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- December: President Polk, having failed to annex Texas, decided to make due on his "54-40 or fight!" promise. Troops are moved into the Oregon territory, and Polk makes vague threats at the British
- December: The patriotic movement in Texas is renewed with strength, seeing that Texas Independence is safe.
- December: President Sam Houston, disappointed that he failed at getting Texas annexed, works on other projects, such as fixing the growing budget deficit.
- January: The constitution is changed so that the President can serve a maximum of two terms of three years, and that slavery is safe in all Texan lands.
- February: Britain, after feeling the pressure on them from the United States to give up Oregon, finally cedes it to the United States. The British are outraged that America would bully them into giving up their lands.
- April: Sam Houston goes to the US looking for a loan. After getting denied by the U.S Government for a loan, Houston starts looking for a loan, and potential allies, elsewhere.
- May: The British, seeking to get back at the US for taking all of Oregon, gives Texas the loan it needs to stay financially solvent for two years.
- June: A Mexican force of 1,500 entered San Antonio. Sam Houston rallies the militias in the area to fight off the Mexican army until reinforcements can arrive.
- June: The British, after watching as Texas was attacked, demanded that Mexico back off.
- July: Mexico takes heed of the warning, and orders the troops to withdrawal back to the Rio Grande. It takes the messenger a month to get to San Antonio from Mexico City. The Mexicans get ready to leave, however right when they are about to head back to Mexico, Texan reinforcements, numbering around 2,000, arrive and begin fighting with them. The Mexicans are defeated, and forced to retreat.
- August: Santa Anna is furious to learn that the Mexican forces were still attacked after agreeing to leave. He sends orders to gather up a force of 10,000, a force that he will personally lead.
- September: Texas and Great Britain sign the Austin-London pact, stating that if either one is attacked, the other will come to it's aid. In reality, the treaty was just signed in an effort to scare Mexico into stepping down.
- October: Santa Anna leads his forces into Texas. They reach San Antonio and quickly begin fighting with the Texans. The Texans retreat with haste back to the Alamo. Santa Anna, not wanting a repeat of what happened last time at the Alamo, takes his forces outside the city and set up camp.
- November: Word reaches Great Britain about the Mexican invasion, and two armies, both composed of around fifteen thousand men, set off for Texas.
- December: The first army reaches Texas, and embarks to San Antonio.
- December: The second army arrives in the Mexican state of Veracruz. Mexican forces are divided between the front in Texas and the new front at home. British forces take the Capital city, Veracruz, after a short skirmish with the local militia.
- January: British forces in Texas, along with the Texan forces in the Alamo, surprise the Mexicans in the camp. They rout the Mexicans, who suffer a loss of about 700 men.
- January: In Veracruz, the British take most of the state. They use the mountains to the East of the state as protection against Mexican forces.
- February: Texan-British forces, after pursuing the Mexican army for a month, finally corner them in El Paso. The local Mexicans help the Mexican army, and the Texans, in revenge against the locals, burn down many houses and crop fields. Some British soldiers take part with the Texans, but many are told by their Officers not to engage in fighting the locals unless they attack first.
- March: Mexican forces try to drive the British out of Veracruz. They lose many men when they go over the mountains, but once they get up there, they have an excellent position to fire down upon the British. Over 1,500 British soldiers die from the bombardment from above. The British still hold firm, though.
- March: The Texan/British army splits up, with the Texan army heads Westward to Santa Fe, while the British army heads southward to Mexico City.
- April: The Texan army arrives in Santa Fe, and they find a Mexican unit of 300 guarding the city. The Texans, with their larger army, easily dispell the Mexicans, and many of them flee or get captured. The Texans resupply themselves.
- April: The British army heads south, and soon reaches a small town where they find that Santa Anna and what is left of his forces from El Paso camping. The British take the chance to capture Santa Anna and attack the camp. Santa Anna is captured, along with most of his men. They take him back to Austin, where he is thrown in prison.
- May: Word reaches the Mexican Government that Santa Anna has been captured and they, reluctantly, come to the negotiating table. The Mexican Government, after arguing with Texas and Great Britain for a few weeks, agrees to the following treaty:
- Mexico must recognise Texas as an independent nation.
- Mexico must cede the disputed territories to Texas.
- Santa Anna will be returned to Mexico, unharmed.
- Mexican citizens living in Texas must return to Mexico.
- April: Mexico, Texas and Great Britain all sign the treaty, which becomes known as the Austin treaty.
- May: British troops begin leaving Texas and heading back to Great Britain or to some other colonies.
- June: Hundreds of families come to Texas to get cheap land, and many settle in the frontier parts of Texas where all of the unclaimed land stands. The population of Texas swells, and thanks to the selling of the lands, the Texan Government gets some much needed revenue, however it is not enough to fix the budget deficit.
- July: Many citizens begin to worry about the high national debt. The loan that Great Britain gave to Texas that was suppose to help the government pay it's bills for two years, now will only be able to support the government for three months due to the amount of spending. As a result, many congressmen announce their support for a bill that will raise tariffs. The bill passes, and many foreign goods are now expensive. The government gets some more funding, though it still isn't enough.
- August: An American businessmen, seeing potential in Texas, begins construction on a factory in Austin, the first one to be built.
- October: A large amount of people from Europe begin immigrating to Texas.
New Conflicts between the States
Settlers in Oregon started to petition the Federal Government for statehood, and it seemed that there was a large population. However, the Slave States didn't want to upset the balance, and refused to let Oregon become a State. Some Historians say that they refused in retaliation for the North not letting Texas become a State. Soon, the Western Representation Act was passed to let Western States still send Abolitionists to Congress. The South felt frustrated by this, and many began moving to Texas, where Slavery was still safe. Many Southerners were able to get free land, and Texas was slowly growing in population. Austin soon became the center of attention in Texas. Many factories were set up here, and Austin was where most of the jobs in Texas were being created. Many people wanted to move to Austin, and many towns wanted to be like Austin.
The Slavery Debate moves South
Texas soon became the center of the Freedom vs Slavery Debate, with thousands of Southerners who owned slaves against the thousands of European Immigrants and Factory Owners from Britain. This map represents the political divisions between the Slavery (Red) Regions and Free (Blue) Regions.
In the US, the Republican Party is formed, and becomes very popular. Many former Whigs join the party. Meanwhile, thousands of Southerners still continue to leave the US for Texas. Also, Texas would reach one million people in 1855 thanks to large amounts of immigration from the South and Europe.
Texas soon experienced a change in Government. A new Nationalist President was elected, James Henderson. and he wanted to have new territory. He had a goal just like Lamar's, to expand all the way to the Pacific Ocean. But, Mexico was in the way of Texan Expansion. Soon, he prepared an excuse to go to war. After a "raid" by Mexican Citizens, who were just lost. Soon, Texan troops would head toward California, and British troops in Honduras would head North toward Mexico City. After a failed attempt to take the city, the British retreated back to Honduras. Soon, the British and Mexicans would be locked in stalemate. Meanwhile, Texan troops would fight with the Mexicans in California. Both sides would try to kick out of the Settlers of other descent. Soon, the Mexican Army would be driven out of California and would begin the long retreat back toward Mexico City. Soon, the British and Texans would meet up, and defeat the Mexican Government in Mexico City.
1859Texas: The Population of Texas is estimated to be at three million people thanks to the high levels of immigration toward Texas and California, and the populations of the New Territories. Conflicts begin in the New Territories over the issue of Slavery, and small fights over whether it should be legal has begun in Arizona, when a local man killed his slave by whipping him to death. Two European immigrants attacked him, and it sparked the Phoenix Riots. It is estimated that 342 people died in the riots, 254 slaves escaped, and that over 1,000 were injured. The following map shows the division of the nation on the issue of banning Slavery.
Many people outside of Texas see these divisions as a threat to the peace and stability of the region. Many feel that certain parts of Texas may secede and if they do, the Southern States might secede, and vice versa. Secretly, Texan President (insert name here) has begun sending letters to US President to discuss what to do to deal with the threat of secession. To slow down the Pro-Slavery movement, Texas must limit immigration from America as most of the people moving t
1860Texas: The Public is soon informed of the letters between Texan President (insert name here) and US President (insert name here). These letters became known as the Austin-Washington Letters. Many Pro-Slavery citizens are angered and demand one Demand: Slavery is protected everywhere in the US and Texas. When both nations refused to do so, the South and parts of Texas seceded. However, the two nations did not want to become one nation because many people would feel this was an attempt to grab as much power as possible. In Texas, the Free State of Texas was established. In the US, the Confederate States of America was formed. The presidents of both nations were alarmed by the recent developments. In America, presidential elections were held, and Abraham Lincoln won because of his strong opposition to Slavery and his non-corrupt ways. A month after the forming of the FST, the Republic of Texas declared war on the FST, and the US declared war on the CSA. The American Civil Wars began, and the US and Texas both agreed to combine their war efforts and try and coordinate each attack against the enemy. The FST and CSA both did the same. The First Battle of the War was the Battle of Reno. It was a victory for the Republic of Texas, and allowed for the invasion of FST occupied California. The Next Battle came at Burham, after the US declared war on the CSA. It was a major victory for the US, and set the stage for an invasion of North Carolina. 45,000 Union Soldiers had attacked the city, and 4,500 died. The Confederacy had 10,000 troops, most of them militia, and 9,000 of them died or were captured. Soon, another Battle raged. It was the Battle of Raleigh, where the Confederacy was positioning most of its Carolinian forces. The 40,500 Union troops attacked the city, but what they didn't know was the the Confederacy had sent two cavalry units with 40,000 men in each to Raleigh. After two months of fighting, they finally arrived, and helped turn the tide. The Union had 40,500 troops and lost 35,000. The Confederates had 110,000 troops and lost 33,000. This battle helped prevent the Union from advancing past Raleigh and allowed the Confederates to get their military ready. In Arkansas, a Union army of 60,000 attacked Hoxie and quickly overran the town's small defenses. The Union army advanced and quickly took the city of Tulsa. All together, they lost 10,000 men. The Confederates lost 14,000 troops. These two battles allowed the Union to be able to get into Arkansas.
The Republic of Texas invaded the rest of the rebelling California, and took the region after three months of intense warfare. The Republic lost 25,000 out of their 50,000 men, and the Rebels lost 19,000 out of 20,000 troops. Meanwhile, the FST took advantage of the distracted Government forces and invaded El Paso with 30,000 men. They took the town, after losing 15,000 troops, while the Government Forces lost 12,000, and began moving towards the Mexican Border. The FST needed to border Mexico as that was where they were getting weapons from, since American and Texan boats were blockading all ports to any Rebels. The Union attacked Little Rock, and took the town after losing 30,000 men out of an 50,000 strong army. However, the Confederates had put most of their men that were in Arkansas and Louisiana in Little Rock, so now a large amount of the territory was now empty. Two months later, Union Soldiers marched through New Orleans and took the city with little resistance. Meanwhile, in North Carolina, Union Soldiers once again clashed with Confederate Soldiers, however they lost at Tulsa and were driven out of Carolina completely. This defeat helped save the Confederacy, and allowed for them to get more recruits and boost morale.
Canada: Inspired by the Secessionist Movements in America and Texas, French Settlers in Quebec declared their independence, and formed the Quebec Republic. France declared aid for this nation, while Britain declared war on the Quebec Republic and demanded France stop sending aid. When France refused, it began the Quebec Wars. 10,000 British Troops began an advance onto Montreal. When they arrived, 17,000 Quebec Soldiers, mainly men in Militias. However, the British were better trained and were better equipped, and defeated the Militias. 12,000 Quebecans and 4,600 British Soldiers died. Following this attack, over 15,000 French Troops arrived in Sept-lles. Because of this, France would not get involved in the Mexican Civil War. The French Troops soon began marching toward Quebec (City) to make sure the British didn't take it. The French started to dig down, and began preparing for a British attack. Quebecan Soldiers soon started to get trained by French Commanders to make sure another Montreal Defeat doesn't happen again. Soon, messengers had brought the word that Cap-de-la-Madeleine had fallen to the British. The French knew that the British would attack soon. Later that night, a barrage of shells would hit the city. The French would return the fire, and then return back to their defensive lines. The British, not having got the French out of their defensive lines, decided to advance, anyway. They continued to fire shells, but the French wouldn't get out of their trenches and positions. Eventually, British troops would make it to the trenches and force the French back. The French and Quebecans would fall back to the earlier defenses they set up, forcing the British to go even deeper into the city to fight the rebels and French. These defenses allowed for the Quebecans and French to inflict massive casualties on the British. Eventually, they would withdraw from the city. The British lost 25,000 troops out of a 30,000 man army, while Quebec and France lost 3,500 men out of a 18,000 strong army. The British would retreat back to Cap-de-la-Madeleine. Soon, the Quebecans and French would put their eyes on a major arms depot in Waskaganish. The French/Quebecan Armies would begin marching an almost 600 mile long trail to get to the city.
Spain: Spanish Troops would land in Mexico and, taking advantage of the distracted British and French, began taking land to force Mexico to pay it's debts. Spanish Troops would occupy Mexico with the aid of Mexican Conservatives.
The Republic of Texas raised a force of 300,000 men to invade the FST. They split the force into two armies, one invaded Abilene and the other one invaded San Antonio. Both cities fell quickly, and both armies moved on to Del Rio. They took the city, and the 70,000 troops of the army died. The Rebels lost 95,000 troops. The Confederate's and the Rebel's key leaders met with each other and soon began talking about how they were going to win the war. The FST was able to be conquered, and the US army was going to be able to conquer the Confederates. They both knew that they if they continued to war, their nations would only be devastated. But, if they tried to negotiate a peace between the two nations, then they would be able to get a lesser punishment by the victors. Soon, negotiations began, and after four months of negotiations, the Treaty of Little Rock was signed. The Treaty outlined the following things:
- The Free State of Texas and the Confederate States of America will both stop their revolt and will join their original governments.
- Slavery is banned in both the Republic of Texas and the United States of America, and in all revolting territories.
- Harsh laws on the revolting territories cannot be placed. However, Texas and America are free to choose how to bring back these territories into their nations.
- Any form of financial punishment cannot be placed on the revolting territories, except for taxes.
The Treaty was signed by both sides on December 7th. The US president celebrated the victory. However, a failed assassination attempt happened on December 25th. The President had been going to a victory party with some of his fellow Generals and friends, when a former Confederate walked in and began firing. However, he tripped when he was walking on his way there, and dust got into the gun, helping stop the gun. This was remembered as the Dust Barrel Event. The rest of the year was uneventful.