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Brief Summary at Main Page
Locations of events are indicated by flags
- Votes Announced: Overwhelming Majority vote "yes"
- Alex Salmond makes a press statement, saying he is delighted with the result, but warns that the road to independence is not yet over. He also states that he intends for the new country to work closely with the UK and other countries on the international stage.
- Mass celebrations begin in many Scottish cities, though there are some scuffles as pro-Union supporters wave Union Flags. Some cases of xenophobia against Scottish (and by extension, Celtic-looking) people in British cities are reported.
- David Cameron makes a press speech in which he states that he is "disappointed" with the result, but respects the Scottish people's choice, and that the British and Scottish people should continue to work together and remember what they have in common. There are many calls for Cameron to resign after failing to preserve the union.
- Share prices in the London Stock Exchange fall by up to 10% and the Pound starts to fall against most major currencies. Beginnings of Financial Crisis.
- Catalan Parliament approves call for referendum on independence.
- There are calls for the UK General Election to be postponed until 2016, as Scottish MPs will affect the vote, especially with the idea that "Scottish Labour MP's could deliver a Labour government that would have no mandate in the rest of the UK."
- Many international leaders release statements congratulating the Scottish people and the democracy used, and their aim to continue to work with both the UK and Scotland.
- Many multinational corporations announce plans to relocate their main offices to London, Many hotels in Scotland notice many cancellations from English tourists. The Royal Bank of Scotland announces that while it will keep offices in Scotland, it will locate its headquarters in London.
- Tory Backbenchers start to call for Cameron's resignation.
- Spanish leaders voice their concern and disappointment with the result and their intention to block Scotland from joining the EU, as Basque and Catalonian politicians and nationalists hail the result and call for similar referenda for them.
- Representatives of Scotland and the rUK (rest of United Kingdom) arrive in London to start discussing and negotiating the plan for Scottish Independence, specifically borders, debt and government resources. By the end of the day they announce that they hope for the mechanisms for independence to be fulfilled by 2015.- David Cameron announces his resignation as Conservative Leader, but states that he will stay as Prime Minister until the new leader is chosen.
- Movements are started calling for an English Parliament, and possibly Federalized system.
- Mass protests in Barcelona over refusal of Spanish Government to take their referenda on independence seriously.
- Separate referenda are held in Orkney, the Outer Hebrides and the Shetland Islands to determine their status. Orkney and Shetland vote overwhelmingly not to join Scotland. The Outer Hebrides narrowly vote to join an Independent Scotland.
- Spanish government announces it will block the efforts of Catalonia. The Spanish Constitutional Court decides to hear the case on 29th September.
- Demonstrators start to march towards Madrid with the intention of occupying it.
- A vote of no confidence is held by the Labour party but fended off by the coalition government.
- Catalan demonstrators move into outer parts of Madrid and are confronted by a Police Barricade. Violence breaks out with some injuries.
- After a 24 hour stand-off, police attack Protester's Camp. Along with hundreds of others, Artur Mas is arrested and jailed.
- News starts to break that the protests have failed. Catalan Nationalists occupy government buildings . After an order comes through to deal with the uprising, most of the Catalan Police Forces defect to the rioters
- Spanish Army is mobilized and sent to Catalonia.
- Spanish Army encounters military barricade at Segre River, with fighting ensuing. Two Soldiers are killed, four Civilians are also killed with a further 16 injured.
- As the Spanish Army moves through Catalonia, attempting to put down any resistance, rebels hide before reappearing, managing to avoid fighting.
- George Osborne is elected Leader of the Conservatives, and becomes Prime Minister after Cameron steps down.
17th OctoberUnion Flag incorporating the Welsh flag, but also to allow the continued usage of the old Union Flag (up to the discretion of the building where it is being flown). While there are praises for the flag, especially from Plaid Cymru for the inclusion of the Welsh Colours, many people still support the old Union Flag, which "generations of servicemen died under". As such, it is uncertain whether the military will use the new flag.
- Spanish forces reach Barcelona, encountering hard resistance, supplied with old Moroccan arms brought in the previous night. Catalan rebels capture a Spanish APC and use it to destroy another.
- Battle for Barcelona finishes as government forces retreat or are captured.
- As Spanish Forces lock down Catalonia, Morocco calls for economic sanctions against Spain .
- Moroccan proposal rejected in favour of less harsh resolution until a solution can be found.
- Canary Islands and Basque Country, at this news, declare independence. While the Basque rebellion is quickly put down, the Canary Government puts up minimal resistance, and a Spanish Naval Task force retreats after a stand-off with Moroccan Naval Ships.
- Electoral Commission advises the general election be postponed until May 2016, and legislation is rushed through Parliament extending its life the vote goes through by one vote as many Liberal Democrats rebel against the decision.
- U.S. President Barack Obama and Cuban President Raúl Castro announced the beginning of a process of normalizing relations between Cuba and the United States. The normalization agreement was secretly negotiated in preceding months, facilitated by Pope Francis and largely hosted by the Government of Canada. Cuba returns American aid worker Alan Gross to the United States while the United States returns three members of the Cuban Five back to Cuba in prisoner exchange meant to normalize relations with the two.
- Saïd and Chérif Kouachi, forced their way into the offices of the French satirical weekly newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Paris. They were armed with assault rifles, killed 11 people and injured 11 others in the building. A French National Police officer was killed when they exited the building.
- In connection to the Charlie Hebdo shooting, French police tracked the assailants to an industrial estate in Dammartin-en-Goële, where they took a hostage. Another gunman also shot a police officer on 8 January and took hostages the next day, at a kosher supermarket near the Porte de Vincennes. Three attackers were killed, along with four hostages who died in the Vincennes supermarket before the intervention.
- Sir John Chilcot announces that his report into the Iraq War will be published after the General Election.
- David Cameron and HRH Prince Charles fly to Saudi Arabia to pay respects to King Abdullah, who died the previous day.
- 44 members of the Philippine National Police-Special Action Force (PNP-SAF), an elite fighting force, were killed after a clash took place in Tukalinapao, Mamasapano, Maguindanao against armed insurgents of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) and the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF). PNP-SAF's objective is to pursue Zulkifli Abdhir also known as Marwan and Basit Usman as part of Oplan Exodus and killed the former.
- Economic talks between the UK and Scotland are deteriorating as Scotland is determined to keep the pound. Osbourne states that Scotland is “free to use sterling in the same way they use the US dollar in Zimbabwe but there will be no influence on UK or Bank of England policy, and no banking or fiscal or true currency union.”
-The population of London hits a record of 8.6m, and is forecast to reach 11m by 2050.
- Negotiations between UK and Scotland come to common ground and government agencies start to divide although neither side is happy with the deal presented.
- Throughout Flanders, rallies in favour of Flemish independence begin. Whilst many are Euroskeptic, the perception that Scottish negotiations are going well gives the independence movement weight.
- Minor rioting begins in Ghent. In an attempt to quell this, the Flemish government announces they will push for a referendum to be held.
- Belgian government announces a Referendum to be held on the 11th April on Flemish Independence.
- The Prince of Wales and representatives of various nations arrive in Edinburgh for the ceremony the next day.
- Union Flags are raised on all Scottish Public Buildings so they can be ceremoniously lowered at midnight. - Ceremony at midnight sees an independent Scotland reborn. Much celebration, though some small isolated instances of violence are experienced.
- Orkney and the Shetlands are transferred to the Northern Isles Dependency, under the sovereignty of the United Kingdom. Roderick Campbell becomes takes his position as Lieutenant Governor, whilst Alistair Carmichael becomes the Chief Minster.
- Government announces first NHS patients have been diagnosed through genome sequencing.
- Two day Bank Holiday in Scotland begins to deal with financial and official transovers, as well as, presumably, hangovers.
- Governor-General and British Ambassador and Consul arrive in Edinburgh.
- Scottish Ambassador and Consul arrive
- Prime Minister George Osborne officially congratulates Scotland in a press conference, and states his hopes for close relations between Scotland and the United Kingdom.
- Press start circulating stories of the possibility of an Intergovernmental Union between the UK, Scotland and Ireland to succeed the Common Travel Area, to coordinate Trade.
- Scotland formally joins to Commonwealth, but NATO and EU memberships are still being negotiated.
- After the unification of the Northern Isles, some movement for a Confederal, rather than Federal, structure over the Bailiwicks of Guernsey and Jersey grows, with the example of the already united Channel Islands Brussels Office given as an example.
- Belgian Prime Minister Charles Michel urges the unity of the Belgian People in the referendum.
- Referendum in favour of Flemish independence. World leaders react variably, but mainly promote good relations and trade.
- Alex Salmond states that Scotland will recognize Kurdistan if he is elected, and will support them economically.
- Mustafa Akıncı, a pro-unificationist, is elected President.
- Belgian, Flemish and Walloon representatives meet in Brussels to discuss the future of their states.
- Trooping the Colour takes place in London
- The Church of Scotland votes to allow the ordination of gay minister in civil partnerships.
- The Royal Family, Ed Miliband, the Archbishop of Canterbury and other dignitaries attend a ceremony at Runnymede, marking the 800th anniversary of the Magna Carta.
- A Government report shows that the Palace of Westminister is in urgent need of repair, and recommends that MPs leave the buildings for two years in order for repairs to take place
- After repetitive refusals by George Osborne to appear on forthcoming party leader television debates, Ed Miliband pledges to introduce legislation which would make televised debates permanent features of future general election campaigns, meaning politicians could not attempt to prevent them through self interest.
- UK Population grows by almost 500,000 to reach 64,596,800 in 2014.
- The country observes the 10th anniversary of the 7/7 attacks.
- The United States Supreme Court legalizes gay marriage in the country.
- UNESCO gives World Heritage to the Forth Bridge, on of Scotland's best-known structures.
- After demands, representatives of the German-Speaking Community of Belgium meet in Brussels to discuss their futur
- The United States officially reopens its embassy in Cuba with Secretary of State John Kerry leading the opening ceremony.
- Cuba officially upgrades its "interests section" in the Swiss embassy to "embassy" status in Washington DC. The Cuban flag is raised in the Cuban embassy and is placed in the State Department for the first time.
- Lieutenant Governor of Guernsey , Peter Walker, dies in office.
- Queen Elizabeth II surpasses her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria as Britain's longest reigning monarch.
- Scottish Borders Railway, which was originally begun by the British Government, is officially opened by David Steele.
- German, French and EU diplomats are invited to the talks.
- The Japanese Diet made the reinterpretation of Article 9 of the Japanese constitution official by enacting a series of laws allowing the Japan Self-Defense Forces to provide material support to allies engaged in combat internationally. This drew criticism from local citizens, both South Korea and North Korea, and China while allies such as the United States, the Philippines and Australia welcomed the move.
- Scottish Nationals hold "One Year On" Referendum Celebrations, lead by Salmond, Swinney and Sturgeon.
- EU-Scottish talks finally break ground: Spain backs down, on the condition that Scotland does not "interfere with the internal affairs of Spain" - Spain does not want Scotland inspiring Catalonian (and possibly Basque) independence movements. Scotland adopts the Euro.
- The Russian Armed Forces begin their intervention in the Syrian Civil War by attacking ISIS positions and the opposition forces against the Syrian government.
- UKIP Leader Nigel Farage comments on the Partition of Belgium in a press conference. He admires the Flemish movement from separating from Belgium, which he claims was overly controlled by the EU, and represented how the rest of Europe could go if forced together. However, he calls the creation of the Brussels City State as "the beginning of the EU takeover", and that it was "Donald Tusk's experimentation for the takeover of sovereign states", suggesting that once it administers Brussels, it may take over the separated United Kingdom.
- An agreement is reached between the representatives: Brussels will become an independent City State, Flanders will become independent, Wallonia will join France, the German-Speaking Community (Eifel and Eupen) will join the Germany State of Rhineland-Palatine, whilst the Principality of Luxembourg will absorb the Belgian province of Luxembourg
- Da'esh attack on Paris leaves 137 dead and 368 injuries. Mass outcry from around the world.
- Putin and his cabinet declares their backing of Kurdistan as an independent nation.
- COP21 Conference on Climate Change begins in Paris. First meeting for Scotland, who already pledge to be one of the most ecologically friendly nations.
- COP21 Conference on Climate Change concludes, with Scotland pledging to be one of the most ecologically friendly nations by 2025.
17th DecemberSyrian, Iraqi, Iranian, Russian and Kurdish leaders meet in Erbil to discuss creating an independent Kurdish State.
- Syria, Iraq, Iran, Russia and Kurdistan reach an agreement and declare Kurdistan an independent state, seceding from several states. Several oil and mining companies make deals with Peshmerga, boasting their economy.
- Putin declares his support and backing of Kurdistan, and trade details, including supplying arms.
- Referendum on Quebec Independence held.
- Alex Salmond states that if he becomes Prime Minister he will work closely with Kurdistan, and possibly send humanitarian workers.
- Referendum results: Vast Majority vote in favour.
- German Chancellor Angela Merkel, reflecting most of the EU's views, warns Spain that they risk being forcibly removed from the EU if they do not find a peaceful solution to Basque and Catalonian independence.
- Protests break out in some Turkish cities in support of ceding to Kurdistan. Local authorities attempt to quell, though some support it and do little.
- Enda Kenny of Fine Gael is elected Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland
- Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy is deposed by a vote of no confidence. Vice-President Soraya Sáenz de Santamaría Antón becomes acting-Prime Minister, and is assumed to be the next PM.
- The three main party leaders take part in the final televised debate before the general election, in a special edition of Question Time.
- Spanish Parliament passes act formally recognizing Catalonia.
- Peshmerga forces march right into the outer defences of Mosul, encircling the city. The Second Siege for Mosul begins.
- Peshmerga forces make major gains in the city of Mosul, with ISIL just holding the City Centre.
- First Independence Day of the Scottish Commonwealth. Mass celebrations lead by Salmond, though minor demonstrations around nation against independence.
- Scottish Assembly Election : SNP wins landslide victory with 123 seats, and the Scottish Socialists three. The Scottish Free Democrats fail to win any, though are predicted to win many council seats, particularly in the south.
- Barrack Obama becomes the first U.S. President to visit Cuba in nearly 80 years.
- Three coordinated bombings occur in the Brussels, killing at least 32 and injuring at least 250. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant claims responsibility for the attacks.
- Legislation is passed by both Houses which makes Televised Debates permanent features of general election campaign.
- In one of the first acts of the Independent Scottish Assembly, Same-Sex Marriage is legalised.
- Members of the former Scottish Liberal Democrats, as well as Tory and Labour, within the Outer Hebrides announce the creation of Outer Hebrides Party, calling for a new referendum on retaining the status quo of belonging to Scotland, Independence or rejoining the United Kingdom.
- While ISIL's power is waning, Scotland proposes peacekeeping operations in ISIL areas, as well as Turkish Kurdistan. Salmond also pledges large scale peacekeeping forces from Scotland
- Talks begin to take place for the establishment of a peacekeeping force in Syria and Iraq.
- After bitter fighting the Peshmerga make further gains. Only a few buildings are now held by ISIL.
- Peshmerga forces finally defeat ISIL forces with Mosul, liberating it.
- Release of 'Panama Papers' showing the names and assets of thousands in overseas accounts, involving many government officials and their associates around the world.
- With the release of the Panama Papers, Icelandic PM Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson resigns.
- Belgium is dissolved. Protests mainly occur in Flanders, with a few in Brussels and Luxembourg. Rattachists of Wallonia celebrate.
- A UN resolution is drafted concerning a UN Peacekeeping Mission to Syria and Kurdistan, to be led by Scotland.
- Scottish Assembly controversially passes bill legalising the Right-to-Die.
- Both main organs of the UN vote in favour of a Scottish-lead Peacekeeping mission to Kurdistan. Preparations begin to be made.
- After the crisis left by TATA announcing the sale of its Steel Plants in Britain, the Labour Government agrees to buy a large share in them, essentially nationalising it with a small private investment.
- Peacekeepers from around the world start to depart for Kurdistan.
- Kurdistan agrees not to attack the Syrian Opposition Forces. The Assad Regime and Russia voice concern, but continue to supply Kurdistan.
- First Peacekeeping Camps set up.
- The Royal Navy patrol boat HMS Sabre fires flares on a Spanish Guardia Civil vessel after it harasses the American nuclear submarine USS Florida on a port call to the British submarine base in the territory.
- A suicide attack is carried out by Da'esh militants at the Taji Gas Plant in Iraq, near Baghdad. The situation, however, was quickly brought under control.
- The 2016 UEFA European Championships begin in Saint-Denis with France taking on Romania.
- 84 people were killed and 303 injured when a 19-ton cargo truck was deliberately driven into crowds celebrating Bastille Day on the Promenade des Anglais. The driver, Mohamed Lahouaiej-Bouhlel, a Tunisian resident of France was killed when police surrounded the truck and shot the driver.
- Members of the Turkish Military, declaring a Peace at Home Council, begin a coup. Aircraft are reported over Ankara, and the bridges over the Bosphorus are blocked.
- Erdogan flies to Istanbul, and leads anti-coup movement. Crowds force the end of the coup, and it crumbles.
- A purge is declared by Erdogen, and thousands of opposition military leaders, judges and civil servants are arrested. More violence is reported in the Kurdish regions.
- Turkey declares a two-month long State of Emergency
- The U.S. Department of Defense said in a press conference that B-52, B-1 and B-2 bombers would be based on joint-U.S/U.K. base of Diego Garcia in the British Indian Ocean Territory for the campaign against ISIS in Iraq and Syria. This is the first time since the Gulf War that the USAF will station B-52s in the B.I.O.T.
- B-1 Lancers, B-2 Spirits, and B-52 Stratofortress bombers arrive in Diego Garcia to take part on the mission against ISIS.
- The 2016 Summer Olympics officially opens.
- At least 54 people are killed when a wedding is attacked by a suicide bomber.
- The 2016 Summer Olympics officially comes to a close.
- Formal peace talks between the Government of the Philippines, the Communist Party of the Philippines, the New People's Army and National Democratic Front resume. A seven-day ceasefire is announced by the CPP.
- Turkish forces direct intense artiller fire against Da'esh positions, with Turkish Air Force bombing 11 targets. They are followed by MBTs and pick-up trucks, holding Turkish-backed rebels. Turkish Special Forces were also joined by the FSA, and attacked Jarabulus, eventually capturing it.
- 20 Turkish tanks cross into Syria, with the YPG and SDF withdrawing across the Euphrates. The Turkish backed rebels push south.
- Brazilian President Dilma Rouseff is impeached.
- Islam Karimov, President of Uzbekistan since its independence in 1991, dies, with Nigmatilla Yuldashev, Chair of the Senate, assuming the role of Acting President. Reports are made of independence demonstrations within Karakalpakstan.
- An explosion occurs in a night market in front of the Ateneo de Davao University, killing 15 people and wounding 71 others. The Islamic terror group Abu-Sayaff, which has severed ties with al Qaeda and pledge allegiance with ISIS has initially claimed responsibility for the attack but later denies, instead puts the blame on Daulat Ul-Islamiya Daulat's actions was to sympathize with the Abu Sayaff. The Armed Forces are placed on high alert as President Duterte cancels his scheduled trip to Brunei.
- The 11th East Asia summit occurs with the meet-ups of leaders of the Association of South East Asian Nations, Japan, China, and the United States.
- Ceremonies are held at Ground Zero, New York; the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia and in Shanksville, Pennsylvania to commemorate the 15th anniversary of the September 11 attacks.
- Reports of Protests and Demonstrations in favor of further autonomy, and closer links to the newly independent Catalonia.
- Hurricane Matthew makes landfall in the Windward Islands, the Lesser Antilles, and parts of South America.
- Hurricane Matthew strikes Cuba, the Dominican Republic, the Bahamas, and the Turks and Caicos Islands.
3rd October-8th October
- Hurricane Matthew strikes the states of Florida, Georgia, North Carolina and South Carolina.
- King Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX), the longest serving monarch in the world, dies at Siriraj Hospital in Bangkok at the age of 88.
- Iraqi government forces, allied militias, peshmerga, and the CJTF-OIR launch an offensive to retake the city of Mosul from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.
- Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte begins his 4-day state visit to the People's Republic of China which is aimed to reset Sino-Philippine relations. Observers note this as relations between Manila and Washington DC are at all time low.
- Takahito, Prince Mikasa, the eldest family of the Imperial family and the uncle of Emperor Akihito, dies at the age of 100. Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, who is in Japan for a three-day state visit, cancels his meeting with the Japanese Emperor following the advise of protocol officers.
- The Flemish Government announces their plans to join NATO, and in a press speech alludes to joining the European Union.
- The Philippines commemorates the 3rd anniversary of the landfall of Typhoon Haiyan (local: Yolanda) which devastated Tacloban City as well as the areas of Leyte, Samar, northern Cebu (incuding Camotes Islands and Bantayan Island), Aklan, and Palawan.
- Anti-Trump protests break out early morning in major cities in California, Illinois, New York, Florida, Louisiana, Texas and the capital, Washington, D.C.
- Commemorations are held to mark the first year anniversary of the 2015 Paris Attacks which killed 137 people.
- An earthquake with a magnitude of 7.5 to 7.8 strikes north of Christchurch, New Zealand, triggering tsunami warnings, causing widespread damage, and killing at least two people.
- The remains of former President and dictator (1985-1986) Ferdinand Marcos (d. 1989) is buried at the Heroes' Cemetery despite opposition from various groups. This comes out as one of the most controversial acts of the Duterte administration.
- Fidel Castro, the first secretary of the Cuban Communist Party, dies at the age of 90.
- A small border anomoly on the Maas River border between Flanders and the Netherlands is fixed through mutual exchanges of land. Leaders hail as proof land can be exchanged through peaceful, diplomatic means.