After a rise in nationalist feelings throughout Manchuria, The Nationalist Manchurian Party was formed. Originally formed to try to present a united front to bring their complaints to the Communist government, but after the government massacred 300 party members in Harbin in 1954 their priorities changed. Now they strove to gather enough support to declare independence, but instead of a puppet state this time, they were determined to be their own independent leaders.
Chin-tsai Hsu, a nationalist from Taiwan became the first official party leader and spearheaded Manchurian independence. On May 24, Manchuria declared independence from China with Harbin as its capital and Chin-tsai Hsu as its leader. On May 25, China (PRC) declared war on Manchuria. (see War for Independence) On June 2, the Republic of China (Taiwan) officially recognized the Autonomous Nationalist Republic of Manchuria (ANRA) as a nation. On June 20 North Korea declared war on Manchuria, declaring Manchuria a "threat to East Asia." Soon after Japan, South Korea, and Great Britain recognized Manchuria on July 24. Cambodia and Jordan also officially recognised Manchuria on August 30. This was followed by Sri Lanka and Bhutan on August 31. After pressure from China, Laos, on September 20, and Nepal, on November 13, officially declared that they would never recognise Manchuria as anything more than a sub-region of China. On December 1 South Korea and Great Britain started sending weapons and troops to aid Manchuria. By December 31 Manchuria had established trade relations with Arabia, Burma, and Pakistan.
January 1, Thailand and Malaya recognised Manchuria. February 10, China signs an armistice with Manchuria, saying that even though Manchuria had held it's own in this war, the conflict was far from over. On April 3 trade was opened with the Philippines and on June 30 trade was opened with Mongolia. On August 1, after repeated threats from North Korea, Manchuria once again declared war on both North Korea and China. (see The Manchu-Korean War) On August 5, South Korea, Taiwan, and Cambodia joined Manchuria and jointly declared war on China and North Korea. Nepal officially joined the war against Manchuria on August 10.
Due to constant losses Nepal and Cambodia pull out of the war in February. In the beginning of October a peace treaty is signed, with Manchuria as the victor. Manchuria gained the Korean cities of Dandong, Hyesan, and Undok. On November 24 Manchuria signs an alliance with South Korea, Taiwan, Cambodia, and Sri Lanka; this alliance was called "Yīqǐ jīzhǎng" in Manchuria or literally "together in fives." On December 12 Chin-tsai Hsu died from kidney failure, his successor as President was Tzeng Nianzu.
International Recognition and Economy Boom (1957-1962)
Tzeng Nianzu's first move as president of Manchuria was to industrialize more of its' economy. Starting with the five cities of Harbin, Shenyang, Dalian, Changchun, and Hulunbuir he poured approximately two billion dollars into industry growth in those cities. On April 1, the first factory built with this money opened in Hulunbuir. On May 12, after five months without a clear leader, the Nationalist Manchurian Party elected Han Zheng as its leader. June 1, second factory built opens in Dalian. On November 19 the People's Industry Party is formed in the city of Harbin, this party mixes Communist and Nationalist views and focuses on industrial growth. Daniel Jiashu is its first leader. December 27, Sweden recognizes Manchuria as a nation. December 28, Guatemala, Honduras and Norway recognise Manchuria as a nation.
Due to the new factories Manchuria's economy booms. On January 16, Switzerland, and on January 18, Canada, recognises Manchuria. China is angered by Manchuria's recognition, and threatens war again on September 8. Manchuria meets for peace talks with China in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, on November 10, and an agreement is reached by November 20.
On July 16, 1960 Manchuria is said to be the 31 largest economy in the world. Soon after in August of the same year, the United States, Ecuador, Austria, and Uruguay recognise Manchuria. In February of 1962 the newly independent nations of Mali, Niger, Nigeria, and Cameroon recognise the Republic of Manchuria as a nation. By December 29, Manchuria's economy moves up to the 28 largest on Earth.
Further Economy Boom and Takeover of North Korea (1963-1968)
During Manchuria's rapid economic expansion they set their sights on more land, particularly North Korea. On August 15, 1964 Manchuria invaded North Korea, entering their capital of Pyongyang on October 12. The Manchurian Flag was raised from their government buildings and Manchuria pushed south, determined to have conquered all of North Korea bu January 1, 1965.
Unlike the bold promises made by David Hsu, Manchuria's military commander, and Chin-tsai Hsu's son, the Manchurians were still fighting the North Koreans on January first, with no end in sight. Though the Chinese did not want to risk another multi-fronted war with Manchuria, they supplied the North Korean Army, but never officially declared war on Manchuria. South Korea and the other members of the Yīqǐ jīzhǎng sent troops and supplies to aid Manchuria.
February 22, Manchuria finally conquered North Korea and set up a Puppet government with David Hsu acting as a regent until another leader could be found. On August 30 Davis Hsu was named the Emperor of North Korea and Pyongyang. Immediately after, he started building factories in Pyongyang, Hamhung and Chongjin, stabilizing the North Korean economy.
January 14, Manchuria forms a union called "The United East Asian States (UAES)" with Japan, South Korea, and Mongolia. By August 1, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Burma, Cambodia, Malaysia, and the Philippines join the UEAS. Manchuria is declared the 25 largest economy in the world. in November.
On April 23, after the People's Industry Party gains thousands of signatures on a petition, Manchuria occupies a large area of Russia, including the island of Sakhalin. Soon after Manchuria occupies three parcels of land on China's coastline, calling them Hǎi guó, or The Sea States. On October 23 talks start in Harbin and Taipei of a possible merger between the Republic of Manchuria and the Republic of China. (Taiwan)
Merger of Taiwan and Manchuria and Complete Takeover of Hǎi guó and Russia Land (1969-1972)
Based on very similar views and governments talks continue in Taipei and Harbin of a merger between the Republic of China and the Republic of Manchuria. On February 10 the merger takes place, with the Autonomous Nationalist Republics of Manchuria and Taiwan emerging. Harbin is the capital. On July 11 Tzeng Nianzu dies from a heart attack. On August 15, Mei-hui Huang, a nationalist from Taiwan takes control by force and names herself president and empress of Manchuria and Taiwan. One of her first acts as empress is to remove David Hsu from his position as Emperor of North Korea and places her sister, Shu-fen Huang as empress in his place on December 12. On December 25 Mei-hui creates a puppet state out of the Chinese lands Tzeng Nianzu occupied called Hǎi guó with her brother, Chih-pin Huang as the king. On December 30 The UAES ceases to exist.
Manchuria takes complete control of Russian lands that are occupied. At the same time they annex the Chinese island of Hainan and parts of northern Vietnam, adding them to the empire of Manchuria. May 14, South Korea, worried about Manchuria, starts to strengthen troops along border with North Korea. November 22, almost crazily, Mei-hui attacks South Korea, quickly overwhelming the troops. By December South Korea is conquered. Cambodia and Sri Lanka, the members of the Yīqǐ jīzhǎng that haven't been merged or conquered by Manchuria, pull out of the alliance, stating that until Manchuria's leadership changes they do not feel safe. On December 31, Han Huang becomes leader of the People's Industry Party.
Manchuria occupies all of Vietnam, declaring it Manchurian land. Talks start in Beijing of attacking Manchuria before Manchuria attacked them. By December China, Japan, the Soviet Union, Laos, and Nepal had declared war on Manchuria, calling Manchuria a threat to Asia. Manchuria signs a treaty with Thailand, Burma and India, saying hat the other nations would join with manchuria to fight. Thailand invades and conquers Cambodia.
January 17, peace treaty is signed with China, terms of the peace treaty say that Manchuria must cede the northern half of Vietnam to China. April 30, Operation Laos began, a joint attack of Laos by Manchurian, Chinese, and Thai forces. Pakistan and other nations entered the war. On August 13, Han Zheng dies, and on October 18 Daniel Hsu becomes the leader of the Nationalist Manchurian Party.