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Timeline (Washington's Flu)

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The following is a timeline of the major events that happened and were changed in a world where George Washington died in 1790. The most important events are indented. If you just want a summary of what happened in this timeline, go here.

Timeline

1790's

  • March 4th, 1791: Vermont is admitted to the Union as its 14th state.
  • 1792: John Adams is elected to his first term (technically) as US President.
    • 1794: The Whiskey Rebellion escalates to violence, and President Adams sends the federal military in. However, things turn sour, with the inexperienced and poorly led army panicking in the face of the rebels, opening fire and killing hundreds. This soon comes to be called the "Whiskey Massacre."
  • 1796: John Adams is reelected by a very small margin, greatly angering the south and west who had both entirely voted for Thomas Jefferson. The phrase "No taxation without representation" once again becomes popular in these areas, with some calling the Whiskey Massacre the new Boston Massacre.
  • 1798: The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions are issued, declaring that the states have the right to declare acts of the federal government unconstitutional and not enforce them. The acts, or similar versions of them, were then passed by most of the rest of the southern and western states. Despite the US Government's strong assertion that these claims held no weight and were themselves unconstitutional, the states that passed them go on to not enforce the Alien and Sedition Acts passed by President Adams.
  • 1799: Fries's Rebellion takes place in protest of the war taxes imposed by the federal government. Though it starts in eastern Pennsylvania, it quickly spreads to western Pennsylvania and the frontier, with many people rising up and refusing to pay these taxes. It was less prevalent in the south, where slaves made the taxation process easier, but it still took place. In response, the military was sent in, causing more than a few armed conflicts. After a few months, this leads to...
    • November 19th, 1799: Several counties in western Pennsylvania vote to form their own state and leave the Union. They are followed by most other counties west of the Appalachian Mountains.
  • December 7th, 1799: Kentucky votes to leave the Union.
  • December 15th, 1799: Tennessee votes to leave the Union.

1800's

  • January 2nd, 1800: Counties west of the Appalachian Mountains in Virginia vote to break off and form a state separate from Virginia and then leave the Union.
  • January 24th, 1800: Georgia secedes from the Union and joins the Confederacy.
  • January 26th, 1800: South Carolina secedes from the Union and joins the Confederacy.
  • February 2nd, 1800: North Carolina secedes from the Union and joins the Confederacy. The US Government now begins to treat this as a real threat, using its increased military power to begin fighting the Confederates instead of quasi-fighting France.
  • March 15th, 1800: John Sevier, governor of Tennessee, is appointed President of the Confederate States under its provisional government.
  • May 23rd, 1800: The first major battle of the Civil War occurs around the village of Pittsburgh, with Confederate forces putting up a surprisingly strong effort but eventually losing the battle.
  • November, 1800: John Adams is reelected President of the US, beginning his third consecutive term. Ironically, if the states hadn't left the Union, then Adams would've stood little chance of reelection.
  • June-December, 1800: Union forces take control of nearly all of West Pennsylvania, West Virginia, and Kentucky.
  • February 16th-February 24th, 1801: Confederate forces win battles at Raleigh and Charlotte, North Carolina, and Knoxville, Tennessee, providing a huge morale boost.
  • March 3rd, 1801: Feeling abused by the federal government with increased war taxes and levies, and miffed by the election of John Adams, despite the state voting overwhelmingly for Thomas Jefferson, Virginia secedes from the Union and is admitted into the Confederacy, majorly changing the course of the war. Despite this, West Virginia refuses to rejoin with the state.
  • March 6th, 1801: Confederate forces earn another victory at Chapel Hill in North Carolina, in large part due to Virginia's militia pulling out a mere hour before the battle.
  • March 12th, 1801: Several counties in southwest New York, inspired by Virginia and the increasingly bright Confederate war effort, secede from New York and the Union, joining the Confederacy and the state of West Pennsylvania.
    • May 25th, 1801: The Confederacy finalizes its new and permanent constitution, which is almost identical to the United States Constitution, except that all eleven amendments (at that time) are incorporated into the constitution itself. Major changes include the restriction of presidents to serving only three, non-consecutive, two year terms. There is also a provision that says states, upon entering the Confederacy, will hold a vote of the people on whether or not to allow slavery, and that will be the law in their state. Upon ratification of the constitution, every state except West Pennsylvania voted to allow slavery.
  • August 1st, 1801: John Sevier is officially elected as President of the Confederate States under the new constitution, beginning his new official two year term. James Jackson, former governor of Georgia, is elected vice president.
  • August 29th, 1801: Confederate forces march on the unfinished Washington, D.C., quickly taking the city.
  • September-January, 1801-02: Confederate forces gradually retake all of Kentucky, West Virginia, and West Pennsylvania, and take most of Maryland.
  • January 23rd, 1802: The Confederate capital is moved to Richmond, Virginia, where it is intended to stay.
  • April 3rd, 1802: Confederate forces reach Pennsylvania, taking three days to overwhelm Union forces and take the city. This forces the United States capital to move to New York City.
  • September 4th, 1802: Confederate forces surround New York City by land and sea, bombarding it for over a week before the United States government agrees to peace negotiations.
    • September 17th, 1802: The Treaty of Albany is signed, ending the American Civil War with the Confederacy as the winner. In the treaty, the United States agrees to cede all territories (not already belonging to states) west of the Appalachian Mountains to the Confederacy. The US also agrees to allow every state and county the right to join the Confederacy if they chose to before the end of 1803. No county or state took up this offer.
      CivilWar1802

      Aftermath of the first American Civil War

  • March 1st, 1803: Ohio is admitted into the Confederacy as the 9th state. It votes to not allow slavery, becoming the 2nd free state in the Confederacy.
    • July 4th, 1803: The Louisiana Purchase is made by the Confederacy, despite their early financial problems. Both the US and the CS had competed for the deal, but the US was too war ravaged and deep in debt to be able to pay for it, while the CS had gotten less damaged from the war due to its agricultural nature. In addition, US President Adams' dislike for France (with the feelings being shared by France) often stalled the deal for them.
  • 1803: Thomas Jefferson is elected as the second President of the Confederate States. John Breckinridge was elected vice president.
  • 1804: The Twelfth Amendment to the United States Constitution is passed, modifying presidential election procedures. The same amendment is adopted by the Confederacy one year later as their 1st Amendment.
  • 1804: Rufus King is elected as the third President of the United States. John Adams was not re-nominated by the Federalist Party for a fourth term because of his huge failures in losing the Civil War and not getting the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1805: John Sevier is reelected President of the Confederate States, beginning his second term. James Jackson is also elected to his second term as vice president.
  • March 19th, 1806: Confederate vice president James Jackson dies in office. No replacement is named.
  • 1807: Thomas Jefferson is elected to his second term as Confederate president. James Madison is his vice president.
  • 1808: The slave trade ends in the US and CS due to constitutional provisions.
  • 1808: Rufus King is reelected as President of the United States, beating George Clinton in a close race.
  • 1809: John Sevier is elected President of the Confederate States, beginning his third and final, due to constitutional restraints, term. James Monroe was his vice president.

1810's

  • 1811: James Madison is elected as the third President of the Confederate States, after Thomas Jefferson decided not to run for a third and final term. Joseph Anderson, a senator from Tennessee, is vice president.
  • April 30th, 1812: Louisiana is admitted to the Confederacy as its 10th state. It votes to allow slavery, becoming the 8th slave state in the Confederacy.
    • June 18th, 1812: The Confederate States declares war on Great Britain, beginning the War of 1812. The causes for the war include British impressment of Confederate sailors, damages to national pride, British support of Native American tribes, and the fact that Great Britain was one of the few countries that still hadn't recognized the independence of the CSA.
    • August 2nd, 1812: The United States joins the War of 1812 on Great Britain's side, due to their fairly good relations with them and to get back at their enemy the Confederate States. (And, if the war went really well, the United States secretly hoped to re-annex the CSA.)
  • 1812: Rufus King is reelected to a third term as United States President. It's likely he would've lost to DeWitt Clinton, a compromise candidate between disgruntled Federalists and the United States Democratic-Republican Party, if he hadn't joined the War of 1812. This move was extremely popular in the United States, as the populace, despite gravitating increasingly to the Democratic-Republican Party, still saw the Confederacy as unlawful rebels. The populace also wanted to get back at the CSA for the destruction and loss they had caused in the US. Since Clinton was anti-war, he stood little chance of election after that decision.
  • 1813: James Monroe is elected as the fourth President of the Confederate States. William H. Crawford is vice president.
  • 1813-14: The War of 1812 is fought, mostly between the CSA and USA, with British regulars reinforcing the US militia. The war begins with a stalemate, with neither side making any big gains. The CSA does manage to win major victories against Native tribes in the west. British troops from Canada also managed to take several cities in Michigan and West Pennsylvania.
  • 1814: Napoleon is defeated, allowing Great Britain to focus on the War of 1812. Despite this, all nations involved are fairly war exhausted and striving for a return to normalcy, leading to the beginning of peace negotiations in Ghent. Fighting still continues, though, and United States and British forces now begin to advance, taking and burning the Confederate capital of Richmond. However, Confederate forces were able to prevent their enemies from taking the city of Norfolk.
    • December 24th, 1814: The Treaty of Ghent is signed, officially ending the War of 1812 with neither side gaining or losing anything. However, by signing and negotiating the treaty, Great Britain acknowledges the independence of the Confederacy.
  • January, 1815: Andrew Jackson leads Confederate forces to victory at the Battle of New Orleans, despite the war being over. This leads to an increase of Confederate morale and nationalism, and the war is even called a "second war of independence" from the United States.
  • 1815: James Madison is elected to his second term as President of the Confederacy.
  • 1816: DeWitt Clinton is elected as the fourth President of the United States after Rufus King was not nominated by his party. Though he is officially a Federalist, he is very accommodating to Democratic-Republican policies.
  • December 11th, 1816: Indiana is admitted to the Confederacy as its 11th state. It votes to not allow slavery, becoming the 3rd free state in the Confederacy.
  • 1817: James Monroe is elected to his second term as President of the Confederacy.
  • December 10th, 1817: Mississippi is admitted to the Confederacy as its 12th state. It votes to allow slavery, becoming the 9th slave state in the Confederacy.
  • December 3rd, 1818: Illinois is admitted to the Confederacy as its 13th state. It votes to not allow slavery, becoming the 4th free state in the Confederacy.
  • February 22nd, 1819: The Florida Treaty is signed, with Spain giving up control of Florida to the Confederate States of America.
  • 1819: James Madison is elected to his third and final term as President of the Confederate States, despite his initial desire to not run and retire from politics.
  • December 14th, 1819: Alabama is admitted to the Confederacy as its 14th state. It votes to allow slavery, becoming the 10th slave state in the Confederacy.

1820's

  • March 15th, 1820: Maine is admitted to the Union as its 11th state.
  • 1820: DeWitt Clinton is reelected to his second term as President of the United States.
  • August 10th, 1821: Missouri is admitted to the Confederacy as its 15th state. It votes to allow slavery, becoming the 11th slave state in the Confederacy.
  • 1821: James Monroe is elected to his third and final term as President of the Confederate States.
  • 1823: Andrew Jackson is elected as the Confederate States' fifth President.
  • 1824: DeWitt Clinton is reelected to a third term as President of the United States.
  • 1825: Henry Clay is elected as the Confederate States' sixth President.
  • 1827: Andrew Jackson is elected to his second term as President of the Confederacy.
  • 1828: United States President DeWitt Clinton dies suddenly in office, passing the presidency to vice president John Quincy Adams, who becomes the fifth President of the United States.
  • 1828: John Quincy Adams is elected President of the United States. This is technically his first term, despite serving the better part of a year prior to this.
  • 1829: William H. Crawford is elected as the seventh President of the Confederate States.

1830's

  • 1831: Andrew Jackson is elected to his third term as President of the Confederacy.
  • 1832: Andrew Jackson makes attempts to amend the Constitution of the Confederacy to allow presidents (and himself) to serve up to four terms, as opposed to the previous three. These attempts are initially blocked, but Jackson refuses to give up.
  • 1832: John Quincy Adams is reelected to his second term as President of the United States.
  • 1833: Henry Clay is elected to his second term as President of the Confederate States. He becomes the first Confederate President to have more than one president between his first and second terms.
    • 1834: The 2nd Amendment to the Confederate Constitution (nicknamed the Jackson Amendment) is ratified, allowing individuals to serve up to four presidential terms as opposed to the previous three. This makes it possible for Andrew Jackson and James Madison, the only living men to have served three terms as Confederate President, to run for another term, though Madison has no interest. This amendment also causes further divide within the Democratic-Republican Party, firmly separating it into pro-Jackson and anti-Jackson factions.
  • 1835: Andrew Jackson is elected to his fourth and final term as President of the Confederate States, becoming the first man to serve more than three terms as Confederate President.
    • 1835: The Democratic-Republican Party officially splits into the National Republican Party and the Democratic Party, ending three decades of single party rule in the CSA. The United States Democratic-Republican Party also feels the effects of this, as the parties in the two nations are closely related, but they do not outright split at this point.
  • June 14th, 1836: Arkansas is admitted to the Confederacy as its 16th state. It votes to allow slavery, becoming the 12th slave state in the Confederacy.
  • 1836: John Quincy Adams is reelected to his third term as President of the United States.
  • January 26th, 1837: Michigan is admitted to the Confederacy as its 17th state. It votes to not allow slavery, becoming the 5th free state in the Confederacy.
  • 1837: Both the United States and the Confederacy recognize the independence of the Republic of Texas.
  • 1837: William R. King is elected as the eighth President of the Confederate States. He is the first Confederate president to not have ran as a Democratic-Republican. Thus, he is also the first Democratic president of the Confederacy.
  • 1837: The Panic of 1837 takes place in the Confederacy. Some effects are felt in the United States, but it isn't as severe.
  • 1837: The United States offers to annex Texas after the Confederacy refuses to. They see it as their last chance to gain land in the west and stop the expansion of the Confederacy. Texas, however, refuses, not wanting to be ruled by a government that is so far away. They also don't like the US Government's general opposition to slavery.
  • 1839: Henry Clay is elected to his third term as President of the Confederate States. He is the first National Republican Confederate President. The Democrats never stood a chance, being solely blamed for the Panic of 1837. Clay insists that this will be his last term "under the provisions of our fine constitution", in protest of the "Jackson Amendment" passed five years earlier that would allow him to run for one more term.

1840's

  • 1840: John Quincy Adams is elected to his fourth term as United States President in a landslide election. He won by such a large margin due to the two separate candidates nominated against him, by the new United States Democratic and National Republican Parties. In addition, the people of the United States saw what Democratic-Republican leadership did to the Confederacy with the Panic of 1837, and they wanted no part in that.
  • 1841: William Henry Harrison is elected as the ninth President of the Confederate States. He is the second National Republican CSA President. By now, the National Republican Party is composed of Anti-Jacksonians, Anti-Masons, unsatisfied Jacksonians, and Confederate Federalists who hadn't had a party in decades. [It is now the Whig Party in everything but name.]
  • 1843: James K. Polk is elected as the tenth President of the Confederate States.
  • 1844: John Davis is elected as the sixth United States President by the House of Representatives. The election went to the house because of the three-way race between the Federalists, Democrats, and National Republicans. Davis was the Federalist candidate after John Quincy Adams decided not to run for a fifth term.
  • December 28th, 1844: Texas is officially admitted to the Confederacy as its 18th state. It votes to allow slavery, becoming the 13th slave state in the Confederacy.
  • March 3rd, 1845: Florida is admitted to the Confederacy as its 19th state. It votes to allow slavery, becoming the 14th slave state in the Confederacy.
    • April 25th, 1845: The Mexican-Confederate War begins, started by conflicts in the new Confederate state of Texas.
  • 1845: Lewis Cass is elected as the eleventh President of the Confederacy.
    • 1845: The 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, outlawing slavery in the United States of America. It also grants them the unrestricted right to vote.
  • December 28th, 1846: Iowa is admitted to the Confederacy as its 20th state. It votes to not allow slavery, becoming the 6th free state in the Confederacy.
    • February 3rd, 1847: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the Mexican-Confederate War, with the Confederacy as the clear winner. In the treaty, Mexico cedes the land from Texas to the Pacific Ocean to the CSA and acknowledges the independence of Texas and their place in the Confederacy.
  • 1847: Zachary Taylor, a Mexican-Confederate War hero, is elected as the twelfth President of the Confederacy.
  • May 29th, 1848: Wisconsin is admitted to the Confederacy as its 21st state. It votes to not allow slavery, becoming the 7th free state in the Confederacy. For the first time, 1/3 of the states in the Confederacy are free, enough to start having an impact on voting in Congress.
  • 1848: John Davis is reelected to his second term as United States President.
  • 1849: Winfield Scott is elected as the thirteenth President of the Confederacy.

1850's

  • 1850: Texas gives up its territorial claims in New Mexico and north of the Missouri Compromise Line (called differently by the people involved due to the lack of a Missouri Compromise in this timeline) in exchange for the federal government taking over the state's public debt.
  • September 9th, 1850: California is admitted to the Confederacy as its 22nd state. It votes to not allow slavery, becoming the 8th free state in the Confederacy.
  • 1851: Henry Clay is elected to his fourth and final term as Confederate President. He was selected by his party after they were faced with a lack of potential candidates after the death of Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott's inability to serve consecutive terms. They decided to go with a familiar name in Clay, who, despite his major opposition to the Jackson Amendment, accepted reluctantly for "the greater good" of his party and his nation.
  • June 29th, 1852: Confederate President Henry Clay dies, passing the presidency to Vice President William Alexander Graham, who becomes the fourteenth President of the Confederacy.
  • 1852: Marcus Morton is elected as the seventh President of the United States, and the first non-Federalist US president (besides George Washington, who had no party). He was elected in large part because of the coalition of the US Democratic and National Republican Parties and their platform of ending the "Federalist Monarchy", in reference to the long line of Federalist presidents and their long times as president. It was part of the long term strategy of the US Democratic and National Republican Parties to phase the Federalists out of politics so that the two parties could compete against one another.
  • 1853: Lewis Cass is elected to his second term as President of the Confederacy. This means that, for the first time in history, the President of the Confederate States and the President of the United States were members of the same party.
  • June 8th, 1854: The Gadsden Purchase is made, giving the Confederacy some land from northern Mexico.
  • 1855: Robert Toombs is elected as the fifteenth President of the Confederacy.
  • 1856: Marcus Morton is reelected to a second term as President of the United States.
  • 1857: Lewis Cass is elected to his third term as President of the Confederacy.
  • May 11th, 1858: Minnesota is admitted to the Confederacy as its 23rd state. It votes not to allow slavery, becoming the 9th free state in the Confederacy.
  • February 14th, 1859: Oregon is admitted to the Confederacy as its 24th state. It votes to not allow slavery, becoming the 10th free state in the Confederacy. Southern politicians are now beginning to see the danger of the increasing number of free states to their institution of slavery. The free states are also beginning to put more pressure on them.
  • 1859: The National Republican Party falls apart at its 1859 national convention, failing to nominate a candidate for the presidency. The convention ended bitterly after members of the party failed to choose between anti-slavery candidates, including Abraham Lincoln, and pro-slavery ones. The party was officially disbanded two months later. The Democrats experienced similar issues, but they were able to compromise and agree to get Robert Toombs reelected.
  • 1859: Robert Toombs is elected to his second term as President of the Confederacy. He ran basically unopposed.
  • October 10th, 1859: Kansas is admitted to the Confederacy as its 25th state. It votes to not allow slavery in a very close vote, becoming the 11th free state in the Confederacy.
  • 1859: The National Republican and Federalist Parties of the United States merge, forming the Whig Party. Both parties had been falling apart over the past decade, and finally resolved to face the Democrats in a united way.

1860's

  • 1860: William L. Dayton is elected as the eighth President of the United States, becoming the first Whig president of the US. (He was also the first candidate nominated by them.)
  • 1861: David Rice Atchison is elected as the sixteenth President of the Confederacy, after a fierce campaign between him and the first ever Republican candidate, Abraham Lincoln.
  • 1863: Jefferson Davis is elected as the seventeenth President of the Confederacy, after another fierce campaign by the Republicans that once again came up just short.
  • 1864: The 3rd Amendment to the Confederate Constitution is proposed to Congress. This amendment would outlaw any legislation whatsoever against the institution of slavery in states that allow it. This would include other amendments. The amendment came close to passing Congress, but it eventually failed. It wouldn't have been ratified by the required number of states, anyway.
  • November 7th, 1864: Nevada is admitted to the Confederacy as its 26th state. It votes to not allow slavery, becoming the 12th free state in the Confederacy.
  • 1864: William L. Dayton is reelected to his second term as President of the United States.
  • December 1st, 1864: United States President William L. Dayton dies. This creates a bit of a constitutional crisis, as Dayton was not only the President but the President elect as well. However, the electoral college had not actually cast their votes at this point, so the actual election hadn't happened yet. So, at the time Dayton died, Vice President Myron H. Clark became the ninth President of the United States. Then, the Whig electoral college voters were instructed to vote for Clark instead of Dayton. Therefore, Myron H. Clark was elected to his first term as President of the United States.
  • 1865: Abraham Lincoln is elected as the eighteenth President of the Confederacy. He is the first Republican president and the first one to be firmly opposed to slavery and its expansion.
  • 1866: The 3rd Amendment to the Confederate Constitution is once again proposed to Congress- this time, though, it would outlaw the expansion of slavery into any new territories and limit the rights of slave owners in the south. Southern Democrats, which had now almost completely split off from Northern Democrats, saw this as a huge insult to not only them but their constitution, which this amendment would change significantly. The amendment did not pass Congress, and it wouldn't have been ratified if it did, but it did make a statement.
  • March 1st, 1867: Nebraska is admitted to the Confederacy as its 27th state. It votes to not allow slavery, becoming the 13th free state in the Confederacy.
  • 1867: Alaska is purchased from Russia by the Confederacy.
  • 1867: John C. Frémont is elected as the nineteenth President of the Confederate States.
  • 1868: Edwin D. Morgan is elected as the tenth President of the United States. Incumbent president Myron H. Clark was not re-nominated by his party.
  • 1869: Abraham Lincoln is elected to his second term as President of the Confederate States. In addition, Republicans gain a majority the CS House of Representatives.

1870's

  • 1871: John C. Frémont is reelected to his second term as Confederate President, despite his relative unpopularity with his own party.
  • 1872: James A. Bayard is elected as the eleventh President of the United States.
  • 1873: Abraham Lincoln is elected to his third term as President of the Confederate States.
  • 1875: Benjamin Bristow is elected as the twentieth President of the Confederate States.
  • August 28th, 1876: Colorado is admitted to the Confederacy as its 28th state. It votes to not allow slavery, becoming the 14th free state in the Confederacy. For the first time, the number of free states and slave states is equal. Colorado's admission to the Confederacy was greatly delayed by southern politicians who didn't want to see that happen, but it happened anyway.
  • 1876-77: Southern politicians of all parties propose the "Nonsense Amendments", which some (mostly in the south) considered as a serious last act of opposition by the south and some (mostly in the north) considered as an illogical and petty attempt to undermine the authority of the federal government. These proposed 3rd amendments include prepositions to outlaw legislation against slavery, outlaw Republican presidents, make slavery legal in all new states no matter what, make slavery legal nationwide, and make a separate federal government for the north and south (this last one was the most seriously debated). None of these pass either the House of Representatives or the Senate.
  • 1876-77: William A. Wheeler is elected as the twelfth President of the United States by the House of Representatives. He is also the United States' first Republican president. The election went to the house after neither the Democratic, Whig, or Republican candidates received a majority in the election. (Wheeler came in first, with the Democrats second and the Whigs third.) Wheeler was elected after the Whig Party threw its support behind him in an effort to defeat the Democrats.
  • 1877: Abraham Lincoln is elected to his fourth and final term as President of the Confederacy. The south is now extremely frustrated at their inability to get a pro-slavery president.
  • 1877: Northern abolitionists propose an amendment to make slavery illegal in all of the CSA. This preposition is greatly opposed by many people, including President Lincoln himself, whose primary focus was keeping the Confederacy united. However, to the surprise of everyone, it actually almost passed the House of Representatives, being only narrowly defeated. Even though a crisis is seemingly averted, several southern politicians are outraged at this, with many resigning their posts in Congress. This is widely seen as the final straw in the south.
    • January 3rd, 1878: South Carolina's legislature votes to secede from the Confederacy in response to perceived threats on slavery and their liberty.
    • January-February, 1878: In this order, North Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Texas, Louisiana, Virginia, Florida, Arkansas, and Tennessee secede from the Confederacy.
    • February, 1878: The states that left the Confederacy form the Federated States of America, or the FSA.
    • March, 1878: The Second American Civil War starts.
  • March, 1878: The Confederacy moves its capital to Columbus, Ohio. This was done because the previous capital was Richmond, Virginia, and Virginia had left the Confederacy.
  • March 22nd, 1878: The first major battle of the 2nd Civil War is fought around Lexington, Kentucky.
  • April, 1878: Jefferson Davis, a very popular figure in the south, especially for his role of being the last pro-slavery Confederate President, is elected as the first President of the Federated States under its provisional constitution.
    • July, 1878: The United States joins the 2nd Civil War on the Confederacy's side. This move is highly criticized in the US, as, despite their opposition to slavery, most people there don't think that they have any part in the war. President William Wheeler is especially criticized, as the people think that his membership in the Republican Party has a lot to do with them joining the war. As it turned out, it actually did.
  • July-December, 1878: The 2nd Civil War is fought, with the FSA putting up a surprising fight. Despite this, the huge manpower and industrial advantages of the north (the CS and US) eventually prove too great a challenge. By late 1878, Tennessee and Arkansas are largely occupied by northern forces. The only FS state experiencing relative success is Virginia.
    • January, 1879: The 3rd Amendment to the Confederate Constitution is passed. The amendment gives the President of the Confederacy more powers during wars "which Congress deems threatening to the unity and survival of the nation." Under these same war requirements, the president is now also allowed to serve more than two years in office if Congress grants him an additional, one year term. These one year extensions can be granted up to five times to a single individual, for a maximum total of seven years per term. The amendment aims to fix the problems that come with the nation changing leaders every two years during serious wars. However, the amendment is decried by opponents as a possible "method of enacting tyranny" and by FSA politicians as yet another reason that they will never rejoin the CSA.
  • February, 1879: The new, permanent constitution of the Federated States is ratified. Jefferson Davis is elected to his first four year term.
  • May, 1879: The Congress of the Confederacy votes to grant Abraham Lincoln a one year term extension as outlined in the 3rd Amendment.
  • August, 1879: The United States army fighting in Virginia retreats across the border, allowing FSA troops to march into Maryland. Elsewhere, though, the war is not going as well for the Federated States, as northern troops march into Texas, Louisiana, and Georgia.
  • September-December, 1879: The 2nd Civil War progresses, with little in major events happening during this time. The FSA troops in Maryland were stopped there, while the northern troops in the deep south are meeting little resistance but also having troubles actually holding the territory that they gain in the face of rowdy southern citizens.

1880's

  • May, 1880: The Congress of the Confederacy votes to grant Abraham Lincoln another one year term extension. By this time he is 71 years old and his health is beginning to fail, but he hopes to end the 2nd Civil War before the end of 1880.
  • 1880: Samuel J. Tilden is elected as the thirteenth President of the United States in a landslide vote. He ran mainly on a platform of getting the US out of the war with the FSA. This increases the urgency of both the Confederacy and US President William Wheeler, who both want to end the war before Tilden is inaugurated. That seems unlikely, though.
    • March 5th, 1881: The United States officially withdraws from the 2nd American Civil War, one day after Samuel Tilden's inauguration.
  • April, 1881: The Confederate Anti-War Party is founded, attracting war opposition politicians from every party. They are generally not noticed, though.
  • May, 1881: The Congress of the Confederacy votes to grant President Lincoln a third one year term extension. Lincoln later said in his diary that he had almost declined this extension, as he was exhausted from the constant war effort and the running of the country. He also said that he was afraid that he would die in office and never be able to live out a peaceful retirement.
  • June 15th, 1881: Confederate President Abraham Lincoln dies at the age of 72. This triggers a constitutional crisis, as the third amendment never said whether the term extension of the president also applied to his vice president, should he ever ascend to the presidency. It was eventually decided that Vice President James G. Blaine would serve the remainder of Lincoln's one year extension (becoming the twenty-first President of the Confederacy), under the Confederate Constitution's provision that, upon the president's death, the vice president would serve the remainder of his term as president. However, it remained debated whether or not an election would be held once the extension was up, or if Blaine would be eligible for extensions himself.
  • June-December, 1881: The 2nd Civil War continues to rage, with FSA armies beginning to drive Confederate troops out of the deep south. This was triggered by the US pulling out of the war and by Lincoln's death, which greatly weakened the morale of the nation. By December 1881 Confederate troops are completely driven out of Georgia and Texas, and FSA troops begin to reclaim Tennessee and enter Ohio. FSA morale is now at an all-time high while CSA morale is at an all-time low in the war.
  • May, 1882: The Congress of the Confederacy narrowly votes against granting President James Blaine a one year term extension, declaring instead that there would be an election held that year. The election date was moved back to December for this one election due to the unexpectedness of it all.
  • May-December, 1882: The FSA continues to make gains in Tennessee and Ohio, while breaking back into Arkansas and retaking Louisiana. The Confederate capital is moved to Lansing, Michigan in response to the FS armies making rapid advancements towards the current capital. Meanwhile, a strong anti-war sentiment is beginning to grow among citizens of the Confederacy. In September, the Confederate armies finally begin to make some solid stands, even beginning to gain back some territory in Tennessee and Ohio. It may be too late, though, as the 1882 election could shape the future of the nation.
  • December, 1882: George H. Pendleton is elected as the twenty-second President of the Confederacy. He is also the first Confederate President of the Anti-War Party. He was considered a very long shot to win the presidency as late as September, 1882, especially as the first presidential candidate of a party that was only about a year and a half old. But, his platform of ending the war and letting the FSA go became more and more acceptable as the war went on, and the people spoke. Meanwhile, politicians who wanted the war, who were actually a majority in Congress before this election, quickly tried to find a way to prevent the end of the war before their terms ended in January of 1883 (which was also a special date for only that election).
  • January 30th, 1883: George Pendleton is inaugurated.
    • February 16th, 1883: The 2nd American Civil War ends. The peace was negotiated by Confederate President George Pendleton. The terms of the treaty are that the Federated States of America would become an independent nation, and that any states that wanted to would be allowed to join the FSA before the end of 1884 (Kentucky was the only state to accept, voting in a very close vote to join the FSA. This led to a fair amount of unrest in Kentucky in the following years, including the migration of thousands of pro-Confederate Kentuckians north. Missouri voted to remain in the Confederacy in a very close vote). Also, the Confederate States ceded the Oklahoma Territory to the FSA. While the war had no official winner, most considered the Federated States to have won.
  • 1883: Jefferson Davis is reelected to his second term as President of the Federated States in a landslide, being but a few votes from unanimous reelection. He is now seen as a national hero in the south, likened to George Washington himself.
    • 1884: The 4th Amendment to the Confederate Constitution is ratified. It officially outlaws all slavery in the country and allows all blacks to vote. It is seen as a small consolation prize to the abolitionists who fought the war to end slavery. This amendment also ends the process of new states voting to be free or slave.
  • 1884: A special joint resolution is passed by Congress, declaring that the next presidential election would be in 1885 at the regular, constitutional dates. This was done to restore the regular cycle of elections and to restore normalcy.
  • 1884: Samuel Tilden is reelected to his second term as President of the United States.
  • 1885: The 5th Amendment to the Confederate Constitution is ratified. It replaces the 3rd Amendment (making the 3rd Amendment obsolete). The 5th Amendment follows the 3rd by granting the same special wartime powers to presidents if Congress deemed it necessary, but it got rid of the term extensions, instead declaring that presidents could run for back-to-back terms. This would only happen if both Congress and 2/3rds of the state legislatures declared that there was a war that "threatens the unity and very survival of the nation." It also establishes citizenship.
  • 1885: John A. Logan is elected as the twenty-third President of the Confederacy. He won fairly handily, with little real opposition. The Anti-War Party was disbanded shortly after the Civil War ended, and George Pendleton wasn't popular with Confederate voters after the war, so he wasn't nominated by his Democratic Party. With that, the Republican candidate won, with the people still being suspicious of the more pro-south Democrats.
  • 1886: The FSA Democratic Party is renamed to the National or Nationalist Party, due to their large differences from the Democratic Party in the Confederacy and United States.
  • August 4th, 1886: United States President Samuel Tilden dies. His Vice President, Thomas F. Bayard, becomes the fourteenth President of the United States. Thomas and his father, James, become the second father-son presidents in United States history, alongside John Adams and John Quincy Adams.
  • 1886: The 6th Amendment to the Confederate Constitution is ratified, stating that "no amendments to the Constitution of the Confederate States shall be proposed that serve no purpose other than personal gain, or stand, as agreed on by most persons involved in passing the amendment, very little or no chance of being ratified." This was meant to prevent another situation like the Nonsense Amendments.
  • December 26th, 1886: Confederate President John Logan dies. Vice President Walter Gresham becomes the twenty-fourth President of the Confederacy.
  • 1887: Benjamin Harrison is elected as the twenty-fifth President of the Confederacy.
  • 1887: Augustus Garland is elected as the second President of the Federated States.
    • March 4th, 1888: The Federated States declares war on Mexico, aiming to gain their northern territories. The war progresses at a quick rate, with the experienced Federate Army quickly besting the Mexican Army in many early war conflicts.
  • 1888: Thomas F. Bayard is reelected to his second (or first, depending on how you look at it) term as United States President.
    • August 3rd, 1889: The Mexican-Federate War ends, with the FSA coming out on top. The Federated States gains the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, and Tamaulipas. After the treaty, the FSA reorganized Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, and Tamaulipas into a single state called Coahuila, while leaving Chihuahua independent (as a state. It still was part of the FSA).
      FSAMexico

      Aftermath of the Mexican-Federate War

  • 1889: Russell A. Alger is elected as the twenty-sixth President of the Confederate States.
  • November 2nd, 1889: North Dakota is admitted to the Confederacy as its 17th state. South Dakota is admitted as the 18th.
  • November 8th, 1889: Montana is admitted to the Confederacy as its 19th state.
  • November 11th, 1889: Columbia (Washington in OTL) is admitted to the Confederacy as its 20th state.
  • November 28th, 1889: The state of Virginia abolishes slavery, followed shortly by Kentucky.

1890's

  • July 3rd, 1890: Idaho is admitted to the Confederacy as its 21st state.
  • July 10th, 1890: Wyoming is admitted to the Confederacy as its 22nd state.
  • 1890: The states of Coahuila and Chihuahua abolish slavery.
  • 1891: Benjamin Harrison is elected to his second term as President of the Confederacy.
  • 1891: Augustus Garland is elected to his second term as President of the Federated States.
  • 1892: Thomas F. Bayard is elected to his third (or second) term as President of the United States.
  • 1893: Tennessee, North Carolina, Arkansas, and Florida abolish slavery.
  • 1893: John Sherman is elected as the twenty-seventh President of the Confederate States.
  • 1895: Horace Boies is elected as the twenty-eighth President of the Confederate States, the first Democratic CSA president in 30 years.
  • 1895: John W. Daniel is elected as the third President of the Federated States.
  • January 4th, 1896: Utah is admitted to the Confederacy as its 23rd state.
  • 1896: Thomas Reed is elected as the fifteenth President of the United States, the first Republican US president in 16 years.
  • 1897: William Jennings Bryan is elected as the twenty-ninth President of the Confederacy.
  • 1898: The Spanish-Federate War begins between the Spanish Empire and the Federated States of America. Causes for the war include trade and economic issues caused by the war, yellow journalism in the FSA, the destruction of a Federate ship in Havana (which was blamed on the Spanish), and the overall southern desire to expand their holdings and, by extension, expand slavery.
  • 1898: The Confederacy annexes the Republic of Hawaii.
    • 1899: The Spanish-Federate War ends with a Federate victory. The FSA gains Cuba and Puerto Rico in the resulting treaty.
  • 1899: Texas and Louisiana abolish slavery.
  • 1899: Horace Boies is elected to his second term as President of the Confederacy.
  • 1899: John Daniel is reelected to his second term as President of the Federated States.

1900's

  • 1900: ​Thomas Reed is reelected to his second term as President of the United States.
  • 1901: Robert Todd Lincoln is elected as the thirtieth President of the Confederate States. His election marks the first father-son pair in CSA presidential history, him and his father, Abraham Lincoln. He was nominated by the Republicans in an attempt to appeal to the Confederate people, likening Robert to the highly regarded Abraham. Robert himself did not want to run, but his party insisted so firmly that he felt he had little choice. In any case, all of this worked, and the Democrats were defeated.
  • December 7th, 1902: United States President Thomas Reed dies. His Vice President, Levi P. Morton, becomes the sixteenth President of the United States.
  • 1903: William McKinley is elected as the thirty-first President of the Confederacy.
  • 1903: John Daniel is reelected to his third term as President of the Federated States.
  • 1904: Grover Cleveland is elected as the seventeenth President of the United States, despite his declining health.
  • 1905: Robert Todd Lincoln is elected to his second term as President of the Confederacy. He didn't want to run for reelection, but, once again, he was practically forced into it.
  • November 17th, 1907:Oklahoma is admitted to the Federated States as its 15th state. Slavery is abolished in their constitution.
  • 1907: William McKinley is elected to his second term as President of the Confederate States.
  • 1907: John S. Williams is elected as the fourth President of the Federated States.
  • June 24th, 1908: United States President Grover Cleveland dies. His Vice President, Henry G. Davis, becomes the eighteenth President of the United States. Cleveland is the second straight elected US president to die in office.
  • 1908: George Gray is elected as the nineteenth President of the United States.
  • 1909: William Jennings Bryan is elected to his second term as President of the Confederate States. The Republicans likely would've won if they had nominated the now-beloved Lincoln for a third term, but Lincoln had hated being president so much that he left the Republican Party to avoid being nominated again.

1910's

  • 1911: Champ Clark is elected as the thirty-second President of the Confederate States. His election was a controversial one, as his eligibility to be president was not clear. He was born in Kentucky, which had not been part of the Confederacy for almost 30 years. However, it was determined that since Kentucky was part of the CSA when he was born, he was eligible. This was still controversial.
  • 1911: John Sharp Williams is reelected to his second term as President of the Federated States.
  • January 6th, 1912: New Mexico is admitted to the Confederacy as its 24th state.
  • February 14th, 1912: Arizona is admitted to the Confederacy as its 25th state.
  • 1912: George Gray is reelected to his second term as United States President. He likely would've lost, but the Republican candidate, James S. Sherman, died a week before the election and the Republicans failed to agree on a new candidate. Gray basically won by default.
  • February 3rd, 1913: The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified. It is not ratified by the CSA or FSA.
  • April 8th, 1913: The 15th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, establishing popular election of senators. The same amendment becomes the 7th Amendment to the Confederate Constitution and the 1st Amendment to the Federated States Constitution later that year.
  • 1913: Woodrow Wilson is elected as the thirty-third President of the Confederate States. He is elected based on the same precedent that Clark set; Wilson was born in Virginia, which was part of the Federated States, but he was born when Virginia was part of the Confederacy. Technically, he could've run for either the CSA or FSA's presidency, and he probably would've won either one, but his career had veered more north.
  • 1914: The 2nd Amendment to the Constitution of the Federated States is ratified, making it impossible for anyone that has held a public office or title of nobility in another nation to become President of the FSA. It also makes it impossible for anyone to be elected as a federal senator or representative that currently holds a public office or title of nobility in another nation. (So they would have to relinquish that office or title before running for office in the FSA.) This is in direct response to Woodrow Wilson's election as CSA President, as he technically still would've been eligible to run for an office in the FSA as well. This led some politicians in the FSA to fear that Wilson would run for president in the FSA and, by the year 1917, hold the presidencies of the CS and FS at the same time. Wilson had no plans to do so, but the amendment was passed anyway. The same amendment was passed in the CSA as its 8th Amendment one year later. It wasn't passed in the US.
  • 1915: Champ Clark is elected to his second term as President of the Confederacy. He barely won in the closest election in CSA history.
  • 1915: John S. Williams is reelected to his third term as President of the Federated States.
  • 1916: Charles Evans Hughes is elected as the twentieth President of the United States.
    • March 6th, 1917: The United States and Federated States of America jointly declare war on Germany, beginning their involvement in World War 1.
    • April 10th, 1917: Presented with evidence that Germany was going to help Mexico invade them, the Confederate States declares war, joining the other two American nations. This is the first time ever that the US, FS, and CS are all on the same side of a conflict.
  • 1917: Woodrow Wilson is elected to his second term as President of the Confederate States. Congress considered voting to allow incumbent president Champ Clark to run for a second straight term under the 5th Amendment, but eventually resolved to just let Wilson run instead.
    • June 28th, 1919: The Treaty of Versailles ends World War 1. However, the only American nation to ratify it is the FSA, with the US and CS Congresses both refusing.
  • 1919: Warren G. Harding is elected as the thirty-fourth President of the Confederate States.
  • 1919: John S. Williams, now an even more immensely popular figure in the south after WWI, is reelected to his fourth term as President of the Federated States.

1920's

  • 1920: The 3rd Amendment to the Federated States Constitution is ratified, establishing prohibition. The same amendment was ratified in the US just days later as their 16th Amendment. The Confederacy ratified it as their 10th Amendment later that year.
  • 1920: The 9th Amendment to the Confederate Constitution is ratified, granting women the right to vote. The United States ratified it as their 17th Amendment later that year, but the FSA did not ratify it.
  • 1920: Charles Evans Hughes is reelected to his second term as President of the United States.
  • 1921: The first economic sanctions against the FSA are put in place by several European nations, later along with the USA and CSA. The sanctions are in response to the Federated States' unwillingness to outlaw slavery completely.
  • 1921: The US and CS negotiate separate peace treaties with their World War 1 opponents, officially ending hostilities.
  • 1921: Frank Orren Lowden is elected as the thirty-fifth President of the Confederacy.
  • 1923: Much harsher economic sanctions are imposed against the FSA, with them refusing to let up on slavery even a little bit. In response, they leave the League of Nations. Their agricultural economy does begin to greatly suffer, though.
  • 1923: Hiram Johnson is elected as the thirty-sixth President of the Confederacy.
  • 1923: John S. Williams is reelected to his fifth term as President of the Federated States, officially achieving the longest presidential tenure in US, CS, or FS history. The increased economic sanctions on the FS only made him more popular, with him being painted as a stalwart defender of the white man's natural rights.
  • 1924: Charles E. Hughes is reelected to his third term as President of the United States.
  • 1925: Frank O. Lowden is elected to his second term as President of the Confederacy.
    • September 12th, 1925: The USA and CSA jointly declare war on the FSA in opposition to slavery.
  • September, 1925-August, 1926: The northern armies capture large parts of Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and Kentucky. The FSA suffers several defeats on land and at sea. FSA morale plummets.
  • September 17th, 1926: The United States occupies Atlanta, Georgia, which had been the Federated States' capital.
    • December 29th, 1926: The Slave War (as it is popularly called) ends with the Treaty of Richmond. In the treaty, the FSA agrees to end slavery and grant independence to Cuba. They also are forced to cede Puerto Rico to the United States. (The Confederacy had no interest in the Caribbean, because they held no land with direct access to the Atlantic Ocean.)
  • 1927: Hiram Johnson is elected to his second term as President of the Confederate States.
  • 1927: John S. Williams is reelected to his sixth term as President of the Federated States. Despite the horrible loss in the Slave War, Williams remained a huge figure in the south. Many southerners saw the war as unfair, with the sanctions destroying any chance of victory before the war even started. Williams was also helped by the fact that he had yet to actually outlaw slavery in the nation, saying that it was unconstitutional. Despite all of this, this was the closest election in decades in the south, with the now decade-old Southern Party running on a platform of modernization, seeing how ill-equipped the country had been for war.
  • 1928: The 4th Amendment to the Federated States Constitution is ratified, outlawing slavery in the nation. This action was basically forced when the US blockaded several ports along the FSA's coast, threatening to declare another war unless the FSA honored the treaty they had made. Despite this, southerners remained strong in their will.
  • 1928: Charles E. Hughes is reelected to his fourth term as President of the United States.
  • 1929: Frank O. Lowden is elected to his third term as President of the Confederacy.
    • October 29th, 1929: Stock markets around the world begin crashing and declining, setting off the Great Depression.

1930's

  • 1931: Newton D. Baker is elected as the thirty-seventh President of the Confederacy.
  • 1931: James A. Reed is elected as the fifth President of the Federated States, with the support of John S. Williams. Despite slavery now being illegal, the National Party ran on a platform of continuing white dominance and "re-securing the God-given natural rights of the white man."
  • 1932: Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected as the twenty-first President of the United States.
  • January 23rd, 1933: The 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, moving the start and end dates of the terms of elected federal officials.
  • 1933: Melvin A. Traylor is elected as the thirty-eighth President of the Confederate States.
  • 1933: United States President FDR brings his New Deal into effect.
  • December 5th, 1933: The 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, ending prohibition. The same amendment is ratified by the CSA and FSA in 1934 as their 11th and 5th amendments.
  • February 14th, 1934: Confederate President Melvin A. Traylor dies. His Vice President, James M. Cox, becomes the thirty-ninth President of the Confederacy.
    • 1934: The Federated States of America drafts and ratifies a new constitution. This constitution makes slavery legal once again (though most farmers don't go through the trouble to re-enslave people. Slavery was really just made legal as a statement to other nations). Perhaps more importantly, it eliminates democracy in the FSA and replaces it with a fascist regime, led by President James A. Reed. John S. Williams, despite being dead, is proclaimed the Eternal President of the FSA. The new government is supported by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. Part of the reason that it is a fascist regime is that the FSA knew that the US and CS wouldn't like the legalization of slavery, and they need allies. They knew Germany and Italy would support them if they went that route. Despite the revocation of democracy, the new government is met with great enthusiasm in the country, mostly based on the legalization of slavery and the racist themes of the leadership.
  • 1935: Newton D. Baker is elected to his second term as President of the Confederate States.
  • 1936: Franklin D. Roosevelt is reelected to his second term as President of the United States.
  • 1937: Henry A. Wallace is elected as the fortieth President of the Confederacy.
  • 1939: Cordell Hull is elected as the forty-first President of the Confederacy.
    • September 1st, 1939: Nazi Germany invades Poland, beginning World War 2.

1940's

  • 1940: Franklin D. Roosevelt is reelected to his third term as President of the United States.
  • 1941: Henry A. Wallace is elected to his second term as President of the Confederacy,
    • December 7th, 1941: The Empire of Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.
    • December 9th, 1941: The Confederate States and United States of America jointly declare war on the Empire of Japan, entering World War 2.
    • December 12th, 1941: The United States and Confederacy declare war on Germany, Italy, and the FSA after all three nations declared war on them.
  • 1942: World War 2 rages on. The Confederate States begins deployment of forces in the Pacific, while the United States focuses on the FSA. In June, the CSA won the Battle of Midway. The FSA puts up a much better fight than they did in 1925, having modernized a lot in the years since their new government. They even manage to make advances into the CSA, taking Missouri and even finding supporters there. This leads the Confederacy to divert more forces back to their nation and away from the Pacific. The Soviet Union begins halting invading Nazi forces, and the allies gain momentum in northern Africa.
  • 1943: WWII continues. The Federated States forces are pushed out of the CSA. US and CS forces move into Virginia, Arkansas, and Kentucky. The Allies invade Italy, and Russia gains the upper hand against Germany. The Confederacy makes gains in the Pacific. Italy eventually surrenders.
  • May, 1943: Congress votes to allow President Henry Wallace to run for a second straight term under the Fifth Amendment, the first time the Amendment is used.
  • 1943: Henry A. Wallace is reelected to his third term as President of the Confederacy.
  • 1944: World War II begins entering its final stages. D-Day occurs. Federated States forces are pushed into the Deep South. The Soviet Union continues beating back Nazi forces.
  • 1944: Franklin D. Roosevelt is reelected to his fourth term as President of the United States.
  • 1945: World War II begins to come to an end. The Allies invade Germany. Final offensives against the FSA begin.
  • March 3rd, 1945: The Federated States of America surrender, with Atlanta falling to US and CS forces.
  • April 12th, 1945: United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies. His Vice President, Theodore F. Green, becomes the twenty-second President of the United States.
  • May 7th, 1945: Nazi Germany surrenders.
    • September 2nd, 1945: Japan officially surrenders after being nuked twice, ending World War II.
  • 1945: Cordell Hull is elected to his second term as President of the Confederate States.
    • 1945: The aftermath of World War II happens, which is exactly the same as in our timeline, except for the Federated States.
    • 1945: The Federated States government is reformed, with a new constitution being drafted, incorporating the old constitution but removing the slavery parts and giving all blacks and women the right to vote (the last part was an attempt to weaken the National Party's hold on southern politics). In addition, Kentucky is returned to the Confederate States, and West Virginia and Maryland gain large parts of Virginia, with the state of Virginia itself being abolished. In addition, Texas is split in two, with the western half joining the Confederacy, and the FSA's two Mexican states are returned to Mexico. Other large economic penalties are also placed upon the nation.
  • 1945: John Nance Garner is elected as the sixth President of the Federated States, in the first democratic election in the country in eleven years. He is the first president in the nation's history to not be part of the Southern Democratic/Nationalist Party. He is thus the first FSA President that is part of the Southern Party.
  • 1947: Henry A. Wallace is elected to his fourth and final term as President of the Confederate States.
  • 1948: Around this time, the Cold War begins between the communist forces of the Soviet Union and the capitalism of the US, CS, and FS.
  • May 18th, 1948: The 12th Amendment to the Confederate Constitution is ratified, moving the start and end of the presidential term to September 10th.
  • 1948: Joseph W. Martin Jr. is elected as the twenty-third President of the United States.
  • 1949: Thomas Dewey is elected as the forty-second President of the Confederacy.
  • 1949: John Nance Garner is reelected to a second term as President of the Federated States.

1950's

  • June 25th, 1950: The Korean War starts, in which the Confederacy quickly gets involved.
  • 1951: Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected as the forty-third President of the Confederacy.
  • 1952: Joseph W. Martin Jr. is reelected to his second term as President of the United States.
  • July 19th, 1953: The Korean War ends, with the same result as in our timeline.
  • 1953: Thomas Dewey is elected to his second term as President of the Confederate States.
  • 1953: Richard Russell Jr. is elected as the seventh President of the Federated States. He is part of the National Party, the same one that ruled the nation under fascism. It, of course, greatly alarms the authorities of the US and CS that the people of the FSA reverted to their old loyalties so quickly. A large contribution to the party's return to dominance is the efforts of organizations like the Ku Klux Klan to prevent black people from voting, despite their technical right to.
  • 1955: Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected to his second term as President of the Confederate States.
  • 1956: Joseph W. Martin Jr. is reelected to his third term as President of the United States.
  • 1957: Thomas Dewey is elected to his third term as President of the Confederate States.
  • 1957: Richard Russell Jr. is reelected to his second term as President of the Federated States.
    • 1958: Martin Luther King Jr. is killed by a mob of white civil-rights protestors. Only one of the protestors were convicted, and he only served six months in prison. This can be taken as an example of how seriously dangerous the FSA was to a black civil rights protestor in these times.
  • January 3rd, 1959: Alaska is admitted to the Confederacy as its 28th state.
  • August 21st, 1959: Hawaii is admitted to the Confederacy as its 29th state.
  • 1959: Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected to his third term as President of the Confederacy.

1960's

  • 1960: John F. Kennedy is elected as the twenty-fourth President of the United States.
  • 1961: Thomas Dewey is reelected to his fourth and final term as President of the Confederacy.
  • 1961: Richard Russell Jr. is reelected to his third term as President of the Federated States.
  • 1963: Richard Nixon is elected as the forty-fourth President of the Confederate States.
  • January 25th, 1964: The 20th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, prohibiting Congress or the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax.
  • 1964: John F. Kennedy is reelected to his second term as President of the United States.
  • 1965: Barry Goldwater is elected as the forty-fifth President of the Confederate States.
  • 1965: Lyndon B. Johnson is elected as the eighth President of the Federated States. Johnson was part of the Southern Party, and this election was widely seen as rigged and corrupt. White southerners claimed that there was no way that someone like Johnson, who had very socially just views for a southern politician, could be elected by them. They claimed that the United States government, as ordered by John F. Kennedy, had secretly stepped in and manipulated the votes. It is unknown if this actually occurred, or how it would've, but it is known that JFK and the US Government were afraid to see another racist, fascist regime sprout up in the south. Some southerners, especially African-Americans, claimed that the result was just due to the increased amount of blacks willing to risk their well-being to vote that year. In any case, Johnson was extremely unpopular among whites in the south, even leading to some violent uprisings. Despite all of this, Johnson actually managed to accomplish quite a lot in the ways of civil rights during his term.
  • February 23rd, 1967: The 21st Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, establishing succession to the Presidency, among other things.
  • 1967: Richard Nixon is elected to his second term as President of the Confederacy.
  • 1968: The 13th Amendment to the Confederate Constitution, aka the Romney Amendment, is ratified, allowing CS citizens that weren't born on CS soil to still be eligible for the presidency. (The Confederate Constitution didn't allow anyone born outside of the "territories of one of several States belonging to the Confederacy" to be president.) This amendment says that if a person had at least one parent born on CS soil, had been a full Confederate citizen for at least 30 years (which wouldn't really be an issue as in most cases people born to a CSA citizen were CSA citizens from birth themselves), had been a permanent resident of the CSA for at least ten years, and was able to attain a special waiver from a federal judge, then they could be president. The amendment was called the Romney Amendment after the man who proposed it and headed its efforts for ratification, George Romney, who wouldn't have been eligible to run for president under the CS Constitution.
  • 1968: John F. Kennedy is reelected to his third term as President of the United States.
  • 1969: George Romney is elected as the forty-sixth President of the Confederacy.
  • 1969: George Wallace is elected as the ninth President of the Federated States. He ran as the National Party's candidate on a platform of restoring national pride and the white man's "natural rights." Anti-black forces such as the KKK were out in force during this election, managing to bring the black vote down to around 3% of the total votes cast. Upon Wallace's election, many white southerners demanded war with the United States over the possible election fraud of 1965 and to regain territory and pride lost after World War II (specifically Virginia, whose territory had been split between West Virginia and Maryland).

1970's

  • April 23rd, 1970: The Federated States of America declares war on the United States of America. Stated goals are to "liberate" Virginia and to make the US apologize for tampering with the elections (even if they actually didn't) and make them not do it again. This war brought international concern because both nations possessed nuclear weapons, but neither nation planned to use them due to their closeness in distance and culture.
  • May, 1970- August, 1971: The Federate-American War is fought. Naturally, most of the land fighting occurs in Virginia, or where Virginia was before World War II. Confederate President George Romney, facing the war effort in Vietnam and an increasing anti-war effort already, decides to not enter this war. This greatly damages US-CS relations. Going into the war, the United States expected the FSA to not be able to put up a fight due to the dismantling of their army that had occurred after WWII. What they didn't know was that FS Presidents Russell and Wallace had been secretly investing a lot of money in their armed forces, and so the FSA very much caught the US off guard with their initially strong offensives. They quickly took much of what had been Virginia, and they found plenty of additional support among the populace there. By the time 1971 rolled around, though, the United States found that they still had the superior resources and halted the Federate advance. It was then basically a stalemate for a long time.
  • 1971: Richard Nixon is elected to his third term as President of the Confederacy.
  • 1972: The Federate-American War continues. There isn't much to be said other than there was a lot of death and not a lot of progress for either side. The south did manage to break into Pennsylvania a few times. The anti-war sentiment that had been growing in the CSA now heavily began spreading into the USA, with many anti-war protests sprouting up. The FSA, however, was fully willing to fight, with white citizens seeing it as not only a matter of national pride, but of personal pride.
  • 1972: Watergate happens, but under a different name.
  • 1972: John F. Kennedy is reelected to his fourth term as President of the United States. Shortly after, he pledged to only run for a fifth term if his country demanded it (basically if the Federate-American War was still happening by 1976).
  • 1973: The Federate-American War begins to wind down. With most of the war being fought on US soil, the US had sustained by far the most casualties. In late August, the FSA won several battles in Pennsylvania and New Jersey. This prompted US President Kennedy to heavily favor ending the war to avoid more casualties.
  • 1973: Hubert Humphrey is elected as the forty-seventh President of the Confederate States.
  • 1973: George Wallace is reelected to his second term as President of the Federated States.
    • December 11th, 1973: The Federate-American War ends. The FSA was on the winning side. In the terms of the treaty, the FSA gained the reformed state of Virginia, restored to its original borders, plus a bit more (except the part that belonged to the Confederacy). The FSA also gained back Puerto Rico, a public statement that the US would never interfere in FS politics again, and a whole lot of restored pride. Despite the loss in the war, US President Kennedy remains a very popular man in the US, and now begins rebuilding the damaged parts of the nation.
      ModernFS

      The outcome of the American-Federate War

  • 1975: Jerry Brown is elected as the forty-eighth President of the Confederate States.
  • 1976: Robert F. Kennedy is elected as the twenty-fifth President of the United States. John and Robert Kennedy become the first pair of siblings to hold the office.
  • 1977: Mo Udall is elected as the forty-ninth President of the Confederate States.
  • 1977: George Wallace is reelected to his third term as President of the Federated States. Midway through this term, Wallace began to soften and even reverse his stance on segregation in the south. While he didn't do anything to stop segregation, he stopped doing things to keep it going. He also privately decided not to run for a fourth term.
  • 1979: Ronald Reagan is elected as the fiftieth President of the Confederate States.

1980's

  • 1980: Robert F. Kennedy is reelected to his second term as President of the United States.
  • 1981: US President Robert F. Kennedy is assassinated by John Hinckley Jr. His Vice President, Tip O'Neill, becomes the twenty-sixth President of the United States. Why did Hinckley succeed in killing Kennedy when he wasn't able to kill Reagan? The Kennedy Curse, of course. (And the fact where the attempt happened in a different location and so he got a better shot, and the fact that John F. Kennedy hadn't been killed, so the protection of the president wasn't as strict.)
  • 1981: Bob Dole is elected as the fifty-first President of the Confederate States.
  • 1981: Jimmy Carter is elected as the tenth President of the Federated States. He was part of the National Party, but was the first presidential candidate from that party to not have racial segregation as a part of his platform. In fact, during his term, he discreetly passed several desegregation laws.
  • 1983: 66 year old John F. Kennedy suffers a fatal heart attack, killing any rumors that he might run for a fifth term as president following his brother's death.
  • 1983: Ronald Reagan is elected to his second term as President of the Confederacy.
  • 1984: Tip O'Neill is reelected to his second term as President of the United States.
  • 1985: Bob Dole is elected to his second term as President of the Confederate States.
  • 1985: Jimmy Carter is reelected to his second term as President of the Federated States.
  • 1987: Ronald Reagan is elected to his third term as President of the Confederate States.
  • 1988: Ted Kennedy is elected as the twenty-seventh President of the United States.
  • 1989: Jerry Brown is elected to his second term as President of the Confederate States, 14 years after his first term.
  • 1989: Pat Buchanan is elected as the eleventh President of the Federated States. This came after Jimmy Carter decided not to run for a third term.

1990's

  • December 26th, 1990: The Soviet Union dissolves, ending the Cold War.
  • 1991: Ronald Reagan is elected to his fourth and final term as President of the Confederate States.
  • May 7th, 1992: The 22nd Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified, prohibiting changes to a congressman's salary taking effect until after an election of Representatives.
  • 1992: Ted Kennedy is reelected to a second term as President of the United States.
  • 1993: George H. W. Bush is elected as the fifty-second President of the Confederate States. He was purposely not chosen as Reagan's running mate and vice president in 1991 (he had served in that position in all of Reagan's terms besides his last one) in order to allow him to run in this election. Bush was elected based on the Romney Amendment, since he was not born on Confederate soil.
  • 1993: Bill Clinton is elected as the twelfth President of the Federated States, the first Southern Party president in nearly 25 years.
  • December 8th, 1993: The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is agreed to by Mexico, the Confederate States, the Federated States, the United States, and Canada.
  • 1995: Jerry Brown is elected to his third term as President of the Confederacy.
  • 1996: Ted Kennedy is reelected to his third term as President of the United States.
  • 1997: Bob Kerrey is elected as the fifty-third President of the Confederate States.
  • 1997: Bill Clinton is reelected to his second term as President of the Federated States.
  • 1998: Federate President Bill Clinton signs the Civil Rights Act of 1998, officially ending most remaining legal segregation in the nation.
  • 1999: Dick Gephardt is elected as the fifty-fourth President of the Confederate States.

2000's

  • 2000: Bob Smith is elected as the twenty-eighth President of the United States.
  • 2001: George W. Bush is elected as the fifty-fifth President of the Confederate States. Bush and his father become the second father-son pair of Confederate presidents.
  • 2001: Bill Clinton is reelected to his third term as President of the Federated States.
    • September 11th, 2001: Sears Tower and the Aon Center building in Chicago are hit with hijacked planes, eventually collapsing. Half an hour later, the Confederate Capitol Building was hit. Overall, over 3,000 people died in the attacks. 30 people died when the capitol was hit, including 11 senators. One of George W. Bush's very first acts as president was addressing the nation after the attacks. An additional plane, on its way to hit the Presidential Mansion, crashed in a field due to the heroics of its passengers. In response, Bush also starts his War on Terror.
  • 2003: John McCain is elected as the fifty-sixth President of the Confederate States.
  • 2004: Howard Dean is elected as the twenty-ninth President of the United States.
  • 2005: George W. Bush is elected to his second term as President of the Confederacy.
  • 2005: Mike Huckabee is elected as the thirteenth President of the Federated States.
  • 2007: Barack Obama is elected as the fifty-seventh President of the Confederate States, the first African American to hold that position.
  • 2008: Howard Dean is reelected to his second term as President of the United States.
  • 2009: Hillary Clinton is elected as the fifty-eighth President of the Confederate States, the first female to hold that position. This was slightly controversial, as she is married to former FSA President Bill Clinton. She herself was eligible for the position, though.
  • 2009: Mike Huckabee is reelected to his second term as President of the Federated States.

2010's

  • 2011: Barack Obama is elected to his second term as President of the Confederacy.
  • 2012: Howard Dean is reelected to his third term as President of the United States. He has pledged not to seek a fourth term.
  • 2013: Hillary Clinton is elected to her second term as President of the Confederacy.
  • 2013: John Edwards is elected as the fourteenth President of the Federated States.
  • 2015: Barack Obama is elected to his third term as President of the Confederate States.
  • July 31st, 2016: A timeline called Washington's Flu is posted on the Althistory Wiki, detailing what would have happened if George Washington hadn't died in 1790 and had instead served a full four terms as president, eventually uniting the world in total American domination.

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