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XVIII century


  • Louis XVI and his family were killed in Varennes. Louis, Count of Provence (supported by emigrant Royalists), declares himself king of France in exile
  • 5 July: Prussia and Austria called for rest of Europe to crusade into France in order to restore of monarchy there, that frightened revolutionaries and persuaded them to idea of establishment of a constitutional monarchy in France (Mantuan declaration)
  • August 2: Philip d'Orleans was crowned as King of France, Philip VII. He was supported by supporters of a constitutional monarchy (Lafayette), moderate revolutionaries (Girondins) and Jacobins (Philip was a member of the Jacobin Club). National Assembly approved constitution of France, to promote democratic freedom and equality of classes. But king could appoint prime minister. Participants of "riot in Varennes" executed
  • Prime minister become Lafayette, But Jacobins retain great influence on the king and in National Assembly and convince him not to declare war while the European countries, seeking their recognition (Jacobins were opponents of "revolutionary war" and "export of revolution" in OTL)


  • In spring Prussian army (without hesitating Austrians, but with royalist emigrants headed by Karl Artua) appears on the Rhine. During battle at Strasbourg (1 May), French army (led by the Dauphin Louis-Philippe and General Dumouriez) did not give Prussians cross the Rhine, Karl Artua was killed in fight
  • Convinced by Jacobins and Lafayette, Philip VII begins though young talented diplomat Talleyrand negotiations with Prussia. In exchange for give to Prussia Rhineland and dropping support for German and Dutch revolutionaries (Holland- Prussian ally), Prussia, and Braunschweig, Netherlands and other Prussian satellites recognize Philip as King of France, and undertake to refrain from supporting of royalists
  • Talleyrand sent on a diplomatic mission to Britain and gained recognition Philip as king of France


  • Royalist (or regional separatist) rebellion in Vendée and its suppression
  • Austria, possession of which in Netherlands (Belgium), cut off from Austria itself, so that it can not help them, fearing for them to recognize Philip as King of France, but allows royalists to remain in their land
  • Philip amnesty for all immigrants, many of them returned. In National Assembly appears a small representation of the royalist

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