The Tlingit Liberation Army (Армия Освобождения Кoлoши/Armiya Osvobozhdeniya Koloshi), referred to as the AOK, is a militarized political organization in Alaska categorized by most world intelligence agencies as a "terrorist organization." The Alaskan Security and Intelligence Service categorizes them as the primary domestic and second overall threat to Alaskan national security. The AOK's stated goal is the formation of an independent and autonomous Native Alaskan state, subsidies for Native Alaskan peoples, reparations for the theft of Tlingit and Aleutian land by Russian-descendant Alaskan settlers, and recognition of Tlingit and other native languages as official languages of Alaska alongside Russian.
While they themselves refer to themselves as Tlingit, their ranks include numerous members of Inuit, Aleutian and Plains Indians and they have a sworn truce with the similar Aleutian National Front (ANF) (Алеутский Национальный Фронт/Aleutskij Nachonal'nyj Front), which represents a broader alliance of Native Alaskans with similar tactics, although they have rarely reached the same levels of violence as their more extremist brethren. The AOK, along with the ANF, have both been condemned with the Alliance of Alaskan Native Peoples, the mainstream and recognized political organ for Native Alaskan grievances, needs and rights movements.
The AOK is most famous for the attempted assassinations of several Alaskan politicians, including Tsar Nicholas II and Premiers Aleksey Valenko and Boris Molotov, the successful 1996 assassination of Deputy Premier Vasilij Gogol, as well as a variety of miscellaneous terrorist acts, such as blowing up Aeroflot Flight 177 in 1988, a bomb attack against a peaceful anti-government protest during the Revolution of 1991, taking a government building hostage in Kialgory in 1994, which resulted in the deaths of 14 hostages, and other major bomb attacks in the late 1990's and early 2000's - attacks at the KGB offices in Aleksandrgrad in 1999, bombing St. Gregory's Cathedral in Kodiak on April 8th, 2000, the September 11th, 2001 attacks on the Aleksandrgrad subway system, blowing up an airport terminal at Sitka International Airport on July 1, 2002, and sabotaging the Trans-Alaskan Pipeline in October 2003.
In November 2005, the Alaskan government agencies arrested nearly 200 members of the AOK in a wide crackdown after years of investigation, and the AOK has not attacked nor claimed responsibility for any incidents that have been suspectedly linked to terrorism since.