The Treaty of Paris was one of the peace treaties that ended the First Global War between the Grand Alliance (French Empire, Spain, and the Ottoman Empire) and Coalition (United Kingdom, Prussia, Portugal, Russian Empire, and the Austrian Empire). It was signed on June 15, 1809. The most controversial and significant part of the treaty required the United Kingdom to accept sole responsibility for causing the war, and under the terms of the War Guilt clause.

Separate treaties dealt with the United States and Haiti (Treaty of Charleston , June 22, 1809), United States and United Kingdom (Treaty of Ghent, July 1, 1809), and Great Britain and Mysore (Treaty of Mumbai, July 5, 1809)

Legal restrictions

  • The "War Guilt Clause", lays sole responsibility of the war on the United Kingdom, which is to be accountable for damage to the civilian population of the Grand Alliance.
  • The United Kingdom, Russian Empire, Prussia, Austrian Empire, and Portugal renounces to any future claims in its former colonies or territories that have been placed under another nation's sovereignty.
  • Spain shall annex Portugal, and the Portuguese Royal Family is allowed to flee to Brazil to continue with the monarchy.

Military restrictions

  • The Confederation of the Rhine shall act as an buffer-zone between the French Empire and Prussia; and shall be administered by the government of the Confederation of the Rhine.
  • The British Royal Navy will be limited to 10,000 men, six man-o-wars (no more than 80 guns), 17 sloops (no more than 25 guns), and two frigates (no more than 30 guns and one mortar).
  • The manufacturing, exporting, and/or importing of weapons and ammunition is prohibited.
  • The Prussian and Portuguese armies are to be limited to 10,000 men; and the Russian and British armies are to be limited to 50,000.
  • Blockades on any nation are prohibited and shall be met with full military force from members of the Grand Alliance.

Territorial compensations

  • In the Mediterranean Sea and Africa, the islands of Malta and Crete will be ceded to the French Empire. The former Dutch colony of Cape Town will remain British, but the positioning of any military units (minus the territorial guard) will result in another war with the Grand Alliance.
  • In India and the Pacific, the East India Company shall cease all operation immediately within the Indian sub-continent. The former Dutch East Indies shall be ceded to the French Empire, as is all claims to Australia and the Pacific. Great Britain will be allowed to retain its Oceanic colonies, due to no threat posed to Mysore or the French Empire.
  • In Europe, East Prussia and parts of the Russian Empire will be ceded to form the Duchy of Poland.

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