On June 11th 1963, rather than allowing federal troops to force integration at the University of Alabama, Governor George Wallace, instead orders the Alabama National Guard to take hostage the federal troops. The federal troops surrender after direct orders from Lyndon B. Johnson to avoid a confrontation. George Wallace, though accused by treason by many, has now found himself at the head of a national movement of state’s rights, and announces that the state of Alabama no longer recognizes the authority of the US Government in its confines, effectively a secession. Though many other Southern politicians express support, no other states follow in the de facto secession. Wallace announces in August that he plans to run for President of the United States the coming year, and founds the “American Independent Party”, clamoring for state’s rights and an increasingly borderline secession movement against the US government. The federal government, worried about the popularity of Wallace, takes no action at the time while Wallace’s movement grows. During this time, Wallace increasingly militarizes the Alabama National Guard into a smooth and functional independent military force, and begins construction on fortifications surrounding the state.
Barry Goldwater of Arizona is the Republican nominee for President and Lyndon B. Johnson is nominated by the Democratic Party, with George Wallace running as President for the American Independent Party with Strom Thurmond as Vice President Nominee. The election campaign is fierce, with Wallace positioning himself as a fierce advocate of state’s rights and segregation, and true conservatism, while Goldwater comes off as a conservative-moderate, and Lyndon B. Johnson represents progressive ideals of equality. The election then results in a deeply divided country; with Wallace sweeping the Southern states, Lyndon B. Johnson the North and West Coast, and Barry Goldwater winning just a handful of states in between, with the final electoral and popular vote being;
- Johnson: 271 Electoral, 45% Popular Vote
- Wallace: 250 Electoral, 35% Popular Vote
- Goldwater: 17 Electoral, 30% Popular Vote
Immediately after the election, Wallace complains that Goldwater drained away conservative votes, and that really the majority of the American people didn’t want Lyndon B. Johnson’s radical program of integration. Lyndon B. Johnson fulfilled his promises and immediately passed through a combination of Congress and executive order a legislative package known as the “Acts on the Rights and Equality of all Races.” The very name sent shudders down many white southerners spines. At the Electoral College, an unprecedented event happened – all seventeen of Goldwater’s electors voted for Wallace, leaving Wallace with 267 Electoral votes to Johnson’s 270. Goldwater and Wallace repeated the claims that the election had been stolen from them – and the year drew to a close amid much tension.
Vice President Hubert Humphrey dies suddenly in January due to a terrible heart attack, and President Johnson nominates Nelson Rockefeller, the Republican Governor of NY, in an attempt to gain conservative support. Wallace however continues his barrage and still refuses to allow the federal government into Alabama. The troops and employees taken hostage by the ANG (Alabama National Guard) are in well kept facilities and treated kindly as Wallace didn’t want to inspire a military response from the government. Important federal officials were released to ease tensions slightly, but nonetheless as April drew near, the federal government didn’t receive taxes from Alabama, causing a rumble at the IRS and ruining the government’s budget for the year. The government began to take action and Johnson told Wallace to hand over the taxes that Wallace had instead collected for the Alabama government. Wallace refused, and tensions boiled. The tensions boiled so much that Lyndon B. Johnson was said to have endured long sleepless nights and was confined to bed for many days, but refused to give up the mantle of presidency. Wallace cited this as evidence of the hungry ambitions of Johnson and called him a “Traitor to the South”. As the summer of 1965 rolled by, the neighboring state of Mississippi joined Alabama in its resistance against the federal government, having finally succumbed to ferocious anger over Johnson’s civil rights package. Wallace and the Governor in Mississippi kept the same methods of segregation as they had before in the 1950’s – namely brutal, but they didn’t want to incite any rebellions. By the end of the year, the state of Louisiana had joined Alabama and Mississippi in the typical Deep South.
In the Congressional elections in the Deep South, segregationist Democrats took over in a landslide due to voter intimidation of non-segregationists. Across the North and West however, many states were disgusted by the Deep South and elected many pro-civil rights Senators and Congressmen. In the rest of the South however, Senators such as Strom Thurmond were reelected in landslides. During this year tensions continued to boil, and the federal government, although it made a temporary budget plan to solve the lack of taxes from MS, AL, and LS, was beginning to draw up plans for forcible collection of taxes.
The federal government confronts, with its IRS agents, the Alabama National Guard at the border and demands entrance to collect taxes. The ANG however, instead detains them. Lyndon B. Johnson declares Alabama to be in rebellion and orders three battalions of the US army to go into Alabama and collect the taxes from the Alabama Department of Treasury. The Alabama National Guard at the border is intimidated and stands down, despite the calls by Wallace to resist. However, when the three battalions reach Montgomery, Alabama, violence breaks out as units severely segregationist and severely loyal to Wallace begin shooting after refusing to allow the federal troops into the city. The scuffle quickly turns bloody, and the ANG reports 50 dead and 200 wounded on its side, and the US Army reports 30 dead and 300 wounded. Both sides claim the other aggressed and both sides claim victory. The US Army regiments set up camp in the hills of Montgomery as Wallace, who is in the capital, calls on the Alabama National Guard and all the “Southern peoples” to resist the “tyranny” of the federal government. Wallace calls in 15,000 troops and volunteers from Birmingham, routing, and eventually capturing the three federal regiments, taking them prisoner. Lyndon B. Johnson declares that the US Army now declares Alabama to be in a state of war with the United States, and mobilizes the military to strike the coming year.
With Alabama, and thus Wallace, out of the running for President, Lyndon B. Johnson wins in a landslide as Barry Goldwater tries to muster up conservative support in a country which is disgusted with the bigotry of the South. Johnson wins 70% of the popular vote and 500 Electoral Votes to Goldwater’s 30% and 38 Electoral Votes. Johnson sends several divisions, in total consisting of 35,000 troops, into Alabama to not just retrieve the taxes, but to arrest Wallace and return Alabama to a state of calm. In response, the Alabama State Legislature passes an Ordinance of Secession, seceding from the United States. The US Army begins by trying to slowly edge into Alabama, taking city by city. Crossing into Alabama from Tennessee, the divisions make camp near Huntsville, AL, and begin to prepare an assault on the city. Wallace brings in the full force of the ANG, 50,000 volunteers and guardsmen, and says he will sacrifice all to protect Alabama’s “freedom”. Due to Wallace’s popularity, he amends Alabama’s constitution and thus remains in the office of Governor.
In the resulting Battle of Huntsville, the federal government due to the superior weapons and tactics, eventually took Huntsville and the ANG retreated, but not first bloody casualties on both sides during the month-long battle. There are 5,000 US Army KIA, and 10,000 WIA. On the ANG side, 10,000 KIA and 13,000 WIA. During the battle, there were also 5,000 collateral deaths and 20,000 civilian wounded. The new Civil War had begun.
|Battle of Huntsville|
|Conflict||Alabama Secession War|
|Date||February 1968 to August 1968|
|Result||United States Army Victory|
The federal army, reinforced, slowly pushed down through Alabama amid the incompetence of Alabama’s officers. However, things became complicated when Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Carolina passed Ordinances of Secession as well. The states of Texas, Florida, and Tennessee fully support the federal government, with Virgina and North Carolina remaining neutral, and helped send in troops. By mid 1969 federal troops had pushed down to Birmingham, where a overwhelming force of US military units, air force, and armor fought a bloody battle against hardened Southern defenders. The US Government won once again, but amid extremely bloody casualties, as Wallace had instituted more encouragement to volunteer and thus saw massive ANG enrollment.
Wallace eventually himself began to become worried and began trying to force a more dense and fortified region around Montgomery. The ANG set up artillery, Anti-Air, and all sorts of defenses. During this time, federal troops swarmed into Mississippi and South Carolina with swarms of troops as military recruitment on both sides increased – beyond the South the cause was for freedom, and in the South it was state’s rights. Wallace’s American Independent Party too, in its convention in September, finally broke from the Democratic Party as did MS, LO, and SC. The AIP then called for a new federation of states, under the banner of state’s right, reminiscing of the days of the CSA.
|Battle of Birmingham|
|Conflict||Alabama Secession War|
|Date||July 1969 to October 1969|
|Result||United States Army Victory|
|Battle of Charleston|
|Conflict||Alabama Secession War|
|Place||Charleston, South Carolina|
|Result||United States Army Victory|
On May 1st 1970, the states of Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, and South Carolina with non-voting delegates from Georgia observing, came together at the convention hall in Jackson, Mississippi to form the new “Sovereign States of America” with a Constitution directly affirming state’s rights. George Wallace was elected the first President, and New Orleans was designated the first capital for its secure location and port.
|Capital||New Orleans (1970)|
|Head of state||George Wallace|
|Head of government|
|Independence||May 1st 1970|
The federal and other states government however, continued to pummel the Sovereign States of America, capturing Jackson, Mississippi with over 500,000 total casualties on all sides in late July, and then surrounding Columbia, South Carolina and installing a blockade of supplies. The South’s cause was beginning to look hopeless.
Suddenly, in a stroke of luck for the South, Lyndon B. Johnson suddenly suffered a stroke and was confined to bed in early January, and in late January passed away. President Nelson Rockefeller was sworn in, and increased passion and hatred in the South for a northern president, for in their eyes at least Johnson was from Texas. However, the federal government still pummeled the South, but was beginning to real back from Anti-War sentiment of a war being fought so brutally against Americans, and thus focused on a few core points. Due to Northern pressure, the federal troops retreated from their blockade of Columbia and formed a fortified line along the border between South and North Carolina, and the same between Tennessee and Mississippi. In Alabama however, the government still held onto Middle and Northern Alabama, drawing a line near Montgomery itself.
However, in mid-1971 the US Army tried perhaps its most climatic siege yet upon the capital of the SSA – New Orleans. Having received previous intelligence, Wallace was prepared, and had called in forces from across the south to defend against the invasion by sea.
|Battle of New Orleans|
|Conflict||Alabama Secession War|
|Place||New Orleans, Louisiana|
|650,000 Volunteers and Troops|
15 Naval Destroyers (SSA)
35 Naval Destroyers (USA)
The United States faces a harsh election campaign as President Rockefeller is criticized for being an ‘appeaser’ and taking it soft on the rebelling South. Nonetheless, the Republican Party nominates him again for President, although by a slim margin as he faced a fierce primary challenge by War Hawk Ronald Reagan. On the Democrat’s side, men such as the peace-mongers Jimmy Carter and George McGovern, and the slick ‘politician’ Walter Mondale duke it out in a fierce primary battle. Walter Mondale eventually prevails and takes the unprecedented step of nominating Ronald Reagan as his Vice-President, who accepts. Once November roles around, the election indicates a sharp mandate between Rockefeller’s moderate policies and Mondale and Reagan’s hawkish stance. As a note, since the secession of the southern states, their representatives have been given to other states to maintain the 538 number of electors.
- Mondale: 517 Electoral Votes, 78% Popular
- Rockefeller: 21 Electoral Votes, 22% Popular
While the campaign is going on however, Nelson Rockefeller has signed a “Treaty of Understanding” with the Sovereign States of America creating an armistice. The SSA now forms a strong bloc ring in the south consisting of Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, and Louisiana. George Wallace, still strong and popular, easily wins the South’s Presidential election campaign which has been fashioned to follow the North’s election pattern in the same way. SSA Vice President Strom Thurmond travels to Washington D.C. for talks in December and is received by angry protests from thousands of citizens. Eventually the talks break down with the only agreement resulting from the Washington Conference being a commerce agreement permitting free trade across the borders between the SSA and USA, and the USA recognizing the SSA as a sovereign state, by Rockefeller’s executive order as the Senate and Congress fiercely opposed such.
Mondale and Reagan are sworn in with much tension and optimism. In a unique relationship, Reagan and Mondale are seen as equals in terms of power, with Reagan’s personality being so strong and overarching compared to Mondale’s more compromising attitude. Vice President Reagan begins by in February ordering five Naval Destroyers to accompany trade vessels to the port of Charleston, South Carolina. The people of Charleston had not forgotten the last siege, and so were both suspicious and angry. Wallace said that if the ships did not turn away from Charleston, he would institute tariffs on trade into the SSA. In response, Mondale ordered that the Naval Destroyers proceed, accompanying other trade vessels, to the port of New Orleans. President Wallace sees this as a threat upon the SSA’s independence and a threat, and issues an ultimatum saying that if the destroyers get within 25 miles of the Port of New Orleans, the destroyers will be fired upon. The destroyers continue to proceed closer and closer. In the end, as the seconds draw smaller, President Mondale suddenly backs out much to the anger of Vice President Reagan. Reagan commits near-treason by ordering the destroyers to turn back and continue into New Orleans – four of the destroyers follow Mondale and turn around, but the USS Alabama II continues on into the port. The Louisiana National Guard Navy detects the USS Alabama II and launches three Anti-Ship missiles at the Alabama. The Alabama is hit, sinking the Alabama, and causing one hundred American deaths and three hundred captured.
The result at the home front in the US is staggering. President Mondale first expects the public to throw their anger at Reagan, and thus tells Reagan to resign, but Reagan refuses. The public, in fact, sides with Reagan and says that the US must punish the South for this – and begins protesting against the cowardness of Mondale, saying that if he had permitted the ships to all go in together, they would have intimidated the SSA too much to fire. From increasing protests and public outrage, President Mondale resigns in June 1973, and Reagan becomes the new President – and refuses to appoint a new Vice President.
Reagan begins by instituting a full sea blockade of the South in corporation with the Mexican Navy. On land, the US Army sets up forts and towers preventing the shipment of goods into the South. The South is once again economically cut off from the world, but Wallace was ready, and had already began a program of Southern self-sufficiency. The South is able to supply itself with food and supplies, and is relatively unharmed. The end of the first year of peace in a decade is met with bitterness by Reagan.
The next five years are uneventful, with the continued blockade and tensions. Reagan wins 90% of the popular vote and all the Electoral Votes in the election. The Democratic Party ran Jimmy Carter, winning only 10% of the vote. However, in Congress, War Hawk Democrats win majorities in both the House and the Senate, as many Republicans still follow the creed of peacenik Rockefeller.
In the beginning of January, Vice President Strom Thurmond travels to Little Rock, Arkansas and negotiates with the Governor there. On February 2nd 1978, Arkansas declares its secession from the United States and joins the Sovereign States of America. President Reagan sees this as exactly the opportunity to strike the SSA with reason. Sending in a strike force of 50,000 US Troops into Arkansas, the US Troops capture Little Rock, Arkansas without a fight and set up base there. George Wallace calls this a fierce act of aggression, and has his Generals put another front up against the US Army near Little Rock. Tensions remain as both sides stare down each other.
In the meantime, Reagan orders the CIA to prepare a covert operation to destabilize the SSA leadership. The CIA first had plans to capture Wallace but Reagan declared that doing such would have caused the SSA to fight even more. Instead the CIA, in “Operation Integration”, sends agents into New Orleans and bloodlessly kidnaps Strom Thurmond, bringing him back to the United States and preparing to set him up for a trial for treason.
Wallace expresses complete outrage, and a few days later several terrorist attacks take place in Baltimore, MD, and Lexington, KY. Reagan, in an attempt to not raise tensions before trying Thurmond, doesn’t retaliate but promises revenge eventually.
The trial begins in May. Storm Thurmond is accused on counts of three points; 1. Treason against the United States, 2. Plotting treason against the United States, and 3. Conspiracy to kill American citizens and national sovereignty. George Wallace and many officials in the SSA call the trial unfair and rigged, and eventually by September Strom Thurmond is found guilty on all three counts and sentenced to life in prison. Thurmond is shipped off to a prison in Iowa and remains there.
In June, George Wallace does the unthinkable, giving Reagan more room to initiate public anger against the SSA. George Wallace meets with Premier Brezhnev of the Soviet Union, whom he previously campaigned against as a “tyrant”, and signing the “Treaty of Mutual Understanding” where George Wallace promises that the SSA will “join with the freedom-loving peoples of the world in fighting against tyranny and injustice” and in return the Soviet Union will supply the SSA with money and weapons, beginning with arms shipments of missiles and tanks from the Soviet bases in Cuba, along with a payment equal to $300,000,000,000 USD per year. The USSR had become the first nation to recognize the SSA, as the rest of the world had refused to. The conflict between the USA and SSA has just grown to monstrous proportions.
Reagan makes an infamous speech then calling the Soviet Union an “evil empire” with its “crony and minion – the Sovereign States of America.” Reagan radically increases defense spending by increasing funding to the “Strategic Defense Initiative”, and further funding missile bases in Europe and Turkey, breaking the agreement in 1962 by John F. Kennedy with the USSR.
The Soviet Union begins arms buildup in kind. The year ends amid tensions of global proportions.
The year progresses slowly as the Deep South grows a strong and prosperous industrial economy with the economic and military aid from the Soviet Union, as the SSA now can devote funding formerly devoted to the National Guard to the economy instead. NATO begins arming facilities and creating missile bases in Europe, while the US and Canada begin to jointly fund and build missile bases under the initiative of Reagan in North America. Mexico signs an agreement as well with the US and Canada, combining its resources to face off the Soviet Union. The SDI, although heavily funded, is so far turning out few results, much to Reagan’s disappointment. In turn, Reagan unleashes a new defense project – “Project Savior”.
Officially passed by Congress in August 1979, Project Savior was initiated in remote but extremely well-kept facilities in Nunavut Province, Northern Canada, on the shores of the Hudson Bay. The legislation and supplementary executive orders order a project to be created to focus on harnessing solar winds as weapons by temporarily creating holes in the ozone layer and magnetic disruptions in the Earth’s field, thus unleashing a deadly, invisible, and unstoppable weapon. The project progresses in secret, using ice in Northern Canada as test subjects, but develops slowly without much initial success.
Ronald Reagan is elected in a landslide, taking New Hampshire Republican Senator Thomas J. McIntyre as Vice President, easily defeating with a 60% victory Senator Gary Hart of Colorado, who had got the Democratic nomination by pointing to the foolishness and disgrace of Mondale.
The year continues in tension, as both sides continue to build up arms. George Wallace is becoming increasingly old and frail, and many say that he will soon be out of power, and many call for the SSA to rescue Strom Thurmond from Iowa as his successor.
The year progresses slowly as Anti-USA protests break out in the SSA. Segregation still remains in the SSA, although by now George Wallace, in order to prevent rebellion, has fully made the facilities ‘separate but equal’.
In the early hours of New Years Day, January, 1982, a squad of SSA Agents break into the maximum security Iowa State Penitentiary in Lee County, Iowa, and escape with Strom Thurmond. In the process however, five prison guards and one civilian were killed. The outrage in the United States is enormous, and many call for brutal retaliation. Reagan however, mediates the tensions as he still is hoping to build SDI and Project Savior to avoid actual conflict, because although his bravado is great for history and publicity, he doesn’t actually wish to wage a “MAD” War.
In the South, George Wallace officially resigns as President, having served almost twenty years, and Strom Thurmond, like many expected, take his place. Thurmond appoints Wallace as a Cabinet Advisor. Strom Thurmond, unlike Wallace, is no clever politician, and wants to enforce racial inequality in the SSA, but is stopped by the political advice of Wallace. Thurmond however, has an extreme hatred of communism and the USSR, and begins to alienate the USSR by denouncing communism as “the greatest evil ever to plague mankind” in his inauguration speech. The Soviet Union reacts by cutting back funding to $200,000,000,000 USD per year, causing the SSA economy to dip into a quick recession. Strom Thurmond however, doesn’t relent, and continues with his Anti-Soviet barrage. The new Soviet Premier Andropov travels to the US to meet with President Thurmond, but the talks break down and Thurmond calls Andropov a “tyrant” and “living devil.” Thurmond appoints Governor H. Guy Hunt of Alabama to serve as his Vice President.
Premier Andropov calls for Thurmond to officially resign, and threatens to fully retract soviet funding and thus ruin the southern economy if he doesn’t. However, Andropov’s threatening tone caused the Southern people to feel insulted that they were being controlled by foreign powers, and there were riots everywhere from New Orleans to Birmingham. Soviet Troops, used to massacring protests in the USSR, quickly begin shooting protestors.
On May 1st 1982, the anniversary of the SSA’s founding, 300,000 people gathered in New Orleans to protest the Soviet dominance of the South. Soviet troops fire on the crowds, and 800 people are killed and 3000 wounded. The response from the south is instant and devastating. Strom Thurmond immediately declares that the Soviets are “no longer welcome in the South” and gives all soviet troops a ten day period to leave. During these ten days, the soviets begin retreating troops, but many still remain as a show of Soviet resolve. Many more protests break out, with crowds raiding and destroying soviet-built military bases and embassies. The Soviet Ambassador travels to meet with Strom Thurmond, who refuses to meet with him.
As the Soviet delegation waits in front of the steps of the SSA State building demanding to meet Thurmond, a crowd gathers around them and begins protesting. The Soviet delegation had an arrogant appearance and refused to mingle with the crowd. Suddenly as the crowd, gathering over 2000 people, began having speakers, suddenly former State’s Rights Party Elector and Louisiana Governor David C. Treen took the stage and began stirring the ground with radical anti-communist calls and condemnations. Governor Treen then said the infamous line “let us no longer bow before the feet of either tyranny or foreigners – let us take our rightful place as the greatest people on the Earth – and let us kill those who would dare defy destiny – this is the War of the South.” With this, the crowd became so excited that they mobbed the Soviet delegation and killed the Ambassador. The Soviet union was not too pleased by this – the War of the South had begun.
The War of the South
Governor Treen quickly was appointed a General in the Louisiana National Guard. The Soviets began by instituting a full naval blockade of the Southern USA, and sending in troops to invade South Carolina, taking Charleston after a bloody siege. President Thurmond immediately met President Reagan in secret and they both agreed on a mitigation of the situation to face the Soviet threat, which had before now generally stayed out of American affairs, but had also spread across the globe while the Americans focused at home. By February the soviets had control of South Carolina and were rapidly advancing towards Atlanta. However, at Atlanta, remnants of the South Carolina National Guard along with the Georgia National Guard, led by General Treen, fought back the 5th Soviet Army at the Battle of Atlanta. Although the SSA lost 50,000 soldiers, 30,000 civilians, and had 80,000 wounded, General Treen’s armies had inflicted over 150,000 deaths and 300,000 wounded on the Soviet Armies that marched through South Carolina. For a moment, the Soviet assault was slowed, as the Soviets needed time to transport more troops to the United States. Reagan ordered secret United States missions, known as “Project Friendship”, where elite US pilots and aircraft painted with SSA recognition methods would intercept soviet troop transports in the air and shoot them down, and bomb supply ships. However, Reagan was extremely cautious because the operation could cause nuclear war if the Soviets found out that the US was the cause behind it. George Wallace resigned as a Cabinet Advisor to gain a commission in the Alabama National Guard in May.
In mid-May, a surprise Soviet-Cuban attack from Cuba captured New Orleans, and Strom Thurmond and the SSA government were forced to flee to Jackson, Mississippi. The Soviets in New Orleans, which had by then grown into a bustling metropolis of over five million people, instituted harsh military rule and in the process many civilians starved or were executed. General Wallace and General Treen then would then lead a massive counterattack, first using borrowed USA Stealth Bombers to hit Soviet bases that had been leaked to the US by partisans inside the city, combined with artillery bombardment at night, and scheduled when there were the required communist party meetings for the soviet officers. Eventually, by early July, General Wallace and General Treen marched through the streets of New Orleans and reclaimed the city, amid few casualties in comparison to the rest of the war. This was seen as a turning point in the War of the South. The Soviets however, were not deterred, and threatened openly at the United Nations that they would fire ICBM’s on the South if they did not surrender. Reagan however, responded immediately and used harsh words to discourage such an act, threatening MAD. The Soviets backed off the nuclear option, but continued with massive troop engagements. Next the Soviets would pierce through a small passage in Louisiana and then cut off New Orleans from the rest of the SSA. By this time, generals from the south had already reclaimed Charleston and South Carolina. The Soviets however, before South Carolina had been recaptured, took the radical step of executing South Carolina Governor Richard Riley publicly. After the SSA reclaimed South Carolina, the South Carolina People took revenge and killed off many of the remaining soviet officials and any traitors who had joined them.
By late September, the South had effectively repelled the Soviet assaults, except for the blockade of New Orleans. New Orleans was rapidly languishing, being cut off from supplies.