The arrival of the Seljuk Turks led to the rise of the Ottoman Empire and important advances over the declining Empire.
1427: The Kingdom of Portugal begins its African Expansion.
1448: PoD: The sudden assassination of Murad II and his son Mehmet II (by rival factions on the Turkish tribes) prior to the Second Battle of Kosovo, causes a great defeat the the Ottoman State.
1453: The Ottoman Advance finished the Eastern Roman Empire, but the city remains undefiled and so does the Ancient Tradition in it ...
- European-Asian Trading Continues.
1465: The Eastern Empire is gone. What's left is Constantinople and a few surrounding territories. Emperor Constantine XI Palaiologos dumped his Imperial dignities and created the "Byzantine Kingdom" instead using, however, much of the previous System's elements.
1470: The Ottoman State launches another attack on the City of Constantinople. However, the siege is curtailed by the joint forces of the Byzantine army/navy, the Wallachian forces and the Italian fleet (fighting more to protect the trading pass than the Byzantines themselves).
- Internal crisis rises in the Ottoman State, situation exploited by the Byzantines, who re-inforce their defenses and expand their territories.
1473: Civil War rises within the Empire, which is divided into several Caliphates claiming the legit right to bear the Imperial Dignities.
- The Ottoman Caliphates enters a re-organization phase, The Northern Anatolia is taken by the Byzantines seizing the opportunity amid the the chaos in the former Empire
1492: The Catholic Kingdom of Spain finishes the expulsion of the last Arabic Kingdom out of the Iberian Peninsula.
1496: June: Christopher Columbus finally gets an small fleet from the Spaniard Kingdom to travel West after being rejected over the last five years (European-Asian Trading Continuation negated the need of such expedition).
- August: Columbus arrives to the Island of "La Española" (Current Haiti) However, a disagreement between him and several of his officers sparks a mutiny. Columbus is killed and one of his ships heavily damaged.
- September: Part of the original crew decides to return to Spain (half of them will be wiped out by a powerful storm on their way back) the rest travel further West to find more advanced kingdoms and richness.
- November 1st: The Remaining Crew reaches an "Indian" tribe vassal of the Aztec Empire.
- December 26th: The last men (less than 35) enters "Tenochtitlán" where they're initially mistaken as gods and then taken prisoners after a failed attempt to capture the Emperor Moctezuma Xocoyotzin. They are forced to teach the Aztecs about their language, culture, weapons and horses.
1497: March: A second Spaniard expedition is sent to colonize La Española Island.
1502: An expedition is sent to find the renegades that escaped to the West, after crossing the Gulf of Yucatán, they are informed of the renegade's faith by the local tribes.
1505: Nicolás de Ovando leads a team to conquest the City of Tenochtitlán. However, they're defeated by the Aztecs who already know how to manufacture and use primitives fire weapons as well as counting with cavalry of their own. The Spaniard presence inflicts damage, however, through the dissemination of several diseases brought by their soldiers, causing an epidemic on the Aztec Kingdom, but the Aztec Empire standd still.
1508: Beginning of the Aztec-Spaniard War.
1510: The Byzantine's allies themselves with the French and Venetian during the Holy War of the League of Cambrai. Resulting in a heavy victory for the kingdom and the occupation of several islands on the Aegean.
- The Kingdom: Begins to expand his commercial fleets beyond the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, creating a port city near El-Cairo, named ανταλλαγή or "Antallagi" (OTL: Port Fuad) to trade faster Indian Products through the Gulf Of Suez.
1514: The Emperor Andronikos VII the last of the Palaiologos Dynasty dies of old age. Since no proper heir is ready to assume the charge, its main military adviser Melanthios Bryennios is accepted as the new Basileus (after gaining the support of most nobles and the people of Constantinople) under the name of Nikephoros IV Bryennios.
1515: The Byzantines capture the city of Suez from the former Ottoman Empire.
1520: The Byzantines capture the city-port of Limáni (OTL: Assab) in the Red Sea, and later the Island of Stathmós (OTL:Socotra) in the Arabian Sea.
- The Second Aztec-Spaniard War begins.
1521: The Caliph Suleiman I The Magnificent, ends the Civil War and reunites the Caliphates once again under the Imperial Flag. However, much of its external territories have been lost to neighboring kingdoms.
1525: The Dutch begin trading with the Aztec Empire.
1526: Suleiman The Magnificent is assassinated by several conspirators (believed to be funded by the Byzantines).
1556: The Holy Roman Emperor Charles V retires. The Spanish realm is economically ruined.
1575: A German colonist expedition sent by Maximilian II of the Holy Roman Empire, settles in the south end of the Silberach (OTL: Rio de la Plata) and establishes the City of Großaue (OTL: Buenos Aires).
1583: The Emperor created the Imperiale Kolonie of Silberach on the Southern Hemisphere. A series of colonization waves started to arrive from The Holy Roman Empire, sent under the promises of new lands and rights upon them.
1586: The Third Aztec-Spaniard War finishes again in Spanish defeat.
1601: The Byzantine West Trading Company is founded by aristocrats and Venetian bourgeois, in order to monopolize the commerce in the West Indies.
1602: The BWTC manages to create several outposts in the Indian territories and in the Sultanate of Aceh territories, creating common embassies with those territories.
- The Byzantine Kingdom engages in several armed conflicts with the Dutch and the Portuguese for the Asian trading routes and markets.
1604: The Aztec Empire finishes its semi-Isolationist politics and begins to pursuit a more merchantilistic approach after the young Prince Tlatelolco II visited Europe.
1623: The Aztec Empire creates its first merchant fleet based on the Dutch High Sea ships and trained by foreign sailors.
- The Aztec Empire reachs the Tawantinsuyu and begins diplomatic and commercial relationships with it.
1624: The Byzantine Basileus creates its own State Army using the richness brought by the commercial activities, equipped by himself and trained with the Swiss and Germans, this army is becoming increasingly independent of the Noble's Forces.
1638: The Tawantinsuyu expands its territories into the North and East, eventually clashing with the Dutch/Spanish and the Kingdom of Portugal respectively.
1653: The Byzantines intervened in the First Anglo-Dutch War, for the Dutch causing an early defeat for the Kingdom of England.
1671: The Ottoman Empire signs a treaty with the Byzantine Kingdom temporarily finishing its expansionist advances against them.
1702: The decline in the spice trading makes the textiles the new greater importation.
1704: The Byzantine Kingdom enters the War of the Spanish Succession on the Holy Roman Empire side.
- Gibraltar is taken by Byzantine troops in preparations for the oncoming Anglo-Dutch offensive against the Spaniards. Fortifications are made and economic appropriation of the routes is made.
1713: With the signing of the Treaty of Utrecht, The Spanish Succession war is over and Gibraltar is successfully maintained by the Byzantine Kingdom.
1721: Peter I The Great decrees himself as Autocrat Emperor, creating the Russian Empire over the pre-existing Tsardom of Russia and moving the capital to its newly built city: St Petersburg, while creating a new state where the Emperor will be in full control of everything.
1762: The Russian Catherine II The Great is crowned and relying on the nobility begins a military expansion policy that will turn the Empire into a major European Power.
1765: Byzantine Emperor Mikhaēl X Bryennios, noticing the economic rising from the United Kingdom, decide to follow their steps and endorse local industries and bourgeoisie while taking advantage of the declining local nobility in order to create a powerful modern State (retrieving several powers from them).
1775: The Thirteen Colonies of North America reach the independence from the Britain Empire with help from the French Kingdom and The Aztec Empire.
1798: The final elements of the archaic feudal system in the Byzantine Kingdom is dispatched through the Nikaia Decree, recognizing several rights to the non-nobility subdits.
1806: The Holy Roman Empire was formally dissolved on 6 August 1806 when the last Emperor Francis II abdicated, following a military defeat by the French under Napoleon at Austerlitz.
- The "Imperiale Kolonie of Silberach" automatically gains its independence so the transitional government began to act instead of the former Imperial viceroy, culminating in the creation of the "Silberach Vereinigten Länder" in December 1806, and then in the definitive "Silberach Republic" in May 1808.
1812: Napoleon Bonaparte's failed invasion into Russia. Even though Russia has become a political superpower, economically is far behind the European nations and it does nothing to remedy this.
1825: The sudden death of the King Androcles III Bryennios causes a power void (As well as the demise of the powerful Bryennios Dynasty), which the Galanos conservative noble family tries to take advantage by submitting its candidate: Anicetus Galanos, later known as the King Alexios VIII, who is determined to re-instate the nobility back to its golden ages. However, the local and already powerful bourgeoisie allies itself with the more progressive movements such as the Green Party, the Parliamentarists and several noble families (especially the Strategonikos) causing a political war that plunges the country into instability and war.
1828: After several armed conflicts, the Civil War is over and the Galanos have been defeated by the Bourgeoisie and the Parliamentarists, the new Royal family, The Strategonikos, has been selected and appointed by the Parliament, which also has made the kings from now on to recognize its existence and importance in the political decisions, also vowing to respect and defend a Constitution created by the Democratically elected Parliament.
1853: The Russian Empire manages to advance over Georgia and Armenia (Ottoman Territories). However, it stops after an international coalition attacks Crimea and the Byzantines work out a deal between the belligerents.
1865: Thanks to secret Aztec Intervention, The Confederated States of America gains its definitive independence from the United States.
1883: The plans for a reunification of the Confederated States of America with the United States is thwarted once more by the Aztec Empire allied to the Tawuatinsuyo due to the distrust these nations has for the Manifest Destiny Policy the U.S. has been presenting.
1896: The Industrial Revolution is propelled in Russia by the Emperor Nicholas II. Two groups begin to thrive the political stage: The Kadets (Liberal Constitutionalists) and the Social Democrats (Marxists).
1905: The Russian Empire aided by the Byzantine Kingdom, have a decisive victory over Japan sealing the "Russo-Japanese War" and manages to conquer "Port Arthur" as well as several key location over Manchuria (recognizing, however, Korea under the Japanese area of influence).
- After a series of protests by the several political groups, Russia re-introduces the Duma, and begins to improve the worker's lives while maintaining several key elements improving industrial progress and infrastructure.
- The Leftist Bolshevik movement is diminished and after a series of strikes and radicalized attacks, is eventually outlawed.
1911: October: Nicholas II is killed by a Bolshevik agent.
- December: Mikail Alexandrovich Feodorovna, cousin of the Tsar is accepted as the new Emperor Nicholas III, but only after he accepts to pledge to a new National Constitution and to the Duma as the main source of institutionality. This leads to the triumph of the Kadets and the demise of the Bolsheviks who are pursued and definitely outlawed.
1914: The Great World War
- The Byzantine Kingdom enters the WWI allied to the "Entente".
- The Russian Empire enters the WWI allied to the "Entente", but avoid major involvement, reducing costs while selling equipment and sending units along the Byzantine Front.
- The Ottoman Empire Enters the War on the "Central Powers" side.
- The Aztec Empire Enters WWI after remaining neutral the first years, allies itself to the "Central Powers" due to its political and commercial ties to Germany, Silberach and the CSA.