c. 10,000 years ago - Humans of the Fuegian culture reach Tierra del Fuego in South America; and shortly reach what is now Ognia in Antarctica.
Ancient and Medieval History (4000 BC - 1500 AD)
c. 700 BC - The Greek historian Herodotus records a Phoenician fleet that sailed from the Red Sea south along the African coast and around Cape Agulhas to the Strait of Gibraltar. A section of the record describes a meeting with an unknown ship whose captain, when asked where he was from, pointed south.
c. 600-300 BC - Greek philosophers theorize a spherical Earth with the antipodes North and South Polar regions.
c. 360 BC - Plato first mentions the existence of the island of "Atlantis", which he claims is located in the far south.
c. 150 AD - Ptolemy published Geographia, which notes Terra Australis Incognita.
c. 650 AD - Polynesians make contact with the native cultures of Antarctica.
1923 - Officials from Petrovia and New Ukraine meet together in Vostok, hoping to prevent Russians in Antarctica from turning Communist while maintaining their independence from foreign powers. They form the KKZA organization.
1923 - New Zealand establishes the Ross Dependency (which also encompasses its earlier Antarctic claims) in former Russian Antarctica.
1935 - Richard Evelyn Byrd's term ends. In honor of his accomplishments during his tenure as Governor, the Territory of Western Antarctica is renamed the Territory of Byrdia.
March 2nd, 1936 - The Nazi Party of the Antarctic Mandate declares the colony to be an independent Republic, as New Swabia. This country is recognized by Germany and most of its allies within a week; and by Britain on April 20th.
1940-1941 - New Swabian troops gain ground in Maudland.
April 15th, 1940 - The Norwegian Royal Family and Government flee to Maudland, following the invasion of Norway by Germany on April 9th.
July 10th, 1940 - Vichy France is established. The Kerguelaine government is pro-Vichy; while the government of Adélie splits into Civil War.
October, 1940 - Pro-Vichy Paul Courval is installed as Governor of Adélie; but is ordered by the Vichy Government (at the request of Germany and Bellinsgauzenia) to surrender the territory to the Russian nationalist rebels.
May 16th, 1985 - Three Eduardan scientists announce to the world that aerosol chemicals, among other factors, had torn a hole in the ozone layer over the South Pole. Antarctic nations demand something be done to prevents any further depletion. The Green Revolution begins.
2006 - In Santiago (a country where the majority of the population live on islands), several islands experience extensive flooding due to their low height above sea level. Among these is Berkner Island, which is the country's main population center, and is the site of the capital, San Martín. Many consider the floods to be a result of Global Warming. Meanwehile, United Nations scientists report that the Ozone Layer hole has begun to shrink, but will not disappear completely until sometime between 2060 and 2075.
2009 - Antarctica experiences its warmest year on record.
2010 - Emperor Penguins are added to the endangered species list.