|Middle East Unrest:|
|The Great Oil War:|
The Arab Spring: Uprising
Egypt: First Conflict
July 3rd, 1995: a protest of over 100,000 gathered in Tahrir Square to protest the cuts in the already feeble funds to schools, hospitals, and public services. University students were hit the hardest, as many prominent universities had to cut back the number of students that could be taught, and therefore eliminated the hopes of many college students. The protests quickly became ugly as fights broke out between police and protesters. President Mubarak declared a state of emergency, and threatened to use force against the protesters.
July 4th-7th, 1995: the numbers of protesters quickly grew to over 300,000 in Cairo and 100,000 in Alexandria, with other thousands spread throughout the country. President Mubarak initiated the Revolution Safety Act, spending an emergency 100 billion dollars in military vehicles and supplies, as factories rushed into production. Curfews are decidedly ineffective and threats do not work as Cairo is wrecked and looted. The UN Security Council demanded immediate changes in the spending of the government.
July 14th, 1995: As the protests continued to grow to around two million total, Mubarak began to blockade off Alexandria and Cario, using border checkpoints to try to control the crowds. A second uprising among farmers in the community, whose funds for major irrigation projects were cut off, caused food prices to inflate even more greatly. Egypt's oil production spiraled downwards and its production of goods declined by almost half.
July 18th, 1995- The blockades were declared complete, as protesters trashed the cities of Cairo and Alexandria. Mubarak begged people to go back to work, but convinced no one. The UN declared that Mubarak as violating humanitarian laws and demanded him to remove the blockades. Mubarak grows worried as Tunisia rebels against Ben Ali.
July 21st, 1995- Mubarak, knowing that the end of his reign is near, announces that he will meet with the protest leaders and try to meet their demands. He begins to remove the blockade, and begins to work towards meeting the UN demands.
July 22nd, 1995- A poll in Egypt has the number of people supporting Mubarak around 33%, while around 25% support the rebellion. Mubarak decides that he will have to give up something to the rebels to appease them
July 23rd, 1995- The rebels meet with Mubarak and demand that he resign. Mubarak promises social reforms to occur in the country, but the protest leaders do not see those promises as true and demand resignation.
July 26th, 1995- The revolts increase to tree million as Tunisia successfully overthrows Ben Ali (more detail in Tunisia section). In the Battle of the Academy occurred as protestors forced their way into the Cairo Military Academy, where soldiers had holed themselves up for almost three weeks. 15 Egyptian military soldiers are killed and over three dozen are injured. The protestors casualties are high but unknown.
July 27th, 1995- The UN decision on what to do is delayed due to Russia refusing anything the US proposes. The US begins to seek other route to condemn Khadafy.
July 29th, 1995- An agreement is reached between Khadafy and the protestors. Egypt is split into two countries, Egypt and the Free Republic of Cairo. A demilitarized zone is established between the two borders, and the FRC immediately applies for membership in the UN.
Tunisia: Second Victim
July 18th, 1995- Protestors begin to appear on the streets of Sfax after many humanitarian projects were cancelled by budget cuts. A massive amounts of emails are circulated among the people of Tunisia, scheduling a march from Sfax to Tunis on the following two days. The Tunisian government catches on to the e-mail quickly and disables all internet and wireless communications networks.