Alternate History

Timeline (The Last Chance for Peace)

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  • June 28: Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.
  • July 16: Kaiser Wilhelm returns to Berlin after the insistence of Bethmann-Hollweg, who wished him to see how shamelessly Count Berchtold has been lying to Germany.
  • July 23: Austria presents their ultimatum to Serbia.
  • July 24: Serbia responds to the Austrian ultimatum, giving up what can reasonably be expected, and submitting everything else to the International Tribunal in the Hague. Austria severs diplomatic relations with Serbia, deeming the response to the ultimatum "unsatisfactory".
  • July 26: In a private conference, a furious Kaiser Wilhelm revokes the blank check he gave to Austria earlier.
  • July 30: Wilhelm, against the wishes of some of his advisors, announces a policy of German neutrality, saying that the Serbian reply to the Austrian ultimatum largely removes the reasons for war, and that to go to war would be against the honor of Germany. With this declaration, and a subsequent declaration of Italian neutrality, the Triple Alliance has been broken leaving Austria to its fate.
  • August 2: Russia declares war on Austria-Hungary. Serbia follows suit later in the day.
  • August 21- September 5: Austria Hungary launches their first offensive into Serbia. The Austrian force is made up of the 2nd and 5th Armies, and are led by General Potiorek, who was the mayor of Sarajevo when Ferdinand got assassinated. The Serbian defense is conducted with their 1st, 2nd, and 3rd armies, under General Radomir Putnik. He manages his forces well, and forces the Austrian armies into a battle at Jadar, where the Austrian invasion is repulsed.
  • August 25: Amid signs of a large Russian military buildup on the border of Galicia, Conrad decides that the Austrian strategy must be defensive. He orders a defensive line to be set up at the San River, the few militarily accessible roads in the Carpathian border with Russia having been demolished and blockaded days before.
  • September 1- 3: A Russian offensive is launched against the Austrian positions on the San River. The offensive is a bloody failure, as the Austrians are too deeply entrenched, and Austrian artillery supremacy has made the launch zone for the transports a kill zone.
  • September 15: A French fleet engages the main Austrian fleet in the Mediterranean. The French triumph, and force the Austrians to fall back into their ports on the Adriatic.
  • September 29: With the French naval victory, France dispatches a 15 division expeditionary force to Serbia. The FEF will be the major contribution of the French to the war in the first year, as the FEF will help fight off the Austrians.
  • September : With the failure of the offensives by both sides, each begin trying to entice other Balkan states into the war. Starting in September each side uses the bribe of territory from the loser, plus old rivalries, to get others to join them in their fight. This will go on through the winter, as the campaigning season ends. The Austrians focus on Bulgaria, who they know want payback on Serbia for their defeat in the Second Balkan War. Russia focuses on Romania, whose entry into the war on their side would help them outflank the Carpathian Mountains and send forces to Serbia.


  • January 7-17: Conrad launches another offensive into Serbia, still under General Potiorek. This time he has 3 field armies. Putnik falls back from Belgrade, and the Austrian seize the city. However, a Serbian counterattack with the FEF and remaining Serbian forces drives the Austrians back over the border.
  • May 25-July 20: A Russian offensive against the positions in Galicia is done at the same time as a daring Russian assault over the Carpathian Mountains. The Russian offensive into Galicia is successful in getting over the San River, but the Austrians are able to stabilize the front. The Russian offensive in the Carpathians go fairly well in the beginning, but the inability to bring heavy artillery over the mountains starts to take its toll, and the Russian forces are repulsed over the mountains.
  • August 15: Strikes hit Austria Hungary over the losses in the war, plus ever tightening rations as food for soldiers are given top priority.
  • September 7: Bulgaria declares war on Serbia.
  • September 8-30: The Austrians and Bulgarians launch an offensive into Serbia. The Serbians are forced to fall back, and the Austrians take Belgrade again. However, the Serbians manage to get a defensive line set up on the Western Mountain Barrier.
  • September 28: Russia gets an agreement from Romania to join on the side of the Russians if they can prove that the Romanians will not get conquered quickly after joining the war.
  • November 25: An Austrian winter offensive against Russia that is meant to drive them out of Austrian territory failes as the Austrians aren't used to the rigors of winter warfare, plus the Russians had time to bring up reinforcements.


  • February 19- March 30: A final Austrian offensive into Serbia forces the remains of the Serbian army and the FEF to evacuate from Serbia to Korfu. From there, the Serbian forces join the Russian army in Galicia, in preparation for their spring offensive.
  • March 16: U.S. troops enter Mexico to hunt down Pancho Villa and end the Mexican Revolution.
  • March 22: The Republic of China is formed.
  • May 8: Rumania goes to war with Austria Hungary.
  • May 9- August 20: the Russian spring offensive opens through Rumania. Troops pour over the border, as they outflank the Carpathian Mountains. They also launch a renewed assault against Austrian positions in Galicia. They are very successful, as the Austrians suspected this might happen, but the large amount of troops attacking them overwhelms their defenses. Chunks are ripped out of Austria Hungary, but the Austrians manage to stabilize the front, and a Bulgarian offensive into Rumania distracts the Russians enough to end the offensive.
  • May 11: Bulgaria goes to war with Rumania.
  • May 12: Russia goes to war with Bulgaria.
  • June 10 - August 15: Bulgaria launches an offensive into Rumania. The Rumanians fight hard, preventing large scale Bulgarian gains. But, Rumanian forces take many casualties, and Carol 1 goes to the Russians for aid against Bulgaria. The Russians grudgingly agree, and begin diverting forces from their offensive into Austria Hungary back to the Bulgarian front.
  • August 25: Food Riots break out over Russia as the people starve. The riots die down as emergency supplies are released. the Russian government figures that it will be worth it once Galicia belongs to them.
  • September 9-17: An Austrian offensive against the Russian forces in Slovenia fails as the Russian defenses are just too strong.
  • November 6: Woodrow Wilson is reelected as President of the U.S. on a Prosperity platform.
  • November 21: Franz Joseph I dies. Austria enters a period of mourning, and condolences are received from most major nations except Russia. His nephew, Karl 1 takes over the throne.
  • November 29: Riots break out in A-H over the continued losses in the war, plus the death of their king.


  • June 7- July 15: A Russian offensive crashes into the Austrian defense lines, and break through. The Austrian army starts dissolving around itself, as they fall back in large scale retreats. Riots cripple the transportation system. this forces the Austrian government to start negotiating a peace treaty.
  • July 17: Adolf Hitler is killed by a Romanian sniper in the streets of Szentes.
  • July 19: Turkey declares war on Bulgaria. This is seen as an opportunistic move to regain territory lost in the Second Balkan War.
  • July 20- August 5 : Turkish armies that were stationed in Turkish Europe before the DoW surge over the border and begin conquering parts of Bulgaria. This forces Bulgaria to withdraw forces from the Rumanian front to stop them.
  • August 2: Austria Hungary signs a Peace treaty with Russia, Serbia and Rumania. This treaty forces Austria to withdraw all forces from Serbia, give to Serbia Bosnia and Herzegovina, give to Russia the territory of Galicia, and give to Rumania the territory of Transylvania. They also have to give reparations to Serbia. The Russian are focused on nothing near the dismemberment of the Hapsburg Monarchy.
  • August 6: Bulgaria starts negotiating for peace.
  • August 15: Bulgaria signs a peace treaty with Russia, Serbia, and Rumania. This treaty forces Bulgaria to give the territory of Burgas to Turkey, the region of Vidin to Serbia, and the regions of Ruse and Silistra to Rumania. They also have to compensate Serbia for suffering in the war.
  • September 19: The last French divisions in Eastern Europe return to France.
  • December 19-26: The Winter Revolution begins in Austria Hungary. People riot in the streets of Vienna and Budapest, and clash with police. Soldiers who are ordered to suppress the riots join against the government.
  • December 27: Karl 1, trapped in his palace in Vienna, gives up the throne, ending the Hapsburg Monarchy. Austria and Hungary split, each taking what lands they have left with them.


  • January 2: Italy seizes Trentino from the new Austrian Federation. The Austrians don't like it, but the other nations don't care enough to intervene, and the Austrian people are tired of war.
  • March 4: The first recorded case of Spanish flu hits the United States. This marks the beginning of a major epidemic within the U.S. that eventually will spread to Europe and the rest of North america
  • May 19: The Austrian military coups the newly formed government, and places Conrad Von Hotzendorf in power. Rumors circulate that the coup was backed by the Germans.
  • June 19; The last US forces are removed from Mexico after ending the Revolution and apprehending Pancho Villa.
  • July 28: The Duma passes a bill giving more money to the military to enact reforms that were deemed necessary after the end of the Third Balkan War. The Russians won, but they performed worse than expected.
  • August 19: Rebellions break out in India against the British Empire. This marks the beginning of the Indian Independence War, a conflict that will sputter on and off for the next few years.
  • September 29: Austria is becoming increasingly dependent on Germany, who are now the main routes for Austrian trade and supply.
  • December 1: Iceland becomes independent.
  • December 3: The Liberal Party wins control of the Parliament in the British elections. H.H. Asquith remains the PM.


  • February 7: Amid much suffering during the harsh winter, the Socialists under Béla Kun take power in Hungary. No one really knows how to react yet, as the new government has yet to show how socialistic it is.
  • February 28: The new Kun government in Hungary has proved itself to be very socialistic, dividing up the land from the nobles, and enacting legislature. The Russians disapprove, and begin drawing up plans for a drastic change in government.
  • March 15: Russian forces cross over the Hungarian border. Russia declares war on Hungary. This begins the Ten Week War.
  • May 24: The Hungarian government unconditionally surrenders to Russia. Bela Kun flees over the border through Austria into Switzerland, where he joins Lenin in plotting to bring down the Tsarist government.
  • May 25: A new government is put into place in Hungary. This government is mostly made up of Russian sympathisers, assuring that Hungary is loyal to the Russian regime.
  • June 29; Hungary, Rumania, and Serbia sign into an alliance with Russia. This new alliance is called the Balkan Entente.
  • July 9: Austria joins into an alliance with Germany. This is believed to be a result of the establishment of a Russian power bloc in the Balkans. This new alliance is called the Central Powers.
  • August 8: The Rudnica Nona incident occurs. A Russian rifle accidentally discharges, and the German patrols on the other side of the border think that the Russians are invading, resulting in a firefight between the two sides. Each side relatively quickly realizes that an invasion is not coming, and the shooting ends. However, it does nothing to help relations between the two powers, which have become increasingly strained.



  • March 10: The Greeks join the Central Powers alliance, as they are afraid of growing Russian strength, and the British are looking less attractive thanks to the isolation they have from European politics.
  • April 23: General Obregon stages a coup of the Mexican government. President Carranza begins fleeing to Veracruz, while trying to mobilize international support against the new government.
  • April 28: President Wilson announces his support for President Carranza, saying "The struggle for democracy should not be by one man alone..... Mexican democracy must stay in the hands of a civilian government, not the failed military dictatorships of the past." He orders that an expeditionary force be prepared to deploy into Mexico to help Carranza. It will be led by someone who has had experience fighting in Mexico, General John J. Pershing.
  • May 16: American battleships anchored off the coast of Veracruz force the garrison in Veracruz to surrender. General Guadalupe Sanchez has left Veracruz to hunt down President Carranza. American troops begin landing in Veracruz.
  • May 21: American troops begin driving north towards Mexico city. Another American army, under Major General Emory Adams begins moving south from the Texas border.
  • May 26; President Carranza arrives in US controlled territory in Mexico. He has survived several attacks on his convoy. He urges the Mexican people to rise up against the authoritarian generals, who will reverse the gains of the Mexican Revolution. He asks them to welcome the US soldiers as friends, who are fighting for their freedom.
  • June 3: Bulgaria joins the Central Powers alliance, in order to protect itself from Turkey, who have been taking a more aggressive tone towards them. In reality, it is a farce concocted by Germany in order to get them in, as Turkey is increasing falling under the influence of Germany.
  • June 7: Mexico City falls, after General Obregon refuses to fight the superior American forces, and abandons the city. President Carranza takes up residence in the Presidential Palace once again.
  • June 12: A Mexican army in the north surrenders to US forces after being surrounded. The Pro-democracy forces in the north are assisting US forces in rooting out the rebels still there.
  • June 22: General Obregon is captured by US forces while he is attempting to flee to strongholds of his support. He is brought back to Mexico City, where he is put on trial for treason, and executed.
  • July 2: The German government begins operations on a new plan that calls for an increase in military strength of at the very least 10% in order to combat the growing threat of a resurgent Russia. Priority will be given to the development of weapons designed to break through enemy lines,such as armored cars and mortars. Tirpitz manages to insert a provision calling for the modernization of the German navy, in order to break the potential British stranglehold of the waterways in the event of war.
  • July 10; The coup against the Mexican government has been crushed by US and loyalist forces. Most of the top people in the coup have been caught and executed. Wilson begins withdrawing troops from Mexico, but keeps some there to help train the Mexican Army. The second American intervention in Mexico has come to a close.
  • July 16: In response to the growing strength of Germany, and the increasing dominance of the Russians in Eastern Europe, France begins seeking a possibility of a defensive alliance with the Spanish.
  • August 4: The British, taking more urgent notice of the growing German naval strength, begin their own naval arms program. they are determined to keep their dominance of the seas.
  • November 6: James M. Cox is elected President of the United States, running off of the support for Wilson.
  • November 30: The Republican Federation wins reelection in the French Parliamentary elections. Alexander Millerand is elected Prime Minister.
  • December 25: Spain and France sign the Christmas Day Alliance, a pledge to fight together in the event that either nation is attacked by another power. This is mainly directed against the Central Powers. Spain wants the Italian African Colonies, and France wants allies.


  • June 15: A Serbian gunboat is sunk by Greek mines in the Adriatic. The Serbs are outraged, claiming that the Greeks want to strangle Serbian commerce by illegally blocking the mouth of the Adriatic with cooperation from Italy. Greece claims that the gunboat strayed into Greek waters, causing it to collide with the mines.
  • July 1: After numerous attempts to diplomatically resolve the crisis in the Balkans, Serbia declares war on Greece.
  • July 3: Germany demands that Russia promise not to support Serbia in their war. Russia refuses. Germany declares war on Russia and the Balkan Entente. They urge their allies to declare war on Russia.
  • July 4: France declares war on Germany.
  • July 5: Spain, Italy, Bulgaria, Turkey, Austria, Rumania, and Hungary go to war. Britain is still neutral. World War 1 has begun.
  • July 6: Turkey closes the Dardanelles to Entente vessels.
  • July 19: The French offensive into Alsace Lorraine fails against a line of German fortifications. They set up defenses on the opposite banks of the Rhine. Meanwhile, the Germans invade Belgium and Luxembourg, with armored cars leading the way.
  • July 20: Britain declares war on the Central Powers.
  • July 24: Russia launches an offensive into Austria. They use mainly Balkan troops, as they are marshalling their pure Russian forces for offensives into Germany and Turkey. The offensive sees some success, with the Balkan troops making it around 50 miles into Central Austria before being fought to a halt by Austrian and Italian reinforcements.
  • July 27: The first divisions of the BEF land in France.
  • August 10: Belgium has fallen to German forces. They now move into France.
  • August 15: A German offensive begins out of Alsace-Lorraine. They batter through the French defenses with sheer force, and move towards the line of fortifications that the French have been preparing for many years.
  • August 24: The Battle of Charms Gap begins. The Germans aim to break through the Trouee des Charmes and envelope the French Armies from the East through Lorraine. The French are lead by Castelnau, while the Germans are led by Rupprecht.
  • August 26: The Battle of Charms Gap ends in a French victory. Castelnau expertly used his artillery to disable the German armored cars and then shred the German troops.
  • August 29: Responding to pleas for some sort of offensive to relieve pressure on the French front, the Russians launch the first part of their ambitious assault on Germany, codenamed Operation Russian Thunder. The German forces on the border are overwhelmed, as they were stripped of forces to fight in France. No one expected that the Russians would hit so hard and fast. The Russians have learned from their previous wars. German commanders call for reinforcements, but also prepare to defeat the separate Russian armies in detail, and send them back to Russian Poland.
  • September 3: Greece and Bulgaria launch a combined offensive into Serbia. The Serbian army is more modernized than the last war, and are able to put up a good fight. The offensive is stalled in the mountains of the south.
  • September 4: The Battle of the Maurisian Lakes begins. The Germans face off against two Russian armies twice their size, one of which is led by General Brusilov.
  • September 6: The German Army operating in East Prussia is shattered at the Battle of the Maurisian Lakes. Brusilov's timely intervention proves decisive, allowing the Russians to close a bag around much of the German Army, and take a large amount of prisoners. The remnants of the German Army begin falling back to the Vistula.
  • September 9: Falkenhayn pulls several corps from the armies in France to bolster the armies in East Prussia.
  • September 10: The Russians slam into the hastily assembled defensive lines on the Vistula River. The Germans barely manage to hold the west banks through large scale loss of life.
  • September 13: The German forces advancing in France have brushed through numerous French defensive line, and are approaching the final French defensive position before Paris. The French government is hurriedly evacuated to Tours, away from the reaching German claws. If the Germans can take Paris, a large part of the French army will fall into German hands.
  • September 14: A sharp French counterattack against the leading elements of the 4th German Army convinces Falkenhayn that the left wing has become dangerously unbalanced due to over extension and the withdrawal of forces to the East. He orders a general halt for the foreseeable future, until the army is at a respectable fighting capacity, or the situation in the East improves.
  • September 21: The Russians launch a large assault, and blast their way through the river defenses on the Vistula. The Kaiser declares a state of emergency, and the government begins raising "People's Battalions" to protect the Fatherland.
  • September 24: Romania launches an offensive into Bulgaria. Their troops are mismanaged, and the elements conspire against them, so the Bulgarians are able to repulse the attack, and push into Romania 35 miles.
  • September 25: The Turks launch an offensive into the Caucasus, but are repulsed by terrain and weather.
  • September 30: The Russian offensive grinds to a halt, stopped by weather, a damaged logistics net, and fierce German resistance. They have control of all of East Prussia, and have a good position to start an encirclement of Berlin next year.
  • October 3: ANZAC troops land in German Samoa. The Germans put up little resistance, and the German Naval Commander abandons the island, determining the ships to be of more importance than an island over halfway around the world from Germany.
  • October 11: Falkenhayn realizes that he could be outflanked on the coastline. However, he sees an opportunity to attack France. He moves forces to the west to try to outflank the French and British defensive lines.
  • October 14: The BEF respond to the German move by trying to outflank them. This will begin the Race to the Sea.
  • November 1: Australian troops land in German New Guinea. The island falls with little bloodshed to Entente forces.
  • November 27: Japan declares war on Germany.
  • December 5: The Race to the Sea ends with a slight British advantage. It is the last offensive operation of the year.
  • December 20: The Frankfurt Conference is held in Germany. The Kaiser meets with his top generals, to address the less than optimal military situation. Falkenhayn is removed from command, and enterprising young commander Hans Von Seekt is appointed in his place. It is decided that the focus must be on the Eastern Front until they have a suitable buffer area between Russia and East Prussia.


  • January 16: Operation Crossbow is launched by the Entente. Major attacks pound the Germans at the hinge of the German front, in an attempt to break through and roll up the German line towards Switzerland. The French and British implement tactics that they have learned from their Russian allies. they slam through and achieve major gains.
  • January 21: Japanese forces lay siege to Tsingtao.
  • January 29: Operation Crossbow comes to a close. The Entente has put a large bulge in German lines. The Germans begin revising their trench line strategy.
  • February 1: Germany announces that their navy is implementing a policy of Unrestricted Submarine Warfare in the English Channel and the North Sea. Most of the world, including the United States, condemns this move, but Germany is not swayed.
  • February 2: In retaliation, Britain announces that a blockade of Germany is being instituted. The Scandinavian nations protest, claiming that this could damage their commerce.
  • February 7: Tsingtao falls to English and Japanese forces.
  • March 17: The Russians resume the offensive in Prussia. It gets off to a slow start as the Germans have had time to strengthen their defense lines.
  • March 19: Bulgaria hits Serbia from the north, while Greece keeps pushing from the south. More of Serbia is conquered, but the arrival of Hungarian troops stabilizes the front.
  • March 21: The Russians call a halt to their offensive. Unusually heavy rain has prevented the Russians from building up momentum.
  • April 16: Russian troops, in coordination with Romanian forces, slam through the Bulgarian lines and force them out of Romania after heavy fighting.
  • April 18: Serbia launches a counterattack and hits the weakened Bulgarian sector of the front. The Central Powers are forced to evacuate Serbia to prevent their being cut off and surrounded on the coast.
  • April 22: the Second Battle of Ypres begins. This inaugurates a new phase of trench warfare, as the Germans use gas weapons on a large scale for the first time.
  • April 23: The Allies land on Sicily. The Italians put up a good fight, as they are defending their homeland, but are hard pressed to contain the landings and urge Germany to relieve the pressure somehow.
  • May 3: Germany launches an offensive from Italy into Southeast France. At first, the French think that they are dealing with the Italian Army, but they quickly realize that there are a large amount of Germans there. They begin shifting divisions out of the line to counter the attack.
  • May 15: Lyons is put under siege. Spanish mountain divisions begin arriving in southeast France.
  • May 21: The Battle of the Tyrrhenian Sea ends in Entente victory. The Italian interdiction efforts against the Allied landings in Sicily cease, and much of the Italian fleet moves to Libya and the Adriatic to preserve it.
  • May 23: The British and French launch attacks into Italian Libya. The Italians are pressed hard, and the Entente makes large gains.
  • May 29: The German offensive runs out of steam. However, most of the mountainous regions on the the French-Italian border have fallen to the Germans, making any attempts to retake the land difficult.The Germans begin entrenching there.
  • June 7: An Ottoman offensive into Egypt fails due to poor logistics and British resistance.
  • July 2: Germany launches Operation Teuton. The Germans pulverize the Russian defenses with heavy artillery, and blast through. Despite a masterful defense by Brusilov, the Russians are forced back to the Vistula. Brusilov's efforts do prevent greater losses to the Russians than otherwise.
  • July 10: The Ottomans begin cracking down on Armenians in their nation. When news gets out, it is condemned by the nations of the world,
  • July 15: Russian weapons begin making their way into Armenian hands. The Russians gear up to launch an offensive into Turkey once the Armenian revolt has manifested itself.
  • July 24: Riots break out in India over forced conscription there. They don't want to have to help a country that will not give them their freedom. The British are forced to negotiate over the issue, and agree to give India their independence when the war is over. It is an agreement that they have no intention of following.
  • July 30: In a "Day of Rage" Armenians rise up, and begin clashing with Ottoman troops stationed in Armenia. They have been motivated with supplies of Russian weapons, renewed Ottoman brutality, and Russian promises of an independent Armenia if they revolt.
  • August 4: The Russians launch their promised offensive into Turkey. With the help of Armenian revolters, they break up the Ottoman army in the area, and continue onward. They move into Eastern Turkey and are finally brought to a stop in the Eastern Anatolian Plateau.
  • August 10: Under Russian protection, the Armenians organize themselves as the Armenian People's Republic. They are immediately recognized by the Entente nations and the rest of the world, but are not recognized by the Central Powers. They join the Entente, and declare war on the Central Powers.
  • August 13: The Germans launch an offensive into the Balkans from Austria, while the Ottomans, Bulgarians, and Greeks renew their efforts. The Romanians fight hard, but are slowly pushed back. The Hungarians also fall back slowly. The presence of Russian soldiers makes a critical difference, as they are used to stabilize emergency situations in the lines. The attacks from Germany into Hungary see the greatest success.
  • September 12: The Germans undertake a major offensive in France, despite the Frankfurt Conference. The attack sees large scale use of chemical weapons such as Mustard Gas, and a newly developed weapon called a Panzer. The French are unprepared for this, and the Germans make large gains, retaking all the land they lost, and even reaching the banks of the Marne River in places.
  • September 28: The French counterattack, using their own chemical weapons. They find that massed artillery barrages are good at disabling tanks. The Germans are pushed back, but still have a net gain of much territory.
  • November 15: H.H. Asquith wins reelection in the British Parliamentary elections.
  • December 12: Bela Kun, with help from the Austrians, is smuggled into Hungary. He begins plotting to overthrow the current government.


  • January 19: The Russians break through the German river defenses again. They have massed over three million soldiers for this offensive, and despite fierce German resistance, they keep moving forward.
  • January 28: Berlin is put under siege by the Russians. The Kaiser leaves Berlin hours before the encirclement is complete.
  • February 1: The French and British launch major attacks to capitalize on the disruption of German High Command due to the fall of Berlin. The Germans have thinned out their line dangerously to bolster the Eastern Armies, and the Entente offensive sees great success. The British and French deploy their own tanks, and this offensive sees the first tank vs tank battles of the war. The German tanks are markedly superior in quality, but are overwhelmed by greater numbers of British and French tanks.
  • February 19: the British attack into the Sinai. They are able to get aid in their offensive from rebellious Arab tribes. The Sinai falls to the British and they prepare to move into Palestine and Arabia.
  • March 7: Russian and Hungarian troops force the Austrians out of Hungary after a concerted offensive.
  • April 2: Bela Kun is captured by Russian police units during an operation against anti-government elements in Hungary. He is sentenced to death, and is executed by the Hungarian government.
  • April 7-17: The French begin an offensive in the Alps. They managed to make it a few miles, going against the mountain terrain, and the fact that they were fighting weaker Italian forces.
  • April 8: A major naval battle occurs in the North Sea. It is a devastating loss for Germany, as the intervention of a French naval squadron proves decisive.
  • April 20: Dealing with rising defeatism in the nation, the Kaiser disbands the Reichstag, citing treason and sedition against the Empire as his reason.
  • April 25: A group of government officials meets in secret. their purpose is to discuss the situation in Germany and the outcome of the war. They decide that the Kaiser is leading the country to defeat, and if the string of losses is not ended, then action may need to be taken to preserve the Empire. Several prominent military leaders are present at the meeting.
  • May 4: Sicily finally falls to the Entente. A low key resistance movement is still present there, but the Entente has secured most of the island. Sardinia has been partially isolated from Italy.
  • June 7: Berlin finally falls after the remaining defenders surrender. The Russian flag is raised above the ruins of the Reichstag.
  • June 14: Romanian and Russian troops cross the Bulgarian border. The Bulgarians fight fiercely, but are outmatched.
  • June 18: Mount Etna erupts in Italy. With the wartime rationing of materials, rebuilding is hard, and many people are left homeless.
  • June 20: After negotiations, Greece reaches a separate peace with the Entente. They leave the Central Powers, and declare neutrality in the war. They suffer minor border adjustments with Serbia. This decision is influenced by growing Russian strength in the Balkans, and greater German attention on their homeland. Central Powers forces are allowed to go to Bulgaria and Turkey.
  • July 2: Russian troops begin moving again into Anatolia. They pass Lake Van, and begin swinging towards Baghdad. The Ottomans try to resist, but the continuing pressure from Russia, Britain and the Arab tribes has them on their heels.
  • July 20: A coup is launched by members of the government and military against the Kaiser. He is cornered and is forced to abdicate his throne in Cologne. His son, the Crown Prince William, is put in power, as it is believed that he is more qualified than his father. He takes on the name Wilhelm III.
  • August 4: Kaiser Wilhelm III requests a ceasefire with the entente with the intent of ending the murderous and pointless slaughter going on in Europe. He appeals to the senselessness of what is going on, and makes his most memorable quote "The hand of man is engaged in the most destructive war ever seen. And for what, so that this world will not see a future, so that we can slaughter our future generations in a pointless war. I say that it is not for me. I will not have their blood on my hands. Let us end this, while there is still something to save."
  • August 5: The Entente agrees to Kaiser Wilhelm III's offer of a ceasefire. They decide that a conference to write a peace treaty in Oslo.
  • August 12: The peace conference opens in Oslo, Norway. They have a lot of issues to cover, but many people are confident peace can be reached.
  • September 1: An 8.2 Magnitude earthquake strikes Japan. It is the deadliest earthquake to ever strike Japan.
  • September 17: The peace conference breaks down over the settlement of the situation on the Eastern Front.
  • September 22: German Armies begin major offensives on the Western and Eastern Fronts in attempts to reach decisive conclusions to the war. In the west, German armies, equipped with lots of tanks, and chemical weapons, begin what they hope will be the offensive that takes Paris. In the East, the Germans throw their tanks up against Russian armies who have gotten their own tanks.
  • September 25: Ottoman armies begin attacks against the British in the Sinai. They are hurt by the continuing Arab uprisings, but make some progress, due to their adaption to the terrain.
  • November 3: The Germans manage to retake Berlin, fighting another major battle there, wrecking the city further. This is the biggest achievement of the offensive in the East, as the Russians and Germans slug it out.
  • November 15: The Germans have pushed the French back, and are engaged in city warfare in Paris. The encirclement attempt of the city has failed, and they have become engaged in brutal urban combat, in which the French fight fiercely. The Germans have also pushed the front near the channel forward a bit.
  • November 21: Romania and Serbia resume their attacks into Bulgaria. Lovech falls to Entente forces, and they begin an encirclement of Sofia. The government evacuates to Plovdiv.
  • December 7: The German Eastern offensive comes to a halt. They have managed to retake Berlin, but have not achieved their goal of driving the Russians to the Vistula and out of East Prussia.
  • December 24: German forces pull out of Paris after French counterattacks threaten to surround the armies fighting there.


  • January 21: Russian and Hungarian troops launch an offensive into the Czech region of Austria. They are aided by locals, after promising the Czechs their own own nation in the event of an Entente victory.
  • February 3: Brünn falls, despite German and Austrian resistance. The Russian offensive is still moving forward
  • February 6: General uprisings begin in the Czech regions as news of the fall of Brünn and the continuing Russian advance towards Prague spreads. An independent Czech state seems more and more likely.
  • February 13: Russia launches an offensive against Germany. Once again, German Panzers prove themselves superior to Russian tanks, but they can only slow the Russian tide, not stop it.
  • February 24: the Russian offensive in the Czech region comes to a close. They have liberated much of the Czech region of Austria, but have become stalled in the suburbs of Prague, where they are engaged in brutal house-to-house fighting with Austrian and German troops.
  • February 27: The Panzer Mk II begins coming off the production lines. It has more guns, better armor, and a more powerful engine. Some of the tanks have been equipped with flamethrowers to augment their anti-infantry capabilities.
  • March 7: Entente troops land on Sardinia. The island has been under blockade for some time, and the defenders are suffering from ammunition shortages and low morale.
  • March 11: After a seesaw battle, the Russian offensive in Germany comes to a halt. They are stopped a few miles from Berlin, but southeastern Germany is under Russian occupation.
  • March 15: Prague is securely in Russian hands after the remaining defenders are either killed or forced out of the city.
  • March 19: British offensives into the Sinai begin again. They regain all the territory they lost in Ottoman offensives last year and push beyond that, linking up with the forces of the rebelling King Hedjaz. They begin pushing north towards Jerusalem and Iraq. Some elements within the Ottoman Empire begin contemplating a regime change.
  • April 13: A combined British and French offensive makes little headway into the German defenses. The Germans have refined their trench tactics, pulling their troops into a secondary line and then launching counter attacks after the artillery barrages have ended, and have deployed crude anti-tank weapons. The Entente members are researching their own anti-tank weapons as well.
  • April 22: Under the cover of a resurgent Italian Navy, Italian troops land in Sicily. This is coupled with an uprising by Pro-Italian elements on the island.
  • May 2: Sardinia is fully occupied after the garrison surrenders. Fighting still rages in Sicily. The French navy begins redeploying to interdict the flow of Italian troops to the island.
  • May 9: The Battle of the Strait of Messina takes place. The Italian Navy, with support from forts providing gunfire, drive off the French Navy, ensuring the continued flow of Italian troops to Sicily.
  • May 13: Czech nationalists, organized by the Russians, organize in Brno and declare the independent Czech Republic, with Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk as its first president. The nation is immediately recognized by the Entente nations, and it declares war on the Central Powers. Militia units are organized into a nascent Czech Army. 
  • May 16: Russia resumes the offensive into Ottoman Iraq, and almost severs the Ottoman's main supply lines south.
  • May 18: Jerusalem is put under siege by British forces.
  • June 9: Jerusalem falls to British forces.
  • June 13: The Ottoman government is overthrown in a coup d'etat. The Confederation of Arabian States is proclaimed in Istanbul. They request a ceasefire with the Entente.
  • June 16: Regional British and Russian commanders agree to a ceasefire with the Confederation. Delegations are dispatched by both sides to Tehran to negotiate a peace treaty.
  • June 22: Faced with the possibility of the Turks leaving the war, and being crushed by the Entente without any support from the Central Powers, Bulgaria requests a ceasefire with the Entente, so a peace treaty can be worked out before Bulgaria is conquered by the Russians, Romanians, and Serbians.
  • June 24: Seeing the possibility of closing the Balkan Front, the Entente agrees to Bulgaria's request for a ceasefire. Delegations are dispatched to Tirana to work out a peace treaty.
  • June 28: Germany launches an offensive into East Prussia and Russian Poland. They strike hard and manage to drive the Russians away from Berlin. This is a major effort and the Germans, led by experienced commander Mackensen, outmaneuver the Russians, who are forced back past the Vistula and out of East Prussia.
  • July 4: Austrian offensives into the newly formed Czech Republic begin. The Russians have pulled out troops to fight the Germans, but the Czech Army resists fiercely.
  • July 9: Sicily is retaken by Italian forces after the remaining Entente forces on the island are evacuated to Sardinia and Corsica.
  • July 15: The offensive into the Czech region comes to a halt. The Austrians have made some gains, but the Czechs are still resisting. Prague has been surrounded, and the Czech defenders are fighting fiercely as they are pressed back into the city center.
  • July 17: Peace is concluded between the Confederation of Arabian States and the nations of the Entente in the treaty of Tehran. The Anatolian Republic promises not to aid the Central Powers in any way, recognizes the independence of the Armenian People's Republic, reopens the Dardanelles to Entente vessels, relinquish their claims on British territory while also ceding the Sinai to Britain, and promises to pay reparations to the Russians and the Armenians. Barely has peace been concluded when the remainder of the Confederation is rocked by internal rebellion.
  • July 26: The Treaty of Tirana heralds the closing of the Balkan Front of World War 1 as peace is concluded between Bulgaria and the nations of the Entente. Bulgaria is forced to cede some territory to Serbia and Romania, and agrees to pay reparations to the Serbians and Romanians for damages they suffered during the war. Another defeat at the hands of the Balkan Entente resulting in dissatisfaction with the Bulgarian government reaching a new low.
  • August 8: German flying ace Manfred Von Richthofen is shot down and killed during an aerial sortie. He is buried with honors by the British, and a photo of the grave is sent to the Germans so they can identify where his coffin is.
  • August 13: Clashes occur between Syrian, Lebanese, and Confederation troops. The Syrians and the Lebanese succeed in throwing out Confederation government forces in small areas.
  • August 16: The Confederation government request Entente support as the Kurds rise up in the southeast.
  • August 18: The Entente declines the Confederation request, citing self-determination as their reasoning, in accordance with Former President Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points, which he published in 1922. In India, these remarks are looked upon with skepticism.
  • August 21: The Bulgarian Monarchy is overthrown and is replaced by a republic. The new government proclaims that it will continue to honor the Treaty of Tirana.
  • August 22: An Italo-German offensive begins in Southern France. The drive is aimed along the coast, so as to cut the French off from the Mediterranean. It sees limited success due to the use of infiltration tactics, but suffers from a lack of tanks and strong Franco-Spanish resistance.
  • August 25: The Kurds are able to repulse small Confederation attacks into their territory. However, the main Confederation Army is moving to crush the rebellions.
  • August 28: Confederation forces clash with Syrian militias, marking the beginning of the Arabian Independence War.
  • September 7: The first dedicated French fighter aircraft makes its debut. It sports a body made of metal, making it superior to any fighters the Germans have. The Germans are currently working on their next generation fighter aircraft, while both sides are researching aerial bombs.
  • September 12: Nationalist tension in Finland explodes into armed violence as the population rises up, driven by the examples of Armenia and the Czech Republic.
  • September 16: The riots in Helsinki have been suppressed. In other parts of Finland, however, the new Finnish flag is flying freely as the Russians are driven out.
  • September 19: The Italo-German offensive comes to an end, having seen some success, but failing in its main goal.
  • September 21: The Germans launch a major offensive into Poland, hoping to take advantage of the Russian's problems in Finland. The offensive gets off to a good start, with Mackensen in command. They receive support from a few Poles, who have been lured by the promises of an independent Poland.
  • September 29: A Confederation Army is defeated by Kurdish rebels fighting in the mountains.
  • October 8: Russian forces have secured most of the cities in Finland, but the rebellions live on in the countryside.
  • October 11: An Anglo-French offensive begins against the German lines in France, taking advantage of the German concentration in Poland. What they do not know is that the Germans have spotted the buildup and have brought in troops from Austria. But initial gains in the offensive are significant.
  • October 16: The German offensive in Poland ends, with German troops 30 miles from Warsaw.
  • October 17: the Russians, under Alexei Brusilov, launch a major counterattack against the Germans. Mackensen has been expecting this, and begins an orderly withdrawal to prepared defensive lines toward the German border.
  • October 21: The Anglo-French offensive has been a disaster. Unusually heavy rain has made advance very hard, and has made armor support impossible. The Entente forces are massacred as they try to advance.
  • October 25: Fighting has mostly been suppressed in the Finnish countryside.
  • October 27: Conrad Von Hotzendorf, leader of Austria, dies. With his death, his second in command, Roland Metternich, takes up the helm of the nation. This is a blow for Germany, as he wishes to lessen German influence upon his nation.
  • November 4: James Cox is reelected President of the United States
  • November 6: The Russian counterattack ends after being repulsed by German defensive lines. They settle down for the winter.


  • January 10: A massed confederation offensive begins into Syrian and Lebanese territory.
  • January 16: The Finnish Rebellion is declared officially over.
  • January 22: Seeking ways end the war, Kaiser Wilhelm III authorizes the equipping of German Zeppelins with chemical weapons. This is accompanied by the premier of the first German metal body fighter plane.
  • January 24: the Confederation offensive into Syrian and Lebanese territory ends. They have taken a decent chunk of land, but are unsuccessful in subduing the rebellion.
  • February 9: The first bombardment of London with chemical weapons takes place. the British begin equipping their own blimps with chemical weapons in response, but they have farther to go to reach Berlin than the Germans do to reach London.
  • February 13: Spain, suffering from domestic turmoil and opposition to the war, begins looking unofficially for a way to make peace with the Central Powers.
  • February 15: Russia, eager to see a weak Turkey in the Middle East, begins shipping weapons to the Kurdish rebels through Persia, although they can't spare many guns.
  • February 22: The Spanish peace feelers are received favorably by the Germans. Kaiser Wilhelm III sees an opportunity to take Southern France if the Spanish pull out of the war. Preparations for an offensive begin.
  • February 27: Kurdish rebels are discovered to be using Russian weapons. the Confederation issues a protest to the Russian government, but they don't press the issue.
  • March 4: After negotiations, Spain announces that it is leaving the Entente and declaring neutrality in World War 1. The French are stunned, although this is not entirely unexpected. The Spanish and the Germans have settled on a status quo ante peace deal. Spanish troops begin to withdraw from the front lines and move back to Spain.
  • March 7: The Germans, taking advantage of the weakness on the Southern French front due to the Spanish withdrawal, launch an offensive north whose goal is to link up the German positions in North and South France. Doing so will allow the Germans to move their forces between the two fronts easier. The French are stretched more than usual as they fill up the gaps that the Spanish have left in the front.
  • March 10: Paris comes under chemical bombardment as the Germans try to destroy French morale.
  • March 16: The Russians, Czech's, and Hungarians launch an offensive into Austria, with the intent of forcing Austria out of the war. They don't make much progress as the Germans have spent the winter building a formidable net of fortifications along the front. However, some in the Austrian government begin pressuring for peace to end their people's suffering and to remove German influence in the nation.
  • March 22: The German offensive comes to an end, just out of reach of its goals.
  • March 25: The RNS Whitehall is torpedoed by a German U-Boat. 48 Americans are killed, despite German warnings in American newspapers telling them to avoid traveling on British liners in a declared warzone. Relations between Germany and America are heavily damaged.
  • March 29: A Kurdish pre-emptive offensive against a massing Confederation Army is a stunning success. This has a strong negative impact on the morale of the Confederation.
  • April 7: The Kurdish rebels are approached by Confederation officials in secret with regards to ending the rebellion.
  • April 11: An Anglo-French offensive aimed at retaking land lost in the South is launched. It is done using a combination of Brusilov infiltration tactics with armor in an infantry support role.
  • April 14: After years of fighting, the last Italian forces in Libya surrender to British troops. The troops being used to protect British interests in Africa are redeployed to Europe.
  • April 21: Tentative peace negotiations begin in secret between the Austrian government and the Entente, looking for a restoration of pre-war borders with the exception of Czech independence.
  • April 28: Getting word of the secret negotiations due to Pro-German elements in the Austrian government, the German Army launches a hostile overthrow of the Austrian government. German troops deploy into Vienna, overrunning anyone who resists them, and taking much of the government prisoner. Metternich escapes, and is set up as leader of a government in exile in Hungary.
  • April 29: A new Pro-German government under Andreas Bolek is put in power in Vienna. their loyalty is assured by the deployment of several hundred German troops to "guard the capitol from anti-government revolutionaries."
  • April 31: The Austrian government in exile denounces the German overthrow of their government, and urges all loyal Austrians to resist the German oppressors in any way they can.
  • May 4: The Confederation war against the Kurd ends with the signing of a treaty recognizing Kurdish independence. The Lebanese and Syrians, encouraged by this, approach the Confederation for a peace of their own, but are rebuffed.
  • May 7: A massive Russian offensive into East Germany begins. This is their largest offensive in years. It also takes large amounts of manufactured material from the Empire, along with pretty much every tank they have. Sadly for the Russians, the Germans received warnings that this was coming from defectors and POW's, and Mackensen has gathered a large force to stop them.
  • May 10: The French launch their offensive in the north, near Flanders, taking advantage of a new theory espoused by an up and coming Field Marshal named Francois Anthione. This offensive sees some success for fairly sizable losses in the beginning.
  • May 16: The French offensive has turned into a bloody debacle. The early gains in the first day proved elusively hard to reproduce, and the strengthening of German defenses has made advances more bloodier for smaller gain. Nonetheless, Anthione presses on.
  • May 18: In Austria, an anti-German uprising begins, spurred on by the Austrian government in exile and equipped by the Russians. It has been planned for weeks in advanced, and the preparation shows as the rebellion seizes several cities and begins clashing with German troops and their Austrian supporters.
  • May 21: In East Germany, the Russians and Germans have battled each other to a standstill miles from the Russian starting point in a brilliant German defense by Mackensen.
  • May 23: The French offensive ends in abject failure, with the lines having moved farther into France. Anthione is disgraced and replaced.




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