In Greka Democracy, the POD is 215 BCE. In OTL, Philip V of Macedon allies himself with Carthage at this point, in an attempt to take land in Illyria and Greece from Rome. But in ATL, Philip V keeps to himself, thus temporarily preventing the First Macedonian war.

The Second Punic and First Macedonian War


215-Philip V of Macedon and Hannibal of Carthage discuss an alliance in Hannibal's Italian camps, but they can not agree on a balanced treaty. Philip V leaves Italy without signing an alliance with the Carthaginians.

214-The Romans field another 150,000 men against Hannibal. They are able to send small divisions against the Carthaginians, and Rome wins a few battles in Eastern Italy.

213-Hannibal leads his deteriorating army of 35,000 south into Campania. At the Battle of Elea, some 40,000 Roman troops encircled Hannibal's weakened army and defeated the Carthaginians in Italy, killing Hannibal and killing or enslaving all of his army. The Carthaginian army sends a fresh army of 20,000 into Sicily.

212-The Romans siege Syracuse, a Carthaginian-held city. The city falls after 4 months of siege, and the Carthaginians formally surrender the war, giving up their territory in Hispania and Morocco to the Roman Republic. They are also forced to pay huge reparations.

209-Philip V of Macedon, having built his army and navy during the many years of the Second Punic War, launches an invasion of Caria, a small kingdom in southwestern Asia Minor. Meanwhile the Romans begin to repopulate Hispania and Morocco with Roman citizens.

207-The Roman Senate creates a program giving tax breaks to people who settle in Morocco/Hispania. This leads to a huge population drain of Italy.

206-The Macedonians finish conquering Caria. After conquering Caria, they launch an attack on Epirus in Illyria, creating war with Pergamum and the Aetolian League. This is known as the First Macedonian War.

205-The massive armies of Philip V siege Delphi, while his navy blockades Athens with hundreds of ships. The army of Pergamum sieges Aerus, Macedon.

204-Delphi falls and riots break out in Athens due to the lack of food. The Macedonian army pushes deeply into Epirus, looting and burning many cities. After completely conquering Epirus by the end of the year, the Macedonians switch their military focus to the east, where they begin to assault Pergamum.

203-Pergamum loses its gains in Aerus and its pre-owned territory in Lampsacus. Athens establishes a new satellite government of Macedon. The Romans are angry (and feel threatened) at Macedon's expansion and they declare war on Macedon.

202-Roman troops from Appolinia conquer land in Epirus while behind Macedonian lines, people in Epirus revolt. The Kingdom of Pergamum signs a peace treaty with Macedon, giving up its land in the Bosporus.

201-Early in the year, Macedonian armies take Thebes and then focus all of their military attention on the Epirus Front. They defeat the Romans at Corcyra and win back the region by summer.

200-Macedon sieges Bouthrotos, a city captured by Rome in Epirus. The city falls after three months of siege, and the Romans sue for peace. They surrender their land in Illryia and Corcyra. The Aetolian League absorbs into the Macedonian Empire after this point.

A Coldish War

197-Philip V of Macedon issues the integration of newly conquered territories. Military heroes are awarded towns as prizes and govern them for ten years as monarchs, using force to put down rebellion. Land in newly conquered lands are sold to nobles and businesses for large sums of money.

In both Rome and Macedon, a period of military competition begins, as both begin to build their military and navy and try to become allies with much of the nations around them.

193-The Roman Republic initiates a military reform and a border defense program costing a large sum of money, with the growing suspicion that an aggressive Macedon will one day attack.

192-Carthage and Macedon secretly sign military protection pacts. Meanwhile, ten ships from Pergamum destined for Rome are attacked by the Macedonian navy, sparking international strife. The hype soon dies down as the incident is forgotten.

191-Philip V of Macedon allows democratic elections for governor in Macedonian towns that were part of Macedon before 209.

185-The Romans sign an alliance with the Kingdom of Thrace. The Macedonians deploy their military into Pontus, quickly securing many of their western towns without Pontus fighting back much.

184-After the Macedonian navy sinks three commercial Roman ships off the coast of Crete, the Roman Republic and Macedon go to war again, thus beginning the Second Macedonian War. The Macedonians immediately launch an invasion of Istria, which is greatly successful.

183-Carthage declares war on Rome as Pontus declares war on Macedon. Macedonian troops in northern Italy attempt to attack the area around OTL Venice, but the Roman defenses are too powerful. A stalemate here occurs.

182-Carthaginian armies take back Carthago Novo in Hispania. Roman militias all over Hispania and Morocco go on high alert as a pending Carthaginian invasion can be predicted.

Still a stalemate in northern Italy. A small Macedonian force of 15,000 conquers almost all of Pontus by fall.

181-The Romans defeat the Macedonian army at Ariminum. The entire Macedonian army falls back over 100 miles.

The Carthaginians launch an offensive into Morocco, but are strangely defeated by the peasant armies of Rome.

180-The Macedonians and Romans sign a truce after the bloodbath at Mulina, where over 50,000 men on both sides died. The Romans and Macedonians return to their state before the war. No territorial changes, no reparations...basically no winner in this war. A few months later, Carthage and Rome sign a separate treaty, which forces Carthage to give a little bit of money to Rome.

179-Philip V of Macedon dies. His son, Perseus, becomes King of Macedon.

Macedonian Liberalization/King Perseus

177-Perseus of Macedon allows democratic elections in the "well-behaved" territories of Epirus and Caria.

176-King Perseus creates a federal republic type system. The country is divided into two zones: free and captive. The Free zone (Macedon, Epirus, Caria) is divided into fifty provinces, and each province elects a senator to meet in the king's court.

175-Perseus instates a law where slaves can work to buy their freedom. The law is largely unpopular and spurs revolts in Peloponnesia.

173-The Roman Republic and Helvetian warriors engage in battle. The Romans push into OTL Switzerland.

171-Macedon is divided on the issue of the slave freedom law of 175. In a controversial move (but with the approval of the Senate) the Macedonians outlaw private slavery (the government still owns slaves). The freed slaves are mainly uneducated, still working for their old masters or just switching to being government slaves, and those that attempt to join the mainstream are treated badly by society.

168-Egypt adopts the government system of Macedon. Over the next several years, Egypt becomes more Hellenistic and strengthens its ties to Macedon.

164-Perseus of Macedon dies. A massive temple is built in his honor at Delphi. His half-brother Philippus becomes King of Macedon.

162-Philippus, an even more liberal king then Perseus, creates new a public education bill. Taxes are increased to fund the new system, which causes even more riots in Pelepponesia.

161-Philippus dies putting down a small revolt in Sparta. His son, Alecto, becomes king of Macedon.

159-The conservative, war-hungry King Alecto isn't as liberal as his predecessors. He abolishes the Senate and creates the Republican Guard, a program that trains peasants to fight in wars.

Third Macedonian War

157-The Roman Republic, Carthage, and Pergamum all sign a secret alliance.

155-The Ancient Alliance (aka Rome, Carthage, and Pergamum) declare war on Macedon, attempting to put an end to it once and for all. The Macedonians are mostly on the defensive in the beginning of the war, with Argos and Byzantium under siege by the end of the war.

154-The Roman Navy bombs Crete, killing thousands. Macedon asks Egypt to join the war on its side, but Egypt refuses. The Macedonians lose Byzantium and all of their land in Pontus.

153-The Romans siege Athens, and capture Argos. Corinth is heavily attacked. The Macedonians launch 80,000 men into Italy, but they are stopped at Mulina by the Roman armies and are slaughtered. The Republican Guard fails to stop the Romans from taking Athens by the end of the year.

152-King Alecto commits suicide, and the Macedonian Empire ends. Rome and Pergamum divide the Greek territories, with Rome getting all of Illyria, Peleponesia, and Crete, while Pergamum gets Thrace and Pontus. Carthage feels very deprived and begins to hate Rome as it did earlier once again.

The Dark Ages and Hellenistic Egypt

148-The Romans are nearly bankrupt from the war, and most of the Balkans lay in ruins. In Europe, a new dark age begins.

142-Egyptian forces siege Antioch, completing a conquest of coastal Syria.

141-The Egyptian King Apheles declares that Egypt is the Third Greece, a new Greece. He makes Greek the official language of the country and converts the nation to the Greek religion.

135-Within Carthage, a civil war between the kings and the military destroys the country. Small city-states take the place of former Carthage, the most powerful at Hippo.

126-The Egyptians begin to build the Pyramid of Zeus, a massive pyramid to honor Zeus.

121-Hippo goes to war with Hispanic tribes. By the end of the year, Hippo conquers some coastal territory in Iberia.

120-The Egyptians conquer Cyprus.

116-The Pyramid of Zeus is completed. It is three times larger then the other largest pyramid, and is made of much gold.

113-Slave Revolt in Rome. The city of Cumae is burnt to the ground by slaves.

111-Order in Rome is restored, but many slaves escaped to Helvetia and Gallia, to freedom.

103-Urathu (an ancient Armenian kingdom) goes to war with Pergamum.

100-Pergamum armies take Cesika, the capital of Urathu. However, Armenian revolts continue for 25 years, greatly weakening the Kingdom of Pergamum.

96-The Great Library of Alexandria is rebuilt.

89-Urathu rebels retake Cesika for two months, but lose it back to Pergamum's army.

83-Terrorists from Urathu assassinate the king of Pergamum to demonstrate their desire for independence.

77-Hippo colonizes Malta.

75-Urathu is granted independence once again. The new rulers are much wealthier than the previous ones, and a miniature gold age ensues.

72-Greeks revolt against rule by Pergamum and Rome.

64-A new Greek state is created in Athens.

63-The Greek rebels sign a treaty with Rome, with the Romans surrendering most of Peleponesia and Illyria. The Greka Democracy is established.

56-Pergamum's land in Greece is absorbed by the Greka Democracy.

The Two Greeces as Friends

50-Egypt builds philosophy schools in Memphis and Alexandria.

49-The Greka Democracy and Egypt sign a treaty of good intentions, and refer to each other as "the other Greece."

47-New philosophy schools in Athens, Corinth, Argos, and Byzantium are opened.

44-The Greka Democracy recreates a public education system.

42-Urathu conquers North Jordan, creating the satellite state of Gythra.

39-The Romans enter another civil war between armies of Octavian and Marc Antony.

37-Pergamum invades Greka Democracy. With no official army, the Greka Democracy uses a civilian militia of 400,000 to defend its lands.

36-Egypt signs a military alliance with Greka Democracy and attacks Pergamum with its professional army of 70,000.

34-Pergamum falls. The Greka Democracy takes its land in Asia Minor while the Egyptians take Adana and some Pergamum territory in Northern Phoenicia.

30-The Greek philosopher Gremone creates the theory of communism.

21-Many towns in Pelepponesia adopt communism as their government systems.

20-The city of Thebes in Egypt adopts a communist constitution.

17-Communists in Athens riot. Thousands are killed, and the Greka Democracy bans communist institutions throughout Greece. Gremone moves to Egypt.

16-Gremone leads a huge communist uprising in Lower Egypt.

11-The Greka Democracy sends 200,000 soldiers to stop the communist takeover of Egypt, but its no use.

10-Communists in Egypt take Alexandria, and create the Soviet Republic of Aegyptos.

An Ideological War (10BCE-55AD)

7-The Roman Empire begins its 40-year conquest of Gaul.

2-Greka Democracy signs a treaty with Urathu, creating a democratic government there. The new government is only democratic in name (remaining a monarchy) and is a puppet state of Greka Democracy.


3-Egypt begins its invasion of the Kingdom of Meroe, attempting to convert the Nubians to Communism.

9-The Romans take Lugdunum, Gaul, conquering Southern Gaul.

11-The Egyptians begin to siege Meroe.

19-Greka Democracy and the Kingdom of Kush sign an alliance. Kush becomes an in-name democracy, still existing as one of the harshest authoritarian monarchies in the world.

22-Meroe falls, Egypt takes Nubia.

23-The Kingdom of Axum signs an alliance with Egypt and becomes communist.

32-The last of Gaul falls to Roman rule.

35-A Jewish rabbi named Jesus of Nazareth from Gallale (a satellite of Urathu) is crucified by the government. His followers spread Christianity throughout Judea and the surrounding lands. Some of Christ's followers flee to Hejaz where their religion proves a uniting force which unites Arabia by 70.

39-The Egyptians attack Byblos, creating a communist city-state there.

45-Sinai revolts against Egyptian rule.

46-Egypt discovers that Greka Democracy is secretly funding Sinai revolts. War between Greka Democracy, Urathu, Thrace, Kush, Jerusalem, Sinai, and Jordan versus Egypt, Meroe, Byblos, and Antioch begins.

The Great Greek War (AD47-71)

47-A huge army of Greka Democracy pours into Sinai, attempting to cut Egypt into two. Meanwhile, Egyptian troops land on Crete, attacking Greka Democracy cities there. Urathu attempts to siege Byblos but the locals break the siege after a month.

49-The Battle of Aqaba. The Democrats liberate Sinai, succesfully splitting Egypt into their African sphere and their Judean-Cyproit sphere. Egyptian cities in Judea are attacked by Jerusalem, Jordan, and Sinai.

50-Battle of Gaza. Sinai troops burn the city, thus ending Egyptian rule in Judea. The Egyptians capture Eraklion, Crete, and threaten to attack Sparta by the next summer. Greka Democracy turns to the defensive for the time being.

52-Urathu and Sinai go on the offensive into the delta of Egypt while the Egyptians siege Sparta in early May. The city of Alexandria is attacked but not captured by Urathu-Sinai by fall.

58-Sparta falls. However, Egyptian forces are severely drained. The Egyptians fail to invade more of Greece and they turn to the defensive in their homeland.

59-Alexandria is sieged by Urathu. The Greka Democracy sends troops down the River Nile to Thebes and Memphis, sieging those cities later that year.

65-Kushite and Axumite troops take Elephantine in southern Egypt.

69-The Egyptians surrender. Rebellions continue for two years, but the communist beast of Greece is for the most part dead.

70-Romans begin to conquer Britannia.

71-The former communist lands are split. Kush and Axum unite and are given Meroe to form the Kingdom of Nubia. The Nile River and Delta are given to Greka Democracy, as they are considered Greek. Sinai is granted independence, and Urathu-Jordan-Jerusalem are given Judea and Byblos.

Christianity Arises (71-300)

86-postwar Greka Democracy is surprisingly strong. The economy grows as trade with China opens up.

93-The Christian Republic of Arabia with its capital at Hejaz spreads back into Judea.

99-Jerusalem officially becomes a Christian city.

110-Urathu sends 50,000 men to destroy the Christian influence in Southern Judea.

111-Christians from Arabia, Babylon, and Judea defend at Jericho, preventing the destruction of Christian forces in Judea.

114-The city of Byblos converts to Christianity.

130-Christians in postwar Egypt spring up, mainly in Memphis, Elephantine, and Alexandria.

149-Anti-Christian laws are made in Greka Democracy. Urathu passes similar laws, but Christians make up 1/3 of the population at this time.

160-The King of Urathu converts to Christianity.

174-Urathu is officially made a Christian kingdom.

175-Greka Democracy breaks off relations with Urathu as they are Christians.

188-The Nubian government conducts raids against Christian camps in Ethiopia.

197-Greka Democracy finds a new route to China through the Cauccuses and the Caspian Sea.

206-Christians in Egypt are brutally destroyed by Greka Democracy.

215-Christian influence spreads into Carthage and Northern Italy.

236-A major Christian church is built in Rome.

250-The Roman Empire converts to Christianity.

266-Greka Democracy, Nubia, and Thrace form the anti-Christian alliance.

272-Christians in Hippo are brutally murdered. Hippo joins the anti-Christian alliance

276-Rome splits into two: North (Britannia, Belgica, Galia) and South (Italia, Hispania, Lusitania, Sicilia, Morocco).

289-The Christian authority in Britannia slaughters pagans. The anti-Christian alliance funds rebellions in Britannia by pagans.

The Age of the Crusade (300-400)

301-An angered Greka Democracy wishes to regain its control in the Middle East, launching an invasion of Galilee and beginning the First Crusade.

316-After years of light warfare, the Greeks siege Abydos, and the Christians declare a holy war on the Greeks.

317-The Greeks use long-distance cannons to bomb Jerusalem from the Haifa.

320-The city of Jerusalem temporarily falls under Greek control. In Galilee, Abydos is retaken by Christians.

323-The Jesuit Army of Jordan crosses the River Jordan with over 500,000 troops from Christian territories in India, Persia, Hejaz, Oman, Mesopotamia, and Jordan. The Greek army of 61,000 is obliterated.

326-A new Greek army takes Jericho and launches more missile strikes on Jerusalem.

331-The Christians retake Haifa.

337-The Christians and Greeks sign a peace treaty. The cities of Byblos, Haifa, and Gaza, and 20 miles around each city, are given to Greka Democracy. The rest of Israel is kept by the Christians.

340-The Christian Church moves the seat of the Pope from Jerusalem to Rome.

361-The Christians attack Trebzond, a Greek city in Northern Anatolia.

363-Trebzond falls to Christians, a Second Crusade ensues.

365-Christian armies take Rodos.

370-Christians launch a full-scale invasion of Thrace from Rome and Anatolia.

371-Battle of Nicea. Greka Democracy's last hope of an offensive against the Christians fails, and the Greeks are forced to allow a Christian takeover of Thrace.

378-An official peace treaty is signed between Greka Democracy and the Christians. The Greeks give Haifa and Gaza back to the Christians (but keep Byblos!).

391-A Third Crusade begins. Christians launch an attack of Aqaba in Sinai, which is now a Greek ally.

392-Sinai repels the Christian invasion. The Greeks land an army of 43,000 at Haifa, retaking the city.

394-The Third Crusade ends with Haifa and Gaza as well as Abydos in Greek hands.

The Discovery and Colonization of New Olympus (400-571)

406-The "Democracy" of Urathu is dissolved and the Kingdom of Edessa is created.

410-Edessa invades the Caucases, the Greeks last trade route to China.

412-The Greek economy collapses without goods from China.

420-Looking for a new route to China, Greek mathematician Ran Stephalos asks for 3 ships to sail west past the Atlantic Ocean and look for a new wawy to China. The government accepts and Stephalos sets sail in fall.

421-Stephalos returns to Athens having discovered a new world, and he realizes it too. The Greeks send 3,000 colonists to OTL Cuba, or ATL New Olympus.

426-The Kingdom of Belgium and the Republic of Morocco are both established in their respective places.

427-The Kingdom of Austrasia is created in OTL North France.

430-The Kingdom of Burgundy is created in OTL Southeast France.

439-The Greeks settle Stephaland in OTL Florida, with the son of Ran Stephalos as governor.

441-The Kingdom of Austrasia hears about the new world and settles OTL Newfoundland.

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