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Timeline 1924-1933 (One Day in Sarajevo)

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The following is the Timeline of events that happens in One Day In Sarajevo between 1924 and 1933.

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1920s

1924

  • UnknownMerchant flag of Japan (1870) Soon after the signing of the Treaties of London, Japanese politicians, military officers and nationalists begin forming secret organizations to meet and advocate extreme nationalist politics and militarism. Many of these organizations were established over the anger over the lack of recognition and gains made in the Great War, and advocate that Japan should break free from "European" domination and establish their own way. However, these same leaders realize that they can't totally dominate the whole Pacific, and that it will take a lot of smaller steps, without antagonizing all the powers, to realize the place of Japan in the world. This is soon to be called the "Rising Sun" theory: the sun rises slowly, but it does eventually rise.

January

  • 1 January: Merchant flag of Japan (1870)Ussr-prop2 Japan and the Union of Russian Socialist Republics sign the Treaty of Kyoto, ending the war between Japan and Russia. While an armistice was signed in October 1920, a peace treaty had not been negotiated until later 1923, when Japanese diplomats met with URSR leaders. This treaty marks two occasions: the establishment of a Japanese Empire in former European held and settled territory, and the first foreign power to theoretically recognize the URSR by signing a treaty with them and not the White Russian loyalists. Japan returns Vladivostok and all the land in Russia they occupied during the war, in return for the rights that the Russian government had in Manchurian railways and industry.
  • 17 March: Flag of France In Paris, the Parti pour la Renaissance Française (Party for French Rebirth, known as the PRF) is founded by several veterans of the Great War, former communists, nationalists, and "Revanchists" who seek to reclaim the "lost territories" of Alsace-Lorraine, avenge their defeat by Germany and Britain, and to repudiate the Treaties of London. Jacques Doriot, a former communist who was conscripted at the start of the Great War and became a strong nationalist by 1922, is selected as the leader of the party.
  • 18 May: Flag of Italy (1861-1946)Italo Balbo, the leader of the Italian Revolutionary Legion (Legione Rivoluzionario Italiano, LRI), is named Prime Minister after a bloodless coup supported by the Army.
  • July: US flag 48 stars The US economy, not having suffered from a terrible war and extending lines of credit and sold food, raw materials and manufactured goods to the victorious Central Powers, begins a major economic expansion as Europe struggles to rebuild. Unemployment drops to an unprecedented 4.2% by the end of the year as industries begin to expand their workforce to sell materials to Germany, the Danube Confederation and other Central Powers, who mostly pay for the goods from the reparations from the defeated Entente Alliance, though both sides are dependent on American loans to fund and support their governments.
  • 20 July: Flag of RussiaUssr-prop2 General Mikhail Alekseyev, as de-facto military dictator of the Russian Empire and the White Forces in the Civil War, tells Czar Nicholas that the military situation is untenable, and that the Czar should leave the country before the Bolsheviks catch him. Nicholas II, in shock, vacillates for several days between going out in a blaze of military glory, committing suicide, or turning himself over to the Bolsheviks before he is convinced to go into exile.
  • 27 July: Flag of Russia With the Red Army finally closing in on Arkhangelsk, the relocated capital of the Russian Empire, Czar Nicholas II, Czarina Alexandria, and their four daughters board a Danish ship and sail into self-imposed exile to Denmark. The public response is tepid to hostile, with Germans divided over allowing their former enemy to live as a guest of a nation next door, or to escape from the clutches of the Bolsheviks. Morale for the White armies collapse when news of the Czar leaving the country spreads, while the Russian Socialist Republics decry the "cowardly murderer" for fleeing justice, while also claiming victory is in sight.
  • 8 August: Flag of France General Petain, head of the Emergency Government of France, resigns as President of France to allow a new, civilian government to come back to power. The National Assembly, having been elected a year before under military auspices, select Alexandre Millerand, a supporter of the military government, to be president until the next election.
  • 5 October: Flag of RussiaUssr-prop2 The last White Army in the Russian Civil War is destroyed in the Battle of Samarkand, and the Union of Russian Socialist Republics at last is victorious in the Russian Civil War. Official date for the end of the Russian Civil War.
  • 4 November: US flag 48 stars Democrats President William Gibbs McAdoo and Vice President Robert Latham Owen of Oklahoma as Vice President win a second term in office, despite the Northern and Southern wings of the party beginning to split over a multitude of issues, with the more progressive, liberal North and conservative South arguing over issues of race, government involvement in business and personal maters, and states rights. The effects of the Panic of 1919 that swept them into power had mostly been resolved, and they campaigned on the continuing growth of the economy and for more progressive reforms. Republican Candidates Robert M. La Follette Sr. of Wisconsin and Hiram Johnson of California were the last gasp of "progressivism" in the Republican Party: the pro-business, conservative interests would be effectively in control of the Republican Party after the defeat of La Follette.

1925

  • 17 February: Ussr-prop2 With the end of Russian Civil War, President Leon Trotsky of the Union of Russian Socialist Republics announces a new constitution, and renames the state to "Federation of Soviet Socialist Republics," with five Republics joining together: The Russian Soviet Socialist Republic (the largest); the Ukraine Soviet Socialist Republic; the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic; the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic; and the Union of Trans-Caucasian Soviet Republics.
  • 28 February: Flag of the Republic of China (1912-1928) General Chiang Kai-Shek overthrows the Beiyang Government, citing their corruption, cowardice and subordination to the Japanese. Members of the Kuomintang are placed into power, while Chiang is given full authority to fight the warlords in China.
  • 28 February: Flag of the German Empire Chancellor Friedrich Ebert dies in Berlin after an emergency appendectomy wasn't enough to fight what was believed to be gallbladder disease with complications from influenza and stress. After two rough years trying to put the full Charlottenburg Proclamation that he helped write into effect, even as the coalition of military officers, politicians and labour leaders broke down, while also trying to jump-start a lagging economy still suffering from the end of the Great War and the lingering recession.
  • 1 March Flag of the German Empire The process to name a new Chancellor begins. Kaiser Wilhelm II, trying to exert some influence in his now limited role, proposed Gustav Ritter von Kahr, a Bavarian right-wing politician that, Wilhelm believed, would manage to restore some of his monarchical powers. However, with the SPD and other left and center parties in charge of the Reichstag (and the requirement that the Chancellor have support of a majority of the Reichstag), von Kahr was a non-starter. But with the other parties of the Reichstag all advocating for their own candidates, a compromise candidate was sought in General Erich Ludendorff. The Kaiser and the Reichstag were both amiable to this decision (especially as Ludendorff had done his best to return to the Kaiser's good graces after their falling out in 1923), and Ludendorff was sworn in as Chancellor on 4 March.

1926

  • 9 July: Flag of France In the first election's held after the end of the Military Dictatorship of General Petain two years before, the National Unity Coalition of different parties lead by the now retired Phillpe Petain wins an overwhelming victory, and Petain is named President of France again, this time with a popular mandate. One of his main campaign platforms is to establish a new constitution for the Republic.
  • 17 August:Flag of France President Petain calls upon the leading intellectuals, politicians, jurists and leaders of France to meet at Nantes to establish a new constitution for France. The guidelines he outlined included a strong executive, a two house legislature, and an independent court system, as well as the maintenance of all political, social and legal rights.

1927

  • 1 January: Flag of France The Forth French Republic is declared into existence with the implication of the Constitution of Nantes, voted upon in November last year. The Presidency has been made into a five year term with unlimited number of consecutive terms allowed, and the President has the say on nominating the Prime Minister, the Cabinet, the Supreme Court, and other major officials. In return, the Legislature, divided between the National Assembly and the Senate, has budget controls (mostly the National Assembly, the lower house: the Senate is unable to delay a yearly budget) and the Prime Minister must be named from either the leader of the largest party in both houses of the Legislative branch, or a coalition of parties that control popular support. The Legislature is also able to be dismissed (by the president) and elections held in the case of a vote of non-confidence. Observers call this new constitution a "... haphazard combination of UK Parliamentary and US Presidential systems, with a touch of Gallic political infighting and gridlock run amok."
  • 17 JulyFlag of the United Kingdom (3-5)Flag of Ireland The Treaty of Dublin is signed, giving full rights of self governance and legislation to Ireland, and establishing Ireland as an independent Dominion of the British Empire. The power to write a new constitution without British interference is given to Ireland. Ireland is the first Imperial nation to be given this right, and it wouldn't be until the Dominion Act of 1931 the other self-governing Dominions of the British Empire receive the same rights.

1928

  • 17 June:Merchant flag of Japan (1870)Flag of the Republic of China (1912-1928) After a long two year campaign to tackle the warlords in Southern China, the Kuomintang Government approaches Japan, who has been unofficially aiding the warlords, to cease their support. Japan in return presents the “Intolerable Demands”: China was to hire Japanese advisors who could take effective control of China's finance and police, build three railroads under Japanese control, and form a “free trade agreement” with Japan, though these would benefit Japanese more than Chinese interests. The Chinese angrily refuse, and tensions with Japan continue to increase.
  • 6 November US flag 48 stars Republicans Calvin Coolidge and Herbert Hoover won a resounding victory, especially in the face of the split of the Democratic party in Conservative and Liberal factions in the years leading up to this election. The Democratic Party suffers one of the most lopsided defeats so far in American politics, with Presidential Candidate Texas Senator John Nance Garner and his running mate Atlee Pomerene of Ohio losing every state except four in the Deep South (Georgia, Alabama, South Carolina and Louisiana) 481 to 45. This was a further surprise in that the losing party won neither of the home states of the Presidential or Vice-Presidential candidate. The Socialist Party, with some support from the FSSR, also makes a strong showing in Industrial centres in New England and the Midwest, winning 12 seats in the House of Representatives, and split the left leaning Democratic vote in several states. The Labor Party, which disavowed support from the FSSR, also made some inroads, capturing 8 seats in the House and one Senate seat.

1929

1930s

1930

  • 18 June Merchant flag of Japan (1870) Flag of the Republic of China (1912-1928) Years of growing tensions and border clashes culminates in a Japanese ultimatum that was similar to the demands made in 1928: China was to hire Japanese advisors who could take effective control of China's finance and police, and forming a “free trade agreement” with Japan. General Chiang Kai-Shek, having crushed most of the warlords, is certain that China can resist the attack, so the government refuses. The Sino-Japanese War begins

1931

  • 3 February:Merchant flag of Japan (1870) Flag of the Republic of China (1912-1928) The Battle of Shanghai begins. Japanese troops that had been stationed in the International district come under attack by Chinese troops, lead by General Chiang Kai-Shek. His German trained divisions manage to make ground, but with heavy losses.
  • 7-21 April: Flag of the United Kingdom (3-5) After years of rising stock prices and general prosperity, the London Stock Market, which was showing strains of high prices, begins to slide. By the end of the week, many investors that had purchased their stocks on margin were suddenly forced to sell when the price dropped, which lead to an escalating drop in prices. By April 21, the London Stock Market crashed, resulting in the closure of thousands of businesses, the unemployment rate to skyrocket, and the reverberations to be felt around the world.
  • 1 May: Flag of the German Empire Two weeks after the London Stock Market collapsed, the Berlin Stock Exchange also crashes. The European Economic Crisis is in full swing.
  • 19 May:Merchant flag of Japan (1870) Flag of the Republic of China (1912-1928) Chinese troops are forced to pull back from Shanghai, leaving the city in the hands of the Japanese. By this point, the best trained troops of the Republic of China have been destroyed, leaving troops that were formerly under the command of warlords, not as well equipped or trained, as the primary army of the Chinese.
  • 10 July: Flag of France Presidential Elections are held. Philippe Petain easily wins another term, despite the increasing financial instablity of the European Economic Crisis, but a surprisingly strong showing of the Parti pour la Renaissance Française (PRF), lead by veteran Jacques Doriot, leaves questions as to what shape the new French Republic could take. The increasingly anti-Communist, revanchist PRF had been responsible for increasingly violent demonstrations and attacks on communist rallies.
  • 28 September:Flag of the United Kingdom (3-5)Flag of Canada-1868-RedFlag of AustraliaFlag of New ZealandSouth Africa Flag 1912-1928Dominion of Newfoundland Red Ensign The UK government passes the 1931 Dominions Act, which states that all five of the major Dominions of the British Empire, namely Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Newfoundland, established that they are now "legislatively independent" of the United Kingdom, and except in circumstances asked for by the Dominions themselves, the UK cannot pass any laws to govern these nations. Ireland was not part of this agreement, due to the Treaty of Dublin in 1927 having already given these rights to Ireland.
  • 9 October: US flag 48 stars While the US economy seemed to weather the European Economic Crisis well enough, the effort by the Potomac Automobile Company to corner the market on their shares failed, resulting in the collapse of the company, and the resulting fallout lead to the collapse of the New York Stock Exchange, thirteen years after the Panic of 1919, starting the Great Depression.

1932

  • 8 November: US flag 48 stars The 1932 US Presidential Election was one of the most bitterly fought elections in the early 20th century. With the onset of the Great Depression, throwing millions out of work and destroying the fortunes and hopes of countless more, the Republican Party, with it's pro-business attitudes that seemed to do little to help with the crisis, was seen as "out of touch, out of dated, and soon out of work" as one Socialist candidate claimed. President Calvin Coolidge and his Vice-President Herbert Hoover of California, lost the election in a landslide to Democrats Al Smith of New York and his Vice President, Speaker of the House of Representatives Josiah William Bailey of North Carolina, a fusion of the liberal wing in Al Smith and the Conservative wing in Bailey. The Socialist-Labor Party, however, won thirty seats in the House, and four in the Senate, and claimed up to 10% of the popular vote in some states. This wasn't enough to form a balance of power in Congress, but it scared Conservatives in both the Republican and Democratic Parties.

1933

  • 9 June: Flag of France President Phillipe Petain suffers a massive stroke soon after arriving in his office that morning. Doctors are rushed in, but Petain is pronounced dead that evening. The Forth French Republic now appears to be in trouble, as there was no Vice-President to take his place, and few politicians in France could command the same following or popularity as the deceased "Hero of Frankfurt."
  • 11 June: Flag of France The National Assembly names Albert Lebrun as president to replace President Petain, who died only two days before. Lebrun is chosen only because no one else in the National Assembly is acceptable to both sides.

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