The Treaty of Babylon was a treaty between the Byzantine Empire and the Sassanid Empire after the War of Trebizond.



The Middle East before the Treaty

The War of Trebizond left over a hundred thousand dead. Both of the leaders of the nations, Constans III of Byzantium and Yazdegerd III of the Sassanid Empire, had died during the War, and now their heirs, Konstantinos and Peroz, ascended to the throne.

However, neither Peroz nor Konstantinos were old enough to rule alone. An aristocratic council, led by the nobles of both nations, were appointed as the regency. None of the aristocrats had in their interests the perpetual continuation of war. Soon, they met in the city of Babylon to agree to a conclusive peace.

The Treaty

Middle East SM Aram

the new nation of Aram, the most long-lived of the three terms of the Treaty

The Treaty was signed in August 15 of 653. The points were as following:

  1. The Kingdom of Aram was declared independent in OTL Iraq, Syria, Kuwait and Lebanon.
  2. An Arsacid kingdom was proclaimed in the South Caucasus and OTL Armenian Cicilia.
  3. Both nations will be neutral in Byzantine-Sassanid matters.



The world after the Treaty of Babylon

Although it was impopular both out of the court and in the Emperors' points of view, they could do little to stop its influence. This would later lead to the antagonisation of Peroz and the aristocrats and the subsequent Persian Civil War.
Of course, the treaty lasted for less than 18 years until Peroz declared his independence from the Arsacid-led aristocrats and invaded Armenia in the short-lived Sassanid Invasion, which would've been a victory had the Persian War of Succession not broken out.

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