These are desciptions of titles that appear in the Great Empires timeline.
Ranks and titles
- Grand Emperor is a very rare title denoting a Monarch of an even higher rank than an Emperor, historically used by the Ming and Qing Emperors of China. Currently used as the primary title of The Emperors of Rome.
- Emperor or Empress is a title which denotes a ruler of an empire. Emperor consort or Empress consort is used to denote the spouse of a reigning emperor of empress.
- Tsar or Tsarina, derived from the Latin "Caesar", used in non-formal contexts to denote the Empeors of Russia.
- Basileus or Basileia, was a title used by the historical Byzantine Emperors
- Samraat or Samrajni is an ancient Indian title sometimes translated into modern English as Emperor
- Khagan, Great Khan or Great Khatun is a title of Imperial rank in the Mongolian and Turkic languages. Currently used by the Mongol Emperors.
- King of Kings or Queen of Queens, mostly used in Christian contexts to denote Jesus Christ or the Christian Roman emperors of the Late Empire and Byzantine periods.
- Shahanshah, literally "King of Kings" a corruption of the Middle Persian šāhān šāh, meaning"King's King." Currently used in Persia by the Empress.
- Maharaja, Sanskrit for "Great King" or "High King"
- High King or High Queen, a king or queen who rules over lesser kings or queens, officially used by the kings and queens of Korea
- King or Queen is the title of a ruler of a Kingdom. Their realm is called a Kingdom. King consort or Queen consort denotes a spouse of a reigning King or Queen.
- Shah or Shahbanu, Persian title for king and queen. Their real is called a Shahdom.
- Khan or Khatun, originally a military rank, later used to denote a ruler of a Khanate.
- Raja or Rani, Indian for ruler
Princely, ducal and other titles
- Prince or Princess, title used by sons and daughters of kings, queens, emperors and emperors. Also used to denote a ruler of a principality. Prince consort or Princess consort is sometimes used to denote the spouse of a king or queen.
- Crown prince of Crown princess, title of the person currently expected to inherit the throne, the heir apparent or heiress apparent
- Archduke or Archduchess, ruler of an archduchy, historically used by large European states
- Grand duke of Grand duchess, ruler of a grand duchy
- Duke or Duchess, ruler of a duchy
- Baron or Baroness, ruler of a barony
- Sheikh or Sheikha, Arabic honorific meaning elder, sometimes ruler of a Sheikhdom
- Emir or Emira, is a title of high office, used throughout the Muslim world.
- Pope, Bishop of Rome, Head of the Roman Catholic Church and Christendom.
- Caliph or Calipha, ruler of a caliphate, Commander of the Faithful and leader of Islam, used by the Abbasid and Kenopian Caliphates.
- High Priest or High Priestess, a high ranking priest or priestess that sometimes is also a state leader
- President, democratically elected person that is the head of a nation, organization, company, university, union or something else
- Chancellor, a title of various official positions in the governments of many nations.
- Prime minister, a prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system.
- Chairperson, also simply known as the chair, is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board committee, or deliberative assembly.
- Dictator, someone who rules with absolute power over a country, used as secondary title of Emperors of Rome.