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Alternate History

Timeline (The Arrow That Missed)

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The following is a description of events throughout the world from the Death of Edward the Confessor on 5th January, 1066, to the Present day.

1066- 1100

1066- 1070

Europe

  • January 4, 1066: King Edward the Confessor dies. Harold II is immediately pronounced King.
  • January 8, 1066: Harold II is crowned at Westminster Abbey.
  • Janaury 16, 1066: Harold marries Edith, daughter of Elfgar, late Earl of Mercia.
  • September 20, 1066: Harold Hardrada defeats Edwin of Mercia and Morcar of Northumbria at the Battle of Fulford.
  • September 25, 1066: Hardrada and his army are defeated and wiped out at the Battle of Stamford Bridge.
  • September 28, 1066: William of Normandy lands at Pevensey, England.
  • October 14- December 2, 1066: William's army is destroyed in a series of Battles known as the Sussex Invasion.
  • "The Lull": December 4th, 1066- August 7th, 1071: A period of the Norman war without English involvement. This period was marked by the general collapse of Normandy in civil wars.
  • March 4th, 1068- Rufus of Normandy comes to an agreement with his brother Henry, and together, defeat Robert at Bayeux. Robert is wounded and dies of his injuries days later. 
  • April 6th, 1069- Rufus has his brother Henry executed, which ends the competing claims to the Norman throne. However, this sparks two insurrections in his Duchy. 
  • Septmeber 9th, 1069- Rufus loses three consecutive battles against pretenders to his throne, losing most land outside of Caen.
  • July 1st, 1070- Armies led by Matilda, the Duke's mother, win several battles, and with Anjevin and Breton help, stabilize most of the Duchy.

1071- 1080

Europe

  • August 7th, 1071- Matilda is killed after being trampled by a horse.
  • Ausgust 9th- December 21st, 1071- Maine, Anjou, Brittany, Flanders, and Bayeux all send troops into Normandy to support various pretenders. Rufus once more loses most of his land outside Caen. Of the 7 claimants to the throne, 2 are killed in this time.
  • December 22nd, 1071- Armies led by Harold Godwinsson land in Normandy.
  • January 3rd, 1072- Battle of Rouen; Godwinsson defeats the strongest of the pretenders, supported by Anjou and Maine.
  • January 5th- March 7th, 1072- Seige of Caen and the annexation of Normandy; while troops led by the Earl of Northumbria attack and take over Caen (killing Rufus in the process), the Earl of Mercia defeats two other pretenders in battles at Bayeux and Le Havre, completing reducing the second to ash.
  • April 6th, 1072- March 4th, 1074- French Civil War; the remaining French duchys in the North fall to infighting, with Anjou and Maine against Brittony. The Anglish, led by Leofyne Godwinsson, Harold's brother, quickly defeat all three and annex their territories.
  • September 7th, 1074- The Holy Emperor, Henry IV, clashes with the Pope over his appointments of Bishops in the HRE.
  • May 3rd, 1075- The King of France leads an army of 50,000 soldiers against the Anglish held Normandy.
  • May 14th-16th, 1075- Gyrth Godwinsson, brother to King Harold, leads an army of 10,000 Anglish against the larger French army and defeats them in the Fourth Battle of Caen. He is killed in the ensuing battle.
  • July 4th-21st, 1075- The Sack of Paris. 20,000 Anglish soldiers moving South attack Paris. Most of the French defenders flee, save for a small group of approximately 100, who successfully hold Paris for 13 days before falling. The Anglish sack Paris for 4 days before leaving.
  • November 21st, 1075- January 3rd, 1076- Bayeux Uprising; 40,000 French rise up in rebellion against Anglish rule in Normandy. After a month's fighting, Anglish troops successfully put down the revolt at the Battle of Le Havre. This is the last uprising in Normandy for nearly 100 years.
  • August 14th, 1076- the clashes in the HRE between the Pope and the Emperor come to a head when fighting breaks out across Southern Germany between supporters of the Emperor and the Pope.
  • January 4th, 1077- The Pope sends a bull putting Angland under Interdict and calls on all Christian nations to liberate Normandy. Emperor Henry IV refuses and bans any state in the HRE from aiding the French in attempting to reclaim Normandy.
  • February 7th- March 3rd, 1077- The Pope excommunicates Henry IV, in response to which Henry calls his banners and marches upon Canossa.
  • March 4th, 1077- The Sack of Canossa. The Pope is forced to lift the Interdict on Angland and allow the Emperor to appoint clerical figures within the HRE. From this day forward, the Holy Roman Emperor would be seen as a higher figure than the Pope.
  • September 6th, 1077-August 3rd, 1079- The Papal Civil War. The cardinals of the Church, divided after Canossa and the fall of France, declare the Pope to be illegitimate. Calling themselves the Sedevacantists, they attempt to install their own Pope in power. After two years of fighting, the Pope dies of dysentery while hiding in the Alps, and the Sedevacantists prevail. 
  • November 7th, 1078- Using the Papal Civil War as an excuse, the Anglish found the Western Church, its leadership split between the Archbishops of York and Canterbury. 
  • November 4th, 1079- The Holy Roman Emperor declares the Sedevacantist Pope to be illegitimate. A second Civil War breaks out in Germany, with supporters of the Papal Sedevacantists fighting the Emperor's Recusants.

1081- 1090

Europe

  • January 8th, 1081- The Second Papal Civil War comes to an end with the Compact of Rome, in which the Sedevacantists renounce all control over the HRE, but with the HRE losing its Italian states in exchange. 
  • November 4th, 1081- The HRE officially joins the Western Church, with the Archbishoprics of Trier, Cologne, and Mainz being considered equals to the Archbishops of York and Canterbury. This, however, is as of yet the only difference between the Catholic Church and the Western Church.

1091- 1100

Europe

1101- 1200

1101- 1110

Europe

1111- 1120

Europe

1121- 1130

Europe

1131- 1140

1141- 1150

1151- 1160

1161- 1170

1171- 1180

1181- 1190

1191- 1200

1201- 1300

1201- 1210

1211- 1220

1221- 1230

1231- 1240

1241- 1250

1251- 1260

1261- 1270

1271- 1280

1281- 1290

1291- 1300

1301- 1400

1301- 1310

1311- 1320

1321- 1330

1331- 1340

1341- 1350

1351- 1360

1361- 1370

1371- 1380

1381- 1390

1391- 1400

1401- 1500

1401- 1410

1411- 1421

1421- 1430

1431- 1440

1441- 1450

1451- 1460

1461- 1470

1471- 1480

1481- 1490

1491- 1500

1501- 1600

1501- 1510

1511- 1520

1521- 1530

1531- 1540

1541- 1550

1551- 1560

1561- 1570

1570- 1580

1581- 1590

1591- 1600

1601- 1700

1601- 1610

1611- 1620

1621- 1630

1631- 1640

1641- 1650

1651- 1660

1661- 1670

1671- 1680

1681- 1690

1691- 1700

1701- 1800

1701- 1710

1711- 1720

1721- 1730

1731- 1740

1741- 1750

1751- 1760

1761- 1770

1771- 1780

1781- 1790

1791- 1800

1801- 1900

1801- 1810

1811- 1820

1821- 1830

1831- 1840

1841- 1850

1851- 1860

1861- 1870

1871- 1880

1881- 1890

1891- 1900

1901- 2000

1901- 1910

1911- 1920

1921- 1930

1931- 1940

1941- 1950

1951- 1960

1961- 1970

1971- 1980

1981- 1990

1991- 2000

2001- 2012

2001- 2010

2011- 2013

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