Prehistoric (until 4,000 BCE)
- ~5,900 BCE, a decline in world temperatures leads to the desertification of southern African and the spread of Sahara's in northern Africa. This causes large human migration to river valley's such as the Nile and Chari river.
- ~ 4,000 BCE, with the large increase of humans living in river valley's the first complex societies form around the Nile, Chari and Euphrates.
Ancient and Classical (4,000 BCE to 500 CE)
- ~ 3,000 BCE, several African civilizations emerge around Lake Chad and its nearby rivers.
- ~2,800 BCE, The Tenerian civilization forms on the western bank of the Chari river. It soon becomes the dominant power in the region.
- ~2,500 BCE, The Tenerian civilization reaches its height in terms of size as well as economic and military strength, they control most of the land around Lake Chad and the Chari river. However they fall into decline after several serious droughts lasting decades.
- ~800 BCE, Phoenicians begin to settle in North Africa, founding the city of Carthage, which would later become the capital of a great Mediterranean empire.
- 146 BCE, Rome captures and destroys Carthage, paving the way for roman expansion into north Africa relatively uncontested.
- 200 CE, Christianity spreads through North Africa.
- 476 CE, Rome falls ending the Roman empire. However the Roman-Moor kingdom (a rump state formed from the remaining governments of the region) survive for several more centuries.
Medieval (500 CE to 1500 CE)
- 534 CE, North Africa is recaptured by the Byzantine Empire. Christianity spreads much further due to it being the state religion.
- 640 CE, Muslims begin to conquer North Africa, Islam begins to spread into the Sahara.
- 670 CE, All of North Africa in under Muslim control, Islam becomes to dominant religion in most regions.
- 1040 CE, Almoravid dynasty emerges in modern day Morocco, they quickly become the dominant force in the area, with lands stretching from the edge of the Sahara to central Spain.
- 1492 CE, the last Muslim stronghold in Iberia, Granada, falls Spanish and Portuguese forces begin to invade north Africa to claim the local resources and prevent economic decline.
- 1500 CE, with the discovery of America North Africa falls out of Spanish interest. Though colonisation is still present it takes a back seat to that of the Americas.
Age of discovery (1500 CE to 1700 CE)
- 1530 CE, the first government supported expeditions into the Sahara begin. Paving the way for future European colonisation
- 1650 CE onwards, North African native civilization begin to be conquered by European powers.
Pre-Modern (1700 CE to 1900 CE)
- 1807 CE, Napoleonic France invades and occupies Portugal, many people flee the nation to Brazil and the North African colonies. Britain takes control of Portuguese North Africa to prevent France from blocking British access to the Mediterranean.
- 1808 CE, Spain is invaded by France. Like with Portugal many nobles flee to North Africa. They begin to form a nation identity as Saharans rather than Spaniards.
- 1833 CE, Spain losses its control over its American colonies, the government decides to expand its presence in North Africa.
- 1838 CE, with increasing tension in North Africa over colonial disputes, France invades and annexes Spainish and Portuguese North Africa.
- 1844 CE, A vast migration of Spanish and Portuguese North Africans occurs, this is later known as the great trek. With dozens of thousands of people migrating into central Africa to set up a Saharan state.
- 1850 CE, After the battle of Suru Hill. The Republic of Sahara is founded, with many Spanish settlers moving to the new nation.
- 1853 CE, The Chad Free state is founded by cooperating Spanish and Portuguese settlers.
- 1860 CE, The first Saharan war begins, it untimely ends with the Saharan victory over the invading French and the retaining of independence by the Saharan republics.
- 1899 CE, The second Sahran war begins with the French conquest of the Saharan republics after diamonds and other precious minerals were discovered in the area.
Pre-War and WW1 (1900 CE to 1918 CE)
- 1908 CE, France reorganizes several of it's colonies in North Africa into the Saharan Union.
- 1914 CE, The first World War begins. Saharan troops invade German Togoland, they achieve victory in 2 months.
- 1914-1918 CE, Anti French sentiments rise in The Saharan Union due to the mismanagement of the war and heavy losses with little gain.
- 1918 CE, First World War ends.
Interwar and WW2 (1918 CE to 1945 CE)
- 1921 CE, The Treaty of Versailles is signed. German and Ottoman colonies in Africa are divided between the Allied powers.
- 1926 CE, with the decline of French military and economic strength, more power is granted to the African colonies.
- 1931 CE, race riots break out in Upper Volta are brutally suppressed by the Apartheid governments of Sahara and Upper Volta. This events lead to the decline of French interest of maintaining control of Africa, with many people believing it is more trouble than it's worth.
- 1939 CE, WW2 breaks out. Italian forces invade French Africa.
- 1940 CE, British and French forces force Italians our of the Sahara but begin to falter when German forces launch a counter attack against them.
- 1944 CE, German forces in North Africa are defeated by combined British, American and French forces.
- 1945 CE, Berlin is captured by Soviet forces, ending the second world war.
Cold War (1945 CE to 1991 CE)
- 1950s CE, Decolonisation of Africa begins.
- 1957 CE, The Union of Sahara becomes independent.
- 1958 CE, The Republic of Upper Volta becomes independent.
- 1962 CE, African natives are forced into tribal homelands in Sahara and Upper Volta.
- 1967 CE, The Volta Bush wars begin with native liberation movements fighting the Apartheid government.
- 1975 CE, The Spanish Sahara is dissolved, thus leaving Upper Volta and the Union of the Sahara diplomatically isolated.
- 1983 CE, Upper Volta signs the Paris agreement. Ending the Volta Bush war and apartheid in the nation.
- 1991 CE, The apartheid is ended in The Union of the Sahara.