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Alternate History

Timeline (Fiat Iustitia)

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This page serves as the overview timeline for the Fiat Iustitia timeline.

Points of Divergence

  • Holy Roman Emperor Joseph I's first child is male, born in 1699 and named Leopold Joseph. In 1700 his second child, named Maria Josepha, is born but dies in infancy, followed by his third child in 1701, named Maria Amalia.
  • Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor survives the smallpox epidemic of 1711.
  • Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor fathers a son.
  • Frederick William I of Prussia has his son Frederick and his friend Hans Hermann von Katte executed for desertion.

Detailed Timeline

Overview Timeline

Seventeenth Century

  • 11 October 1698 - The Treaty of The Hague is signed between England and France, as the first attempt to resolve the succession of the Spanish throne. The treaty proposes that Duke Joseph Ferdinand of Bavaria shall be the Spanish heir, and at the same time granted Louis, le Grand Dauphin, the territories of Naples, Sicily, and Tuscany, and Archduke Charles, the younger son of Emperor Leopold I, the Spanish Netherlands. Milan was also granted to Leopold, Duke of Lorraine, who would in turn cede Lorraine and Bar to the Dauphin.
  • 3 October 1699 - Joseph Ferdinand of Bavaria, Prince of Asturias and the son of Elector Maximillian II Emanuel dies at the age of six in Brussels. His death again makes the succession of the Spanish throne unclear.

Eighteenth Century

  • 25 March 1700 - The Treaty of London is signed, as the second attempt to diplomatically resolve the succession of the Spanish throne. Archduke Charles, the second son of the Emperor Leopold I was to become King of Spain following the death of Charles II, and was to acquire her oversees colonies.
  • 3 October 1700 - On his sick-bed, Charles II King of Spain signs his final will, annulling the reunification imposed on Maria Theresa, and fixing the entire inheritance of Spain on the younger grandson of Louis XIV, Philip, Duke of Anjou.
  • 1 November 1700 - Charles II of Spain, last male Habsburg of the Spanish line, dies at the age of thirty-five.
  • 17 November 1700 - Philip, Duke of Anjou, is proclaimed the King of Spain as Philip V in the Palace of Versailles.
  • February 1701 - Louis XIV moves soldiers to the Spanish Netherlands to secure Bourbon succession. French forces take over the Dutch=held fortresses that William III had secured at the Peace of Ryswick.
  • February 1701 - The Duchy of Mantua accepts the French in a secret convention, as did Milan when French soldiers entered Italy.
  • March 1701 - Talks begin at The Hague between William III of England and other European leaders, about the establishment of an alliance against the French. Earl of Marlborough is appointed William III's political and military successor, and is appointed Ambassador Extraordinary at The Hague and commander-in-chief of English and Scottish forces in the Low Countries.
  • 6 April 1701 - Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy reluctantly renews his alliance with France, hoping to secure Milan for himself.
  • May 1701 - Leopold I orders Prince Eugene of Savoy to cross the Alps and secure the Duchy of Milan by force, before declaring war formally.
  • June 1701 - Prince Eugene's forces, numbering about 30,000 men, cross into neutral Venice.
  • 9 July 1701 - Austrian forces under the command of Prince Eugene defeat a detachment from Marshal Catinat's army at the Battle of Carpi.
  • 1 September 1701 - Having pursued the French further into Italy, Prince Eugene defeats Catinat's successor, Marshal Villeroi, at the Battle of Chaiari. Much of pro-French Mantua is occupied by the Austrians.
  • 7 September 1701 - The Second Treaty of Grand Alliance is signed in The Hague, between England, the Holy Roman Empire, and the United Provinces, as a military alliance against France.
  • 16 September 1701 - The Catholic James II of England (VII of Scotland), since exiled in Saint-Germain since the Glorious Revolution, dies at the age of sixty-eight. Louis XIV of France soon recognizes James II's son, James Francis Edward Stuart, as King James III of England, which the English perceive as a direct challenge against Parliament and the predetermined Protestant succession in England. As such securing this succession becomes a war goal of the Grand Alliance.
  • 2 November 1701 - Philip marries the thirteen year old Maria Luisa of Savoy, daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy, and Philip's second cousin Anne Maria d'Orléans.
  • 1 February 1702 - Prince Eugene attacks the French headquarters at Cremona. The attack is repulsed, but the French marshall Villeroi is captured, compelling the French to retreat to the Adda River.
  • 19 March 1702 - William, King of England and Dutch Stadtholder, dies. He is succeeded by Anne, who is determined to maintain the Protestant succession and combat French dominance. Marlborough is made Captain-General by Queen Anne.
  • 15 May 1702 - The nations of England, the Dutch Republic, and Austria officially declare war on France.



  • 14 February 1714 - Maria Luisa of Savoy, spouse of Philip V of Spain dies of tuberculosis at the age of twenty-six.
  • 6 November 1730 - Frederick William I of Prussia orders the execution of his son Frederick and his friend Hans Hermann von Katte on the grounds of treason, after the pair had attempted to defect to Great Britain.

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