Alternate History

Timeline (Hitler Takes Munich)

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  • Treaty of Lausanne ends the Ottoman Empire and sets the borders of Turkey.
  • Warren Harding dies and Calvin Coolidge becomes President of the USA.
  • Gustav Ritter von Kahr become de facto dictator of Bavaria.
  • Hyperinflation reaches its high in Germany.
  • Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party successfully take over in Munich after the Beer Hall Putsch.
  • Hitler assumes power over Bavaria.
  • Hitler, along with a majority of the Nazi Party and SA, attempt a March on Berlin while leaving Rudolf Hess in charge of Bavaria temporarily.
  • The March on Berlin is unsuccessful. Hitler and many Nazis flee to Munich while support of the Weimar Republic wavers with hyperinflation


  • Vladimir Lenin dies, and Stalin begins to kill his political rivals.
  • Hitler distributes propaganda throughout many regions of Germany, blaming the Weimar Republic for the Hyperinflation as well as the Jews. Weimar Republic spread propaganda about the evils of Fascism.
  • Gustav Ritter von Kahr is hanged by the Nazis.
  • The Reichswehr invades Bavaria. Hitler's army is prepared, and the German Civil War begins. 
  • Italy sends troops and support to the Nazi side of the German Civil War. 
  • Hitler sends troops west to take over Stuttgart, which falls to the Nazis in November.
  • With the war ongoing, the Weimar Republic is unable to pay its war reparations. They agree to take out loans from Britain and the USA if they get the Ruhr area back, and some support in the war.
  • Nuremburg falls to the Weimar forces.
  • Calvin Coolidge is elected as President of the USA.


  • A proposal in the Reichstag to declare war on Italy does not pass.
  • The Scopes Trial occurs in the United States.
  • With the newly successful reparations plan, good propaganda, and recent victories in the Civil War, the german population begins to turn against Fascist ideals.
  • Friedrich Ebert dies, and temporary people are put in power.
  • As the Nazi army begins to lose, Hitler orders a massacre of Jews in Munich, Stuttgart and Ulm.
  • The Reichswehr, along with French help, take back Stuttgart, and the western realms of Hitler's control.


  • After Ulm falls to the Reichswehr, Hitler pledges to fight until the end
  • The Battle of Munich begins with a siege of the city. Once surrounded, the Reichswehr invades and wins the battle.
  • Adolf Hitler and 59 of his other men are hanged. Many others are imprisoned.
  • After Mussolini's failure to spread Fascism, support for the party falls in Italy.
  • The Nazi Party is banned in the Weimar Republic. 
  • After anti-Fascist propaganda by the Weimar government, the Communist Party of Germany begins to grow in popularity.
  • The Weimar Republic joins the League of Nations.


  • An election is held in Germany.
  • In the first round of the Presidential election, the National German People's Party does worse than expected. No party wins a majority, though the Social Democratic Party does the best. 
  • The Social Democratic Party, having a tough choice whether to join the 4th place Centre Party or the 3rd Place Communist Party, chooses to form a coalition with the Communist Party (though a coalition with the Centre Part likely would have ensured him the presidency, as Hindenburg would not side with the Communists).
  • The Centre Party joins with the independent Paul von Hindenburg. 
  • A runoff election is called between Hindenburg and Otto Braun.
  • Braun's Social Democratic Party wins the election. As promised, he chose Communist Ernst Thalmann as chancellor.
  • Thalmann focuses on banning the right in German politics, including spying on possible supporters, spreading propaganda, and eliminating all right-leaning newspapers.
  • Charles Lindbergh makes the first solo transatlantic flight.
  • The USA and UK each are outraged due to Soviet espionage activities.
  • The Jazz Singer goes into theatres as the first synchronized talkie.
  • Leon Trotsky is expelled from the Soviet Communist Party.
  • The Chinese Civil War begins.


  • Leon Trotsky is exiled to Almaty.
  • Germany approves laws protecting the workers, including antitrust laws, labour union protections, and a minimum wage.
  • Stalin begins the first Five Year Plan.
  • Herbert Hoover defeats Al Smith in the American Presidential election.
  • Hirohito becomes emperor of Japan.
  • Vatican City is established as an independent country.


  • Ramsay MacDonald manages to form a government in the UK as head of the Labour Party. 
  • A border dispute between Chile and Peru is ended.
  • Germany makes the Communist Manifesto required reading for high school children.
  • Unrest occurs in British Mandatory Palestine.
  • Germany signs an agreement to finish pating off its reparations in 1980.
  • The Stock Market crashes in the New York Stock Exchange. This begins the great depression.
  • The German government refuses to pay its monthly reparation payment, believing that paying the reparations would cause the return of hyperinflation


  • The Communist Party of VIetnam is founded, and a movement begins to end French control.
  • Mahatma Gandhi leads the Salt March in India.
  • France begins one year conscription.
  • The first World Cup is held in Uruguay.
  • In the German Parliamentary election, the Communist Party ends with 46% of all seats in the Reichstag. This is a dominiating lead over the Social Democratic Party (21%) and the Centre Party (15%).
  • Haile Selassie is named emperor of Ethiopia.
  • The chocolate chip cookie is invented in Massachusetts.
  • The UK adopts the Statue of Westminster, making colonies such as Canada and Australia basically independent.


  • The Star Spangled Banner becomes the official national anthem of the USA.
  • The war in China begins to escalate, with daily death tolls rising.
  • The Soviet Union begins supplying the Chinese Communists with weaponry.
  • The Second Spanish Republic is established and recognized by many countries.
  • The construction of the Empire State Building ends.
  • The economy of Europe continues to decline, as a domino effect of bank closing occurs.
  • Without support of the Reichstag, Otto Braun loses much of his power, and Ernst Thalmann does most of the decision making in Germany.
  • Otto Braun, trying to stop the power of the Communist Party, fires Ernst Thalmann, stating that he hadn't been doing his job well. He appoints Ludwig Marum as Chancellor.
  • Otto Braun is impeached as President of Germany.
  • Ludwig Marum, Paul von Hindenburg, and Ernst Thalmann (and other minor candidates). Thalmann wins with 54% of the vote.
  • Wilhelm Koenen is appointed Chancellor of the Weimar Republic. 
  • Wilhelm Koenen, together with the Communists in the Reichstag, help establish increased Presidential powers.
  • The UK abandons the gold standard.
  • The Mukden Incident occurs, and Japan invades Manchuria.


  • Tibet begins uprisings against Chinese rule.
  • After sanctions and mistreatment from the League of Nations, Japan leaves the organization.
  • The Nationalists ally with the Communists in China, with war with Japan seeming likely.
  • Japan declares Manchuria as an independent nation, and installs a puppet government.
  • After a coup, Carlos Rates is installed as the Communist leader of Portugal.
  • Germany and the Soviet Union sign into an alliance.
  • Germany bans all centrist and religious parties. Only socialist and Communist parties remain.
  • When Japan invades inner Mongolia, China mobilizes troops to fight against them.
  • Japan declares war on China.
  • A set of amendments to the Weimar constitution are proposed. These would establish a Communist dictatorship, and rename the country the People's Republic of Germany.
  • Shanghai falls to invading Japanese navy and Air force. 
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt wins the Presidential Election in the USA.
  • Germany and the Soviet Union plan their joint invasion of Poland, including the future dividing line between the two Communist countries.


  • Otto Braun is executed by Germany for his corruption and political views.
  • The Communist Amendments are passed in the Weimar Republic, which is renamed. Ernst Thalmann becomes Chairman of the Communist Party and therefore the President of Germany. Wilhelm Koenen remains Chancellor, though chancellor has very minor power. 
  • The Socialist Party is absorbed into the Communist Party in Germany. This makes Germany into a one-party Communist Dictatorship. 
  • Nanking is besieged by Japan, and then it finally falls. Citizens are raped and massacred, and stores and houses looted.
  • Austria willingly joins Germany. 
  • Germany leaves the League of Nations.
  • Germany begins rearmament with creation of weapons and even tanks.
  • Portugal, after beginning to implement Communist laws, enters the alliance with Germany and the USSR.
  • In Germany, the Jews are declared enemies of the state due to their common academic roles in the government, taking money from the proletariat. Major antisemitism begins, as does ghetto-ization.
  • The United States abandons the gold standard.
  • Germany reoccupies the Rhineland.


  • Germany and the USSR invade Poland. Within two weeks, Poland surrenders. The two countries divide up Poland with the Vistula River being the main border and the San River the border in the south. 
  • In Germany, the power of the states is abolished.
  • Germany begin to centralize the agricultural business.
  • Italy strongly opposes the invasion of Poland, as he is against the spread of Communism. Other countries agree to appease Germany, so long as no longer expansion occurs.
  • Benito Mussolini, after feeling like Italy has been dishonored by the League of Nations, decides to take what it wants just as Germany and the USSR have done. Italy invades Ethiopia.
  • Britain ad France both begin to embargo Italy. This continues to lower the public approval of Mussolini.
  • Britain and France threaten to bomb Italian Somaliland, Italian Eritrea, and Italian Libya unless they stop their invasion of Ethiopia.
  • Italy continues its invasion of Ethiopia, continuing to conquer westward.
  • Italian troops massacre the citizens in the resisting town of Harar, killing over 15,000 inhabitants. 
  • France and Britain bomb Tripoli, Mogadishu, and even Palmero on Sicily.


  • The Italian military camp in Ethiopia in Werder is bombed, and commander Pietro Badoglio is killed along with vital supplies destroyed.
  • An uprising occurs in Rome, and angry civilians stab Benito Mussolini.
  • A provisional government is set up in Italy, and it signs a peace treaty with Ethiopia, Britain and France. Italy hands a northern section of their Somaliland to Britain.
  • Ernst Thalmann re-establishes a German air force, the Luftwaffe, violating the Treaty of Versailles.
  • The Nationalists and Communists in China end their alliance. The war in China becomes three sided. With foreign support for the Communists from the USSR and Germany, the Communists begin to take a lead over the Nationalists.
  • Japan agrees to a ten year cease fire, in which Japan gains control of Manchuria. This is signed by the Nationalists as they are currently in power, but strongly opposed by Mao.
  • A group of laws are passed in Germany boycotting and taxing Jewish businesses, preventing intermarriage, and requiring identification of all Jews. 
  • Italy abolishes the monarchy, as well as the Fascist Party. 
  • The new Italian constitution is signed. A parliamentary system is established, with seats in parliament based on a party's list of candidates. Each party would receive representation based on the percentage of the country that voted for that party, with the leader of the majority party (with coalitions) becoming Prime Minister.


  • In the Italian general election, the Communists and Socialist create a coalition government, with Communist Palmiro Togliatti becoming prime minister by defeating the Christian Democratic Party.
  • Italy begins instituting higher taxes, especially on the rich. The Italian Communist Party and the Socialist Party become widely supported by the lower and middle classes. 
  • The Hoover Dam is completed.
  • The Great Purge begins in the USSR.
  • Jews begin to be forced into ghettos in German-controlled cities in Poland.
  • Franklin Delano Roosevelt is re-elected as President of the US. 
  • The war in China escalates after a surge of Italian, Portuguese, German, Russian, and other Communists as volunteers in the Chinese Civil War. This results in the development of many major airports in China, as well as foreign support for the Nationalists.


  • The League of Nations tries to prevent foreign volunteering in the Chinese Civil War
  • Italy and Portugal leave the League of Nations. 
  • Germany, Portugal, Italy, USSR, and the Chinese Communists participate in the Konigsberg Conference in East Prussia. The five agree to a defensive alliance, as well as an agreement to expand Communism and Socialism. The five countries begin to collectively call themselves the Communist Association.
  • The German airship Koenen is destroyed in a major accident in New Jersey.
  • The Golden Gate Bridge opens in San Francisco.
  • Amelia Earhart disappears over New Guinea.
  • Uninterested with the complex war in China, and now having control of Manchuria, Japan focuses on capturing more southern Asian lands, and creates a cease fire with the Communists.
  • The Nationalists in the Chinese Civil War begin a major but costly offensive. 
  • When a Communist battleship near Shenzhen is torpedoed, the Communists blame British Hong Kong. This becomes the first major scare of a Communist-Capitalist world war, but fades.


  • Ernst Thalmann abolishes the German military and creates the German Armed Forces, giving himself full control of the military.
  • The Soviet Union annexes the Baltic States. Minor uprisings are halted by military force. 
  • Czechoslovakia mobilizes troops along its border with Germany.
  • Early concentration camps are built in Germany, Austria and German Poland.
  • Japan makes an agreement with the Republic of China to form an alliance against the Communist Party. 
  • Kristallnacht occurs in Germany.
  • In France, the Communist Party is labeled as a threat, and is disbanded.
  • The USA establishes a minimum wage.


  • Germany and the USSR invade Czechoslovakia. 
  • France and Britain agree to declare war on Germany and the USSR.
  • Czechoslovakia falls and is divided between Germany and the USSR.
  • Italy declares war on France, and Italy and USSR begin a joint invasion of Yugoslavia.
  • Japan declares war on the USSR and the Communist Party of China.
  • Portugal Declares war on Britain and France.
  • Belgium, Luxembourg and Netherlands fall to Germany.
  • Six months after the war begins, Germany invades France through Belgium, using Blitzkrieg, and easily conquering France in December.


  • Germany, Portugal, and the USSR agree to divide Eastern Europe. This results in Italian and Soviet invasion of Eastern Europe, with Italy focused on Yugoslavia and the USSR focused on Romania.
  • Finland declares war on the USSR. USSR wins the battle of Vyborg during a snowstorm.
  • Jews are sent to death camps in Germany.
  • USSR and Finland agree to a peace agreement ending the Winter War between the two, with border changes favoring USSR.
  • 150,000 Soviet troops arrive in China to fight the Japanese and Nationalists.
  • Portugal prepares for a possible invasion of Spain if the Spanish election does not go in favor of the Socialist Worker's Party
  • Indalecio Prieto becomes Prime Minister of Spain, as leader of the Socialist Workers Party. He vows to remain neutral in the war unless provoked, and begins to implement socialist ideals.
  • In a vital attack, Canadian and British naval troops take over the Azores, preventing Communist advantage in the Atlantic
  • Guernsey and Jersey are captured by German forces.
  • Romania surrenders to Soviet forces
  • Italy conducts a mass terror bombing of Sarajevo. Just one week later and just two days after Novi Sad falls, Yugoslavia surrenders to Italy. 
  • Italy invades Albania, which surrenders four days later.
  • Andorra is invaded by Germany. Germany also states that any plane flying over their airspace that is not allied with them will be shot down, somewhat shutting down Switzerland.
  • Germany invades and captures the "international city" of Geneva, and burns the Palace of Nations.


  • As Stalin tells his allies of his plan to kill Trotsky, they get mad at him as they each are in favor of their own version of Communism. Stalin is indecisive, and Portugal offer him asylum in Luanda, Angola.
  • Hungary falls to Soviet forces.
  • With French resistance compromised, Germany begins bombing Britain. 
  • Germany agrees to give Italy control of Corsica in exchange for eventual power over Switzerland.
  • As the Communists begin to win in the Chinese Civil War, the Soviets bring in two sets of reinforcements, totalling 400,000 troops in China. 
  • Germany, USSR and Italy agree to conduct a shared project to develop nuclear bombs. This project occurs in Vienna, as it is a major city near the border between the three countries. 
  • Germany postpones Operation Sea Lion, waiting for Portugal to win back the Azores. However, during this time period, Germany wins many air battles with Britain, and down many planes, allowing them to establish air superiority.
  • Portugal wins back the Azores, and Operation Sea Lion begins two months late. 
  • The United States and UK sign the Atlantic Charter, beginning the formation of the Allies.
  • Germany invades Britain (with help from Portugal). Britain knew it was coming but had no idea where the invasion would be from. They invade from the Lizard Peninsula in Western Britain.
  • Germany wins the crucial Battle of Truro, the largest battle of the war so far.
  • A vote occurs in the US congress for a declaration of War. As it's unprovoked, it fails to pass in the senate, 45-49, after barely passing in the house.
  • Germany launches a surprise second invasion of Britain, this time landing in Portsmouth. Now much closer to London and with the British Army mobilized in the West, the Germans make a major push.
  • When German forces capture Basingstoke, the Royal family evacuates to Canada as a precaution.
  • Seeing the urgency, the United States is forced to either let the UK fall to Germany or to join the war. The declaration of war on Germany, Italy, USSR, and Portugal passes 56-40 in the Senate, and the US begins to send troops to Britain.


  • The main Communist powers hold a meeting at Palmero on Sicily. There, they discuss strategy and what they'll do after defeating Britain. They agree that after fighting Britain, they will turn their focus to Asia and fight so make China and Japan Communist.
  • Italy takes over Malta
  • At the battle of Algiers, Allied forces win back authority over the colony of Algeria.
  • American troops in Britain take back the Southampton-Portsmouth area at the Battle of Eastleigh, leaving all invading Germans in Southwestern Britain. 
  • Japan carries out Operation Flood, in which it fully invades China. Japan immediately has major victories, killing many CCP and Soviet soldiers.
  • Italy invades Greece, and Greece surrenders after two months of fighting.
  • The USA, UK, Canada, and Free France hold a conference in Edinburgh, Scotland, where they discuss military strategy, agreeing to focus on stopping all invasions of Britain and eventually open up another front in France.
  • After the US and Britain win air supremacy in Britain and the British have a major victory at the battle of Newquay, German forces leave the island of Great Britain.
  • Germany invades Denmark, which surrenders in one week.
  • The UK invades and takes control of the Faroe Islands.
  • Canada sends 60 paratroopers and one battleship to Nuuk. Greenland, which had been resisting German rule, happily agreed to join Canada as its newest territory.
  • Italy invades Ethiopia ... again. Their goal is to begin to install Communism in free African countries.
  • Trotsky is assassinated in Luanda, Angola.


  • Italy and Portugal refuse to attend the latest Communist Conference in Vienna. There, Germany convinces the USSR that invading Switzerland is a good idea once Britain has been captured (to scare Italy). 
  • Meanwhile, the allies hold a similar conference in Cairo, which is attended by the leaders of the UK, USA, Free France, and Japan, ensuring that they would require an unconditional surrender.
  • Italian and Portuguese forces show major victories in Ethiopia after bombing Addis Ababa. Ethiopia surrenders after nine months of fighting. Italy installs a Communist governor of Ethiopia.
  • A major armed revolt, led by French citizens and American soldiers, occurs in Southern France in many cities but especially Cannes. In the Battle of Canne, Germans call on Italian reinforcements, who act ferociously in Southern France, occupying France's whole Mediterranean coast
  • Portugal recognizes Southern France as being occupied by Italy rather than Germany. Germany has no choice but to agree
  • Portugal and Germany launch a surprise attack on Tangier to control the Straits of Gibraltar, which is successful. They then also successfully capture Gibraltar.
  • The Soviet Union's army in China raises to half of their total active army. Japan begins to lose, and instead focuses on the rest of Asia, conquering the Indies, as the Netherlands was controlled by Germany
  • In Operation Sandstorm, Allied (mainly Canadian) forces have a purposeful failed invasion of Brittany near Plogoff.
  • One week after the Battle of Plogoff, D-Day (Normandy Invasion) occurs, and is successful, opening up a Western front in France. 
  • The Nationalists in China, having suffered severe losses, flees to the Japanese territory of Formosa. They are immediately recognized by Japan. 
  • Portuguese ships stationed in Macau, along with some Chinese Communist soldiers, invade Hong Kong. Kowloon Peninsula is returned to China, everything else goes to Portugal.
  • When Japan invades Thailand, Thailand declares war on Japan, Britain, and the USA, allying itself with the Communists.
  • An uprising occurs in the Warsaw Ghetto. It is generally successful, and Germany calls on Soviet forces to cross the Vistula to police Warsaw.

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