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Alternate History

Timeline (Flintlocks Forever)

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This Alternate History Time Line is dedicated to, President George Washington, for his valour through
The Battle of Fontenoy 1745

The Battle of Flanders in the Franco-Austrian War of 1900

the French & Indian War and the American Revolution where he became the Father of His Country. God Bless America.

(Note: If it doesn't say it, it happens exactly or as close to exactly as possible.)

1776

Thomas Jefferson's proposal for the Great Seal of the United States is accepted by the United States Congress.

1783

The United States of America is officialy recognized by
800px-PreliminaryTreatyOfParisPainting

Signing of the Treaty of Paris

all nations with the Treaty of Paris that is identical to OTL. America is alight with celebrations of the triumph of republicanism over an evil monarchy. Vive la République!

1795

The Congress decided on June 3, 1795 AD that the United States Flag will "be never changed from the original flag of thirteen stripes and thirteen stars." The reason for this is the immense amount of stars that would eventually have to be added to the flag.

1798

The US Congress creates the United States Public Health Service which incorporates all health services of the US Army. The USPHS is quickly integrated into the structure of the US Military and is accepted by Generals as it allows them to focus on warfare and not on the health of their soldiers. The USPHS is also given powers to enforce Quarantines and Quarantines by Force, with lethal force if necessary.

1807

Rev. Alexander John Forsyth fails to patent the percussion cap as he finds himself unable to produce the device and after several months of trying gives up and retires from bird hunting. This is effectively the first massive blow to the creation of the percussion cap.

1810

The United States decides to, instead of simply annexing the newly independent state of the Free and Independent Republic of West Florida, to enter negotiations. An agreement is accepted by the Republic, after seventy days, to be annexed by the United States as the Commonwealth of West Florida.

1811

On the first of January the Free and Independent Republic of West Florida is annexed by the United States and is directly formed into the Commonwealth of West Florida, skipping the territory stage entirely.

1812

Joshua Shaw is killed in a hunting accident and thus unable to patent a working version of the percussion cap.

1807-1825

The percussion cap is not created by any people as many just accept the current level of military warfare as far
Sadler, Battle of Waterloo

The common scene of warfare. Rank and file is the most common style of fighting, and the most efficient.

as man could go until he masters the very powers of the Earth.

The rifling methods do improve and muskets are beginning to be more accurate and riflemen begin to use more drab colours to hide themselves against enemy riflemen. The change is nothing drastic and most often than can still pretty easily be seen, just not as much a linemen.

The Napoleonic Wars are still fought along with the War of 1812 and all other wars during this era. The Monroe Doctrine is still issued and very little is different from OTL.

1826

September

Because of a bullet that misfired, which in OTL killed a man due to percussion cap technology, saved the life of Juan Colón. Juan Colón becomes an agitator for revolution in Cuba and the Spanish Cubans revolt against the Spanish Crown after the Cubans are spurred to independence by the great statesman. The Cubans soon realise that they will not be able to throw off the Spanish rulers and call on the United States to help them achieve their independence from Spain.

The US Congress is warned by the Spanish Ambassador to not help them or it will mean war against the United States, The Congress though takes no heed of his warning and declares that they will actively prosecute a undeclared war against Spain in Cuba.

November

The Spanish King declares war on the United States and the US Congress responds in kind with their own declaration of war.
US Marines in Cuba

US Marines in Cuba.

The Americans launch an invasion of Cuba with US Marines. The Marines quickly take control of the capital, Havana.

December

The Cuban Rebels join with the US troops and within four week the US Army and US Marines have over 13,000 troops in Cuba along with countless Cuban rebels.

1827

January

The US forces and Cubans continue to attack the Spanish at several small battles as the Spanish retreat closer and closer to the coast until they are trapped in Guantánamo. The US Army begins to pound the Spanish with heavy artillery.

The American, Mexican, Gran Colombia, Republic of Cuba, Federal Republic of Central America, Argentina, Chile, Peru, and
Spaniard 2

Announcement of the Gran Alianza Americana in Peru

Bolivia sign the Grand American Alliance (Spanish: Gran Alianza Americana)

February

The US secures the surrender of the Spanish forces in Cuba in Guantánamo. The Spanish General unconditionally surrendered his troops to the Americans there and effectively ended the war in Cuba.

Spanish Ship

The Mexican ship, the Veracruz, departing troops onto the Isla de la Juventud

Mexican soldiers land in the Isla de la Juventud on the 3rd. The Mexican soldiers, experienced in fighting the Spanish, quickly capture the demoralized Spanish troops on the island. By the 16th the Mexican soldiers capture the island and return it to Cuba.

The Cuban Congress then, on the 24th, unexpectedly declared that "There is no national government better than the American one, we could never possibly hope to make a different one that was half as effective, thus we conclude that we now ask the American government to annex the Republic of Cuba into the great American Republic as the State of Cuba."

March

The US Congress then agrees to annex the Republic of Cuba as the State of Cuba on the seventh of the month and it is officially admitted into the Union as the State of Cuba.

The Americans launch an invasion of Puerto Rico on the thirteenth of the month. They quickly take control of San Juan but fail to capture the Spanish Lt. General.

Lieutenant General Miguel Luciano de La Torre y Pando begins to resist the Americans with a guerrilla war against the invaders. The Lieutenant General recruits almost 1,000 loyalist from the island's population to fight the Americans. Over 350 soldiers die by the end of the month.

The Gran Colombians send 1000 troops to Puerto Rico to help the Americans fight the Spanish on the island, nearly 100 die by the end of the month to guerrilla actions.

April

The Americans, in desperation, set fire to the forests of Puerto Rico in an attempt to drive out the guerrillas. The guerrillas are quickly forced out by the massive fires on the island and were forced to surrender to American Corporal Karl von Manstein.

Lieutenant General Miguel Luciano de La Torre y Pando was granted amnesty along with his entire guerrilla force. The Lieutenant General committed suicide that night.

The Spanish launched an armada from the Spanish mainland and several royal bastions in America the force met
Four frigates capturing Spanish treasure ships (5 October 1804) by Francis Sartorius, National Maritime Museum,UK jpg

The Spanish and American Navy clashing at the Battle of Charleston

at Trinidad before they moved on Charleston. The Americans were completely caught off guard by the massive force of almost 40 ships.

The Americans were able to muster only 5 warships from the port, though almost 50 commercial ships set forth against the Spanish. The Spanish ships easily destroyed the inexperienced, and mostly unarmed, commercial ships along with 3 of the warships that met them at the Battle of Charleston.

The Spanish, with their unexpected victory, and unsure of what to do, as they had been expected to fail, and unwilling to not make the most of the victory launched a naval landing against the city of Charleston.

The Spaniards made short work of the antiquated coastal batteries and landed marines in the city. The Spanish Marines efficiently destroyed the unprepared American militia. The Marines burned the city to the ground and attacked hundreds of Americans. They took spoils from the city and then hastily retreated back to their ships.

The Spanish armada headed back to the Spanish mainland where they unloaded their spoils of war. The armada's commanding officer was promoted to the rank of Capitán-General de la Armada. He was given almost twenty more ships and sent out once more against the Americans.

May

The American Navy now set out against the Spanish with a forces of 28 ships. They met the massive Spanish Armada at the Battle of Puerto Rico. The Americans and Spanish fought a ferocious battle that lasted for nearly twelve hours before the two forces withdrew due to the oncoming night. The casualties were severe with 17 ships lost on the Spanish side and eight lost on the American's side.

The two groups met again at the Second Battle of Puerto Rico only two days later where they once again fought to a stalemate before retreating due to night. This time three were lost on the American side and nine were lost on the Spanish side.

The American Admiral Williams swore that the next time they met the Spanish they would fight until the Spanish died, regardless of night.

June

American, Mexican and Colombian Navies meet at Havana where they set off against the Spanish Armada. The Third Battle of Puerto Rico was fought and the Spanish Armada and Allied Navy continued to battle until almost 12 midnight when the flagship of the Armada, and the last ship still afloat, sunk with all hands.

The Americans and other Allies called for the Spanish to accept peace. The King reluctantly accepted.

Treaty of New Orleans

American, Mexican, Colombian, Central American, Argentine, Chilean, Peruvian, and Bolivian ambassadors arrived in New Orleans on 23 June and the Spanish diplomats arrived on 25 June. The two groups quickly agreed to a treaty and the meeting was ended on 30 June with the Treaty of New Orleans which said:

  1. A state of war shall cease between the Kingdom of Spain and the United States of America, Federal Republic of Central America, United Mexican States, Republic of Colombia, Argentine Republic, Republic of Peru, Republic of Chile, and Plurinational State of Bolivia.
  2. The Kingdom of Spain shall cease to claim any land in the Americas, Caribbean, or any islands off of the coasts of the mainland of North America or South America.
  3. The Kingdom of Spain shall cede Cuba and Puerto Rico and all Spanish territory in the Caribbean to the United States of America.
  4. The Kingdom of Spain shall admit it is the aggressor in said war.
  5. The United States of America, Federal Republic of Central America, United Mexican States, Republic of Colombia, Argentine Republic, Republic of Peru, Republic of Chile, and Plurinational State of Bolivia shall not pursue territorial claims in Europe, the Pacific, or the Orient.
  6. The United States of America, Federal Republic of Central America, United Mexican States, Republic of Colombia, Argentine Republic, Republic of Peru, Republic of Chile, and Plurinational State of Bolivia shall accept the Spanish supremacy over all colonies owned by Spain in the Orient, the East Indies, Africa, India, and the Orient.

July

The treaty was accepted by the US Congress, the King of Spain, and the other nations in the treaty ratify by the 20th of July. The American people met the peace with great jubilation along with nearly all of the Americas. The people of Spain though simply fell silent in solemn mourning over the loss of an integral part of the Empire for over 400 years.

The US Congress welcomed the Cuban Representatives and Senators with great delight. But the Americans now had a question, whether to continue their alliance with the other American nations which easily could turn against the Americans if a war broke out between the American nations. The Congress decides to wait until next year to see the condition of the alliance to make a decisison.

August-November

The Americans and the other American nations continue to attempt to improve their new democracies against corruption and foreign influence.

Americans and Mexicans attacks several Spanish holdouts that refused to surrender. The American Marines become famous throughout the Latin-American World as the "Los Defensores de la Democracia" or "The Defenders of Democracy".

American Marines land troops in Spanish holdouts in Peru, Gran Colombia, and Chile after repeated failed attempts to destroy the holdouts by the armies of those nations. This also brings America into closer relations with the Spanish-American nations.

December

The fragile Haitian state falls apart into a multifaceted civil war as the Spanish, French, Royalist, Republicans, etc. attack each and the government is only able to hold a small area around Port-Au-Prince. The Americans look on the civil war and wait to see what happens, not wanting to fight another war, especially not one with the tricky morals of a civil war.

1828

January

The Americans and Mexicans attack the last Spanish holdout in Corpus Christi, Texas, Mexico. The holdout is
Corpus christi 1887

Battle of Corpus Christi

well defended and does not fall to both the US assaults nor the Mexican assaults.

The next day, the fifth of January, the American and Mexicans launch a unified assault on city and successively break through defenses and enter the city itself. The Spanish and American-Mexican Army clash violently all through the night until noon of the next day when the Spanish finally surrender after 90% of their force being destroyed by the Allied Army.

Nearly 400 US Marines were killed by the Spanish and nearly 700 Mexicans were killed.

The US Congress attacked the President's policy of launching Marines places world wide without Congressional consent. The US Congress demands that the President ask for Congressional proposal for deployment of any military troops into a war situation above 100 troops. The US President, not wanting to be forced to through law, agrees to the Congressional "suggestion" and begins to ask Congress as to whether or not to deploy any troops over 100.

April

The US Congress, in spite of the Presidential agreement, passes the War Deployment Law, which requires the President to ask for approval of Congress when deploying any amount of troops into a war situation above 100, the law only applies to the US Army and Marines; the USCG, USPHS and US Navy are not affected by this act.

May-July

US President John Q. Adams continues to use the US Marines, this time with Congressional approval, to attack Royal Holdouts in Peru, Argentina, and Bolivia.

June

The Gran Colombians and Peruvians go to war with each other the Grand American Alliance quickly falls apart as the two nations begin a bitter war. The former members of the Grand American Alliance, unwilling to fight either of their former allies remain neutral in the war.

The US Congress officially dissolves America's membership on the 12th of the month and the final member of the alliance, Chile, dissolves their membership on the 30th of the month.

The month becomes known as the "Month that America Fractured"

July

The US Congress allows 1,000 US Marines to land in Peru and Gran Colombia to protect American assets in the region. Many of the Marines are sent to embassies and consulates in both countries. Several dozen Marines are killed in fighting as Gran Colombian and Peruvian soldiers attack cities with US Consulates in them, most are collateral damage from artillery and both nations agree to pay for the damages.

The British and Americans begin to open their borders across the Canadian border. Many people are allowed to cross without a passport and sell their goods in Canada. Some people in Maine begin to live in America, which has lower taxes, and sell their product in Canada, which has lower to no taxes on several goods, these people are the beginning of the "Cross Bordermen".

The US Congress officially sanctions the Besty Ross version of the US flag to be the official version to be used
US flag 13 stars – Betsy Ross

Flag of the United States of America

by the United States of America, the change is quick as most Americans had preferred the Betsy Ross along with majority of US officers. Although some US ships are reluctant to retire their colours they do so after much ceremony.

August-December

The US Congress denies many requests by the President to "finish the fight against Spanish Royalist in South America". This begins a long streak of the United States being a neutral nation and an isolationist nation

President John Q. Adams realizes the US no longer shall be able to intervene in South America without the help of Congress and most likely without "stepping on the toes of other nations" the President begins to preach out against the idea of America acting as a "mediator" anywhere besides America.

During the State of the Union address President JQ Adams establishes the Adams Doctrine which guarantees US non-interventionism.

1829

January-February

President Adams continues to preach out against American involvement in foreign regions, a stark change from his past, but a respectable one after the collapse of the Grand American Alliance.

The US Congress allows 500 US Marines to attack a Spanish Royalist group near the US-Mexico border after being requested to do so by the Mexican government. The Marines quickly devastate the Spanish and destroy the fortress within seventeen hours with only 68 losses on the US side.

March

Andrew Jackson becomes the President of the United States of America, he promises in his inauguration speech to "take care" of the Native American problems in the Southern United States and to make sure that the US doesn't enter into "careless alliances" like they did with the Grand American Alliance.

April-June

402px-Tuko-See-Mathla

A Seminole resistance fighter

President Jackson calls for the US Congress to have the Native Americans be moved from east of the Mississippi to the west, particularly Oklahoma. The US Congress approved the measure and US troops from the Army of Georgia, the Army of West Florida, the Congress' Own Marine Guard, and the President's Own Marine Guard forcibly moved Native Americans from the American South to Oklahoma along the Trail of Tears, the only exception to this was the Seminole Tribe of Florida which ruthlessly resisted American efforts. The casus belli was the attack of Saint Augustine, Jackson by the
Moultriecreekreservation

the original Seminole reservation

Seminoles. The city was burned to the ground with only the Castillo de San Marcos surviving the attack, which thankfully held the majority of the population during the battle. President Jackson requested that Congress declare war on the Seminole Nation, they agreed and declared war on the Seminole Nation on April 20.

Thus was the beginning of the American-Seminole War.

The President's Own Marine Guard was diverted south into Florida and Jackson along with the Congress' Own Marine Guard, they were aided by local militias and the Territorial Army of Florida. The fighting was often short and brutal as the Seminoles fought the superior American Marines and Army using guerrilla warfare. By the end of June over 3000 Americans had died and 700 Seminole had died in the conflict.

July

Seminole raids against the federal troops become more frequent and bloody, the federal troops are unable to fully
Seminole War in Everglades

US troops hunting for Seminole fighters

bring their guns to bear upon the Seminole attackers before they escaped back into the forests and jungles of Florida.

The Federal troops were being killed by the dozen before the decision came to attempt to fully surround the Seminoles and drive them into a tighter and tighter circle until they were forced to surrender or die fighting.

As such several thousand troops (roughly 10,000-15,000) troops entered Florida from the Army of Georgia, the Army of Alabama, the Army of Rhode Island, the Army of New Hampshire, and the Army of Cuba.

August-December

The Army units in Florida set up fortifications along the "Jackson Line" surrounding Central and Southern Florida. The Army units, along with Marine units, attack suspected Seminole settlements from the Forts and begin to capture nearly 2,000 Seminole women and children with most of the men being killed.

President Jackson hires big game hunters to attack the Seminoles, he pays them according to the number of Seminole heads they bring back to the nearest fort. This gives rise to the term "Head Hunters". Many hunters join large groups of "Hunting Parties" that often disappear for nearly a month before returning with sometimes as many as 1000 Seminole heads carried in huge carts back to the Federal installations.

This begins the decline of the Seminole Nation and people. By the end of the year over 15,000 Seminole had died from the American's hands. This forced the leaders of the Seminole Nation to enter into negotiations with the Americans and eventually sign the Christmas Treaty ending the war and ending the Seminole Nation.

But instead of proclaiming the end of the Seminole people the leaders of the clan were "delayed" by "rebel actions" that set them back until January 17 of the following year, giving the Seminoles time to escape into the Everglades, as a result of this blatant treason the Seminole Chiefs were executed by the US Army.

1830

January

Over 7000 Seminoles retreated into the swamps of lower Florida and successfully evaded the US troops, the US Congress declared the war a victory and decided to turn a blind eye to the Seminole problem in the south and transported what remained of the Seminole in Central Florida to Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

February

The Seminoles set up several "Indian Forts" in the Everglades, the US Army sends several raids against these forts bringing in just over 100 heads from the raids, a massive failure from the former raids during the war. The Congress' Own Marine Guards and the President's Own Marine Guard, along with all other non-Florida units return to their areas of origin.

All of the American Indians on the east side of the Mississippi are almost fully moved to the other side and to, or on their way to, Indian Territory in what will eventually become the State of Oklahoma.

The Territory of Florida begins to send patrol boats into the Everglades, they search for Seminole natives and frequently kill any that they find, most of the time though the Seminoles elude their hunters. Many patrolmen are killed by the natives with over 200 dead from the Seminole, this period became known as the Second Seminole War.

March-December

The Seminole and the Floridians continue to clash all across southern Florida. Over 1,000 Americans and Seminole die. The US Congress though, refuses to allocate funding to the Territory of Florida to attack the Seminole. As a result the Territory of Florida begins to experience a deficit in their economy.

The American Indians were successfully moved to the Indian Territory, although 500 were able to escape into the American West and Mexico, almost 340 made it to Mexico and were able to become Mexican citizens, the US Congress briefly entertained the idea of sending all the American Indians to Mexico, but the idea was overturned in a matter of minutes.
Colonial Trade Ships Superpowers

The BAP Gloria Victoriosa under the flag of truce to show that they are no harm to the British

The Peruvians launch the largest warship in the world, called the BAP Gloria Victoriosa, it sets out to circumvent the world, it experiences several difficulties that force it to land in British India, while there the British steal several documents from the ship before allowing to return to sea. It then returns safely to Peru.

1831

January

The Territory of Florida experiences financial cutbacks, they are forced to either cut thousands of government jobs or find other means of gaining money. The Commonwealth of West Florida finds the economic situation as a chance to own "all of West Florida" and petition the Territory of Florida to sell all land west of the Apalachicola River to the Commonwealth for $30,560 (OTL today's money: $617,110.67)

The Territory of Florida agrees to the sale and the US Congress agrees to the selling of land and the Commonwealth annexes the land into the state. The flag of West Florida is raised in Pensacola and Tallahassee.

February-June

The Floridians, with the extra money, build a proper gunboat that can sail in very shallow water. The gunboat is
USS Mendota

The USS Florida

named the USS Saint Augustine and is sent against the Seminoles in the everglades. The steam-powered boat sails into the rivers of south Florida armed to the teeth with 60-pounder cannons. The USS Florida single handedly destroys an entire Seminole village within a matter of hours.

Its commanding officer, Commodore Williamson, is hailed as a hero in Saint Augustine and Jacksonville. He sent out on several more raids before the end of June he has gone out on 5 more raids, once a month, he searches for and destroys 5 more Seminole villages and kills nearly a thousand Seminole, he is known to the Seminole as the "Bringer of Death".

The US Congress finally allocates funding to the Territory to take care of the Seminole problem on the 17th of June with nearly $10,000.

July-December

The Seminole retreat deep into the swamps where the USS Florida can't enter because of the extreme
Indian Territory

Map of Indian Territory

shallowness of the water (in some areas only one to two feet deep), but there are still several Seminole villages that do not move into the swamps. Many of these are attacked by the USS Florida and destroyed by the ship.

The native Americans in the Indian Territory revolt against the American soldiers in the region on the 15th of August. The Americans put down the Indian Revolt by the 20th of December after nearly 5000 casualties on both sides.

The US Congress divides the Indian Territory in the Indian Territory and the Oklahoma Territory in an attempt to allow the Americans in the region to be more centralized in their approach to keep the American Indians under suppression and not revolting.

1832

January-July

Americans begin to expand westwards as many people begin to seek new lives in the vast lands of the American West. Several small towns are established in the west but expansion is slower than in OTL as the flintlocks hamper the expansion of the American settlers.

In Mexican controlled Texas many Americans establish small farms within Mexican territory, this expansion soon moves to the Mexican cities as large numbers of Americans move into Texas and the American traders follow them into the cities of Texas.
Warships 1

USS Courage (right) next to the French ship the L'Afrique.

In the east the United States Navy officially launches the USS Courage, the largest warship in the American fleet. The USS Courage steams from its home port in Providence, Rhode Island, America to Brest, France.

The USS Courage and the French ship the L'Afrique meet in the waters outside of Brest and the commanding officer of the L'Afrique meets the American commanding officer, Commodore Wilson, the two exchange formalities and the French officially welcomes the American ship into their port. This begins a long history of trading and friendship between American mariners and their French counterparts.

August-December

The Americans continue to build steamships for their Navy and their commercial fleet. American ships are seen in ports world-wide from Shanghai to Copenhagen to Cape Town and Ushuaia. American mariners become some of the most well traveled in the world with some rivaling the exploits of actual explorers.

Petty Officer Louis-Pierre Roche, from West Florida, becomes a best selling author after publishing his diaries of his travels with the USS Maryland, protecting the merchant ships the USS Charleston, USS New Orleans, USS Baton Rouge, and the USS New York from pirate raids, bad weather, and bad navigation to places as far away as Pyongyang and Shanghai.

On December 15 the Commonwealth of West Florida officially defines the term Gens de Couleur Libre to describe a person that was formerly a slave, or of African descent, that was not owned by any man and was hence free. Many other states in the South also use the West Floridian definition to describe Gens de Couleur Libre. On December 25 the Governor of West Florida requests that the Assemblée Législative grant all Gens de Couleur Libre, who had never been in slavery, the right to vote, the measure fails by two votes.

1833-1860

Early Westward Expansion

The United States of America continues to expand west towards the Pacific coast, they often push American Indians off of their lands, which nearly always causes conflicts with the American settlers. The US Army continues to build forts out west in an attempt to stop the American Indians.

Seminole War

In Florida the war against the Seminole does not end as the territorial army continues to pound the Seminole. The territory becomes the 29th state in 1845 (in OTL it was the 27th though the additions of West Florida and Cuba changed this) and was admitted as the State of Florida.

Mexican-American War

The Texans revolted against the Mexicans the same as in OTL and all goes the same with the United States
War over Texas

US troops invading Veracruz

declaring war on Mexico and annexing Texas. They gained all the land they gained in OTL and California and all them out west were the same as in OTL. The only difference in the war as that the US razed Mexico City, Veracruz, and many other Mexican cities. The Mexican President was also captured and killed.

Later Westward Expansion

{C The spread of Americans west was hampered by the stagnation of weapons technology due to the flintlocks. The flintlocks did not totally stagnate as the average flintlock rifle could fire the same distance as a percussion cap rifles could in OTL, but the fact that it was flintlock stagnated the development of artillery, explosives and every other thing that relied on percussion caps.

Slavery

The issue of slavery simmers in the American's mind during this time as states are added to the Union. Slave, or Free becomes the issue of the day as the abolitionist North and slave-holding South continue to fight over the burning issue of the day. Abraham Lincoln runs on a campaign of abolishing slavery and wins by a wide margin, even though no states in the south even have him on the ballot.

Civil War

Abraham Lincoln is elected President of the United States and South Carolina secedes over the issue of slavery. Other states that have slavery begin to call for secession from the Union. The Civil War is about to begin ...

1861

January

The Commonwealth of West Florida secedes from the Union on the 7th of the month.

The State of East Florida secedes from the Union on the 8th.

The State of Mississippi secedes from the Union on the 9th.

USS Star of the West

The USS Star of the West entering the harbor and about to dock with Ft. Sumter

On the 9th the USS Star of the West reaches Charleston Harbor, they enter the harbor in the night and the South Carolinians fail to notice the steamship as it docks with Ft. Sumter.

It drops off over 200 soldiers, large amounts of ammunition and supplies. The USS Star of the West leaves Charleston harbor carrying the wives and children of the soldiers staying there. The Rebels never noticed the ship's coming or going.

The State of Alabama secedes from the Union on the 13th.

The State of Texas secedes from the Union on the 14th.

The State of Georgia secedes from the Union on the 15th.

The State of Louisiana secedes from the Union on the 21st. Jefferson Davis also resigns from the Senate on this day.

Kansas, in defiance to the seceding slave holders is admitted to the Union on the 29th as a free state.

February

The current President James Buchanan calls for the southern states to return to the United States with promises that slavery will always be an integral part of southern life, the seceding states call him a "liar and a Nigger lover".

On the sixth the Provisional Confederate Congress is called with representatives from the seven seceding states.

On the 8th the Confederate States of America is formed as a confederation between the seceding states.

On the 9th Jefferson Davis, President of the Provisional Confederate Congress is elected President of the
Jefferson Davis

President of the Confederate States of America

Confederate States of America.

The French Republic announces it will no longer accept cotton from the southern states in support of the abolition of slavery on the 15th.

On the 16th the USS Star of the West once more enters Charleston harbor and delivers under the cover of darkness 100 more soldiers, four 10-inch artillery, ten M1857 Napoleon guns, large amounts of ammunition and supplies.

President Buchanan attempts to start re-unification talks with the CSA. He is denied.

March

On the fourth Lincoln is inaugurated as President of the United States of America.
598px-Abraham lincoln inauguration 1861

The inauguration of A. Lincoln

On the 11th the Constitution of the Confederate States of America is approved.

On the 21st Alexander Stephens, Vice President of the CSA, gives the infamous Cornerstone Speech in Savannah, Georgia, in which he declares that slavery is the natural condition of blacks and the foundation of the CSA.

On the 24th the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland announces that it will continue to accept Confederate cotton.

On the 28th the Confederate Draft begins and conscripts all able bodied men from 18-35.

April

On the 12th the batteries in South Carolina open up on Fort Sumter. Major Anderson orders the immediate firing of the batteries on the island-fort.

The Battle of Fort Sumter quickly turns to a slogging match between the Confederate batteries on the coast and the Federal batteries in Ft. Sumter. The match carries on well throughout the night and through the next day and even into the day after. The fort had lost 50+ men in the attack but they refused to surrender to the Confederates.
Fort Sumter

A M1857 Napoleon firing from Ft.Sumter

On April 15th President Lincoln calls for 80,000 troops.

On the 17th the Commonwealth of Virginia secedes from the Union.

April 20th the first formal training of the initial 80,000 begin in West Point, New York of 3,000 men, mostly by the West Point cadets themselves.

The attacks on Fort Sumter continued until the 30th of the month when the Fort finally surrendered after 150+ casualties on the Federal side and 90+ on the Confederate side. The defenders of the fort were allowed safe passage to New York where they were praised as heroes of the republic.

President Lincoln attempts to enter talks with the Confederacy. They refuse.

May

On May 3rd President Lincoln calls for 45,000 more troops.


On the 6th the State of Arkansas secedes from the Union.

On the 7th the Commonwealth of Virginia is accepted into the Confederacy.

On May 20th North Carolina secedes.

On May 21st North Carolina becomes a Confederate state.

June

On the 8th Tennessee secedes from the Union.

By the 30th thousands of volunteers and enlistees are being trained at various locations across America. Soldiers in the south are being trained as well.

July

On the 2nd Tennessee joins the Confederacy.

Tensions between the Confederate States and the United States continue to deteriorate as the Confederacy and the Americans continue to train thousands of troops for war. Over 100,000 troops are raised on both sides.

On the 19th 35,000 Union troops and 34,000 Confederate troops march towards what would be the first in the most bloody war of the century, the Great American Civil War.
First Manassas

The Battle of First Manassas

The Battle of First Manassas is begun by roughly 20,000 troops on both sides with the remainder as reserves. The Confederates win the battle decisively with 8000 Union casualties and 4900 Confederate casualties. The Battle of First Manassas lasted for two days with the 15,000 reserves being only implement in the final five hours of the battle and they were the majority of the casualties.

The battle's casualties are much higher than in OTL because of the use of flintlocks and the longer time of the battle do to the same.

The Union Army goes into a full rout all the way back to Washington, DC where they finally regroup. The Union Army is reorganized under the leadership of General William L. Robinson into the Army of the Potomac. The AotP begins to train outside of Washington, DC and begins to recruit/conscript local Marylanders into the Army to replenish their ranks.

The Confederate Army, under the command of Robert E. Lee moves to Alexandria, Virginia and, in joyous victory, ensures the volunteer of 5000 men from the area. Lee's Army begins to train for more battles.

August

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