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If unable to abstain from drinking, a man may get drunk three times a month; if he does it more than three times he is culpable; if he gets drunk twice a month it is better; if once a month, this is still more laudable; and if one does not drink at all what can be better? But where can I find such a man? If such a man were found he would be worthy of the highest esteem

—Genghis Khan- First Khan of the Mongol Empire, Secret History of the Mongols

Genghis Khan- First Khan of the Mongol Empire

This page serves as the overview timeline for the Knightfall timeline.

Points of Divergence


Ögedei Khan, a ruler of the Mongol Empire who opened the Mongols to Central and Western Europe.

In our timeline, Tolui, brother of Ögödei sacrificed himself in order to cure Ögödei from a very severe illness during a campaign in China. The shamans had determined that the root of Ögödei's illness were China's spirits of earth and water, who were upset that their subjects had been driven away and their land devastated. Offering land, animals, and people had only led to an aggravation of Ögödei's illness, but when they offered to sacrifice a family member, Ögödei got better immediately. Tolui volunteered and died directly after consuming a cursed drink. Ögdöei kept peace among his family, criticizing his son and Chagatai's grandson. The sudden death of Tolui seems to have affected him deeply. Tolui sacrificed his own life, accepting a poisoned drink in shamanist ritual in order to save Ögödei who was suffering from illness. In Knightfall, Chagatai sent an entrusted official to convince Ogödei to control his habits, influencing him to reduce the cups he drank per day. Had this not happened, Ögödei would fall victim to alcoholism. 


  1. Mongol Invasion of Europe
  2. Tatar Yoke
  3. Farthest Expansion of the Mongol Empire
  4. The Great Expeditions

Detailed Timeline

Abridged Timeline

NOTE: This timeline is split into several sections, and it may appear that some dates are not congruent with each other. However these sections roughly split up history between describing the largest events of the Mongol Era, the fate of Mongol Nations and the world outside the direct Mongol Influence.

Our Timeline's events on the rise of the Mongols

  • 1206 - Temüjin from the Orkhon Valley, upon the completion of his domination over Mongolia, receives the title Chinggis Khan, thought to mean Universal Ruler or, Oceanic Ruler or Firm, Resolute Ruler
  • 1215 - The Jin capital of Zhongdu (Beijing) is captured by the Mongols, following their success at the Battle of Zhongdu.
  • 1219 – 1221 - Concurrent to the campaign in China, the Mongols launch a war into central Asia against the Iranian Khwarezmid Empire, invading from several directions at once. While pillaging Iran the Mongols herd stories of green pastures in Eastern Europe
  • 1223 - At the Battle of the Kalka River the Mongols decisively defeat an alliance of Rus' states and Slavic warriors, paving the way for full scale invasion into the Russia.
  • 1227 - Genghis Khan dies, and Mongol leaders are called back to Mongolia for kuriltai- a meeting where all major chieftains deliberate on the khan's succession .
  • 1229 - Ögedei is elected as the Great Khan, as successor to Genghis Khan.
  • 1237 - Under the leadership of Batu Khan, the Mongols return to Europe and began their campaign to subjugate the Kievan Rus'.
  • 1236-1239 - The Mongol invasion of Georgia and Armenia under Chormaqan take place.
  • 1240 - The city of Kiev falls to Mongol forces.
  • 1241 - Mongol forces invade Central Europe and ravage Hungary and southern Poland.

Point of Divergence

  • 1241 POD - Ögedei Khan doesn't die from a bout of drinking with Abd-ur-Rahman.

The Horde invades the West

  • December 1241- The old City of Vienna is destroyed and its citizens slaughtered[1]
  • 1242 - The German Holy Roman Empire is invaded, many local battles and sieges take place. Europeans engage in guerrilla war against the Mongols. In Greece the Mongols seize Constantinople (Istanbul). Meanwhile Mongols egged on by Ogedei continue to in pillage Northern India, conquering Delhi in a costly victory.
  • 1243 - The Holy Roman Empire and the Papacy fight each other in Italy before making a temporary alliance to combat the invasion, Prague is destroyed by the Mongols.
  • 1244 - The Mongols invade Northern Italy from Austria
  • 1246 - The Mongols reach the Rhine River there, they are defeated by a final Christian alliance lead by Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II.
  • 1247 - The Christian League led by the Holy Roman Empire makes peace with the Mongols. The Mongol annex much of Germany, and Northern Italy is made a tributary. However the Holy Roman Empire and the Papacy survive. At this point, most of Europe east of Germany has become a part of the Growing Mongol Empire including former Poland, Lithuania, Greece, Bulgaria, Hungary, Serbia and Austria.
  • 1248 - Europeans, both in and outside of the Mongol sphere suffer from famine as a result of the wartime destruction, in some cases effecting nobility.
  • 1249- Is known famously for the year of silence in Europe, no major power struggles took place this year as peasants, knights and monks alike slowly recover. The recovery time has a major impact on later European culture
  • 1250- Batu Khan and a troupe of emissaries formerly rename Constantinople, Khanstanople [2]using the area as a center of governance of Mongolia's far western lands.
  • 1251- After hearing tales of the West some Mongol, Tartar and Khirgiz settle pastures of the Pannonian Plain, most of these areas were already depopulated.
  • 1252- Vassals of Batu Khan establish a small seasonal post near the ruins of Old Vienna. Along with Khanstanople these two locations will be the only two Mongol cities of Europe.

Rampage of the World Empire

  • 1250's- Wars wage across Iraq, and India as Mongol hordes expand west and east.
  • 1255- -Ogedei dies at the age of 69, his surviving son Guyuk Khan inherits the title of Great Khan[3]
  • 1257 European Knights from the Mongol western territories overwhelm Egypt together with Mongol allies. A base for later attacks to the South, and West.
  • 1258-1262 - Guyuck Khan Dies inciting the first great civil war among the Mongols,
  • 1280 - The Mongols overtake the southern Japanese Islands.[4]
  • 1285 - Over thirty-five years after the original invasion the Mongols seek to annex the remaining free kingdoms on the European Continent. France and Burgundy bear the brunt of the invasion. Mongols also take part in Sea-Raids against Great Britain and Scandinavia.
  • 1289 - The Western Hordes withdraw back across the Rhine, western Europe lies devastated but not annexed.[5]
  • 1290- The last independent Chinese states are overwhelmed, this is followed by punitive invasions across Southeast Asia which succeed in causing destruction but not annexations. The Indonesian state of Kediri chooses to pay tribute peacefully.
  • 1294-1308- From both Europe and Asia ambitious Mongol administrators work with Christian and Muslim sailors in attempt to circumnavigate the world. In fact the New World is reached in both sides on the Aleutian Islands by the east and OTL Newfoundland in the west. No further Mongol expeditions occur.
  • 1296 - The last heir to French throne is assassinated as a child, France remains in name only, the Seine River valley being occupied by numerous 'royal' families.
  • 1312- A hundred years after the founding of the Mongol nation- the nominally united Khanate stretches as its farthest extent from North Africa, and Germany in the West across Eurasia to North India, China and Japan in the east. Most people in the Old World had endured some impact of the Mongols on their daily lives.
  • 1324- The United Mongol nation begin to permanently split. However, the Yuan are still acknowledged as overlords. There are six great khanates, based out of the former countries of Egypt, Byzantium, Russia, Iran, Kazakhstan and China. [6]

Fracturing of the Horde

  • 1320 - Islamic States in Iberia attack the weakened Christian Kingdoms.
  • 1339 - The World Wide Mongol era plagues begin in the Yellow River in China, initial outbreaks continue for thirty years across most of the Old World.
  • 1340- The Ilk Khanate and the Khanate of Pharaoh battle over the Levant.
  • 1343- The title of France is formerly dissolved, Northern French holdings such as Normandy become vassals to the King of England.
  • 1359 - The Western Khan in attempt to divert the wrath of the plague formerly converts to Catholicism and is christened by the pope. The traditional policy of toleration continues.
  • 1361- The Ilk Khanate collaspes and the renaming Mongols assimilate into the Persian Population
  • 1365- The Khanate of Pharaoh falls between warring Muslim and Christian factions, European Christians seize former Crusader states. The Muslim World is fragmented.
  • 1370 - Scientists estimate that over 40% of the original pre-plauge Old World's population had died by this year. Smaller out breaks will continue to occur through modern times.
  • 1385 - The Cross Khanate begins to break into rival states. However, the Tartar Yoke has not yet come to an end.
  • 1380- New and traditional Japanese Samurai Clans rise against the Mongol garrisons in their country, the Mongol elite fights tenaciously to hold their grip on Kyushu and Shikoku. Mongol authority will not be entirely broken until 1414.
  • 1399- One hundred and ten years to the day of Mongol Conquest, Chinese revolutionaries drive the Mongols out of Zhondgu (Beijing)
  • 1400- As a result of population loss, as well as natural disasters the forests of Eurasia make a comeback over previously cultivated land. [7]
  • 1420- To retain the former Mongol Empire, the Golden Horde goes on a rampage against the Cross Khanate to reunite Western Nomads both Mongol and Turk. The Golden Horde's Khan- half Khirgiz and half German converts to Nestorian Christianity. The Golden Horde fails to capture Khannstonople .
  • 1420 - Chatagid Mongols in North India face strong challenges from various Vedic nations on the ganges river valley.
  • 1445- The Holy Roman Empire and the Pope declares a Crusade against the Mongol Nestorians to the East, the Golden Horde permanently loses hold of its western most lands.
  • 1470 - A restored Mongolia leads offensives deep into an isolated China.
  • 1461- As Catholics threaten from the west the body guards assassinate the last khan of the Cross in Khannstonople, a new country is declared based on both Greek and Nomadic tradition .This new state fights with Muslim Turks to its eastern frontier. The Orthodox Church experiences a renaissance.
  • 1520- The Golden Horde's Russian Vassals declare independence. Three Centuries of nomadic domination in Eastern Europe comes to a close.
  • 1593 - The Jochid dynasty of the Golden Horde is annexed by a growing Russian Novgorod based kingdom.
  • 1700 - The Chatagai Khanate having endured centuries dissolves into off shoots- successor states are divided between being more influenced by Persian or Chinese culture.
  • 1800 - Mongolia remains an independent country but is at risk of being diminished by its southern neighbors. The country is once again ruled by descendants of Genghis Khan after centuries of being governed by others.
  • 1955-1961 - Northern Mongolia establishes Republican Government for the first time. Class change takes place in the country, as working Class Mongolians are given more opportunities. Many former nomadic warlords have become entrepreneurs.
  • 1962 - Reforms in Mongolia are rolled back as effective control returns to major cartels who descend from traditional clans.
  • 1999 - Public Revolution prompts true democratic reforms to take place. Greater Mongolia elects a self made herder as People's Khan.
  • 2000 - Jochid Mining incorporated has become the largest mining operation in the world extracting minerals from all continents. The company has two headquarters of equal importance in both Europe and Asia.

Post-Mongol Era

  • 1265- William of Rubruck after traveling between France and Mongolia decides to move permanently to England his existing friendship with Roger Bacon intensifies. Together they chronicle a European history of the First Mongol Invasion
  • Early 1300's - With knowledge obtained from the 1294 Mongol expedition English and Norse fisherman visit the coasts of OTL Canada. Europeans look westwards to flee the breaking down of medieval Europe
  • 1330's - Refugees from Continental Europe influence England and Scandinavia introducing Mongolian news, advancements and lost parts of Europe's culture.
  • 1374- The Christian Kingdoms of Aragon and Navarre are by treaty shrunk to holdings in the Pyrenees Mountains, a new Cordoba based caliphate has reclaimed control of Islamic Iberia.
  • 1402- The kingdom of England after supplanting in the former kingdom of France decades befire declares an 'Empire of the West'. A presumption of being the leading Catholic nation as the Holy Roman Empire wallows in the Tartar Yoke.
  • 1410's- A newly independent Japan explores the Kuril Islands and beyond for fishing grounds.
  • 1415 - Approximately this year is when Norse Greenlanders with information about conditions elsewhere decide to abandon their homes for Newfoundland Greenland at this time has become unsuitable for agriculture. Some Greenlanders remain as part of an extreme sect before being overwhelmed by Inuits.
  • 1434-1437- In a rare stint of expansionism an enigmatic Chinese Emperor calls for a world circumnavigation attempt to surpass earlier Mongol expeditions. However the emperor dies before the remnants of the expedition returned home, apparently successful in sailing across the world. However the news was suppressed in later generations
  • 1450 - The Holy Roman Empire becomes a more centralized realm in Germany inspired by the Mongol regimes of the past in record and census keeping.
  • 1454 - The Kingdom of England upon hearing rumors of Great Ireland sends an oceangoing vessel to search for a Christian Kingdom in the far west
  • 1466 - In Present day Slovakia remnants of Mongol influenced people found a kingdom originally devoted to Nestorian ways.
  • 1470 - An ambitious Kederir explores the South Pacific, beginning with the launching of an expedition to Papua New Guiana. These expeditions take place to secure a wider trading market in relatively pristine areas.
  • 1500- The Greek Orthodox Church, and the Nestorian Church formerly recognize each other as distinct but fellow Christians. Catholics despairingly describe them both as "Eastern Sects".
  • 1521- At a time of high tensions, the already ostracized Jews of the Holy Roman Empire are again expelled as they were previously in 1445. Khanstonople and Cordorba welcome Jews generously.
  • 1550's- Continuing to face isolation Islamic Andalusia entertains ocean going voyages for the first time- the effort is driven by clerics who wish to find a route for the hejia free of unbelievers.

Global Times

  • 1612- The Completion of an English artistic masterpiece formally starts European cultural rebirth.
  • 1550-1850 - Great Age of Piracy on the Atlantic originally on religiously divided lines between Andalusian Corsairs and English Sea Shanties. The High Seas overtime becomes a melting pot for Christianity and Islam.
  • 1600's - Andalusian conquest of West Africa and beginning of enslavement of Africans by Andulasian and Moroccan merchants
  • 1700s - The Great Rhinelandic War occurs persisting for twenty years is the climax of power struggles between the Holy Roman Empire and the Empire of the West. The papacy brokers peace by the Truce of Mainz;
  • 1735 - An attempt to build a Muslim Colony in Amazonia[8] faces repeated English destruction.

20th Century


  1. Smitha, F. (2009). To the Gates of Vienna. Retrieved November 21, 2017, from Vienna was the farthest west the Mongols reached in actual history. Historians now debate on whether the Mongols withdrew solely due to Ogedei's death or environmental factors.
  2. With the precedence that the OTL Mongols had renamed the city of Zhongdu (Beijing) to Khaniblique it is reasonable to hypothesize that the greatest city of Medieval Europe would also be renamed. However, this is still speculation .
  3. Ogedei's death is speculation but goes on the postulation that he was otherwise healthy besides his stint with alcoholism. Guyuck his original heir is now fully mature would better prepared to rule the growing horde.
  4. Historically, two Mongol invasions of Japan were failures due to typhoon disasters. Amidst butterflies of a different invasion, Japan though still a target would be attacked in a different year with a different Khan from OTL. Therfore it is reasonable to assume that there is a plausible chance a Typhoon would not strike the Mongolian Invasion. Given that Mongolian style warfare took Japanese by surprise in the first invasion of 1268 it is reasonable to assume that the Mongols would had successfully established a bridgehead in Japan without a Typhoon. Just the exact extent of the conquest is up to speculation, remembering that Japan still had numerous clans of trained dedicated warriors.
  5. Historically the Mongols suffered defeat in their second invasion of Europe, when they attacked Poland and Lithuania in 1285. At this point the neighbors of the Golden Horde had been able to prepare for Nomadic Warfare. In this ATL a similar result occurs in France and Burgundy.
  6. Due to butterflies and an overall greater Mongolian hegemony the supremacy of the central Mongolian State based from the Yuan survived thirty more years compared to OTL. The actual Mongolian state dissolved into four nations in 1294 after the death of Kublai Khan Names of the separate Khanates: China- Yuan Dynasty, Kazakhstan- Chatagai, ran- Ilk Khanate, Russia- Golden Horde ,Egypt- Khanate of Pharaoh, Byzantium- Khanate of the Cross
  7. The Mongol historical devastation helped forests reclaim cultivated land and also reduced the global temperature. In this timeline the consequences would be more severe. Pongratz, Juilia, et al. “Coupled Climate–Carbon Simulations Indicate Minor Global Effects of Wars and Epidemics on Atmospheric CO2 between AD 800 and 1850.” Carnegie Department of Global Ecology, 20 Jan. 2011,
  8. A given name for South America in Knightfall. As the word Amazon originally comes from old-Greek it is plausible to assume that alternate European explorers would still associate natives with Classic Amazons. In this case South America would be named after them as opposed to any one explorer.