15th Century

1492: Rodrigo Borgia is elected Pope Alexander VI

1493: Lucrezia Borgia, daughter of Rodrigo, marries Giovanni Sforza

1496: The Borgia's start to conquer surrounding states in Italy

1497: Giovanni Borgia, son of Rodrigo, survives an assassination attempt

1498: Lucrezia marries her second husband, Alfonso of Aragon.

16th Century

1500: Papal forces conquer Florence and Forlí. Alfonso of Aragon is murdered

1501: The Siege of Milan begins

1502: Lucrezia marries Alfonso d'Este, the Duke of Ferrara. Siege of Milan ends in Papal victory

1503: Rodrigo Borgia almost dies after an assassination attempt. The Papal armies march on Venice

1507: After an four year siege Venice surrenders

1508: Genoa is invaded

1509: Genoa surrenders after the death of its Doge

1511: The Papal States Annexes Lucca

1513: Pope Alexander VI dies peacefully in his sleep, he is succeeded by Mario Comtridni as Pope Sixtus V, a close ally to the Borgia

1514: The Papal States invade Naples

1515: Duke Alfonso of Ferrara mysteriously dies, Lucrezia becomes regent and joins Ferrara with the Papal States

1517: The Republic of Sienna is annexed by the Papal States

1519: Naples falls to the Papal States, the Papal States are reorganised into the Kingdom of Italy, Giovanni Borgia is proclaimed King of Italy (see Italian Coronation Procedure)

1522: Pope Sixtus V dies and is succeeded by Cesare Borgia as Pope Gregory XIII

17th Century

18th Century

19th Century

20th Century

21st Century

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