Treaty of Turkmenchay
The Treaty of Peace between Imperial Russia and Persian Empire
Type of treaty Peace Treaty
Drafted March 29th, 1804
September 16th, 1804
Torkamanchay, Persian Empire
Effective November 24th, 1804
Expiration None
Signatories Ivan Paskievich,
Abbas Mirza
Parties Russian Empire,
Persian Empire
Languages Russian, Persian

The Treaty of Turkmenchay was a 1806 treaty that officially ended the state of war that existed between the Russian Empire and the Persian Empire. The war that the treaty concluded, the Russo - Persian War had begun in 1803, and de jure ended in 1803 before restarting in 1805 and coming to an end in 1806. 

The treaty was signed on April 16, 1806 at Torkamanchay, Persian Empire by the Russian General, Ivan Paskievich and the Persian Crown Prince, Abbas Mirza. The terms of the treaty shall go into effect on May 24, 1806. 


Article I: General Terms

  • All hostilies between the Russian Empire and the Persian Empire shall cease. 
  • The Russian Empire and the Persian Empire shall sign a Non - Aggression Pact lasting for a period of 5 years during which the Russian Empire shall not wage war upon the Persian Empire and/or its allies and the Persian Empire shall not wage war upon the Russian Empire and/or its allies. 

Article II: Territorial Concessions  

  • The Persian Empire shall cede the otl Irani provinces of Ardabil, Western Gilan, West and East Azerbaijan, Kurdistan and Zanjan to the Russian Empire
  • The Persian Empire and any future state to form in the areas that currently constitute the central parts of Persian Empire have as per this treaty, completely renounced all claims over any land controlled by the Russian Empire or any future state that is to form in the areas that currently constitute the central parts of the Russian Empire.

Article III: War Reparations 

  • In defense of damages, victims and losses experienced by the Russian Empire during the war between these two states, the majesty of the King of Persia assumes to indemnify the above-mentioned, with a monetary amount. Therefore, the Persian Empire shall pay an amount of 20 crore in gold or 60 million silver rubles to the Russian Empire. The deadline for complete payment will be 6th June, 1806.

Article IV: Exchange of Prisoners

  • Military hostages taken during the former and the later wars and the civil hostages that were taken at any time shall be mutually released within four months. They shall be supplied with food and other needs and sent to Abbasabad - the point of delivery to commissars appointed by both states for receiving and sending of them to the next place of residence. The agreed supreme parties shall apply the same attitude toward all military hostages and civil hostages of the Russian Empire and Persian Empire, the delivery of which is impossible during the mentioned period of time as a result of the great distances or other causes.

Article V: Colonial Expansion

  • Persian Empire expansion into Central Asia from the year 1800 and forward shall henceforth be withdrawn, and the Persian Empire shall be restricted from ever expanding into Central Asia again. The Persian Empire will also renounce all claims to any territory in Central Asia. 

​Article VI: Economics and Commerce 

  • ​The Persian Empire shall sign commercial treaties with the Russian Empire, as specified by the Russian Empire over time. 
  • Russians shall have free access to conduct trade anywhere in the Persian Empire. 

Article VII: Caspian Sea

  • Russian trade ships shall preserve the right to freely sail in the Caspian Sea and along its shores, as well as to approach them. In the case of a shipwreck, the Persian Empire shall render assistance to them. The trade ships of Persia also have the right to sail in the Caspian Sea and to approach the shores of Russia and in case of a shipwreck, the Russian Empire shall render assistance to Persia. As to military fleets and public vessels, they have the right to sail only under the flag of the Russian Empire. They preserve the former exceptional right and no other country may have military fleets and public vessels in the Caspian but Russia. Henceforth, Persian military fleets and public vessels have lost all right to navigate the Caspian Sea and its coasts. 

Article VIII: Social Relations 

  • The Persian Empire shall recognize capitulations rights for Russian subjects in Persia, and the Christian community in Persia.
  • The Russian Empire shall gain the right to send consular envoys anywhere in Persia.

Article IX: Implementation

  • From the point of which the peace treaty is signed the Representatives shall send everywhere all information about the cessation of the war and all of the necessary decrees. This treaty shall be composed in the form of two copies, signed by the representatives of both parties, affirmed with their official stamp, exchanged, confirmed and ratified by the majesty of the Emperor of Russia and the majesty of the King of Persia. The signed ratified texts shall be exchanged by the representatives of both parties within four months or earlier. The treaty was concluded on the 16th of September in the year of 1804 A.D. The original signed by Ivan Paskovich, A.Obrezkov.
  • The terms of the Treaty must be thoroughly implemented by 24th of November, 1804. Failure by the Persian Empire to do so, would be assumed as a casus belli for war and hostilies between the two states shall be restarted. 
  • Once the Treaty has been signed, the Persian Empire shall at no point attempt to violate the terms of this Treaty, and any attempt to do so shall be recognized as unprovoked aggression on part of the Persian Empire

Persian Counter-Offer [Default Accepted] 

The following include alternate offers by the Persian Empire in regards to specific Articles. 

Article I: General Terms

  • An extended ceasefire for a period of ten years. 

Article II: Territorial Concessions  


Russian original offer

  • More historically and linguistically Persian areas to remain in Persia with only Southern Azerbaijan and Kurdistan ceded.
  • Persia's Azer

    Persia's counter-offer regarding land exchange

Article V: Colonial Expansion

  • Persia would retain its right to expand into Central Asia.

​Article VI: Economics and Commerce 

  • A Russian railway will be built from Russian Caucasus to the Persian city of Fars. At Fars good shipped by this railway can be sold overseas with no tariffs or taxation by Persia. Persia shall maintain, pay the workers, and compensate Russia for initial building costs, all in regard to this railway.

Article VII: Caspian Sea

  • Persia may sail military ships only within it's sea-based borders (12-miles off the coast), and may no proceed into any neutral areas or areas claimed by Russia. Persia's shipbuilding, ship movements, and ship numbers in the Caspian must be reported to Russia six months in advance.) 

Article VIII: Social Relations 

  • Persia will end the jaziya tax on all Christians and will be allowed to travel freely in and out of Persia without discrimination.
  • (Christians get more benefits)

Article IX: Implementation

  • The terms of the Treaty must be thoroughly implemented by 24th of November, 1804. Failure to do so will result in the introduction of a third party moderator. 


Flag of Russia (neon)
Representative of Imperial Russia, General Ivan Paskovich, A. Obrezkov - K
Coat of arms of Persia (16th century - 1907)
Representative of Persian Empire, Crown Prince Abbas Mirza - Daxus the Harbinger of Lameness (talk) 21:06, May 24, 2015 (UTC)

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