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Timeline (The Land of Meadows)

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This is the general timeline page for The Land of Meadows timeline. General information about the progression of time and the events that occur will be put here. However, deeper detail will be given in the individual pages for each century.

1000-1099

  • The Settlement of Vinland is founded by Leif Ericson in the year 1000 AD, becoming the second Norse colony in North America and the first on the mainland of the continent. Ericson is made lord of the new colony by King Sweyn Forkbeard, and under his governorship the Norse colony survives and prospers. He manages to avoid large conflict with the Natives and trade relations prosper, allowing for successful trade routes to open and for the flow of goods readily between Scandinavia and Vinland. 
  • In 1022, Leif Ericson dies and his title as Lord of Vinland is handed down to his son Thorgils Ericson by means of his will. 
  • In 1056, King Harald Hardrada of Norway ceases further expansion into Ericsonland and under Thorgils Ericson the colony consolidates around a town named Thorvaldia (OTL St. John's) after Thorgils' uncle.
  • In 1065, King Harald Hardrada of Norway invades Scotland, hoping to open up Scottish farmland to Norse control and to create new markets for Norse goods. After a year of campaigning, much of Scotland falls to the Viking's assault.
  • In 1066, the death of King Edward the Confessor in England leaves the question of succession open in England, which Harald Hardrada takes advantage of by invading England. Duke William the Bastard of Normandy leads his forces into England to stake his claim, leading to the War of the English Succession .
  • In 1071, Norwegian King Hardrada lead his army against the Danish King Sweyn II for his role in supporting William the Bastard in the War of English Succession. The resulting Norwegian Invasion of Denmark saw success for Norway and the death of King Sweyn II of Denmark.
  • In the 1086, while up until this point the idea that the Norse had reached a new continent had only been a rumor, however in this decade goods from Ericsonland began to reach the rest of Europe. 
  • In 1094, the late King Olaf III of Norway sends the first of many eventual expeditions to seize the lands of Ireland. The seven counties of Ireland band together to form an army that defeats the Norse. Soon after Olaf III dies in his bed, his successor Magnus III refuses to continue further attacks on Ireland.
  • In 1096, Pope Urban II calls for a Crusade against the Muslims controlling Jerusalem. The Kingdom of France, much of the Holy Roman Empire, the Kingdom of England, and other Italian states contribute soldiers. After some debate, Magnus III of Norway agrees to lead an army of Norse soldiers to the Holy Land, and in his travels spreads around products from Vinland. Any dispute as to the existence of Vinland thus ceases.
  • In 1099, after three years of warfare the city of Jerusalem falls to Christian crusaders. Its citizens are massacred, but Magnus III, disheartened by the bloodshed decides to return immediately to Norway, earning him the nickname "Magnus Barefoot." 

1100-1199

  • In 1107, King Sigurd I of Norway leads his fleet on the Norwegian Crusade. Norway raids all along the Iberian coast of the Almoravid Caliphate before besieging the Balearic Islands and then travelling to the Holy Land. While the attacks Sigurd leads do little to affect the eventual fall of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, his attacks weaken the Almoravid, hastening the Reconquista. 
  • In 1145-1149, the Europeans launch a Second Crusade with the support of the Norwegians the Crusaders and are able to establish the Count of Edessa and other small Crusader states. Afterwards the Seljuk Turks and Byzantines sign a peace treaty and the Crusaders seize the Nile delta towards the end. The Almoravids and Almohads fall into civil war in Northern Africa, while the Spaniards launch their own crusade on the south.
  • In the 1150s and 1160s, the Kingdom of Sweden and the Republic of Novgorod/Kieven Rus' begin to send expeditions to Ericsonland by sailing around the northern side of Iceland. King Sigurd II initially plans to launch attacks on the Swedes and Novgorod to keep them out of Ericsonland, however he chooses to focus on the events in the Middle East instead.
  • In 1189, the Third Crusade begins when Saladin wages war on the Crusader states, prompting Richard the Lionheart, Frederick Barbarossa, Philip II of France, and Sigurd II of Norway to counter-attack. Despite early victories, the Muslims under Saladin win the Battle of Jaffa in 1192, leaving Richard captured, Frederick already dead earlier in the campaign, and Philip and Siguard in retreat. Saladin leads to the spread of the Ayyubid dynasty and their reign across the whole of the Middle East.

1200-1299

  • In 1202, Crusaders from the Republic of Venice, Holy Roman Empire, and Kingdoms of Norway and France embark on the Fourth Crusade. However after reaching the city of Constantinople, they choose to plunder it rather than to return to the Holy Land. The resulting collapse of the Byzantine Empire into multiple smaller kingdoms resulted in a watershed effect that allowed for the rise of Novgorod in Russia and the transfer of ancient texts and artwork from the Byzantine Empire to northern Italy and Norway.
  • In 1204, the Duchy of Normandy falls from Angevin hands into the the hands of Philip II of France, ending Norman self-rule. The Kingdom of England becomes enraged by this event, decide to turn their anger to the Kingdom of Wales. England and Wales go to war, which sees the Barons' Revolt that leads to King John of England signing the Magna Carta at Runnymede in 1215.
  • In 1206, Genghis Khan takes the throne as Great Khan of the Mongol Empire. He begins to expand the Mongol Empire across Central and Eastern Asia, seizing the lands of many nomadic peoples, and eventually taking northern China for their own.
  • In the 1210s and 1220s, the Republic of Novgorod wages war against the Kievan Rus', becoming the new premier power over Russia. In 1240, the Mongols reach the gates of Kiev, conquer the city, and thus destroy the Kievan Rus'. Eventually the Mongols reach Novgorod, which surrenders to the Mongol Golden Horde, becoming the center of tribute for the Russian lands. While much of Europe stays just beyond the Mongols' reach, the Norwegians consider one of their major rivals out of the way, and declare war on the Kingdom of Sweden .
  • In 1212, the forces of Christian Spain decisively defeat the Almohad Caliphate at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa. The resulting thirty year fight against the remainder of the Almohad Caliphate sees the forces of Christian Spain corner the Almohad and Muslims to a small corridor of the southern Iberian Peninsula. 
  • In 1241, the King Haakon IV of Norway successfully calls for a Christian crusade to fight the Mongols invading Poland and Hungary. At the Battle of Mohi, the Norse, Hungarians, Poles, Teutonic Knights, Knights Templar, and Holy Roman Empire fought a valiant fight against the Mongols. After a very bloody battle, the Europeans succeed in defeating the Mongol horde and forcing them back, acquiring gunpowder weaponry from the retreating Mongol camp.
  • In 1249, the Kingdom of Portugal wins the Battle of Algrave, ending the Portuguese Reconquista and uniting the entire kingdom.

1300-1399

1400-1499

1500-1599

1600-1699

1700-1799

1800-1899

1900-1999

2000-present

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