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1881: Alexander the Builder
In 1881 Alexander II of Russia was a popular and liberal ruler in Russia. He abolished serfdom and was a mans friend. In 1881 he was nearly killed. And so he continued to law the ground works for the Russian Empire. In 1898 Russia was declared a constitutional monarchy and the Prime Minister of Russia, a hard line progressive named Vladimir Lenin took office in the new Russian capital of Moscow in 1901 following the assassination of Prime Minister Viktor Malanov. The Russian Republic soon began to drive many imperialist values under Lenin. Russia policed its Kuril Islands the Island of Sakhalin. And confronted a rebellion against Russian rule in Mongolia. In Thailand Russian engineers made the Thai Canal which linked East Asia with Europe. Yet after the rule of Lenin and later Lev Kamenev did the Liberal Party of Russia take off with Vatutin Vistulov in the 1913 election.
America Rising: 1900-1914Theodore Roosevelt was put into office in 1898 and was president until 1917. Roosevelt was hard and he rapidly mobilized the United States. In 1900 and 1901 the US fought a series of rebellions and interests in Nicaragua and Honduras, American puppets. But in 1905 the Americans tried for fully seizing Panama sparking the Colombian-American war of 1905. The small American navy was destroyed by the Colombian fleet and American troops in Panama were routed and destroyed by the Colombian Army. Then it happened. In Washington and Chicago the 1905 Revolution kicked off with protests against the Roosevelt administration. These were keenly suppressed by new elite Indian battalions which were brutal on hoarse back doing what the Army couldn't in brutality. The US continued along its armed path for the rest of the decade with the Pinkerton's silencing any opposition to President Roosevelt. Anti-Germanism became a huge part of American life after several various anti-German wars in Africa had been waged. British generals and the British ambassador had convinced President Roosevelt that the 1905 failure was because the Germans back Columbia. This anti-German rise showed to be a major contributed to the armed forces and in 1910 Roosevelt was reelected for the 4th time and brought the USA into the Entente Powers. The US joining an alliance of European nations horrified isolationists and socialists. To them this now meant American men would be massacred over some pointless cause to stop Germany. Pacifists protested but were denounced as traitors by the President and the Pinkertons rounded up suspected "traitors." Roosevelt was a monarch to the Americans and Progressives/Republicans who followed him. The Indian Cavalry also became the most feared part of the army providing order to the Great Plains. The navy was separated into 3 groups, Pacific, Gulf, and Atlantic each with its own battleships. The Air Force was almost non-existent but was being built up. And so things would come crashing down on June 28th, 1914.
Chaos: The First World WarOn June 28th, 1914 Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary was shot and killed in Sarajevo, Bosnia by a Serb National named Gavrilo Princip. Austria demanded reparations but Serbia refused. And a month later on July 28th, 1914 WWI kicked off with the Austrian invasion of Serbia. In that month America mobilized against Germany, and Germany struck through France. German troops were stalled on the Marne and pushed back by the Anglo-Franco-American Army. For 3 years the Allied forces would be stalled on the Western Front. The Americans numbering millions in casualties with there European counterparts. President Roosevelt continued going to the front and commanding American troops at many major battles. Ypres, Verdun, Somme, millions of young Americans sacrificed against the German-Austrian horde. By 1917 the world was still at war and American casualties numbered 3 million wasted on the Western Front. In February of 1917 President Roosevelt returned home again from the front. In Washington he was met with angry crowds of progressives and unionists who protested his rule. Then a rouge detachment of the national guard launched a military coup and deposed Roosevelt who fled north to the wastes of Alaska. A moderate named Upton Sinclair took office in the USA. Meanwhile in April, Russia declared war on Germany after U-Boat warfare against Russian ships in the Baltic and Mediterranean. Separated by the now free states of Poland, the Baltic states, and Ukraine, separated during the rule of Alexander II. However Prime Minister Vistulov didn't want to send 200,000 Green Russian soldiers to Germany. So with British and French equipment Russian troops trained hard. General Brusilov was selected to lead the REF against Germany. General Brusilov was famous thanks to Russian intervention in the Ottoman Revolution (1911-1919). However without a Eastern Front the Allies still fought on. In October of 1917 the stress of the failing was and millions of dead was too much to handle, even after the first female regiments entered Europe In October the Red Guard rose up across America demanding a end of the war and withdrawal of American forces from Europe. Socialists under Eugene Debs stormed DC and with rouge army and navy soldiers stormed the White House against the Secret Service with covering fire from the battleship USS Texas. Debs declared the United Socialist States of America in DC. This was followed by uprisings in Chicago, Detroit, and Memphis. The Second Civil War had begun. In Europe the Second American Revolution brought surprise and the British cabinet along with the Russian Duma and French president all decided to intervene in the Second American Civil War. Canadian and British troops came in from the North and French forces came in from the South and Russian troops came from the West. President Roosevelt would be shot by a socialist General MacArthur in a assassination attempt in the Presidents exile home in Alaska. In early 1918 the Americans made peace with Germany to fight the robber barons of the corporations in New England fled into Canada behind Allied lines. Mexico intervened to regain territory lost from 1848. However Red Forces in Arizona defeated Pancho Villas mad expedition. The Eagle Expedition would last until 1920 however Japan continued to fight until 1922. In Europe the Allies launched there summer offensive otherwise known as the 100 days offensive. The Allies launched a 3 prong attack on the Central Powers, from the west, the east, and the South. Italian and Greek forces came from up south and with tanks the Italians were 50 miles from Vienna and the Greeks were at the gates of Belgrade, 120 miles from Budapest. On the Western Front Allied troops stole back into Belgium and reached the Rhine by October. In the East the grand Russian offensive of Brusilov advanced with hundreds of tanks and thousands of heavy guns. First Tannenburg, then Koingsberg followed by Lembourg as Russian forces poured into Prussia and the Carpathian's. The German and Austrian forces were routed. Russian Lieutenant General Belovich Mikhail initiated Russian strategic bombings of German cities. On November 11th, 1918 the Grand Cease-Fire put a end to all fighting on the fronts. The Great War was over.
Post War: 1919-1924
The end of the Great War saw great relief across Europe. The only major conflict was in America were the Civil War continued. Admiral Dewey which had replaced Sinclair and put General Pershing in charge kept on fighting into 1919. Peace Days Bloody Battle was waged in the wastes of the Great Plains against Red Forces in Missouri. The Great American cities were razed. In mid-1920 the Allies pulled out. This allowed the Reds to retake New England which had declared itself a republic and temporally entered the war against the USSA. In early-1922 Japan was finally driven from Alaska and Southern California. The USSA was victorious. In 1924 Debs died and a completion was held between moderate Socialist Franklin Roosevelt and Debs' right hand man Douglas MacArthur.
Roaring 20s: 1924-1929
The Roaring 20s as it was called was a time of prosperity. It showed Russia was the most powerful country on earth thanks to its industrial output and victory in the Great War. On April 30th, 1925 Alec Laganov flew from St. Petersburg, Russia to St. Johns, Newfoundland. The 20s would have a string of Russian prime minister who were puppets of industry. In Germany rampant inflation lead to the rise of radical communists and fascists. In Italy King Emmanuel gave Benito Mussolini the title of Generalissimo after his great service in the Great War. In 1927 after riots and unrest Civil War broke out in Brazil with the USSA backed communists and Allied backed nationals. However in 1928 Prime Minister Anastas Federgovich was elected into Office. And in October of 1929 the St. Petersburg stock market crashed sending the world into a economic depression.
The Depression: 1929-1933
The failed policy's of Prime Minister Federgovich showed he was a weak man. Federgovich didn't interfere in the economy and let it do its own thing on Alexander Street. Govichgrads popped up across Russia's major cities. It was in 1932 in which his polices clashed. The Bonus army marched into Moscow and demanded there Bonus. However the National Guard and army under Nikita Khrushchev, Joseph Stalin, and Georgi Zhukov. And in 1933 two men would come to power who would change the world.
In Russia the failure of Federgovich to do anything to solve the depression lead to hike becoming the most unpopular Prime Minister in Russian history. In 1932 the Liberal parties new canids the against the Republicans candidate Federgovich. Trotsky easily won a landslide victory against the incompetent Federgovich. Trotsky promised a "New Deal" to jumpstart the economy. Immediately huge work programs were set up like the Republic Building St. Petersburg or the car manufacturers in Volgograd. Russia defended out of the dark days of depression, however natural disasters did affect the Russian people like the great sand storm of Central Asia. And then the flooding near the Caspian Sea in 1936.
Germany was in ruin after the Great War. Even by the Great Depression it was in economic ruin. Germans had to pay for bread with wheelbarrow's full of Reichmarks. Hitler had risen through the Nazi party's ranks throughout the 1920s and was jailed for attempting a coup in Munich. By 1931 Germany was in turmoil. The Nazis rise to power was one of walking out. Every time the Reichstag wanted to approve a new law the Nazis were against, they would walk out. The German people were still angry at their loss in WWI and hated their old leaders. Hindenburg was unpopular. In 1933 people saw Hitler as a new hope. Many had read his book, Mein Kämpft, My Struggle. He preached that Germany's victory was in its grasp but then taken. Not by the Slavs but by the Jews. The Jews were the most successful and seemingly ran corporations in Germany. However that was a false narrative. Hitler in 1932 ran for German Chancellory. He was swiftly elected promising to make Germany bigger and better and succeed.
Heil Hitler: Europe 1933-1939
Hitler was celebrated. Immediately Germany began building up for supremacy over Europe. Hitler constructed the Auto-Baun, a vast highway system across Germany. Hitler in 1935 also began rearming the German military. The panzers were new additions to the German army. This new type of warfare invented by Heinz Guderian was called Blitzkrieg. In 1936 the first steps to remilitarization took place. Hitler had ordered German troops into the Rhineland. Minimal resistance was given by the Anglo-French forces occupying it. German forces were met with cheering crowds who waved German soldiers as they retook what they through was there's. In Germany itself massive discrimination against Jews occurred. By 1939 Jews would have 2 options, leave the country or stay in the ghetto. In 1938 Hitler made another jab at territorial expansion. Germany annexed Austria a day before a referendum (that was possibly going to fail). Then in September he wanted to annex the Sudetenland of Czechoslovakia. Hitler gained international fire. Italian King Emmanuel and British Prime Minister Chamberlain along with Hitler met in Munich. Yugoslavian leader Vladko Maček as a moderator Hitler got what he wanted and the Sudeten Crisis was over. In March of 1939 German forces invaded the rest of Czechoslovakia and annexed the Czech regions and created a puppet state out of Slovakia. Elsewhere in Europe other things were kicking off.
Spain had been divided ever since the monarchy was overthrown. The generally more conservative and religious armed forces lead by General Sanjurjo and his right hand man Francisco Franco. By 1936 all hell had broken loose by the Fascists supported by the Nazis and Yugoslavian "volunteer" divisions. The Republicans only received support from the USSA in tanks and guns, but it wasn't as much compared to the Axis' equipment. The Spanish civil war was mainly one sided but the American equipment to the Republicans made it clear that the war wasn't going to be over in a year. In the April 1939 Franco declared victory as Nationalist forces marched through Madrid.
The Bamboo Curtin: Asia 1931-1939
The path to chaos in Asia was met with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria in 1931. The invasion was not one the Prime Minister wanted, but rouge army officers and Generals secured the massive territory in the name of resources, empire, and emperor. The Japanese occupation was somewhat not bad with the last prince of China installed on the throne as the Emperor of Manchukuo. This is were the army and the left began to split. 1932-1936 was a time of political chaos with assassinations and a attempted coup even. In August the Marco-Polo Bridge Incident occurred. 3 days later China declared war on Japan and Japan from Manchuria invaded. China had been in a state of civil war since 1927 along with Brazil. Japan's invasion turned up the stakes of victory. In mid 1937 Nanjing was captured, however, a mass rape occurred and demonic killing of children and burying alive took place, contests to see who could behead the most Chinese. 1938 would be a brutal year in the war. As the Japanese advanced on Shang Hi the Western nations evacuated all white people from the city. In this crucial evacuation of the city did the Japanese bomb and even target western ships. The most controversial incident was when Japanese planes strafed and bombed the Russian gun boat RRS Petrov. Japan would become ever more aggressive in its pursuit to secure all of Asia. By late 1938 most of Northern China was under Japanese control and the Island of Hainan was about to fall. However in early 1939 the Japanese tried to go west and take more of the Pacific. Japan tried invading the American protectorate of the Philippines. Yet the Japanese landing force was stopped by a brutal armored counter attack lead by George Patton at the Battle of Lal-lo. This would lead to the Japanese plan which would flip the scales, in 1941.
Revelations: 1939-1941Shortly before September in August Nazi officials and American commissars met in secret in Boston. They were signing the Long-Ribbentrop Pact of non-aggression. This treaty clearly states that Germany and the American Union shall not go to war in exchange of dividing up France and recognizing the hemispheres. This pact was approved by MacArthur who saw German as a potential ally. So on September 1st, 1939, Germany kicked off WWII, by invading the demilitarized and overly confident French. The French defenders utterly overwhelmed by the advancing Germans. The Nazi tactic was Blitzkrieg, lightning warfare. The Germans relied on there Panzers for fast striking mobile warfare. The French had a strong army they could muster of about 1 million men. The French did have tanks but they were horrible. The Germans reached Paris by the 11th and besieged the city. The government refused to surrender. However other French forces were making it away to Britain with the Free French commander Charles de Gaulle. September 17th, 1939 was endgame, in Brittany and near Bordeaux American forces landed. A week later on September 28th, 1939 American and German forces met in Vichy. They divided up France between themselves. All French colonies would come under German control. However the British and Italians had failed to react, Italy only launching a small invasion of Austria and Britain dropping leaflets, as not to be bombed. From Fall 1939 until Spring 1940 was known as the "Quiet War" as one Russian news reporter called it. In spring of 1940 German forces moved down from the Alps into the Italian Peninsula. German troops wrecked several Italian counter attacks. Meanwhile other German troops overran Holland and Belgium. This lead to Japan invading Indochina and the East Indies colonies of France and Holland. The Germans continued to push in Italy. After a month of fighting Rome was captured. Italy also had some territory captured by Yugoslavia which took Trieste and Albania. Italy capitulated after the fall of Rome and the destruction of 2nd army near the Adriatic did Italy surrender. A puppet government was set up in Naples under the name of Naples Italy. Under Ugo Caverallo the Naples Italian army took control of Italy's colonies. Yugoslavia was granted the Cyrenaica region of Libya. Britain stood alone. Inspired by the Blitzkrieg tactics success by Nazi Germany, President MacArthur decided to embark on his own expedition close to home. The Republic of Mexico had been stable since the end of the Second American Civil War and had absorbed its new states of Sur Tejas, Neuvo Mexico, and Sur Alta California. So on November 30th, 1939 American troops crossed into these Mexican states. American soldiers imagined a quick victory after the liberation of Corpus Christi. Mexican resistance was harder than imagined. Mexican forces under General Villa fought with guerrilla and hit and run tactics draining the moral of the American. In a attempt for a Mexican revolution Secretary Long claimed American aircraft were dropping breadbaskets on Mexican villages, when in fact they were dropping cluster bombs. So in turn the Mexicans dubbed them Longs Breadbaskets. When American troops enter the now Hispanic majority city of El Paso they were met with petrol bombs in beer and tequila bottles, so in turn the Americans named them Longs Cocktails, a drink to go with the food. By January of 1940 American morale was at its lowest. Troops were still held up on the Villa Line which prevented US forces in the South Texas are from crossing the Rio Grande. For 3 more months US troops slogged through Northern Mexico. Mexican forces even counter attacked in the hills of Baja with captured American tanks. On March 13th, 1940 peace was made between Mexico and the USSA with some 391,000 casualties for both sides. After gaining Cyrenaica Yugoslavian forces immediately tried to rout any British forces from taking it over. Yugoslavian troops launched a full invasion of Egypt with 500,000 men. Other Yugoslav forces invaded Greece and occupied it. Throughout 1940 the Yugoslav army in Egypt was routed back into Cyrenaica with all hope lost. Then German troops under Erwin Rommel came in. Soon the British were on the run into 1941. A army of 800,000 Axis soldiers from Germany, Yugoslavia, and Naples Italy all fought over a small stretch of land with 400,000 British and Commonwealth soldiers. In East Africa the British and there South African allies launched attacks into Naples Italian Somaliland which had just invaded British Somaliland. The Naples Italian commander ordered his troops to lay down there guns and join Free Italian forces under Benito Mussolini. In West Africa Belgian and British forces attacked German held Central Africa and Niger. This would force Rommel to divert divisions south to defend his flank. By June of 1941 the African front was in stalemate. And things were kicking up to the west.
Not One Step Back: America, Eurasia, and Africa 1941-1943
Forwards Comrades: 1943-1945The surrender at Memphis demoralized German troops in America. The USSA continued to drive East routing German forces. Hitler, angered ordered not a step back. The Germans decided to counterattack in Eastern Kentucky. The Americans had just liberated Lexington. The Germans were preparing Operation: Gratitude, the encirclement of Patton's 3rd Shock Army. The people of Kentucky worked as hard as they could diving 3 rows of trenches which would in a straight line run from Chicago to Miami. The battle was delayed for more German panther tanks and elephant tank destroyers to reach America. The battle of Lexington fought from July to August 1943 was the largest tank battle in history. Gratitude was a absolute failure for Germany. The Germans once again were routed and by winter they were driven to Central Pennsylvania and New Jersey. 1944 was the liberation of New England. Operation: Brown Bear secured New York and American forces crossed the Hudson River. German and New English Fascists fought until the last man when the battle of Boston ended. Up north Canadian troops retook Newfoundland, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia. After the liberation of New England the Americans secured Bermuda and other Atlantic Islands. American forces landed in Portugal on April 28th, 1944. Allied forces had been itching to retake Italy since it's fall in 1940. After the African campaign and failure of the Yugoslav Theater was the plan made to invade Italy. Operation: Ares as it was called, saw Russian and British forces landing at five different beaches in Southwest Italy. On June 6th, 1944 Russian troops landed at Omsk and Rostov beach while the British took Sword and Kings, while the South African troops took Juno. The landings were a major success. However the rugged terrain of Italy lead to the war on the hilltops. Tanks seemed to be useless. Artillery a only job was blasting holes in the side of mountains, and aircraft had to fly higher. However Free Italian and Russian forces drove towards Rome. The Italian Resistance began to openly fight the Germans as allied forces moved in. Hitler ordered Rome to burn, however the commanding General refused the order. The German soldiers there surrendered. Mussolini marched into Rome and gave his famous speech in which he said "lungo l'Italia in diretta", "long live Italy". Elsewhere from Sardinia Free Italian troops landed in the south and took Naples Italian forces off guard. Free Italian forces then captured Naples along with General Caverallo. By winter of 1944 Italy was secured and the Russian army prepared to invade Germany. The Iberian and later French campaigns would be bloody. Operation: Sickle & Hammer shot straight from Lisbon to Paris. The American force across the Atlantic was now by late spring-1944 numbering up to 750,000. American troops advanced through the rugged terrain of Spain and crossed the Pyrenees. The battles of Southern France were brutal as the Germans attempted to hold the line. But by summer American troops were 20 miles from Paris. The French resistance seeing the advancing American armies rose up in the Pars Uprising. The battle was ferocious. Most resistance members and Jews were killed. Most of Paris was destroyed in the Rising. The destruction was ordered by Hitler himself. After the Rising the Americans came in and liberated Paris. In the winter of 1944 American troops were surrounding the Low Countries and German armies trapped within. In Austria the battle of the bulge took place. And in early 1945 the Allies were poised to invade Germany.
Last Days: January-September 1945The race for Berlin was a controversial topic. However Berlin would fall in the Russian occupied area agree red in the Miami conference. The West of Germany would fall under American rule while the Austria was administered by Italy. Brandenburg would fall under Russian administration and Prussia for Britain. Berlin would fall into Russian hand no matter if MacArthur wanted it or not. In spring of 1945 the Allies moved in. Russian troops had entered Germany from Poland and were closing in on Koingsberg. The Americans were already across the Rhine and diving towards Nuremberg. By April Hitler came out one last time for his birthday, rewarding child soldiers who blew up Russian tanks in East Prussia. Russia and there Polish allies were advancing at a rapid rate. The American forces under Patton drove hard to try and dislodge German resistance from Northern Germany. In Austria Russian and Czech troops stormed Vienna. The battle of Berlin was a nasty affair. In total the Russians would lose over 100,000 men taking Berlin and Germany. The fall of Berlin was the final straw for German forces. Even though the Berlin government surrendered, SS and Werewolf battalions still fought on in unoccupied Central Germany. The German remnants however were destroyed. A puppet government of Italy was set up in Austria (which was given Bavaria). The Russian offensive south from Siberia was costly. However in the Summer of 1944 General Stalin had convinced the Duma and Prime Minister Trotsky to liberate Mongolia. So in the Summer of 1944 the David and Goliath battle of The Mongolian Plains began. Japanese forces which were tank heavy and included a I-O tank clashed against Russian troops in Eastern Mongolia. The Japanese would lose this battle horribly. However the Russians continued to press the advance. The Battle of Ulan Bataar in Mongolia would drag on for a month. The Russian forces fighting against Radical elements of the Japanese army. The Mongolian campaign would continue until the end of the war thanks to the open terrain providing a perfect guerrilla operation. Stalin planned to hit the Japanese where it hurt. So in Spring 1945 Stalin landed paratroopers in the mountains of Manchuria, behind enemy lines. Then, Russian tanks hit the outer defenses. Russian forces also moved in from Mongolia and China. The Kwantung Army was in full retreat. In his headquarter in Harbin, General Yamashita raged at his failures. Soon Russian troops moved past the mountains and poured into the Manchu Valleys. America and Japan had had a non-aggression pact since 1939. But after the Miami conference America promised to enter the war against Japan before 90 days after Germany's defeat. In late 1944 American ships were transporting hundreds of thousands of troops to the Philippines and Alaska. In Spring on 1945 American troops struck in Southern China, Formosa, and Indonesia. American troops by August had landed in Indonesia, China, and Vietnam. American forces would only secure North Vietnam while British, Indian, and the Kings African Rifles secured Southern Indochina. The Indochina colony would be transferred to Italian control since France was under the jackboot of American occupation. The Battles of Harbin and Pyongyang showed the ferocity of the Japanese to keep there Empire. However after Russian troops took Pusan in Korea did Japan have nothing left. So on August 2nd and 3rd Russia did the unthinkable. Wrong research had been in production for a bomb since 1943 for Russia. On June 4th, 1945 Russia in the deserts of Turkmenistan detonated Trinity. Then the Russian bomber Katushka ReN dropped Stalin's Cigar on Hiroshima while Siberian Express dropped Polar Bear on Nagasaki. Emperor Hirohito would announce Japan's surrender over the airwaves on August 29th, 1945.
Peace and Occupation: 1945-1950
The occupations of Germany and Japan were not as bloody as expected. As Russian troops entered Japan for its occupation Japanese troops were ordered to stand down. In Germany the Allies contempt for the Germans were different. Russia, Britain, and Italy rebuilt there occupied areas of Germany. America left there's in ruin for years. In Italy the victory was a time for peace. Yet in Indochina in 1946 rebellion sparked. The Italian government under Mussolini decided to send troops to enforce its new colony. Ethiopia also fell under Italian influence due its surrounding colonies. The Indochina War would be a controversial topic in Italian history as for 8 years the Italians would be caught off guard by a brutal communist Guerrilla campaign against it.
Uganda had been a popular home for Jews since the holocaust in Europe and America. But since the British controlled the territory they wanted to keep the locals happy with British rule. But by 1947 the resistance against British rule in Uganda by the Jews was too much, Britain announced withdrawal from Uganda in 1948. The United Nations intended to divide Uganda into a Jewish and African state. Jewish WWII veterans lead by a lawyer, David Ben-Gurion declared independence as the state of Israel. On May 15th, 1948 Israel declared its independence from Britain. Immediately, all the surrounding nations of Egypt, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanganyika, and Kenya all attacked. It seems within a week the little Jewish state would die under black hands. However with the help of Portugal the Jews would survive. The Israelis pushed the Egyptians away from Tel-Aviv and drove the Tanganyikans back across the border into the Kagera Heights and stopped any Rwandan invasion. Meanwhile Kenya took the West Bank of the Great Rift Valley. Ethiopia disgraced slimmed back across the border. Israel had won.
The Damn Southies are at it again: Argentine War 1950-1953
Argentina was divided after a Civil War which toppled the Fascist regime in 1941. In 1945 the nation was divided up between a Socialist North and Capitalist Democratic South. In the North the USSA supplied the tanks, artillery, and weapons. North Argentine President Che Guevara was determined to take South Argentina. The NAPLA pushed the RSAAF down to the port city of Rio Gallegos. This is when a UN force under General Joseph Stalin came in helped the South Argentinians. General Stalin then landed several hundred miles north and totally encircled the NAPLA. UN troops then pushed all the way up Argentina to the Paraguay River. Then all of the sudden in December hundreds of thousands of Brazilians in the BPLA poured across the border. Stalin wanted to drop nuclear bombs on the North Argentinians and Brazilians. However Russian Prime Minister Kavan Turov who was president since 1945 after the death of Trotsky, fired Stalin. He replaced him with Viktor Rockasovsky who was in charge until the end of the war. In July of 1953 MacArthur died and soon a peace was declared.
You ain't nothing but a hound dog: 1954-1960
The end of the Argentine War and firing of Stalin made the Russian people's not satisfied with the democrats and there President who had thrown out Stalin in replace for Rockasovsky. In place of Turov would be the Republican candidate Nikita Khrushchev. He was a commander in the Russian army during WWII and was also present at the 1932 Bonus March. Khrushchev was a hardliner against communism and under the Khrushchev administration did the "red scare" begin. People turned in neighbors and friends believing they were communists. Vyacheslav Molotov proposed the ideal of Molotovism, the purpose that in a limited amount of time anyone could turn to a certain ideology and Communism would be even quicker. Molotov also proposed the "Matryoshka Theory", that within every nation is a communist organization, and within that organization is a whole bunch of splinter groups. The turbulence in Russia was met with propaganda in America. Calling the Russians "imperialist aggressors" while President Johnson was ordering execution of anti-Americans. In Europe the Americans policed a area from Lisbon to Copenhagen. In Belgian revolution of 1956 was a crucial revolt which stunned the East. American and French troops quickly crushed the revolt under tank tracks and fighter jets. In the American ally of Brazil the Brazilians left Argentina in 1957 and soon the USSA poured in money and equipment to updating the horribly under equipped Brazilian army.
Ethiopia had been a mess of ideologies. Ethiopia was currently under the control of a anti-Jewish President. A crisis occurred when Ethiopia nationalized its section of the Cape-Cairo railway. Britain was furious. The Italians also thought Ethiopia was funding pan-African movements with its ongoing war in Libya. It was decided that in 1956 the nations of Israel, Italy, and Britain would invade Ethiopia to prevent it from gaining more power. From Italian and British Somaliland, Egypt, and Israeli, they invaded. The Ethiopians were militarily crushed but internationally won. The Israelis used new paratrooper tactics to take vast swaths of the Southwest. Anglo-Italian tank formations and a naval landing in Eritrea crushed Ethiopian resistance to the north and west. The Invasion was only halted due to international pressure from Russia and the USSA. Russia refused to support there invasions after it was to stop African nationalism, and the USSA didn't support was due to the fact that Ethiopia was a major arms importer. The USSA in response to this war, did something the capitalists scolded. A revolution in Belgium which had overthrown the communist government was crushed by French, Spanish, American, and Dutch troops after many deaths and desturction of the revolution. Britain was also waging 2 other wars, one in Kenya against Mau-Mau, and the other in Malaya.
Throughout the 1950s Britain and its Dominions were in older in 2 other conflicts in its colonies. Britain was fancied with using the term war, or conflict, so to turn public opinion to them the British used terms like Crisis, or Emergency. It was too this that in 1948 the Malayan People's Army who had fought with Britain against Japan. By 1948 it had begun guerrilla operations against Britain in the name of independence. Britain immediately send some 10,000 soldiers to Malaya to enforce its colony and to stop communism. Supported by Russia British forces continued to duke it out in Malaya until the Dominions came in 1955. The arrival of Australian, New Zealander, Rhodesian, and Fijian soldiers put Commonwealth forces up to 40,000 troops. The conflict would drag on for 12 years with the grand British strategy known as the Briggs Plan. The MNLA was quickly routed out by the allied force of 400,000 soldiers (350,000 of which were Malayan troops). By 1960 the last MNLA pockets had surrendered. Another conflict to end in 1960 was the Mau-Mau rebellion in Kenya. The Kenyan government was still adamant about the loss of the West Bank. On the Kikuyu Plateau the Mau-Mau were a overpopulated tribe staving, and in the face of a civil war. In 1953 the Mau-Mau broke into open rebellion. In Nairobi the Mau-Mau bombed and shot white settlers wherever they could find them. The British responded by sending 10,000 soldiers and a Rhodesian air squadron. The aircraft wiped out rebel groups by shredding them with machine guns. Along with 21,000 police, and 25,000 Kikuyu guards the Mau-Mau were massacred. By the Mau-Mau surrender of 1960, it was estimated 200,000 rebels had been killed with around 200 Royalists.
Hava Nagila :1960-1963
Russia in the early 60s was a chipper place to be, even with the election of Liberal Anastas Mikoyan in 1960 against Republican candidate Leonid Brezhnev, otherwise known as Tricky Lee. In Europe things were heating up, in the sectors of East Berlin were saw a new symbol of socialism. The West German government was determined to stop thousands of its citizens in East Berlin to escape to the West. The Berlin Wall was constructed in 1961 to keep East Berliners inside. However other places around the world were heating up.
In 1959 the Czech communist party took power against the Russian backed, capitalist dictatorship. The Czech socialists wanted to originally create a democracy however corruption took over and soon the leaders began executing non socialists. This created a refugee crisis in Czechoslovakia with thousands fleeing the deadly regime to escape to East Germany, Austria, Hungary, and Russia. In Summer of 1961 President Mikoyan thought it was a good idea to start arming the Czech exiles. So the Československý Vlastenecká fronta (Czechoslovak Liberation Front) was form. The CVF then was ordered to launch a attack into Czechoslovakia which would then secure Prague and oust the Socialists from power. The Sudeten Invasion took place and was a complete failure as Czech forces routed the CVF when it was 30 miles inland with heavy artillery and tanks. It was said Mikoyan was nearly impeached for this action, even when the Czechs called for Russian air support Kennedy did nothing.
Mikoyan was nearly impeached for his actions sending the CVF into Czechoslovakia. Mikoyan then responded to this criticism by visiting West Berlin giving his famous, "Ich Bin Ein Berliner" speech (even though some people thought he said "I am a jelly doughnut). Another thing also began in Russia. From the 1870s onwards the Arab minorities in Southern Russia were oppressed by the whites. The legal system of segregation and "Nicholas Laws" which heavily discriminated. The famous Arab leader for civil rights in Russia, Abu al-Muhammed gave his famous "I have a dream" speech in a civil rights protests in Moscow. "I have a dream, where little Arab boys and girls can go to the same school and little white boys and girls." However not everyone was liking these steps to freedom. The Republican candidate Boborov Tulev was widely criticized for him not voting for the Civil Rights Act. In the white settled Stans the Arabs were treated like dirt and the white governments refused to even obey the new laws alloying Arabs to attend the same schools. Yet the fall for civil rights wasn't just with the Arab Muslim population, it was with homosexuals and feminists. The gays however were supporting the Nicholas Laws because homosexuality was discriminated against by Islam. Yet feminism and gayness was passed with equal rights after a 1961 bill was signed into effect in 1965.
The Czech communist state near Russia was getting to close for comfort. It was clear with Russian nukes in Canada that the Americans would pull a trick with Russia. Secretly by air and land the Americans transported nuclear weapons to Czechoslovakia. The Russians after learning of this blockaded Czechoslovakia under the orders of Mikoyan. This would start the Czechoslovak Missile Crisis. The rouge communist regime was in possession of nuclear weapons from the USSA. Solving the one week crisis in late October of 1962 would be the biggest accomplishment of Prime Minister Mikoyan's term. Then came 1963. Russian advisors were dying in Vietnam and Mikoyan was probing the possibility of escalation of the ongoing Second Indochina War. Then on November 22, 1963 while driving through Volgograd, Prime Minister Mikoyan was shot and killed by a Socialist Sympathizer, Lenev Oscovich. While on a plane to Moscow Deputy Prime Minister Nikolai Vatutin was sworn in. Then in 1964, a Russian ship in the Gulf of Tonkin was attacked by North Vietnamese torpedo boats, Russia was at war.
Psychotic Reaction: 1964-1969
After Mikoyan's assassination 2 things new came. One was the new Prime Minister Nikolai Vatutin and later the start of the Vietnam War. The other was the British Invasion. It was decided by a British pop group known as the Beetles to travel to the Viktor Sulov Show in St. Petersburg. Other British bands to show up were the Rolling Stones, the Dave Clark Five, and Herman's Hermits. In Africa the conflict between Communism and Capitalism continued. Rhodesia had declared itself independent from Britain and began fighting black guerrilla movements. Portugal was continuously fighting independence groups in Angola and Mozambique. South Africa under its apartheid regime was in conflict with the ANC and the SWAPO in Namibia. In East Africa the tensions were mounting with Israel again. The African nations of Kenya, Ethiopia, and Tanganyika were preparing for war again. The President of Kenya (for life it seems) Kenyatta began arming the West Bank it had occupied from Israel in 1948. Buying arms from America the African nations geared up for war and by 1967 were almost ready.
Vatutin was hesitant on having Israel attack. But after Tanganyikan and Ethiopian troops massed, Israel launched a surprise attack. Israeli plans blew the Ethiopian and Tanganyikan air forces to hell. Israeli tanks and infantry then stormed into the Kagera Heights and Southeast Deserts of Ethiopia. On the second day of the war Israeli begged President Kenyatta not to enter but Kenya attempted to take more land west of the West Bank. This lead Israeli Paratroopers to take the West Bank and raise the Star of David above the towns and cities there. In Ethiopian there tank divisions and counter attacks were destroyed by Russian supplied M-48 and M-60 Zhukov tanks. This stunning victory in the 6 Day War saw more humiliation by the African nations against Israel.
As Russia entered the conflict so did its allies in the region. Korea, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand all entered the conflict. 3,500 Russian marines landed in Vietnam near Da Nang air base. Other SEATO nations entered into the conflict. Soon by 1966 there were 140,000 SEATO troops in Vietnam. Russian forces made up the majority. Australian and New Zealander forces would also contribute as ANZACVN (Australia and New Zealand Army Corps of Vietnam). There was a common enemy in Vietnam, the Vietcong, a communist Guerrilla group which operates in all of Indochina. The Russian troops would be fighting in a environment where they were least experienced. ANZAC veterans of WWII and Malaya proved to be the best soldiers. Russian troops armed with M-14s and M-16s failed to fight against the VC. This began the anti-war movement in Russia. The music explosion was also said to have been helped by Vietnam. Russian Pot-Pok was influenced by the Garage bands of the early '60s. Pot-Pok artists include the Julad el-Hundra Experience and Vatutin Airplane all expanded and experimented with music. Even as the war dragged on into 1967 more protests were sparked. In 1968 things came crashing down. A massive coordinated attack by the VC and NVA hit hard on SEATO positions. It was also the year a white supremacists shot Abu al-Muhammed sparking huge race riots across Russian cities especially the Odessa and Novgorod riots where the army was called in. Back in Vietnam the Russian commander Chernenko was send in under Prime Minister Vatutin to lead the troops. In late 1965 it was decided to launch a massive bombing campaign in Vietnam. Operation: Northern Wind was a massive bombing campaign by Russian forces from the carriers RRS Trotsky, RRS Cossack.
It's a Holiday in Cambodia: 1969-1975
The Vietnam War by 1970 had become a giant absolute quagmire. The war had already cost some 16,000 Russian soldiers' lives. In other SEATO nations the war was becoming unpopular, only Korea and Australia would keep fighting. In the 1968 elections Vatutin said he wouldn't run again. Enter the Republican candidate, Leonid Brezhnev. Prime Minister Brezhnev did promise won thing for his presidency, to pull Russia out of Vietnam. However in 1971 General Cherenkov was replaced by Cherdenko Alyusta who was in temporary command while Russia began Veitnamization of the conflict. Cherenkov's replacement was due to his failure in the Cambodian campaign which lasted from April 29th-July 22nd 1970. Operation: Cerberus as it was called saw a 19 mile incursion into Cambodia by Russian and ARVN troops. Prime Minister Brezhnev didn't want to damage public opinion to the war any more than it had been. Yet this backfired even with the destruction of massive amounts of VC and NVA supplies in Cambodia along the Ho Chi-Minh trail.
Since 1957 the world was locked in the Space Haste. It had started when the USSA launched Telestar. The launch of Telestar added more to the Russia red scare of the 1950s the Russian Defense Department concluded Russia should have control of Space before the American could put weapons up there. In 1961 Prime Minister Mikoyan formed the Russian Republican Space Management Administration or RRSMA. The RRSMA immediately began working with captured Nazi rocket scientists they took with them during Operation: Roundup. Russia began the Neptune program. Neptune 1 launched in 1962 under the eyes of Mikoyan. After the success of the operation. Mikoyan in Sevastopol that it was Russians mission to go to the moon. The later Neptune missions were mainly the launching to satellites into orbit and putting Russian men in space. Then came Neptune 11 in 1969, it was going to tip the scale of the Cold War. Consonants Bul Alyut and Nikolai Aietsi landed on the moon. Russia declared triumph in the Space Haste.
The Vietnam War continued into 1972 with more withdrawal and Vietnamization. Prime Minister Brezhnev continuing on his promise to pull Russia out. 1972 was also a turning point in the war as the VC and NVA clearly new the Russians were tactically winning the war. The process of Vietnamization however was also seeming to backfire on both the Russian troops and Brezhnev. The American Union and its communist puppet of the Philippines and Indonesia continued to supply arms to the NVA and the VC. In one incident a Russian helicopter squadron was to support an ARVN armed column heading into Laos when it was attacked. Along with the Rome Peace Accords still locked with no sight of peace by late 1972. The Russians continued to bomb northern cities without mercy dropping more bombs than it had on both Japan and Germany. Finally in march on 1973 with mounting pressure from home, the NVA and VC delegates signed the Rome Peace Accords and later that year the Russians pulled out with Brezhnev's approval rating up for bringing the boys back home.
In 1975 after the famous Nicholas Hotel Scandal which forced Brezhnev out of office and his DPM Mikhail Suslov was quickly sworn into office. The now largely Liberal Duma in 1974 rejected Suslov's offer, to continue to fund and support the South Vietnamese into the latter part of the decade. The funds that were cut off effectively forced the South Vietnamese into a corner. The Ho Chi Minh Offensive drove all the way down to Saigon. Russian helicopters were seen evacuating refugees and "persons in danger" onto Russian carriers and ships. Dramatic footage of helicopters being thrown into the sea to make room for people. The last helicopter of Air Russia left the rooftop of 22 Gia Long Street in Saigon, 29th April, 1975. Hours late NVA troops busted down the fence of the Presidential Palace, and waved Communist Flags over the building. It was an utter humiliation to Suslov and the Republicans. Meanwhile the Americans welcomed another communist state in the world. However Vietnam flew in Brazils direction even as Brazil launched a naval invasion on Northern Vietnam after the Vietnamese intervened in the Cambodian Civil War in 1979.
In Africa the conflict between Israel and its African neighbors were heating up again. In Ethiopia the long time President since 1948, Aman Andom had died in 1970 due to heart failure and was replaced by Tafari Benti. Benti appointed Mengistu Mariam as head of the armed forced and was determined for revenge against Israel. The horrible failure which was the East African Republic, an attempted for a unified African state against Israel failed in 1967, he found and ally in Julius Nyerere in the government of Tanzania. Tanzania was also angry at Israel for loosing the Kagera Heights in the 6 Day War. In 1973 the Africans seemed ready again. The Ethiopians objective was to storm across the Cape-Cairo Railway and with American bought SAM missile launchers, hold on the other side. Meanwhile with a vast column of tanks and infantry the Tanzanians would retake the heights and cross near Lake Victoria. On October 6th, Ethiopian and Tanzanians troops crossed the border. The Ethiopians quickly seized forts on the Bar Lev Line. Most Israelis were either at home or at their local Synagogue praying. Mier quickly order mobilization and put David Elazar in command of the IDF. However there were problems with the Africans coordination. The Ethiopians didn't want to move beyond their SAM missile range. This gave the Israelis the chance to focus on one nation at a time. Israeli forces suffered heavy losses with fighting near Kyaka. Nyerere pressured Benti to do something. So Ethiopian tanks advanced from out under their safe area and fell pray to Israel Mirage strikes. Soon the Israelis advanced on the Demoralized Tanzanians and Ethiopians, reaching the outskirts of Addis Abba and about 300 miles from Dar es Salaam. Soon Ethiopia and Israel accepted each other, but this cozying of relationships was almost brought down with the assassination of Benti in 1981.