Alternate History

Timeline (Union Resolved)

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  • John Bell of the Constitutional Union Party would be sworn in as the 16th President of the United States, Edward Everett of Massachusetts would also be sworn in as the 15th Vice President. Bell would call for "A Time of Healing" in his inaugural address.
  • Bell would begin to form his cabinet as former contenders to the Constitutional Union Party nomination William Graham and Samuel Houston would be given cabinet seats. Graham as Navy Secretary, Houston as War Secretary and Senator Anthony Kennedy of Maryland for the Interior position would all be the first choices for Bell's cabinet.
  • South Carolina would officially retract its secession laws in place and Governor Francis W. Pickens would begrudgingly agree to this after meeting with President Bell.
  • Bell would soon face the slavery issue after getting into office as a debate over compromises would be occurring. Bell himself hadn't taken up a strong stance on slavery but had said he would make compromises to preserver the constitution and also to appease the whole entire nation.
  • The Jefferson Territory would be reorganized by President Bell signing into the Jefferson Territory Act of 1861 as law. Provisional Governor Robert Steele would call for all citizens to abide by US law. The Jefferson Territory(basically OTL Colorado Territory) would be cemented as a mineral rich area of the Rocky Mountains and soon many would talk about statehood.
  • The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 would be modified in the Slave Law of 1861 and would be more of a compromise to southerners and northerners. Some southerners would be angry at this but the Slave Law would pass through Congress and signed into law by President Bell.


  • Debate in Congress begins as President Bell brings up an constitutional amendment that would be a slow abolition of slavery over a appointed period of time. Some Southerners would be angry as some said that it could work but needed to be more defined. The debate would last for about a year in Congress.
  • The House Elections of 1862 would bring in numerous Constitutional Union candidates in the south and a handful in the midwest and a few in more northern states. Democrats would also gain seats as Republicans would loose seats and enough to let a Constitutional Union/Democratic coalition take over the House and put in a new Speaker of the House.


  • The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution is officially ratified, making a slow and gradual abolition of slavery over about two decades. With this, President Bell would have much support from the American people , though some southerners were angry at Bell, it now seemed that the slavery issue was finally being resolved.
  • President Bell would issue that Thanksgiving would be made an official holiday every November of every year


  • After long talks, both President Bell and Vice President Everett decide to run in the upcoming 1864 Presidential Election.
  • Kansas is officially admitted as the 34th State of the United States.
  • The Republican Party begins its decline after its major plank, the abolition of slavery, is nothing now that the 13th Amendment is in place. The Republicans nominate former 1860 VP candidate Hannibal Hamlin and Representative Schuyler Colfax as their VP candidate.
  • The Democrats would hold together and wouldn't mirror the 1860 Nomination as few candidates would run for the Democratic nomination and the drafting movement for former Treasury Secretary James Guthrie won out against other smaller candidates. Guthrie became one of the oldest nominated candidates at 72 years of age.
  • The Election was a mediocre one as the Republicans would try to take back support in midwestern states but would fail ultimately. The Democrats weren't a jovial bunch as much of the south went to vote for in a surprise, John Bell for President again and John Bell would win reelection as voter turnout was lower than other election years.
  • In House Elections, the Constitutional Union/Unionists would take even more seats and would gain the speaker of the house for the time being after the two year rule of Democrats in the House. Robert Mallory would be chosen as the new Speaker of the House.


  • John Bell is sworn in for his second term of office, at 68 years of age he would be one of the oldest Presidents to serve for a second term. In his second inaugural address, Bell would state the growth of the nation and state the hopeful future for America.
  • Shortly into Bell's second term of office, Vice President Edward Everett would die suddenly after a visit to Boston, Massachusetts. President Bell would say that "a gracious and knowledgeable man has left the earthly realms today and will be missed". Bell and several cabinet members, along with members of Congress would attend the funeral of Edward Everett.


  • After campaigning for several key Constitutional Union candidates in the 1866 House Elections, President Bell would be assassinated by a disgruntled southerner. This would be another tragic shock to the nation after the loss of the Vice President in 1865 and now the President one year later. Bell's funeral would be attended by numerous Americans and prominent politicians as they honored the man that "Kept the Union alive".
  • Speaker of the House Robert Mallory of the Constitutional Union Party would be sworn in as the 17th President of the United States of America. The Kentuckian would call for a calm in the troubled time.
  • After mediocre results in the 1864 Presidential Election and in the Congressional Elections of 1866, the Republican Party would revamp themselves in an attempt to move away from the one issue anti-slave party image, the name would be changed to the National Party and new party planks were introduced.
  • War Secretary Samuel Houston would die of a heart attack at the age of 73. After ridding himself of the persistent coughs in 1863(which could have become pneumonia in TTL but didn't), Houston would be another major leader to the Constitutional Union Party major champions to have death befall them.


  • The Jefferson Territory would be admitted as the 35th States of the United States of America.
  • Russian Alaska would be purchased for a large lump sum of money. What would be called "Fisher's Folly" after the pushing of support from State Secretary George P. Fisher.


  • In a close race, Mississippi Governor Jefferson Davis would win over the incumbent President Robert Mallory and National Party candidate Reuben Fenton. The election would have the first time the National Party appeared in an Presidential Election and would have Davis and Mallory fight over smaller issues than that of the 1860 Election.


  • Jefferson Finis Davis would be sworn in as the 18th President of the United States. After the year year gap for the Democrats, they would again have the White House. Governor Benjamin Butler would be sworn in as the 16th Vice President of the United States. In Davis' inaugural address, Davis called for to "Let us have Moderation" between the parties.
  • The Transcontinental Railroad is finally finished.



  • The US Congress would create the Department of Justice.
  • The popular support for President Davis would spill over to House elections as Democrats make large gains on the Constitutional Union's expense. The National Party would under perform as they were truly confined to the upper midwest and parts of New England.
  • Christmas is declared a Federal Holiday in the United States.


  • Nebraska is admitted as the 36th State of the United States.


  • By a fair margin, President Jefferson Davis wins over Constitutional Union candidate Representative William B. Stokes and National candidate Governor Henry P. Baldwin. The election centralized on things like tariffs and trade for its major issues.


  • Jefferson Davis would be sworn in for his second term of office, so would Vice President Butler be as well. Davis would say that the "Hopes of Economic Prosperity" are unlimited in his inaugural address.
  • The Vienna Stock Market crashes, this foreshadows a greater crash that would rock Western Europe.
  • The Stock Market in New York begins to fluctuate. After several market crashes in Europe, President Davis would work with the Treasury Secretary and would stop any failure with ease. What became the "Long Fall" would not be forecasted to the United States for the time being.


  • Hawaii signs an exclusive trade agreement with the United States.
  • In Congress, sponsors would bring up the idea of annexing the Dominican Republic to the United States. This idea was brought up mainly by Nationals in Congress as a way to give freedmen a place to live free from white harassment. This idea also brought up that the 13th Amendment would finally be fulfilled in 1877 when the slow abolition programs should be officially over. The debate would be dispute after dispute but ended as the more pro-US Buenaventura Báez was toppled in the Dominican Republic.
  • The House Elections of 1874 would be one that would show the support for the Democratic Administration as Democrats made small gains but were still symbolic to the support of the American people for the Administration.


  • The US Government signs several treaties with several western Indian tribes. For the time being this would cement peace for the time being.








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