili’s reign Rifling was developed and applied to cannons. Vassili organized a coup d’etat in Sibir then after a short civil war in The Sibir Khanate, Vassili was proclaimed Grand prince of all Russia and Sibir, uniting them in personal union until the Reign of Ivan IV when it will be annexed. Soon after a famine forced Vassili to create the Straltsys, a permanent army to police Russia During this time. Vassili continued to expand the military and approved rifling in muskets and opened a colony in India, which will later be named Ivanskaya Zemlya. The military continued expanding and he almost lost hope in an heir but in 1530 hope was regained when Ivan Vassilich was born and the Indian colony was named after him along with its capital Ivangrad. The following years saw more economic and medical growth along with road systems improved as various families competed for power in the Boyar council after the death of Ivan’s mother in 1538.\

The Overturns ended in 1544 when Ivan became of age and in 1547 crowned himself Tsar of all Russias. Ivan conquered much land in Siberia and started an economic alliance with Hanthawady and supported the new nation of Estonia in its independence war and re-annexed Pskov from Sweden. The Tsar Upset much of Asia when word went out that China and the Mughal Empire were the successors of the Golden Horde in his eyes. Conflict arose and after avid antagonisations and taunts by the Mughals even after the Tsar apologized broke out into the “Phony War” or “False War” of the 1570s. And after 1580 peace negotiations started in Pegu and the Tsar expressed his emotions personally in pegu until spring 1583 when he returned to Moscow he learned of his Grandson Dimitri Ivanovich. Negotiations ended with a status quo alla belum and an end to avid hostility. Ivan died of stroke in 1584 while celebrating his grandson’s first birthday and playing chess with the Anglo-German ambassador.

Ivan V was crowned in 1585 when he created the OVVR(Orgonizatsiya Vneshney i Vnutreniy Razvedki- Organization of Inner and Foreign Espionage). The OVVR organized the Warsaw coup of 1587 and declared Ivan Tsar of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania in 1588. This created bad relations with Hungary that also has the title of Krizthina Queen of Poland. This dispute was mostly over when Ivan decided on the title prince of Warszava.

Ivan soon created the Spetsnaz and this unit was trained in part by the Vietnamese. Ivan's premature death in 1598 left his 16 year old son Dimitri at the throne. this Tsar sought more peaceful relations with his Asian neighbors and kept his father's title of Warsaw's prince. Dimitri was more peaceful than his predecessors but this did not last. Dimitri died childless in 1608 and the throne went to Vassili Shuiski that declared war on China. This ended the alliance with Anglo-Germany for ten years. The Tsar even killed his brother because a soothsayer said that he would be deposed and the next tsar would have his brother's name Mihail. In 1610 he was assassinated by co-contribution of Vietnamese sathu and OVVR.

The next tsar was young Mikhail Romanov, a relative by first marriage of Ivan IV. he spent most of his reign trying to repair relations with Asia and in 1622 renewed his alliance with the Anglo-Germans. The Tsar successfully established better relations after the Hanthawady conflict and didn't participate in many wars. Under his leadership the Russians made significant advances into Siberia and the roskol (old believers) numbers diminished and Russia founded a colony in New Zealand - now called Novaya Kamchatka. He tragically died in 1645, leaving the throne to his son Alexi(Alexis).

Alexi I of Russia continued to expand Siberia and under his rule Russia Established the Far East Duchy and Captured the Kamchatka. The Tsar effectively used Cossacks as a mercenary expeditionary force in nearly all aspects of life. Russian urbanization grew and Russian population reached 20 million in the first official 1667 Russian census and continues to grow. Alexi Established Siberia-Pacific day and on the second celebration invited various world leaders in 1661. Alexi liked meeting other world leaders and went to conferences around the world and made an alliance with France. His later reign was characterized by not many political changes, but in 1669 war arose with Sweden. the Russians managed to keep their boundaries in the conflict, called the second Swedo-Russian War, the First of the Northern Wars, and was the official start of the series of conflicts called the Great Northern Wars. Alas, Alexi lived but until 1679, leaving his son Feodor III at the throne of Russia.

Feodor's reign was characterized by the rapid militarization that followed the second Russo-Swedish War. He didn't have enough time to do much and tragically died in 1682. His death triggered the strelets uprising controlled by his sister Sophia, protesting Peter I's rise to the throne, killing all of Tsar Alexi's second wife's family, except for Peter. Peter was later co-crowned with Ivan (against Ivan's will) as co-tsars and Sophia was proclaimed Regent of all the Russias. The next year, war with Sweden once again started, this time triggered by an indirect Swedish "invasion" of Livonia. Russia had defeated Sweden in this war, taking the Estonian Islands and securing Livonia solely for Russia in the treaty of Tallinn, ending the five-year conflict known as the third Russo-Swedish war, the first Great Northern War, or the second Northern war by various different sources.

In 1689, Russia was once again pushed into turmoil. Russia was fully recovered from the war, but Peter, tired of his sister's antics, and want of supreme control even after his 16th birthday, forcibly sent Sophia, his half sister to the convent and set out to reform Russia. Peter in these later years and his enthusiasm greatly overshadowed the quiet Ivan. Peter began swinging military and social reforms left and right: making the militsiya law, creating the Professional Army, removing the strelets' power, the removal of the boyars etc...

In 1696, peter reformed the calendar as well as signing an alliance with Denmark against Sweden, and sets out on the Great Embassy to find allies for a possible war with Sweden tragically, his visit was abruptly interupted by a strelets uprising and his brother Ivan's tragic Death.

In 1700 peters orders the construction of the capital-to-be of St Petersburg, and in 1701, after years of military reforms, Peter declares War on Sweden, starting the Great Northern War. this war lasted nearly eight years and was ended abruptly due to a Finnish Uprising, unable to be suppressed by anyone, Ironically the same year that Peter Declares Russia the Russian Empire and its capital as Petersburg. Peter Decides to let the Finns Keep their independence, seeing use in a state between St Petersburg and Sweden and is very generous, helping setting up a new government in this nation. the Age of the Tsardom has come to an end, and dawns to a new and glorious age, the age of Imperial Russia(still under construction) .

Urban Areas

Largest City: Moscow

Other important Cities: Kiev, Rostov, Tver, Tul, Sibir, Kazan, Bachisaray, Novgorod, Astrahan, Novomoskovsk, Vostochniy Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod, Noviy Vladimir, Vladimir, Suzdal, Yaroslav, Ivangrad, Irkutsk, Nicolaevsk.

Urbanization: approx 30% of population (6 000 000)


Highest Point: To be added

Ruslocation 2

Approximative location of Russia, Lithuania(in Personal union), and Kazakhstan (vassal state) in the world

Lowest point: Caspian Sea

Area: to be added...

Map: to be added

Location: North-western Asia and European Russia, Crimea.

Culture and People

Official Language: Russian

Official Religion: Russian Orthodoxy

Other Religions: Islam, Catholicism, regional tribal religions, Hinduism

Ethnic Groups: Russians, Malorussian (Ukrainian), Belorussian, Amerindian, Indian, South African, Tatar, Bashkir, Finns, Poles, Lithuanians, Mohawk, Algonquin


Peter I by Kneller

Peter I, Tsar of All Russias and Lithuania

Official Name: Tsardom of all Russias

Alternate Name:Tsardom of Russia and Lithuania

Conventional name: Russia

Former: Union of Greater Russia(UGR)

Type: Federated Tsarist Monarchy

Capital: Moscow (Russian Tsardom), Vilnius (Lithuania),

Tsar: Peter I

Past Tsars: Ivan IV “the Terrible” (1547-1584 as Tsar), Ivan V (1584-1598), Dimitri II (1598-1608), Vasili IV Shuisky(1608-1610), Mihail I Romanov (1610-1645), Alexi I Romanov (1645-1679), Feodor I Romanov (1679-1682), Sophia Alexeyevna Romanova (Regent 1682-1689), Ivan VI (1682-1699)

Past Grand Princes(in game): Ivan III “the Great”(1493-1505); Vassili III (1505-1533) Iva

n IV(1533-1547 as Grand Prince)-Elena Glinskaya (1533-1538 as regent), Boyar Council (1538-1544 regents)

Royal Title of Tsar: Peter I, Tsar of All Russias and Lithuania, Dominator of Livonia, Protector of the Baltics, Grand Duke of the Caucasus, Crimea and the Russian Far East, Ruler of Siberia and all their Possessions.

Style: His/Her Tsarist Highness (reserved for royal family) acronymed HTH

Law: Russian Law Ukaz of 1653-based on traditional Russian law and modern influence


State Flag

Flag of Russia

Imperial Standard of the Tsar of Russia

Imperial Standard of the Tsar of Russia (1700)

Naval Ensign

Naval Ensign of Russia

Administrative Divisions


Irkutsk Governate

Far East Governate

Moscow Governate

Novgorod Governate

Crimean Governate

Caucasus Governate

Rostov Governate

Kazan Governate

Vladimir governate

Kiev Governate (both in Russia and Lithuania)


Minsk Governate

Kiev Governate (both in Russia and in Lithuania)

Riga Governate


Northern Kola Lands (co-administration with Hanthawady)



Novorossiya (Novomoskovsk)-COLONY

Africanskaya Zemlya (Noviy Vladimir)-COLONY

Indeokeanskie zemli (Ivangrad)-COLONY

Canada (Stadacone/Hochelaga-gov. choice)-COLONY

Novaya Kamchatka (Novaya Riga)- COLONY


Imports: PENDING...

Exports:Guns, Caviar, alcoholic beverages, furs, swords

Industries: Mining, Trading, Caviar, Fur, Whaling, Fishing, Steel, Metallurgy, Gunsmithing, Agriculture.

Currency: 24 kopeks-1 grivnya, 10 grivnyas -1 ruble


Road System: Multiple intercity roads and regional dirt roads connecting small villages and stone roads connecting regional centers. Road System goes until Siberia and are made by military as they advance. Roads from Largest cities to Rest of Europe and five roads to China and Asia.

Sea routes: Northwestern Route, Northeast Passage, Black sea route, Baltic sea route, Volga all other rivers etc...


Branches: Standing army, Cavalry, Cossacks, Navy, OVVR, Spetsnaz

Obligatory Service: every able bodied male citizen is eligible for draft from 20-30 years for 25 years. Firearms training may be employed for those of 14 years and over.

Acitions participating in

  • Russian Conquest of Siberia (1495-present)
  • Russo-Crimean War
  • First Russo-Swedish War
  • Rajpud Wars
  • Mughal "Phony War"
  • Mughal Wars
  • Russo-Uzbek Wars
  • Livonian Wars
  • East Asian Crusades
  • War of Hanthawaddan Aggression
  • Second Russo-Swedish War (Great Northern Wars
  • Russo-Ottoman Wars
  • Third Russo-Swedish War (Great Northern Wars

International Relations

Disputes: n/a

Alliances: Ottoman Empire, Estonia, Joeson, France, Anglogermany, Hanthawady (Economic), China(Partial Economic and peace-keeping non-aggression)

Hostility: n/a

Treaties: Treaty of the Kola Peninsula (Hanthawady and Russia with several observers)



Capital: Novomoskovsk

Population: 55 500

Culture: Mix of Mohawk and Russian

Founded: 1501

Afrikanskaya Zemlya

Capital: Noviy Vladimir

Population: 60 000

Culture : Mix of Russian and African

Founded: 1505

Ivanskaya Zemlya

Capital: Ivangrad

Population: 200 000

Culture: Mix of Mon, Russian, Mughal and Vijangar Culture.

Founded: 1519


Capital: Hochelaga

Population: 45 000

Culture: mix of Mohawk and Russian

Founded: 1593

Novaya Kamchatka

Capital: Novaya Warszawa

Previously called: Novaya Skandinavia

Population: 50 000 (approx)

Culture: predominately Russian with a little Maori

Founded: 1638

Russian America (Alaska)

Capital: NovoArchangelsk

Population: 500

Culture: predominately Russian with a little Aleut

Founded: 1711

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