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Timeline (The Lion Kings)

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Timeline for The Lion Kings.

14th century

1380s

  • 1381: Revolt of 1381 begins.
    • Richard II of England dies.
  • 1382: John of Gaunt ends the Revolt of 1381 and becomes King John II of England.
    • Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March dies.
  • 1383: Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester is named Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
  • 1388: John II of England abandons his claim to Castile.
  • 1389: Olaf II of Denmark defeats Albert of Mecklenburg at the Battle of Åsle. Olaf becomes King of Sweden
  • 1389: Vasili I becomes Grand Prince of Moscow.

1390s

  • 1394: Thomas of Woodstock, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, defeats the army of Leinster, commanded by King Art mac Art MacMurrough-Kavanagh.
  • 1399: John II of England dies. His son, Henry Bolingbroke, becomes King Henry IV.

15th century

1400s

  • 1400: Owain Glyndwr is proclaimed Prince of Wales and begins attacking the border with England.
  • 1402: Henry 'Hotspur' Percy sneaks away his brother in law Edmund Mortimer to Wales, where he is proclaimed King of England, beginning the Mortimer phase of the Wars of the English Succession.
  • 1406: Robert III of Scotland dies and is succeeded by his son, the Duke of Rothesay, as King David III.

1410s

  • 1411: Battle of Southampton. Mortimer factions defeat the Lancastrians, resulting in the death of Edmund I and Henry IV. Edmund names as his heir his nephew Henry Percy, son of Hotspur, who becomes King Henry V, bypassing his older brother's daughter Anne Mortimer.
  • 1415: Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, rebels against Henry V in the name of his wife Anne Mortimer. Henry is defeated and Richard is crowned Richard III.
  • 1415: The Council of Constance. The Papal Schism ends. Despite John Wycliffe being named a heretic, his policies continue to be implemented in England due to the anti-clerical Regency Council holding power. Wycliffe flees to Denmark to avoid being turned over to the Pope.
  • 1415: Owain Glyndwr, Prince of Wales, dies and is succeeded by his son Gruffudd. 
  • 1418: Richard III of England invades France. He dies at the Battle of Agincourt, despite also winning the battle. His cousin Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, assumes the Regency and command of the English forces in France.

1420s

  • 1421: The Duke of Gloucester concludes the war in France, successfully obtaining Normandy for England.
  • 1426: Olaf, King of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden dies and is succeeded by his son Valdemar as king of all three nations. Valdemar begins promoting the idea of singular entity comprised of all three kingdoms.
  • 1428: Aztec Triple Alliance is formed.

1430s

  • 1433: Many in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden do not approve of Magnus, son of King Valdemar. Valdemar insists that the Danehof must name Magnus his successor, effectively beginning the decline of the Danehof and the increase in royal power. Valdemar also forces this decision onto the Riksdag of Sweden.
  • 1437: Gruffudd ab Owain Glyndwr, Prince of Wales, dies. After a brief crisis, Owain ab Maredudd ab Tudur becomes Prince of Wales.

1450s

  • 1453: Fall of Constantinople

1460s

  • 1460: Richard IV of England dies and is succeeded by his son Edward IV. Immediately after Richard's death, John Clifford begins a rebellion, claiming the throne of England as the heir to Henry V. Clifford slays the new king's brother, the Duke of York, before being killed himself by the king, ending the Percy claim and the line of Clifford.

1480s

  • 1485: Warwick's Rebellion: The Earl of Warwick conspires to kill the king and crown the imprisoned John, son of the claimant John III, himself the son of Henry IV. As Edward V is still a minor, the king's uncles Clarence and Gloucester defeated Warwick. John is imprisoned in the Tower of London before disappearing mysteriously. It is commonly held that Gloucester ordered his death.

1490s

  • 1491: Edward V of England marries Anne of Brittany.
  • 1495: Christopher Columbus lands in Antillia, discovering the Western Continents.
  • 1498: Charles VIII of France dies. Edward V of England invades France upon his death.

16th century

1500s

  • 1503: Duncan IV of Scotland marries Margaret Meredith, daughter of John, Prince of Wales, to seal the alliance between them.
  • 1504: Edward V of England falls in battle in France. He is succeeded as king by his son Richard V. The Duke of York takes command in France.
  • 1506: John Jagiellon, the first emperor of a united Scandinavia, dies. He is succeeded by his daughter Anna as the first empress of Scandinavia. The direct succession from father to daughter establishes primogeniture as the inheritance law of Scandinavia.
  • 1507: Martin Waldseemuller publishes his Cosmographiae Introductio which depicts the western continents as two new landmasses. The continents are named Arcadia (north) and Amazonia (south) at the recommendation of his friend, the explorer Amerigo Vespucci.
  • 1508: Richard V of England, now 15 years old, travels to Normandy to participate in the war with France and to get married to Anne of Lorraine. Richard becomes sick while crossing the Channel and dies in Normandy. The Duke of York becomes King Richard VI. Despite offering to marry Anne, Richard is abandoned by Anne's brother, the Duke of Lorraine. With his numbers now cut in half, Richard loses Paris to the French.

1510s

  • 1511: John, Prince of Wales and Duncan IV of Scotland invade England with the intention of placing John on the throne of England.
  • 1511: Richard VI of England loses Rouen to the French and retreats to Calais.
  • 1512: Edward, Duke of Clarence, is defeated by Welsh invaders at Tewkesbury.
  • 1512: Edward, Duke of Gloucester, is defeated by Scottish invaders at Stoke.
  • 1512: Richard VI is defeated by the Scots-Welsh alliance at Bosworth Field. John of Wales is declared King of England.
  • 1513: George of Aragon, brother of Richard VI, arrives in England to find his brother dead and John Meredith King of England. George abducts his niece Elizabeth and takes her to her domain of Brittany where she is declared Queen of England.
  • 1513: Henry, Prince of Wales, son of King John IV of England, is defeated at sea by his uncle George of Aragon.
  • 1514: John V invades Brittany and defeats George of Aragon. George dies and the Crown of Aragon passes to his son, George II. George II makes peace with England.
  • 1515: John, the new Prince of Wales, marries Elizabeth, Duchess of Brittany, his first cousin and daughter of King Edward V.
  • 1516: John V of England dies and is succeeded by his son John VI.
  • 1517: John VI of England and Francis I of France meet at the Field of the Cloth of Gold to establish an alliance against the Habsburgs and the Holy Roman Empire. They are later joined by George II of Aragon, who joins despite his personal distaste for both of the other monarchs.
  • 1517: Martin Luther writes The Ninety Five Theses.
  • 1517: The Ottomans are repulsed from Egypt by the Mamluks and their Gurkani allies.
  • 1519: The future King John VII of England is born.

1520s

  • 1522: Rhodes falls to the Ottomans.
  • 1524: Abdurrashid, Sultan of Brunei, launches his campaign to conquer the island of Borneo.
  • 1527: The Reformation spreads to Scandinavia.
  • 1527: The last ruler of Majapahit falls from power.
  • 1528: The Knights Hospitaller, unable to find a home in Europe, travel to the New World, establishing themselves on the island of New Rhodes.
  • 1529: Having conquered Borneo, Abdurrashid of Brunei declares his intent to replace the Majapahit as the dominant power of the region. Brunei declares war on the Demak Sultanate and invades the island of Java.

1530s

  • 1532: Princess Mary of England marries Francis, Dauphin of France.
  • 1532: Francisco Pizarro conquers the Inca Empire.
  • 1533: Fall of the Demak Sultanate.
  • 1535: Abdurrashid of Brunei is killed by natives during an invasion of Sulawesi. His successor Hasan Shah abandons Sulawesi.
  • 1537: England breaks from the Catholic Church.
  • 1538: King John VI of England dies. 

1540s

  • 1541: The Council of Copenhagen: King John VII of England, Empress Hedwig of Scandinavia, and religious authorities from both nations meet to discuss the future of Reformist nations. The end result is the creation of the Church of the North.
  • 1543: Sultan Hasan of Brunei invades Sulawesi again, this time achieving victory.
  • 1545: An outbreak of sweating sickness kills John, Prince of Wales, heir of King John VII.
  • 1547: Richard Stafford begins his rebellion against John VII. Pole, a Northern Reformist has the support of the people of England against the Catholic John.
  • 1548: John VII is defeated by Stafford at Watford. Pole becomes king as Edmund II.
  • 1548: Hasan of Brunei invades Sumatra.
  • 1549: France invades Brittany with the intention of making Elizabeth, daughter of King Francis II, Queen of England.

1550s

  • 1551:  After conquering Brittany, Francis II crosses the Channel to invade England. The French advance rapidly through Cornwall.
  • 1552: Richard VIII defeats Francis II at Ofxord. Francis is succeeded as king by his brother Henry II.
  • 1552: Richard VIII invades Normandy after defeating the French in his own land. Edmund successfully captures the area and forces Henry II to make peace with him.
  • 1552: Edmund, Prince of Wales, marries Elizabeth II to join the competing claims to the throne of England, ending the final phase of the Wars of the English Succession.
  • 1553: Sir John Bolton, one of the most loyal supporters of Edmund II, is created Earl of Cumberland. His descendants would later become kings of England.
  • 1553: Portugal establishes a settlement at Macau.
  • 1554: Richard VIII of England is named King of Ireland. Edmund begins converting the Irish to the Northern Church by ordering the Bible to be translated for the Irish people.
  • 1556: Hedwig I of Scandinavia dies and is succeeded by her daughter Anna, who would go on to preside over the Golden Age of Scandinavia.
  • 1556: England invades Scotland.
  • 1557: David IV of Scotland dies at the Battle of Solway Moss. He is succeeded by his son Duncan V.
  • 1559: Henry II of France dies, succeeded by his son Francis III.

1560s

  • 1560: Francis III of France is succeeded by his brother Charles IX.
  • 1560: England and Scotland sign the Treaty of Edinburgh, ending their war.
  • 1560s: French Northernists move in large numbers to English Normandy.
  • 1561: David V of Scotland is born.
  • 1563: Sultan Hasan of Brunei dies and is succeeded by his nephew Saifuddin.
  • 1566: Start of the Eighty Years' War.
  • 1567: Trebizond War: The Ottoman Empire invades Trebizond, only to be swiftly turned back by the Gurkanis. The Ottomans suffer a great defeat in Trebizond, blocking their eastward expansion.
  • 1569: The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth is created.

1570s

  • 1570: Scotland begins the Regency War with the death of Duncan V. The main candidates for the regency are Duncan's first cousin Henry Stuart and the Queen. The queen is backed by her French relations while Stuart has the backing of England. 
  • 1571: Edmund II of England dies. His wife Elizabeth II continue to rule by herself.
  • 1572: England wins the Scottish Regency War. The queen dowager of Scotland is imprisoned in England.
  • 1574: Saifuddin establishes control of the Straits of Malacca. He makes a trade agreement with the Portuguese and allows them to pass through his waters.
  • 1578: Elizabeth II of England dies and is succeeded by her son, Edmund III.
  • 1579: Sir Francis Drake reaches modern day Drakeland, although he calls the area New Albion at the time.

1590s

  • 1590: Nippon is unified by Toyotomi Hideyoshi.
  • 1598: Ivan V of Russia dies, beginning the Russian Time of Troubles.

17th century

1600s

  • 1600: Edmund III of England grants a charter to the English India Company.
  • 1602: The Dutch East India Company is formed.
  • 1602: The Sultan of Brunei sends emissaries to visit the Dutch.
  • 1604: Start of the Gurkani Civil War. The Persians, supported by the Egyptians, rebel against the rule of the Turkic Sultans.
  • 1606: The Dutch form an alliance with Brunei to help Brunei defeat the last opposition to their rule in exchange for trading rights and permission to establish a trading post.
  • 1607: Fort Stafford is established in the modern day Arcadian state of New Richmond.
  • 1608: The VOC establishes a settlement in Ayutthaya.
  • 1608: Quebec City founded by Samuel de Champlain in New France (today the Arcadian state of Quebec).
  • 1609: The VOC reaches Japan, establishing a factory in Hirado.

1610s

  • 1610: Polish-Lithuanian forces defeat Scandinavian-Russian forces and conquer Moscow.
  • 1611: The Dutch establish a trading post in Shanghai, China.
  • 1612: End of the Gurkani Civil War. The independent Sultanate of Persia is established under Abbas I.
  • 1613: The Russian Time of Troubles is ended with the coronation of Michael Draculov as Tsar of Russia.
  • 1618: Start of the Thirty Years' War.
  • 1618: The Manchus invade China.

1620s

  • 1624: The Dutch West India Company invades the Dutch colony of Bahia in Brazil. Although a failure, it lays teh groundwork for the Dutch presence in Amazonia.

1650s

  • 1654: Start of the English Civil War. Edward VII of England dies and war breaks out between his older, Protestant daughter and his younger, Catholic son.
  • 1656: End of the English Civil War with the beheading of Edward VIII.
  • 1658: Elizabeth III of England is assassinated in the Gundpower Plot. Start of the English Interregnum under Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell.
  • 1659: The throne of England is offered to Tsarevich Ivan of Russia. However, Ivan's parents, Tsar Alexis and his wife Mary, decline the throne for their son. The Interregnum continues.
  • 1660: After a year of debating, Parliament offers the throne of England to Infante John of Castile. John accepted the throne, ending the Interregnum as Lord Protector Cromwell hands over power to the new king.

18th century

  • War of Castilian Succession
  • Second Great War
  • Arcadian Revolution
  • French Revolution

1700s

  • 1700: Great Northern War between Scandinavia and Russia as Russia tries to reconquer Novgorod.
  • 1701: Kingdom of Prussia declared.
  • 1706: Start of the War of the Spanish Succession, alternatively known as the First Great War.

1710s

  • 1715: Louis XIV of France dies, succeeded by his grandson as Louis XV.
  • 1718: The city of New Burgundy is founded, so named for king Louis XV, who was formerly the Duke of Burgundy.

1770s

1780s

1790s

19th century

1800s

1810s

1820s

1830s

1840s

1850s

1860s

1870s

1880s

1890s

20th century

  • two Great Wars

21st century

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