The South African Republic, (Afrikaans: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek), more commonly known as Transvaal is a country located in Southern Africa. It is bordered to the north by Zimbabwe, to the south by the Orange Free State, to the west by Botswana, and to the east by Mozambique and Swaziland.
It was established in 1854 as a Boer Republic created in the territories of the Klein-Vrystaat and the Republic of Vryheid.
Although the Transvaal developed into a economically successful republic, it experienced chronic conflict with the British (Boer Wars) until the defeat in the Second Boer War, and the subsequent treaty of Vereeniging. It regained independence in 1916, following the British defeat in World War I.
The Orange Free State is a presidential republic, currently presided by Helen Zille. It is one of the founding members of the African Union, and has the eighth-largest economy of all the members. It is also a founding member of the United Nations and NEPAD. Transvaal is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, Group of 77, South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, Southern African Customs Union, World Trade Organization, International Monetary Fund, G20 and G8+5.